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Hot Spring County, Arkansas

Hot Spring County is a county located in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 32,923; the county seat is Malvern. Hot Spring County was formed on November 1829, from a portion of Clark County, it was named for the hot springs at Hot Springs, which were within its boundaries until Garland County was formed in 1874. It is dry county. However, there is no record of this law. Hot Spring County comprises the Malvern, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Hot Springs-Malvern, AR Combined Statistical Area. Hot Spring County is located in Southwest Arkansas, a region composed of the Ouachita Mountains, deep valleys, the Arkansas Timberlands. Hot Spring County is within the mountainous segment of the region covered in hardwood and pine forests. One of the six primary geographic regions of Arkansas, the Ouachitas are a mountainous subdivision of the U. S. Interior Highlands; the Ouachita River divides the county. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 622.16 square miles, of which 614.94 square miles is land and 7.22 square miles is water.

The county is located 47 miles southwest of Little Rock, 170 miles northeast of Shreveport, 277 miles northeast of Dallas, Texas. Hot Spring County is surrounded by six counties, including the Ouachitas, Central Arkansas, Lower Arkansas Delta, due to its short and wide shape; the county neighbors Garland County to the north, Saline County in the northeast corner, Grant County to the east, Dallas County to the southeast, Clark County to the south, a small portion with Montgomery County in the northwest. Hot Spring County contains two state parks, DeGray Lake Resort State Park and Lake Catherine State Park, one Wildlife Management Area, DeGray Lake WMA, maintained by the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission; the county contains 320 acres of Ouachita National Forest managed by the National Forest Service. DeGray Lake Resort State Park is a 984-acre in southwest Hot Spring County, Arkansas's only resort state park; the 94-room DeGray Lodge and Convention Center includes a restaurant and 18-hole championship rated golf course.

Traditional state park amenities for camping, fishing, picnic tables, horseback riding are offered. The park is operated by the Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism. DeGray Lake WMA bounds the portions of lake shoreline not bounded by the state park; the land extends into Clark County. Near Malvern, Lake Catherine State Park is a small state park on the west side of Lake Catherine; the park offers twenty cabins, including five Civilian Conservation Corps cabins of natural wood and stone built in the 1930s, 70 campsites. In summer, the parks offers a marina, boat rental, visitor center, guided tours, nature center and horseback trail rides. From 2000 to 2010, Hot Spring County saw income growth; the population increased from 30,353 to 32,923, a gain of 8.5%, with incomes rising and poverty declining for every demographic. As of the 2010 census, there were 32,923 people, 12,664 households, 8,969 families residing in the county; the population density was 53.5 people per square mile. There were 14,332 housing units at an average density of 23.3 per square mile.

The racial makeup of the county was 85.6% White, 10.8% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.3% Asian, >0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, 1.7% from two or more races. 2.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 12,664 households out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.6% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.2% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.94. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.1 years. For every 100 females there were 95.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.5 males age 18 and over. The median income for a household in the county was $37,150, the median income for a family was $46,090.

Males had a median income of $34,111 versus $27,127 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,248. About 8.2% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.0% of those under age 18 and 8.9% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2000 census, there were 30,353 people, 12,004 households, 8,834 families residing in the county; the population density was 49 people per square mile. There were 13,384 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 87.33% White, 10.26% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, 1.26% from two or more races. 1.27 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 12,004 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.40% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.94. In the county, the

Knowledge building community

A Knowledge Building Community is a community in which the primary goal is knowledge creation rather than the construction of specific products or the completion of tasks. This notion is fundamental in Knowledge building theory. If knowledge is not realized for a community we do not have knowledge building. Examples of KBCs are Classrooms Academic research teams Modern management companies Modern business R&D groups Wikipedia Knowledge Building is a theory developed by Carl Bereiter and Marlene Scardamalia that deals with the construction of knowledge. To build knowledge, learners should collaborate with one another and establish common goals, hold group discussions, synthesize ideas in such a way that their knowledge of a topic advances from their current understanding. Knowledge building is outwardly focused on generating contributions that learners can give back to the community. Thus, the product of knowledge building should be an “artifact”—such as a publication, an illustrated model, or a theory—which other learners can use to advance their own understanding of that subject.

Among the most cited models characterizing the processes of collaborative knowledge building are those of Garrison, Anderson & Archer. A school culture that fosters KBCs supports research and high expectations for student achievement and participation; the twelve KB principles are continuously emphasized for and by teachers and the school environment as a whole. 12 Knowledge Building Principles Real Ideas and Authentic Problems – students identify real problems to study Improvable Ideas – ideas are improvable rather than accepted or rejected Epistemic Agency – students plan and engage in the process Collective Responsibility for Community Knowledge – all participants contribute to community goals Democratizing Knowledge – all participants are empowered. Transforming a classroom into a KBC requires a significant shift in classroom norms and in student and teacher identities. In this context, students define themselves through their personal learning goals and collaboratively pursue them. Students are viewed as intentional learners.

Knowledge advances are not circumscribed by a teacher’s knowledge. Specific to a KBC is the objectification of knowledge artifacts. More if in a regular class, questions and discussions are personal and ethereal constructs, in a KBC classroom, they are public artifacts that have a permanent presence in a digital format in the classroom database. For this reason, they can be analyzed, pointed at, talked about, progressively refined over time. In order to be successful, the members of the knowledge building community should accomplish the following: Focus work on making advances to what the community knows Embrace a general philosophy of inclusion Share what they do not understand, "What I need to understand..." or "What I need to know..." Respect each other's perspectives and tentative understandings Express disagreement in a constructive fashionSuccessful knowledge building initiatives at an elementary school “demonstrated sustained advancement of knowledge building as a principle-based, school-wide innovation.”

Rather than focusing on a particular procedure or pedagogical approach to KBC, this study emphasized using a principle-based approach. This approach “defines core values and principles, leaving teachers the challenge of engaging in reflective interpretation, using discretionary judgment, making adaptive classroom decisions to accommodate their different contexts and possibilities.” The KBC model immerses students in collaborative efforts to extend knowledge of the classroom community rather than just individual learning. Students take ownership of their learning and knowledge building by completing the tasks of goal setting, long-term planning, impromptu process control, rather than following predetermined scripts for learning set by the teacher. Understanding and sharing information are all vital components of sustained KBC models; because learners at the post-secondary level are more cognitively mature than younger students, researchers have observed many successful implementations of KBCs in higher education.

Stefano Cacciamani published a study in 2010 that explored how an instructor could make the shift from knowledge transition to knowledge construction. In the study, students enrolled in an online course modeled after a guided inquiry format, in which the teacher played a significant role in setting students' goals and monitoring their progress; this format shifted to a self-organized inquiry model focused on knowledge construction, where students were expected to replace the teacher in setting class goals an

John Edgar (Scottish footballer)

John Edgar known as Johnny Edgar, was a Scottish footballer who played as an inside forward. He played junior football for Parkhead before turning professional with Football League Second Division club Woolwich Arsenal in 1901. After just one season in England, he returned to Scotland, where he played in the Scottish League for Airdrieonians, Third Lanark and, from 1904, for Aberdeen, he remained associated with Aberdeen for ten years, as player, reserve team coach, official. In addition, he made occasional appearances for Queen's Park, Ayr Parkhouse, Heart of Midlothian and Montrose. Edgar was president of Montrose F. C. for three years in the early 1920s, was active in sports administration in the Montrose area, where he and his wife had settled. In 1929, the couple emigrated to Canada. Edgar played as an inside forward for Glasgow-based junior club Parkhead, made occasional appearances as a junior for Scottish League clubs including Queen's Park and Ayr Parkhouse, for Heart of Midlothian's East of Scotland League team.

While a Parkhead player, he was selected by the Scottish Junior Football Association to represent the association against their Irish counterparts in Belfast in March 1899. In October 1901 – dubbed "perhaps the most brilliant junior forward in Scotland at the present time" – Edgar moved to England where he signed for Second Division club Woolwich Arsenal, he made his Football League debut that same month, against Gainsborough Trinity, kept his place for a few matches before losing it first to Isaac Owens and to Walter Anderson. He finished the season with ten Football League appearances, scoring once, in a 1–1 draw with Blackpool, played seven times in other competitions, he returned to Scotland. In August 1903 he joined Airdrieonians, newly elected to the Scottish League First Division, he moved on to Third Lanark, in November 1904, signed for Aberdeen of the Second Division. He was recommended to the club by team captain Duncan McNichol, who had played with him at Woolwich Arsenal, he made his first league appearance for Aberdeen on 3 December against St Bernard's, playing at centre forward in place of Augustus Lowe, unwell.

He had a poor game, but scored – according to the Dundee Football Post, after 17 minutes of the second half, "Edgar, who had done nothing up till now, headed into the net" – but the match was abandoned because of bad light with a few minutes left to play. His official senior debut came the following week, at home to Hamilton Academicals. Despite such an unpromising start, Edgar played 14 league games in 1904–05, in which Aberdeen finished seventh in the Second Division and were elected to the First Division for 1905–06. Over the next two seasons, he contributed six goals from 31 league games, became a popular member of the team, he was reinstated as an amateur in September 1909, played four matches for Hibernian as a triallist, before returning to Aberdeen. He remained with the club for ten years as player, coach to the reserve team, honorary official, an Evening Express editorial stated that "If any man deserved a benefit for services rendered to the Aberdeen Football Club, that man is John Edgar.

For years he was a prominent wearer of the black and gold, at present manages the reserve team. His popularity with players and public alike was demonstrated last night, when the match on his behalf took place"; the benefit match in question, between teams of current and former Aberdeen players and refereed by the beneficiary himself, attracted a crowd of 5,000 spectators and raised £100. Edgar was for three years president of Montrose F. C. a club for which he played. During his tenure, the club won the Scottish Qualifying Cup and the Forfarshire Cup, both in the 1921–22 season, he stepped down for business reasons in 1923. He and his wife settled in the Montrose area, where he was active in other fields of sporting organisation, as president of the Rossie Athletic Club, captain of Montrose South Links Golf Club, member of the Montrose Highland Gathering Committee. In 1929, Edgar and his wife emigrated to Canada

History of Christianity in Hungary

The history of Christianity in Hungary started in the Roman province of Pannonia, centuries before the arrival of the Magyars, or Hungarians. Celtic, Illyrian and Dacian tribes inhabited the lands now forming Hungary in Classical Antiquity; the Romans forced the tribes of Transdanubia—the western region of present-day Hungary—into submission between 35 BC and 9 AD. The region was incorporated in the Roman province of Pannonia. Pannonia was splitted and Transdanubia was divided between two new provinces, Pannonia Prima and Valeria in the 290s; the natives' religion is poorly documented. The Romans introduced mystery cults. A Christian presence can be documented from the 2nd century. A decorated casket-mount depicting the marriage at Cana and other scenes from the Bible was unearthed at Intercisa; the early existence of Christian communities can be assumed at Sopianae and Aquincum. The first Christians were immigrants from Syria and Greece. Most of them had Greek names. No Christian churches dated before the 4th century have been unearthed, implying that Christian liturgy was celebrated in private homes.

The Diocletianic Persecution did not affect the Christian communities in Pannonia Prima and Valeria. No local martyrs are known from the two provinces, although Bishop Quirinus of Sescia was publicly executed in Savaria in 303. Emperor Constantine the Great's Edict of Milan consolidated the Christians' position in 313. Christian cemeteries, separated from the pagans' necropolises, developed near the towns and the fortresses; the use of fibulae decorated with crosses or "Chi Rho"-monograms spread, although they do not evidence their owners' Christian faith because Christianity was developing into a state religion during this period. None of the towns of Pannonia Prima and Valeria are documented as episcopal sees, but historian András Mócsy proposes that bishoprics must have existed in the provincial capitals and Savaria. Ambrose, Archbishop of Milan, wrote that Arianism—a doctrine condemned as heresy at the First Council of Nicaea—spread in Pannonia Valeria in the 4th century. Barbarian incursions forced significant part of the local Romanized population to flee from Pannonia in the 5th century.

Christians who fled from Scarbantia took Bishop Quirinus's relics from Savaria to Rome around 408. Other Christian groups survived in Pannonia. Anthony the Hermit was born in Valeria and he left the province only after his parents' death. Martin, to become archbishop of Braga, was born in Pannonia; the Huns crossed the Volga River from the east and forced large groups of Alans and Goths to abandon their homelands in the Pontic steppes. Hun and Goth troops pillaged Pannonia for the first time in the winter of 379–380; the Romans allowed the Marcomanni, who had dwelled north of the Middle Danube, to settle in Pannonia Prima after their queen, converted to Christianity around 396. The Huns transferred their center of power to the lowlands along the Middle Danube in the 420s, their empire collapsed after the Germanic and Iranian subject peoples defeated them in the Battle of Nedao in 454. The Gepids took control of the lands to the east of the river Tisza and the Romans allowed the Ostrogoths to settle in Pannonia.

After the Ostrogoths left for Italy in the early 470s, Heruli and other small Germanic peoples seized parts of Pannonia. The Lombards occupied the province in the 500s; the Gepids' conversion to Christianity started in the second half of the 4th century. Although archaeological finds proving the survival of Germanic paganism abound, but the aristocrats adopted Arianism. Gepid aristocrats were buried with reliquiaries; the Lombards came into contact with Arian missionaries in the 490s, but their pagan funerary rites survived. They placed food and drink in the graves and burried their warriors with their hunting dogs and weapons. Arianism became their dominant religion in the 560s, preserving their separation from their Catholic subjects. Nicetius, Bishop of Trier, addressed a letter to Chlothsind, the Catholic wife of King Alboin of the Lombards, unsuccessfully urging her to convert her husband to Catholicism in the winter of 565–566; the Avars—a large coalition of steppe peoples—invaded the Gepids' land and forced them into submission in 567.

A year the Lombards voluntarily left Pannonia for Italy, accompanied by Gepid, Saxon and Romanized groups. The Avars were Tengri, they always placed large quantities of grave goods in the graves. The Avar conquest of Central Europe contributed to the Slavs' expansion, because the Avars encouraged the Slavs to settle on the fringes of their empire. Columbanus was the first missionary to be contemplating proselytizing among the Avars and the Slavs around 610, but he abandoned the idea, because he realized that "progress in faith for this people was not ready to hand", according to his legend. Bishop Emmeram of Regensburg was thinking about visiting the Avars, but Bavarian officials dissuaded him from crossing the border; the archaeological sites of the Keszthely culture prove the existence of a large Christian community, centered around a Late Roman fortress at Keszthely in the Avar Khaganate. The local basilica with three apses was used and reconstructed in the second half of the 6th century; the community leaders were buried in the nearby cemetery.

A lady buried in the cemetery wore a silver garment pin with the inscription BONOSA, tentatively identified as her name. The origin of the community is uncertain, with

Solo un Momento

Sólo un Momento is the fourth album by Argentine rock and pop singer-songwriter Vicentico. It was released on September 29, 2010; the AllMusic review by Mariano Prunes awarded the album 3.5 stars, stating: "Vicentico's fourth solo album Sólo un Momento marks a stylistic departure from the Latin path in which he seemed so entrenched by now, either as a solo artist or as the singer of Los Fabulosos Cadillacs... This is the first Vicentico production that does not feature horns and percussion, the effect is quite strange. Above all, Solo un Momento comes off as a somber album... Furthermore, the main problem with going back to a stripped-to-basics pop song format is that in order to stand out you need either a brilliant melody, lyric, or vocal performance, while Vicentico has become quite accomplished at all of the above, he is not quite one of the true greats. For this reason, the value of Solo un Momento lies in its impressive artistic coherence more than in its individual moments". All tracks by Vicentico except.

Itunes iMac "Ya No Te Quiero" – 3:19 "Sólo Un Momento" – 3:57 "Viento" – 3:06 "La Carta" – 4:04 "Cobarde" – 3:10 "El Rey del Rock & Roll" – 2:48 "Morir a Tu Lado" – 4:02 "Escondido" – 3:24 "Sabor a Nada" – 3:54 "El Pacto" – 4:13 "Luca" – 3:27 "El Otro" – 3:15 "Paisaje" - 3:42 Dany Avila – drums Cachorro Lópezsynthesizer Vicentico – drums, E-Bow, sitar Rafa Vila – A&R www.vicentico.com Sólo un Momento at MusicBrainz Sólo un Momento at AllMusic

Tunisia at the 2012 Summer Paralympics

Tunisia competed at the 2012 Summer Paralympics in London, United Kingdom from August 29 to September 9, 2012. This was the nation's seventh appearance at the Summer Paralympics since 1988; the Tunisian Paralympic Committee sent a total of 31 athletes to the Games, 18 men and 13 women to compete in Athletics only. Tunisia left London with a total of 19 Paralympic medals. Tunisia finished the 2012 Games with 5 silver and 5 bronze medals; this put. They were one of two African countries to finish in the top 20 countries by medal, with South Africa the other country in 18th position with 8 gold, 12 silver and 9 bronze medals. 31 Tunisian athletes qualified for the Athletics competitions: WomenSomaya Bousaid Raoua Tlili Hania Aïdi Maroua Ibrahmi Neda Bahi Fadhila Nafati Sonia Mansour Yousra Ben Jemaâ Dhouha Chelhi Rabia Belhaj Ahmed Saida Nayli Bochra Rzouga Aida NailiMenMohamed Farhat Chida Walid Ktila Abderrahim Zhiou Mohamed Charmi Mohamed Ali Krid Mahmoud Khaldi Faouzi Rzig Mohamed Fouzai Abbès Saïdi Mohamed Ali Fatnassi Faycal Othmani Mohamed Amara Sofyane Mejri Hamdi Ouerfelli Mourad Idoudi Ahmed Aouadi Hatem Nasrallah Mohamed Zemzmi Neda Bahi won a gold medal for Tunisia in the Women's 400m T37 event on September 9.

2012 Summer Paralympics Tunisia at the Paralympics Tunisia at the 2012 Summer Olympics