A hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a modest-quality mattress in a small room to large suites with bigger, higher-quality beds, a dresser, a refrigerator and other kitchen facilities, upholstered chairs, a flat screen television, en-suite bathrooms. Small, lower-priced hotels may offer only the most basic guest facilities. Larger, higher-priced hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre, childcare and event facilities, tennis or basketball courts, restaurants, day spa, social function services. Hotel rooms are numbered to allow guests to identify their room; some boutique, high-end hotels have custom decorated rooms. Some hotels offer meals as part of a board arrangement. In the United Kingdom, a hotel is required by law to serve food and drinks to all guests within certain stated hours. In Japan, capsule hotels provide a tiny room suitable only for sleeping and shared bathroom facilities.
The precursor to the modern hotel was the inn of medieval Europe. For a period of about 200 years from the mid-17th century, coaching inns served as a place for lodging for coach travelers. Inns began to cater to richer clients in the mid-18th century. One of the first hotels in a modern sense was opened in Exeter in 1768. Hotels proliferated throughout Western Europe and North America in the early 19th century, luxury hotels began to spring up in the part of the 19th century. Hotel operations vary in size, function and cost. Most hotels and major hospitality companies have set industry standards to classify hotel types. An upscale full-service hotel facility offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, an on-site restaurant, the highest level of personalized service, such as a concierge, room service, clothes pressing staff. Full service hotels contain upscale full-service facilities with many full-service accommodations, an on-site full-service restaurant, a variety of on-site amenities.
Boutique hotels are smaller independent, non-branded hotels that contain upscale facilities. Small to medium-sized hotel establishments offer a limited amount of on-site amenities. Economy hotels are small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer basic accommodations with little to no services. Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized hotels that offer longer-term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership involving ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage. A motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Boutique hotels are hotels with a unique environment or intimate setting. A number of hotels have entered the public consciousness through popular culture, such as the Ritz Hotel in London; some hotels are built as a destination in itself, for example at casinos and holiday resorts. Most hotel establishments are run by a General Manager who serves as the head executive, department heads who oversee various departments within a hotel, middle managers, administrative staff, line-level supervisors.
The organizational chart and volume of job positions and hierarchy varies by hotel size and class, is determined by hotel ownership and managing companies. The word hotel is derived from the French hôtel, which referred to a French version of a building seeing frequent visitors, providing care, rather than a place offering accommodation. In contemporary French usage, hôtel now has the same meaning as the English term, hôtel particulier is used for the old meaning, as well as "hôtel" in some place names such as Hôtel-Dieu, a hospital since the Middle Ages; the French spelling, with the circumflex, was used in English, but is now rare. The circumflex replaces the's' found in the earlier hostel spelling, which over time took on a new, but related meaning. Grammatically, hotels take the definite article – hence "The Astoria Hotel" or "The Astoria." Facilities offering hospitality to travellers have been a feature of the earliest civilizations. In Greco-Roman culture and ancient Persia, hospitals for recuperation and rest were built at thermal baths.
Japan's Nishiyama Onsen Keiunkan, founded in 705, was recognised by the Guinness World Records as the oldest hotel in the world. During the Middle Ages, various religious orders at monasteries and abbeys would offer accommodation for travellers on the road; the precursor to the modern hotel was the inn of medieval Europe dating back to the rule of Ancient Rome. These would provide for the needs of travellers, including food and lodging and fodder for the traveller's horse and fresh horses for the mail coach. Famous London examples of inns include the Tabard. A typical layout of an inn had an inner court with bedrooms on the two sides, with the kitchen and parlour at the front and the stables at the back. For a period of about 200 years from the mid-17th century, coaching inns served as a place for lodging for coach travellers. Coaching inns stabled teams of horses for stagecoaches and mail coaches and replaced tired teams with fresh teams. Traditionally they were seven miles apart, but this depended much on the terrain.
Some English towns had as many as ten such inns and rivalry between them was intense, not only for the income from the stagecoach operators but for the revenue for food and
The Suin Line is a metro line of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway serving the Seoul Capital Area. The original route, abandoned in 1995, was one of the few 762 mm narrow-gauge railways in South Korea. Opened by the owned Chosen Gyeongdong Railway in 1937, it connected Suwon to Namincheon via Ansan and Siheung; the Chosen Railway owned the line until the nationalisation of all railways in Korea after 1945. However, since December 28, 2004, the Suin Line is being reconstructed with standard gauge and double tracking as an integral part of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway network and is opening in three phases. All northbound trains terminate at Oido, all southbound services terminate at Incheon. Express train service serves only Oido, Incheon Nonhyeon, Yeonsu, Inha University, Incheon. Trains are 6 cars long and the platform is built for 8 cars for the merging of the Bundang Suin line, are prepared for 10 cars should such an extension happen. Trains are every 15 minutes all day every day. 2012: June 30: The rebuilt Suin Line is opened from Oido to Songdo.2014: December 27: Darwol Station opens as an in-fill station.2016: February 27: The line is extended westward from Songdo to Incheon.2017: July 10: Express service is launched on the line.
Hagik station is planned to open between Songdo and Inha University in 2020. Phase 3 of the Suin Line, which will extend the line east from Oido to Suwon, will allow for a through service through the Bundang Line; this will create a long line from Cheongnyangni Station to Incheon Station. In addition, a connection line is under consideration at Suwon that will allow KTX trains to run between the Gyeongbu high-speed railway and Incheon Station via the Suin Line by 2022. For the current Suin Line, Korail introduced, they are the same as the third generation Class 351000 trains from the Bundang Line, except that they were painted red like the Jungang and Line 1 trains. These trains have since been repainted to the Bundang line Blue and Yellow livery to match the two combined lines once they merge to the "Bundang Suin line." For the former Suin Line, the Korean National Railroad built a narrow gauge steam locomotive, the KNR160 Diesel Car, the KNR18000 Passenger Car. One KNR160 and two KNR18000 are preserved at the railroad museum in nearby Uiwang.
Ives Heraldine "Ma" Rock was a Saint Lucian educator and politician. She worked as public relations officer of the St. Lucia Banana Growers Association but resigned in 1964 to enter politics, she was elected first vice-president of the United Workers Party. In the parliamentary elections of June 1964 she was the losing candidate for South Castries; that year she gained a seat on the Castries Town Board. She became the first woman to hold political office in Saint Lucia when she beat George Odlum to win the parliamentary seat of Castries South East in 1974, she became the first woman to serve as a government minister as Minister of Housing, Community Development, Local Government and Social Affairs from 1974 to 1980. She decided not to contest the general elections in 1982, but when the United Workers Party won the 1982 elections was appointed to serve as a senator on the government side until 1987, she served on various private and public boards including Board of Directors of the St. Lucia Electricity Services and the Development Control Authority.
Rock served as a Justice of the Peace from 1965 and was invested as a Member of the Order of the British Empire. "Mrs. Heraldine Rock - A Remarkable Woman of Caribbean Politics". MimiAlive.com. Retrieved 25 April 2014
The Athens Olympic Tennis Centre is a grouping of 16 tennis courts at the Athens Olympic Sports Complex, in Marousi, Greece. The centre consists of a main stadium, known as The Main Court, seating 8,600 fans - though only 6,000 seats were made publicly available during the 2004 Summer Olympics - two semifinal courts, seating 4,300 spectators - though only 3,200 seats were made publicly available during the Olympics - and thirteen side courts, seating 200 observers each; each of the courts use the DecoTurf cushioned acrylic surface, the same surface as the U. S. Open Grand Slam event; the Main Court, in particular, is large by the standards of major tennis competitions, with the seats being far removed from the tennis court. The centre hosted the tennis matches at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Greece; the centre was completed in February 2004, opened on August 2, 2004. In 2017, the Greek Basket League club, AEK Athens, revealed their plans to acquire the Main Court facility, in order to transform it into their home indoor basketball hall, with a spectator capacity for basketball games, of 9,500-10,000 seats.
List of tennis stadiums by capacity 2004 Summer Olympics official report. Volume 2. P. 409. OAKA.com profile
Wang Kuan-hsiung was a Taiwanese actor, a well-known and popular leading man in the kung fu film genre of the 1970s and 1980s. Wang is known for his role as Chan Ming Lung aka "The Iron Ox" in Iron Ox, The Tiger's Killer, a tale about a student taking on a group of men, the Five Tigers, in duels to avenge the death of his teacher; this film featured a well-known actor of the genre, Wong Fei-Lung. Other films in a similar vein around the same time were Two Dragons Against Tiger and Chase Step By Step. Wang's early films include Kung Fu Queen, Chaochow Guy, Chase Step by Step, Iron Ox The Tiger's Killer, Two Dragons Against Tiger, which were all "old school" type of kung fu films that were produced in the 1970s. Wang received a Golden Horse Award for the film White Jasmine, aka Mo li hua, a 1980 film that starred Sylvia Chang. Wang branched out to writing and directing films that included Lewd Lizard and Yellow Skin, as well as some production work. Wang retired from the film business in 1984, his filmography is somewhat confusing and may be more extensive than most sites and reference books indicate.
However, he has appeared in over 40 movies and is credited under a multitude of names, including: Champ Wang Frank Wong Goon-Hung Wong Jacky Wong Kuan-hsing Wang Kuan Hsiung Huang Wang Kuan Hsing Wang Kwn-Shong Wong Goon-Hung Wong Gwan-Sheong Wong Koon Hung Wong Kwan-Hsiung Wang Kuan-hsiung on IMDb Wang Kuan-hsiung on IMDb Wang Kuan-hsiung on IMDb Wang Kuan-hsiung on IMDb Wang Kuan-Hsiung at Cinemasie database Wang Kuan Hsiung at Hong Kong Cinemagic Wang Kuan Hsiung at Simon Yam website Wong Goon-Hung at Hkmdb
This list of mountains and hills in the Palatine Forest contains a selection of the highest or more notable peaks located in the natural region of the Palatine Forest in the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate. The mountain range is formed from a slab of Bunter sandstone, about 500 metres thick, characterized by a complex relief with incised V-shaped valleys, many different hill shapes and dense forests; because its rock strata were tilted during the formation of the Upper Rhine Graben and descend from east to west, its highest points, which climb to over 600 m above NHN, are found in the Haardt, a long ridge that forms the edge of the Palatine Forest in the east above the Rhine Plain. In the central Palatine Forest is the plateau of Frankenweide, in which several more mountains are located that exceed the 600 metre mark. By contrast, the hills in the north of the Palatine Forest, i. e. in the Stumpfwald and Otterberg Forest, only reach about 350 to 450 m above NHN. More varied are the hills of the southern Palatine Forest, a region known as the Wasgau which, as a unified natural region, crosses the border and runs as far as the Col de Saverne.
Its small-scale surface topology includes numerous, different hill shapes – characterized by conical hills for example – with heights range from 450 to 550 m above NHN. They exhibit bizarre rock formations, that in many cases have been used for the construction and location of rock and hill castles; because not all the mountains and hills of the Palatine Forest can be included in this list, a number of criteria have been used to make the selection. Of prime importance have been their geomorphological, cultural historic and infrastructural features. Entries in the table are sorted by height in metres above sea level. However, the table may be sorted by the data in columns 1 to 5 by clicking the symbol at the head of the wanted column. In the "Name" column, alternative names for the mountains and hills are given in brackets, in small, italic font. Names that recur are disambiguated by place names in small font; the abbreviations used in the table are explained below. Meanings of the abbreviations found in the table: NHN = Normalhöhennull i.e. the sea level datum used in Germany PWV = Palatine Forest Club List of mountains and hills of Rhineland-Palatinate Michael Geiger et al.: Der Pfälzerwald, Porträt of a Landschaft.
Verlag Pfälzische Landeskunde, Landau/Pf. 1987. ISBN 3980114716 Michael Geiger et al.: Geographie der Pfalz. Verlag Pfälzische Landeskunde, Landau/Pf. 2010. ISBN 9783981297409 Adolf Hanle: Meyers Naturführer, Pfälzerwald und Weinstraße. Bibliographisches Institut, Mannheim, 1990. Pp. 7–12 ISBN 3411071311 Karl Heinz: Pfalz: mit Weinstraße. Glock und Lutz Verlag, Heroldsberg, 1976. ASIN: B002GZ8RN Emil Heuser: Neuer Pfalzführer, 14th edn.. Waldkirch-Verlag, Ludwigshafen, 1979. ASIN: B0043G3V6M Landesamt für Vermessung and Geobasisinformation Rheinland-Pfalz: 1:25.000 and 1:50.000 map series. Eigenverlag der Landesamtes für Vermessung und Geobasisinformation Rheinland-Pfalz, various years Landesamt für Vermessung and Geobasisinformation Rheinland-Pfalz Naturpark Palatine Forest: Pflege- and Entwicklungsplan. Lambrecht 2002 Palatine rambling portal