Galactic Empire (Star Wars)
The First Galactic Empire is a fictional autocracy featured in the Star Wars franchise. It was first introduced in the 1977 film Star Wars and appears in its two sequels: The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi and is the main antagonist faction of the original trilogy. By the time of the sequel trilogy, which starts three decades following the events of the original trilogy, the government has since collapsed and has been succeeded by the First Order; the Galactic Empire sprawled much of the known Star Wars galaxy, consisted of millions of core systems with major population centers, billions of more fringe colonies, fortress worlds and outer territories. The Empire's origins are depicted in the prequel Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith, where it replaces the Galactic Republic at the end of the Clone Wars orchestrated by Palpatine, the Republic's Supreme Chancellor. Palpatine is secretly the Sith Lord Darth Sidious who intends to purge the Jedi and restore the Sith to power in the galaxy.
Palpatine's Sith identity was never revealed to the general public. Palpatine claims that the Jedi attempted to assassinate him and overthrow the Galactic Senate and declares the Jedi to have committed treason. Palpatine declared that the civil war with the Confederacy of Independent Systems in combination with the Jedi coup d'état required the reorganization of the Republic into a state that can "provide stability, a safe and secure society", a Galactic Empire with himself as Emperor; the Senate that he has manipulated overwhelmingly applauds Palpatine's decision. Emperor Palpatine proceeds to purge the Jedi, the upholders of peace and justice in the Republic, replaces them by redeeming the Sith. Though Palpatine's Sith identity remains a secret to most, his apprentice Darth Vader is the Sith Lord, publicly known to the galaxy as the ally of Palpatine, serving the Empire to purge the galaxy of the Jedi. By the time of Episode IV: A New Hope, the Empire has transformed into a authoritarian regime subtly influenced by Sith-philosophies, opposed by the Alliance to Restore the Republic.
The Galactic Empire is described and portrayed in various Star Wars media as a brutal dictatorship, one based on "nationalization, state terrorism, xenophobic hatred and genocide of nonhumans, power projection, threat of lethal force, above all else, constant fear". Star Wars creator George Lucas sought to make the Galactic Empire aesthetically and thematically similar to Nazi Germany and to appear to be fascist. Like Nazi Germany, the Galactic Empire is a dictatorship based on rigid control of society that dissolved a previous democracy and is led by an all-powerful supreme ruler; the Empire, like the Nazis, desires the creation of totalitarian order and utilizes excessive force and violence to achieve their ends. The name of the Empire's main soldiers, the Stormtroopers, is somewhat similar to the name given to Hitler's Sturmabteilung paramilitary bodyguards; the visual appearance of Darth Vader in his all-black uniform combined with his devout obedience to the Emperor has allusion to the black-uniformed Nazi Schutzstaffel.
The uniforms of Imperial military officers bear resemblance to uniforms used in Nazi Germany as well as nineteenth-century Germany's ulans —who wore a tunic, riding breeches, boots like the Empire's officers wear—as well as the Imperial officers' cap resembling the field caps worn by German and Austrian troops. In addition to Nazi Germany, there was at least one portion of the Galactic Empire, based on the Soviet Union, the various military personnel and TIE Fighters are flying in formation as Palpatine arrives on the Death Star in Return of the Jedi. In the commentary track for the film's DVD release, Lucas admitted that the ceremony for the Emperor's arrival was inspired by May Day military parades in the Soviet Union. Lucas has indicated in various sources that the Galactic Empire was derived from America during the time of the Vietnam War, more Richard Nixon's time as President, with it dating back as early as 1973 when he first started working on the first film, with his friend Walter Murch verifying this to be the case.
Palpatine's rise to power, transforming a democracy into a dictatorship has been related to those of Julius Caesar, Napoleon Bonaparte, Adolf Hitler. Palpatine's consolidation of power and declaring himself emperor is like the Roman political figure Octavian, in that Octavian manipulated the Roman Senate as Palpatine did with the Galactic Senate; the Galactic Empire was born out of the collapsing Galactic Republic. However, its seeds are planted during the Clone Wars, the epic war between the Republic and the separatist Confederacy of Independent Systems depicted in Episode II: Attack of the Clones and Episode III: Revenge of the Sith. In Episode I: The Phantom Menace, amid a trade dispute and invasion of Naboo by the Trade Federation, Naboo Senator Palpatine convinces Queen of Naboo Padmé Amidala to address the Galactic Senate and call for a vote of no confidence in Supreme Chancellor of the Republic Finis Valorum, due to his alleged inability to end the occupation
Darksaber is a 1995 Star Wars novel by American writer Kevin J. Anderson; the novel is set after Children of the Jedi and one year before Planet of Twilight in the Star Wars expanded universe timeline. In the Jedi Academy trilogy, Admiral Daala is forced to retreat to the Core Worlds, where some of the remaining Imperial warlords bicker over the Empire's remaining forces in the region. Thereafter, Luke Skywalker encounters Callista, a former Jedi, trapped in the Eye of Palpatine. After being rescued, Callista is forced to take the form of one of Luke's former students. Luke and Callista fall in love and work on building the Jedi Academy, though Callista still cannot use the Force. Meanwhile, Bevel Lemelisk is searching for a new assignment, given to him by Durga the Hutt. Darksaber is set eight years after Return of the Jedi, a time in which Grand Admiral Thrawn and the resurrected Emperor have been defeated, the New Republic is experiencing a brief lull in conflict after the events in Children of the Jedi.
While searching Jabba the Hutt's palace on Tatooine, Luke Skywalker and Han Solo learn that the Hutts are planning to build another superweapon. Meanwhile, in the Hoth Asteroid Belt, Durga the Hutt is planning a diplomatic mission to Coruscant, where he will secretly obtain the plans for the Death Star superlaser for Bevel Lemelisk, the Death Star's designer. Skywalker and Solo reveal their discoveries, but not before Durga's subordinates steal the plans from the Imperial Palace. In order to find out the location of the superweapon, the New Republic launches a covert operation to Nal Hutta, disguised as a diplomatic summit. Back at the Hoth asteroid belt, Lemelisk starts construction on the cylindrical superlaser, which he calls the "Darksaber" for its shape is similar to the hilt of a lightsaber. Luke and Callista embark on a vacation that leaves them stranded near the Hoth asteroid belt, they are rescued by Han and Leia Organa Solo, who just returned from the successful mission on Nal Hutta.
However and Callista's rescue is thanks to the Republic fleet, who arrived to launch Crix Madine and his squad to locate the Darksaber reported to be under construction in the region. While Madine succeeds in relaying the location to the fleet, he is killed by Durga. However, Durga's triumph is short-lived when the Republic fleet spots the Darksaber and begins pursuit; the Darksaber attempts to fire its superlaser and make an escape, but the weapon fails and the ship is destroyed by two large asteroids. Meanwhile, Admiral Daala succeeds in uniting the remains of the Empire in the core systems. With the help of Pellaeon, she plans a strike force against a series of New Republic targets, including the Jedi academy on Yavin IV, they attack Khomm, where Jedi trainees Kyp Durron and Dorsk 81 are visiting. Furious, the pair of Jedi succeed in warning the academy of the attack. Using the powers of the Force, the Jedi trainees back at Yavin IV manage to hold off Daala's forces until New Republic reinforcements arrive.
Daala is forced to retreat when the Knight Hammer, is destroyed. After the failed attack, Daala transfers control over the Imperial forces to Pellaeon. Meanwhile, Callista decides to temporarily leave venture on a journey to regain her powers. Luke decides to move on and continue to build the Jedi academy. Darksaber was published worldwide in November 1995, a time in which Bantam Spectra was releasing several bestselling Star Wars novels a year. Although it was not as successful as the Jedi Academy trilogy, Darksaber peaked at number three on the New York Times Bestseller list; the novel that preceded it, Children of the Jedi by Barbara Hambly, was a bestseller. Planet of Twilight Echo Base ^ Interview with Kevin J. Anderson. URL accessed on March 4, 2006. ^ Blindreaders: Star Wars. URL accessed on March 4, 2006. ^ Kevin J. Anderson, Darksaber. ISBN 0-553-57611-9 Barbara Hambly, Children of the Jedi. ISBN 0-553-57293-8 Kevin J. Anderson, Darksaber. ISBN 0-553-57611-9 Kevin J. Anderson's web site JediNet.com - Timeline Darksaber on Wookieepedia, a Star Wars wiki
Star Wars: Shadows of the Empire
Star Wars: Shadows of the Empire is a 1996 multimedia project created by Lucasfilm. The idea was to create a story set between the films The Empire Strikes Back and Return of the Jedi, to explore all commercial possibilities of a full motion picture release without making a film; the venture reinvigorated interest in the franchise ahead of the theatrical Special Editions of the Star Wars trilogy released the following year. Several products were released, including a novel, a junior novelization, a comic book series, a video game, a soundtrack, trading cards, role-playing games, model kits, Micro Machines toys, vinyl dolls, a series of action figures and vehicles. In 1994, Lucasfilm publishing director Lucy Autrey Wilson met with Bantam editor Lou Aronica to discuss future publications, Aronica suggested a Star Wars crossover multimedia event. In the year, Lucasfilm met with franchise licensees, including LucasArts representatives and author Steve Perry to discuss the multimedia project, intended to feature the media and marketing elements of a film release without producing a movie.
This was meant to reinvigorate the franchise ahead of the prequel trilogy, along with George Lucas's 1997 Special Editions of the original trilogy. Lucasfilm producers wanted the film to focus on the main characters between Star Wars and The Empire Strikes Back, but Dark Forces game designer Jon Knoles suggested that it take place between the latter film and Return of the Jedi; the main plotline is told in a novel by Steve Perry. Princess Leia and Lando Calrissian lead an attempt to liberate the frozen Han Solo from Boba Fett, but are unsuccessful. Knowing that Luke Skywalker will attempt to rescue Han from Jabba the Hutt, Darth Vader sends an agent to Tatooine to capture him; as Luke constructs a new lightsaber, Battle of Hoth veteran Dash Rendar saves him from assassins on swoop bikes. From Coruscant, Prince Xizor, the most powerful crime lord in the galaxy, targets Luke in an attempt to gain Emperor Palpatine's favor. Palpatine orders Vader to trust Xizor though the latter is plotting to overthrow them.
Xizor kidnaps Leia in his attempt to bait Luke. Lando and Dash sneak into the crime lord's palace to save Leia. Author Steve Perry got the job after writing the novelizations of The Mask for Bantam, Aliens based upon graphic novels by Dark Horse Comics, licensed by Lucasfilm to create Star Wars comics. In addition to the original Star Wars trilogy, Perry read the first spin-off novel in the franchise, Splinter of the Mind's Eye, to get an idea of how to write for Vader. While the narratives in the print media intersected, it was necessary that characters and dialogue match when they did come together. Author Steve Perry has expressed his support of adapting the story as an animated film. A prequel novel was planned, to be written by author Charles Grant, but was cancelled due to a Lucasfilm Licensing move from Bantam to Del Rey Books; the comic book emphasizes the destiny of Boba Fett and his fellow bounty hunters, first seen in a brief scene on The Empire Strikes Back. It tells the story of Jix, Darth Vader's assistant, who infiltrated Jabba the Hutt's gang of bikers to prevent that band's attempt to murder Luke Skywalker.
The series was illustrated by Kilian Plunkett. The comics were written and drawn at the same time of the novel, so the first issue could be released after the book. However, the story told by the comics is unique in many ways; the primary difference is that the comics tell what happened to Boba Fett and the other bounty hunters hired by Darth Vader to find the Millennium Falcon in The Empire Strikes Back. Steve Perry, author of the project's novel, was a story consultant. Excerpts from the comic were published in Nintendo Power magazine. Two separate mini-comics were released with Micro Machines Ertl model kits. A pop-up comic was made, entitled Battle of the Bounty Hunters. A sequel comic was written, called Shadows of the Empire: Evolution, created over five issues and combined in a trade paperback; the series was written by Steve Perry, was his first foray into comics. It was pencilled by Ron Randall, inked by P. Craig Russell, colored by Dave Nestelle; the story is set around the time of Return of the Jedi.
Xizor, the leader of the Black Sun criminal organization, has been destroyed, Guri, an attractive human replica droid, Xizor's personal assassin in the original novel, is left wondering what her future will hold now that she no longer has a master. During the ongoing struggle for supremacy in the underworld, Guri endeavors to discover her human side—if it exists, but in her quest to alter her programming and gain humanity, Guri is pursued by both bounty hunters and Rebels led by Luke Skywalker. Secrets lying in her android mind make her a valuable asset. LucasArts's Shadows of the Empire was one of the first games available for the Nintendo 64, for Windows; the most commercial product in the Shadows of the Empire line, the game was first released in December 1996 as an exclusive N64 title five months after the console's launch. The PC version came nearly a year in September 1997. In the game, players control mercenary Dash Rendar in his efforts to help Luke Skywalker and rescue Princess Leia from Prince Xizor's hands.
It is divided into four parts: Chapter 1: Dash is drawn into the Battle of Hoth. Chapter 2: Dash Rendar confronts bounty hunters from the original films—IG-88 and Boba Fett—in an attempt to reacquire Han Solo. Chapter 3: Boba Fett has escaped and the player's mission changes: you must now save Luke Skywalker's life b
Europa is the smallest of the four Galilean moons orbiting Jupiter, the sixth-closest to the planet of all the 79 known moons of Jupiter. It is the sixth-largest moon in the Solar System. Europa was discovered in 1610 by Galileo Galilei and was named after Europa, the Phoenician mother of King Minos of Crete and lover of Zeus. Smaller than Earth's Moon, Europa is made of silicate rock and has a water-ice crust and an iron–nickel core, it has a thin atmosphere composed of oxygen. Its surface is striated by cracks and streaks, but craters are few. In addition to Earth-bound telescope observations, Europa has been examined by a succession of space probe flybys, the first occurring in the early 1970s. Europa has the smoothest surface of any known solid object in the Solar System; the apparent youth and smoothness of the surface have led to the hypothesis that a water ocean exists beneath it, which could conceivably harbour extraterrestrial life. The predominant model suggests that heat from tidal flexing causes the ocean to remain liquid and drives ice movement similar to plate tectonics, absorbing chemicals from the surface into the ocean below.
Sea salt from a subsurface ocean may be coating some geological features on Europa, suggesting that the ocean is interacting with the sea floor. This may be important in determining. In addition, the Hubble Space Telescope detected water vapor plumes similar to those observed on Saturn's moon Enceladus, which are thought to be caused by erupting cryogeysers. In May 2018, astronomers provided supporting evidence of water plume activity on Europa, based on an updated critical analysis of data obtained from the Galileo space probe, which orbited Jupiter from 1995 to 2003; such plume activity could help researchers in a search for life from the subsurface Europan ocean without having to land on the moon. The Galileo mission, launched in 1989, provides the bulk of current data on Europa. No spacecraft has yet landed on Europa, although there have been several proposed exploration missions; the European Space Agency's Jupiter Icy Moon Explorer is a mission to Ganymede, due to launch in 2022, will include two flybys of Europa.
NASA's planned. Europa, along with Jupiter's three other large moons, Io, Callisto, was discovered by Galileo Galilei on 8 January 1610, independently by Simon Marius; the first reported observation of Io and Europa was made by Galileo on 7 January 1610 using a 20×-magnification refracting telescope at the University of Padua. However, in that observation, Galileo could not separate Io and Europa due to the low magnification of his telescope, so that the two were recorded as a single point of light; the following day, 8 January 1610, Io and Europa were seen for the first time as separate bodies during Galileo's observations of the Jupiter system. Europa is named after Europa, daughter of the king of Tyre, a Phoenician noblewoman in Greek mythology. Like all the Galilean satellites, Europa is named after a lover of Zeus, the Greek counterpart of Jupiter. Europa became the queen of Crete; the naming scheme was suggested by Simon Marius. The names fell out of favor for a considerable time and were not revived in general use until the mid-20th century.
In much of the earlier astronomical literature, Europa is referred to by its Roman numeral designation as Jupiter II or as the "second satellite of Jupiter". In 1892, the discovery of Amalthea, whose orbit lay closer to Jupiter than those of the Galilean moons, pushed Europa to the third position; the Voyager probes discovered three more inner satellites in 1979, so Europa is now considered Jupiter's sixth satellite, though it is still sometimes referred to as Jupiter II. Europa orbits Jupiter in just over three and a half days, with an orbital radius of about 670,900 km. With an orbital eccentricity of only 0.009, the orbit itself is nearly circular, the orbital inclination relative to Jupiter's equatorial plane is small, at 0.470°. Like its fellow Galilean satellites, Europa is tidally locked to Jupiter, with one hemisphere of Europa facing Jupiter; because of this, there is a sub-Jovian point on Europa's surface, from which Jupiter would appear to hang directly overhead. Europa's prime meridian is a line passing through this point.
Research suggests that the tidal locking may not be full, as a non-synchronous rotation has been proposed: Europa spins faster than it orbits, or at least did so in the past. This suggests an asymmetry in internal mass distribution and that a layer of subsurface liquid separates the icy crust from the rocky interior; the slight eccentricity of Europa's orbit, maintained by the gravitational disturbances from the other Galileans, causes Europa's sub-Jovian point to oscillate around a mean position. As Europa comes nearer to Jupiter, Jupiter's gravitational attraction increases, causing Europa to elongate towards and away from it; as Europa moves away from Jupiter, Jupiter's gravitational force decreases, causing Europa to relax back into a more spherical shape, creating tides in its ocean. The orbital eccentricity of Europa is continuously pumped by its mean-motion resonance with Io. Thus, the tidal flexing kneads Europa's interior and gives it a source of heat allowing its ocean to stay liquid while driving subsurface geological processes.
The ultimate source of this energy is Jupiter's rotation, tapped by Io through the tides it raises on Jupiter and is transferred to E
Bespin is a fictional planet, a gas giant in Star Wars films and books. The planet was first seen in the 1980 feature film The Empire Strikes Back. Since its introduction, Bespin has gained more specific characteristics in the Star Wars expanded universe. In The Empire Strikes Back, Bespin's floating city Cloud City hovers suspended by an anti-gravity pod; the planet is a gas giant, about 73,000 miles in diameter. Like most gas giants, it has a solid core that consists of metal followed by layers of metallic gases. Many of the layers of gas are poisonous, the pressure and temperature are far above what a human could tolerate, but from 93 to 112 mi down from outer space, there is a habitable layer known as the Bespin Life Zone. This layer has an oxygen atmosphere with the temperature and pressure that makes it ideal for human life, it is in this layer. Bespin is a major source of tibanna gas, a fictional material, refined for production and transport in Cloud City and used in hyperdrive coolant for starships, as well as in the production of firearms.
It is home including humans and Ugnaughts. Han Solo's starship, the Millennium Falcon made it there when travelling from another star system. Lando Calrissian, the previous owner of the Millennium Falcon, administered Cloud City and provided "well-paying" jobs for the Ugnaughts until the Galactic Empire occupied the system. During the Galactic Civil War, Darth Vader captured Cloud City after blackmailing Calrissian into turning over Han Solo and Princess Leia to him, but after the Battle of Endor the planet and Cloud City was liberated from the empire by the New Republic. Cloud City is a playable level setting in numerous video games, including Star Wars: Battlefront, Star Wars: Uprising, Star Wars Jedi Knight: Mysteries of the Sith, Star Wars: The Force Unleashed. List of Star Wars planets and moons Bespin in the StarWars.com Databank Cloud City in the StarWars.com Databank Bespin on Wookieepedia, a Star Wars wiki
National Geographic is the official magazine of the National Geographic Society. It has been published continuously since its first issue in 1888, nine months after the Society itself was founded, it contains articles about science, geography and world culture. The magazine is known for its thick square-bound glossy format with a yellow rectangular border and its extensive use of dramatic photographs. Controlling interest in the magazine has been held by The Walt Disney Company since 2019; the magazine is published monthly, additional map supplements are included with subscriptions. It is available through an interactive online edition. On occasion, special editions of the magazine are issued; as of 2015, the magazine was circulated worldwide in nearly 40 local-language editions and had a global circulation of 6.5 million per month according to data published by The Washington Post or 6.7 million according to National Geographic. This includes a US circulation of 3.5 million. The current Editor-in-Chief of the National Geographic Magazine is Susan Goldberg.
Goldberg is Editorial Director for National Geographic Partners, overseeing the print and digital expression of National Geographic’s editorial content across its media platforms. She is responsible for news, National Geographic Traveler magazine, National Geographic History magazine and all digital content with the exception of National Geographic Kids. Goldberg reports to CEO of National Geographic Partners; the first issue of National Geographic Magazine was published on September 22, 1888, nine months after the Society was founded. It was a scholarly journal sent to 165 charter members and nowadays it reaches the hands of 40 million people each month. Starting with its January 1905 publication of several full-page pictures of Tibet in 1900–1901, the magazine changed from being a text-oriented publication closer to a scientific journal to featuring extensive pictorial content, became well known for this style; the June 1985 cover portrait of the presumed to be 12-year-old Afghan girl Sharbat Gula, shot by photographer Steve McCurry, became one of the magazine's most recognizable images.
National Geographic Kids, the children's version of the magazine, was launched in 1975 under the name National Geographic World. From the 1970s through about 2010 the magazine was printed in Corinth, Mississippi, by private printers until that plant was closed. In the late 1990s, the magazine began publishing The Complete National Geographic, a digital compilation of all the past issues of the magazine, it was sued over copyright of the magazine as a collective work in Greenberg v. National Geographic and other cases, temporarily withdrew the availability of the compilation; the magazine prevailed in the dispute, in July 2009 it resumed publishing a compilation containing all issues through December 2008. The compilation was updated to make more recent issues available, the archive and digital edition of the magazine are available online to the magazine's subscribers. On September 9, 2015, the National Geographic Society announced a deal with 21st Century Fox that would move the magazine to a new partnership, National Geographic Partners, in which 21st Century Fox would hold a 73 percent controlling interest.
In December 2017, Disney announced that it would acquire 21st Century Fox, including the latter's interest in National Geographic Partners. The magazine had a single "editor" from 1888–1920. From 1920–1967, the chief editorship was held by the president of the National Geographic Society. Since 1967, the magazine has been overseen by its own "editor-in-chief"; the list of editors-in-chief includes three generations of the Grosvenor family between 1903 and 1980. John Hyde Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor John Oliver LaGorce Melville Bell Grosvenor Frederick Vosburgh Gilbert Melville Grosvenor Wilbur E. Garrett William Graves William L. Allen Chris Johns Susan Goldberg During the Cold War, the magazine committed itself to presenting a balanced view of the physical and human geography of nations beyond the Iron Curtain; the magazine printed articles on Berlin, de-occupied Austria, the Soviet Union, Communist China that deliberately downplayed politics to focus on culture. In its coverage of the Space Race, National Geographic focused on the scientific achievement while avoiding reference to the race's connection to nuclear arms buildup.
There were many articles in the 1930s, 40s and 50s about the individual states and their resources, along with supplement maps of each state. Many of these articles were written by longtime staff such as Frederick Simpich. There were articles about biology and science topics. In years, articles became outspoken on issues such as environmental issues, chemical pollution, global warming, endangered species. Series of articles were included focusing on the history and varied uses of specific products such as a single metal, food crop, o
The Empire Strikes Back
The Empire Strikes Back is a 1980 American epic space-opera film directed by Irvin Kershner. Leigh Brackett and Lawrence Kasdan wrote the screenplay, with George Lucas writing the film's story and serving as executive producer; the second installment in the original Star Wars trilogy, it was produced by Gary Kurtz for Lucasfilm and stars Mark Hamill, Harrison Ford, Carrie Fisher, Billy Dee Williams, Anthony Daniels, David Prowse, Kenny Baker, Peter Mayhew, Frank Oz. The film is set three years after Star Wars; the Galactic Empire, under the leadership of the villainous Darth Vader and the mysterious Emperor, is in pursuit of Luke Skywalker and the rest of the Rebel Alliance. While Vader relentlessly pursues the small band of Luke's friends—Han Solo, Princess Leia Organa, others—across the galaxy, Luke studies the Force under Jedi Master Yoda; when Vader captures Luke's friends, Luke must decide whether to complete his training and become a Jedi Knight or to confront Vader and save them. Following a difficult production, The Empire Strikes Back was released on May 21, 1980.
It received mixed reviews from critics but has since grown in esteem, becoming the most critically acclaimed film in the Star Wars franchise. The film ranked at #3 on Empire's 2008 list of the 500 greatest movies of all time, it became the highest-grossing film of 1980 and, to date, has earned more than $538 million worldwide from its original run and several re-releases. When adjusted for inflation, it is the second-highest-grossing sequel of all time and the 13th-highest-grossing film in North America; the film was followed by Return of the Jedi, released in 1983. In 2010, the film was selected for preservation in the United States' National Film Registry by the Library of Congress for being "culturally and aesthetically significant". Three years after the destruction of the Death Star, the Rebel Alliance, led by Princess Leia, has set up a new base on the ice planet of Hoth; the Imperial fleet, led by Darth Vader, continues to hunt for the new Rebel base by dispatching probe droids across the galaxy.
Luke Skywalker is captured by a wampa while investigating one such probe, but manages to escape from the wampa's lair with his lightsaber. Before Luke succumbs to hypothermic sleep, the Force ghost of his late mentor, Obi-Wan Kenobi, instructs him to go to Dagobah to train under Jedi Master Yoda. Han Solo locates cuts open the tauntaun he rode there on to keep his friend warm. Meanwhile, the probe alerts the Imperial fleet to the Rebels' location; the Empire launches a large-scale attack using AT-AT walkers to capture the base, which forces the Rebels to retreat. Han and Leia escape with C-3PO and Chewbacca on the Millennium Falcon, but the ship's hyperdrive malfunctions, they hide in an asteroid field, where Han and Leia grow closer amidst tension and kiss. Vader summons bounty hunters to assist in finding the Falcon. Luke, escapes with R2-D2 in his X-wing fighter and crash-lands on the swamp planet of Dagobah, he meets a diminutive creature. After evading the Imperial fleet, Han's group travels to the floating Cloud City on the gas planet of Bespin, run by Han's old friend, Lando Calrissian.
Unbeknownst to the group, the bounty hunter Boba Fett has tracked the Falcon. Vader plans to use the group as bait to lure out Luke, intending to capture him and take him to Emperor Palpatine. Luke experiences a premonition of Han and Leia in pain and, against the wishes of Yoda and Obi-Wan, abandons his training to rescue them, promising to return and complete his training. Intending to hold Luke in suspended animation via carbon freezing, Vader selects Han to be frozen as a test subject. Han survives the process and is given to Fett, who plans to collect the bounty on Han from Jabba the Hutt. Lando frees Leia and Chewbacca, they flee the city. Meanwhile, Luke arrives and engages Vader in a lightsaber duel that leads them over the city's central air shaft. Vader severs Luke's right hand, disarming him, tempts him to join forces. Luke accuses Vader of murdering his father. Horrified, Luke drops into the air shaft and is ejected beneath the floating city, where he hangs on an antenna, he reaches out telepathically to Leia, who persuades Lando to turn back.
After Luke is brought aboard, they are chased by TIE fighters and Vader on his Star Destroyer, but R2-D2 reactivates the Falcon's hyperdrive, allowing them to escape. Rejoined with the Rebel fleet, Luke's severed hand is replaced with a robotic hand. Lando and Chewbacca depart in the Falcon with hopes of saving Han. Mark Hamill as Luke Skywalker: A Jedi in training, powerfully connected with the Force. Harrison Ford as Han Solo: A smuggler and Captain of the Millennium Falcon. Carrie Fisher as Leia Organa: A leader of the Rebel Alliance, the former Princess of the destroyed planet Alderaan. Billy Dee Williams as Lando Calrissian: Administrator of Cloud City and an old friend to Han Solo. Anthony Daniels as C-3PO: A humanoid protocol droid in the Rebel Alliance. David Prowse as Darth Vader: Luke's father and a warrior of the dark side of the Force and the Emperor's second-in command; the character's voice is provided by James Earl Jones. Peter Mayhew as Chewbacca: A Wookiee and loyal friend to Han Solo.
Kenny Baker as R2-D2: An astromech droid in the