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Houndsditch is a one-way street in London linking Outwich Street in the north-west to St. Botolph Street in the south-east, it runs through parts of the Portsoken and Bishopsgate Without wards of the City of London, the historic nucleus and modern financial centre of London. It marks the route of an old ditch that ran outside a part of the London Wall, renowned for being used as a site for disposing of waste and deceased dogs; the road forms part of the A1211 route from Barbican to Whitechapel. Traffic continues onto Houndsditch from Outwich Street, a short section of road behind the Heron Tower, enters St. Botolph Street at the south-eastern end of Houndsditch. From there, traffic may turn left onto Whitechapel High Street or right onto Aldgate High Street. A ditch was dug outside Londinium's defensive wall by the Romans but was subsequently filled in and obliterated; the Danes under Cnut the Great constructed a town ditch to control access to the city. The ditch was redug in 1211 as a part of the defences, was about 75 feet in width.

The city authorities found it a continual problem to scour and clean as many adjacent houses found it a convenient place to dispose of filth and refuse. In 1595, levelling was first considered, although the street running alongside the ditch had first been paved in 1503; the name Houndsditche appears in the 13th century, seems to relate to the quantity of rubbish and dead dogs thrown into it. Several dogs' skeletons were unearthed at Houndsditch in 1989. By the turn of the 20th century, the street had become a thriving market in clothing and novelties, giving rise to one of London's leading department stores, the Houndsditch Warehouse, dubbed the "Selfridges of the Jewish Quarter". In December 1910, anarchists killed three police officers who had interrupted them during an attempted burglary at a jeweller's shop at No. 119, Houndsditch. In January 1911, two of the gang were killed in the Siege of Sidney Street. Approaching Bishopsgate, the modern office blocks do not occupy the full building plots, leaving some small areas empty.

These were the sites of Plague pits. Traffic flows one-way south-eastward from Outwich Street down the modern Houndsditch, which continues onto St. Botolph Street, connecting to either Aldgate High Street or Whitechapel High Street; the street is the location of a number of restaurants and offices, a short pedestrianised section of it runs along the north side of the Heron Tower, the tallest building in the City of London. The nearest London Underground station is Aldgate and the closest mainline railway station is Liverpool Street; the street is served by London Buses routes 42, 78, 100, 135, 205. Houndsditch is the location of the 1945 film Kitty, it is described as a slum, set in 1783

Ministry of Transport of the People's Republic of China

The Ministry of Transport of the People’s Republic of China is an agency responsible for railway, road and water transportation regulations of the Mainland China. Before March 2013, it was not in charge of the conventional railway transportation, administrated by the Ministry of Railways, it is a constituent department of the State Council of the People's Republic of China. The MOT's origins date back to 1912 when the Ministry of Transportation and Communications of the Republic of China was established. In early March 1995, The 2008 National People's Congress announced the creation of the super ministry for road and water transport; the Ministry of Communications, Civil Aviation Administration and the State Postal Bureau are merged into the new Ministry of Transportation of the People's Republic of China. This excluded rail transport, administered by the Ministry of Railways until March 2013; the Ministry of Transport has several agencies reporting to it. They are the: Civil Aviation Administration of China, State Post Bureau which regulates China Post, China Maritime Safety Administration The predecessor to the current ministry was the Ministry of Communications.

In other countries, the Ministry of Communications is responsible for telecommunications and broadcasting. However, the Chinese Ministry of Communications had no such responsibilities. Instead, the MOC supervised road and water transport, while other ministries oversaw telecommunications and broadcasting; the discrepancy was caused by changes in the English language that took place after the Ministry was first created. One definition of the English word communication is the linking of two points by a means of transport. Roads and waterways were all considered to be forms of communication; when the Qing Dynasty established the Ministry of Posts and Communications in 1906, the English word communication still carried this meaning. After the People's Republic of China was established, other ministries were created to oversee railways, postal services, telecommunications; the remaining transportation functions remained with the Ministry of Communications. However, the English language moved in the opposite direction.

By 1907, communication had begun to acquire a different meaning: a system of transmitting information over a distance. This became the primary meaning of the word communication, while transport and transportation became the preferred terms for the linking of two points; as a result, the Chinese Ministry of Communications ended up with a different set of responsibilities from the Ministry of Communications in other countries. The Republic of China did not have this problem because it kept telecommunications and postal services in its Ministry after 1949, renaming it the Ministry of Transportation and Communications. Ministries of the People's Republic of China Ministry of Transport of the PRC Official site


Ethoxzolamide is a sulfonamide medication that functions as a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor. It is used in the treatment of glaucoma and duodenal ulcers, as a diuretic, it may be used in the treatment of some forms of epilepsy. Ethoxzolamide, a sulfonamide, inhibits carbonic anhydrase activity in proximal renal tubules to decrease reabsorption of water, potassium, bicarbonate, it decreases carbonic anhydrase in the CNS, increasing the seizure threshold. This reduction in carbonic anhydrase reduces the intraocular pressure in the eye by decreasing aqueous humor. Ethoxzolamide binds and inhibits carbonic anhydrase I. Carbonic anhydrase plays an essential role in facilitating the transport of carbon dioxide and protons in the intracellular space, across biological membranes and in the layers of the extracellular space; the inhibition of this enzyme effects the balance of applicable membrane equilibrium systems. Dimazole Dithiazanine iodide

John Martyn Roberts

Martyn John Roberts FRSE DL was a 19th century British scientist and inventor who performed experiments with galvanic batteries and explosives. He was born in Wales on 2 August 1806 the son of Caroline Yalden of Lovington and her husband, John Roberts, he studied science at the University of Edinburgh. In 1840 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, his proposers was Sir John Robison. In 1864 he patented an invention to spin wool, he in the same year patented a device to reduce friction on ships propellors but this lapsed in 1867 due to non-payment of the £50 stamp duty. He died on 8 September 1878, he is buried in Llangenny Churchyard. In 1840 he married Anne Eliza Gordon daughter of brother of Sir John Gordon, they lived at Pendarren House near Crickhowell in Wales. Their eldest son was William Scarlett Roberts

Archie Marries Veronica/Archie Marries Betty

"Archie Marries Veronica/Archie Marries Betty" is an American comic book story by writer Michael Uslan and artists Stan Goldberg and Bob Smith, presented in Archie # 600–606. In issues # 600–602, the story features a futuristic look into the life of Riverdale teen Archie Andrews in the years that follow his college graduation when Archie makes his ultimate decision to marry Veronica Lodge instead of Betty Cooper. In Issues # 603–605, the story switches and Archie proposes marriage to Betty instead of to Veronica. Issue # 606 ties the previous six issues together. In May 2009, Archie Comics released plans for what they would call "The Archie Story Of The Century" and announced that Archie Andrews would ask Veronica Lodge to marry him in Archie Comics # 600, the first issue of a six-part story arc detailing their engagement and life together; the publishers of Archie Comics did not expect the response they would get from readers and longtime fans telling them they made a mistake in Archie's choice.

The New York Times would reveal that the whole story is a fantasy and that the first half of the story would show Archie's life with Veronica, the second half would show his life with Betty. "The Proposal" is Part 1 in the 6 issue story arc. The night before the gang's graduation from Riverdale High, The Archies play their final concert and mourn the oncoming changes. Archie comes home and after getting heat from his father about picking a college, he takes a walk down Memory Lane... literally. Archie realizes he's switches directions. After traveling through a yellow wood, Memory Lane splits into two dirt roads, he chooses the left one and was cast four years into the future on the eve of his college graduation. His mother Mary states, he and Veronica discuss the changes in their lives, both accept growing up. After the graduation, Veronica hosts a party at her mansion. Archie learns that Veronica is planning to work for her father's company in either London or Hong Kong; as for the rest of the gang, Moose Mason is going to manage his uncle's burger joint on Staten Island while his girlfriend Midge Klump will be running her own nail salon in Bayonne, New Jersey.

Dilton Doiley is going to M. I. T. for his doctorate in quantum mechanics, Reggie Mantle will become a used car salesman in Atlanta and Jughead Jones will stick around Riverdale grilling burgers at Pop Tate's Choklit Shoppe until he "figures things out". Betty Cooper will be working as a buyer at Saks Fifth Avenue in New York City. After the party, Archie is given a large sum of money by his parents which he uses for the down payment on an engagement ring for Veronica a few weeks in New York, he proposes to her just as Jughead happen to walk by and witness. Veronica accepts. Archie and Veronica tell Mr. Lodge, who accepts Archie as his future son-in-law as long as he works for Lodge Industries. Archie accepts while his fiancee plans the biggest wedding Riverdale has seen. Jughead chastises Archie for not telling him his plan, advised him not to go near Betty for a while, so that she will be able to get over with and move on; the residents of Riverdale are overwhelmed with shock that Archie chose between his two girlfriends, but concerned with Betty's well being.

Veronica asks her to be her maid of honor. Instead of answering, Betty leaves the phone on her bed. "The Wedding" is Part 2 in the 6 issue story arc. Archie is preparing for his upcoming nuptials with his groomsmen. Meanwhile, Veronica is treating her bridesmaids to a day at the spa. Veronica is sad that Betty Cooper is not there, but Betty shows up at that moment takes up her position as Veronica's maid of honor. Betty brings along a "friend" of hers named Henry. Ethel states. On the eve of the wedding and Veronica discuss their future; the big day comes and everything seems to be going as planned, with all of Riverdale attending the wedding. Before the ceremony, Archie asks Betty to take a walk with him, he tells her that she was his first friend when his family moved to Riverdale and how he always enjoyed dating her, until Veronica came. Archie tells Betty that he loves her like a sister and asks her to promise to always be his friend, which comforts Betty; the wedding goes smoothly. Archie and Veronica become wife as Betty looks on tearfully, but happily.

At the reception and Veronica share their first dance, speeches are made, the cake is cut, the bouquet is tossed. Betty walks away trying to hide her tears. Veronica catches up to her to make sure. Archie and Veronica depart on their honeymoon to a remote island in the Caribbean owned by the Lodges. One year Archie is a big executive at Lodge Enterprises, who overworks so as to impress his father-in-law who has confidence in him. Reggie shows up and tells Archie he's been laid off, so Archie gives him a job in sales; when he comes home exhausted, Veronica reminds him of a dinner date they have with Ethel and her fiancé. Archie is too tired and refuses to move, until Veronica announces that she's pregnant and he promptly faints. "It's Twins" is Part 3 in the 6 issue story. Archie announces Veronica's pregnancy to his parents, while Jughead and Moose burst in with congratulations. Archie breaks the news to Mr. Lodge, who has his will changed to bestow his most prized possession, his own childhood sled, to his grandchild.

Meanwhile, Veronica flies to New York City to meet with Betty at a


The MAT-49 was a submachine gun, developed by French arms factory Manufacture Nationale d'Armes de Tulle for use by the French Army and was first produced in 1949. In 1949, after evaluating several prototypes, the French MAT factory began production of the MAT-49 9 mm submachine gun; the MAT-49 used a machine stamping process which allowed the economical production of large numbers of submachine guns urgently required by the French Government for use by Army, French Foreign Legion as well as airborne and colonial forces. Production continued at Tulle until the mid-1960s switched to the Manufacture d'Armes de St-Etienne plant, where the weapon was produced until 1979. In that same year, the French armed forces adopted the FAMAS 5.56 mm NATO assault rifle, the MAT-49 was phased out of service. The MAT-49 saw widespread combat use during the First Indochina War and the Algerian War, as well as the 1956 Suez Crisis; the weapon found considerable favor with airborne and mechanized troops, who prized it for its simplicity, ruggedness and compactness.

After French forces left Indochina, the People's Army of Vietnam and Viet Minh converted many captured MAT-49s to the Soviet 7.62 mm Tokarev pistol cartridge available in large quantities from the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China. These converted versions could be distinguished by a longer barrel and a higher rate of fire at 900 rpm. North Vietnam covertly provided MAT-49s to anti-French occupation groups during the Algerian War after the French left Indochina; the MAT-49 had a short, retractable wire stock, which when extended gave the weapon a length of 720 mm, the magazine well and magazine could be folded forward parallel to the barrel for parachute jump or with a 45° angle hence allowing a safe carry until the magazine well is brought back to vertical position before opening fire. Barrel length is 230 mm, with some police-issue weapons manufactured with extended barrels and non-retractable wooden stocks; as issued, the MAT-49 fires a 9×19mm Parabellum cartridge, using a single-column 20-round magazine for desert use or 32-round similar to the Sten magazine.

The MAT-49 is blowback-operated and box magazine-fed, with a rate of fire of 600 rounds per minute on full auto. The MAT 49/54, a modified MAT-49s manufactured for police forces, had two triggers, allowing use of full-auto fire or single shots, but most were manufactured as full-auto only. Minus magazine, the MAT-49 weighs about 3.5 kilograms, which renders it somewhat heavy for a submachine gun. The weapon incorporates a grip safety, located on the backside of the pistol grip; the rear sights are flip-up and "L"-shaped, marked for a range of 50 and 100 meters. Production ceased after the introduction of the FAMAS assault rifle in 1979. MAS-48 - prototype variant. MAT-49 - main variant. MAT-49/54 - gendarme variant with extended barrel and fixed stock. MAT-49 silenced - variant fitted with a suppressor. K-43 - variant modified by the Viet Minh, firing in 7.62×25mm Tokarev. It had a higher rate of fire. Spare parts were still produced in the gun being used by the Viet Cong. Algeria Benin Bolivia Burkina Faso Burundi Central African Republic Chad Comoros Republic of the Congo Cote d'Ivoire Djibouti Equatorial Guinea France: Adopted by the French army in 1949.

Used by the National Gendarmerie. Gabon Guinea Guinea Bissau Ivory Coast Kingdom of Laos: Received from French government during First Indochina War. Laos Lebanon Madagascar Mali - Armed and Security Forces of Mali Mauritania Morocco Niger Senegal Seychelles Syria: used by police and special forces Togo Tunisia Vietnam: used 9mm and 7.62mm MAT-49s. National Liberation Army Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army Viet Minh, known as Tuyn, from the name of the manufacturer. ETA: Produced unlicensed copies of existing weapons in an underground workshop at Mouguerre after it was raided by police. Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic FRELIMO Séléka Gevarm D4 Hotchkiss Type Universal Sola submachine gun Vigneron submachine gun MAS-38 replaced in the 1950s by the MAT-49 submachine gun. Modern Firearms