House of Bernadotte

The House of Bernadotte is the royal house of Sweden, which has reigned since 1818. Between 1818 and 1905, it was the royal house of Norway, its founder Charles XIV John of Sweden, born a Frenchman as Jean Bernadotte, was adopted by the elderly King Charles XIII of Sweden, who had no other heir and whose Holstein-Gottorp branch of the House of Oldenburg thus was soon to be extinct. Following the conclusion of Finnish War in 1809, Sweden lost possession of Finland, which had constituted the eastern half of the Swedish realm for centuries. Resentment towards King Gustav IV Adolf precipitated an abrupt coup d'état. Gustav Adolf was deposed and his uncle Charles XIII was elected King in his place. However, Charles XIII was prematurely senile, he was childless. It was apparent as soon as Charles XIII ascended the throne that the Swedish branch of the House of Holstein-Gottorp would die with him. In 1810 the Riksdag of the Estates, the Swedish parliament, elected a Danish prince, Prince Christian August of Augustenborg, as heir-presumptive to the throne.

He took the name Charles August, but died that same year. At this time, Emperor Napoleon I of France controlled much of continental Europe, some of his client kingdoms were headed by his brothers; the Riksdag decided to choose a king of. On 21 August 1810, the Riksdag elected Jean Baptiste Jules Bernadotte, a Marshal of France, as heir presumptive to the Swedish throne; the coat of arms of the House of Bernadotte dimidiates the coat of arms of the House of Vasa and the coat of arms of Bernadotte as Prince of Pontecorvo. It is visible as an inescutcheon in the Greater Coat of Arms of the Realm; when elected to be Swedish royalty the new heir had been called Prince Bernadotte according to the promotions he received from Emperor Napoleon I, culminating in sovereignty over the Principality of Pontecorvo. Some Swedish experts have asserted that all of his male heirs have had the right to use that Italian title, since the Swedish government never made payments promised Charles John to get him to give up his position in Pontecorvo.

Some members of the house who lost their royal status and Swedish titles due to unapproved marriages have been given the titles Prince Bernadotte and Count of Wisborg in the nobility of other countries. Bernadotte, born in the town of Pau, in the province of Béarn, had risen to the rank of general during the French Revolution. In 1798, he married Désirée Clary, whose sister was married to Napoleon's elder brother. In 1804, Napoleon promoted Bernadotte to a Marshal of France. Napoleon granted him the title "Prince of Pontecorvo"; as the Crown Prince of Sweden, he assumed the name Charles John and acted as regent for the remainder of Charles XIII's reign. In 1813, he led Sweden into the anti-Napoleon alliance; when Norway was awarded to Sweden by the Treaty of Kiel, Norway resisted and declared independence, triggering a brief war between Sweden and Norway. The war ended. Instead of being a Swedish province, Norway remained an independent kingdom, though sharing a common monarch and foreign policy.

Bernadotte reigned as Charles XIV John of Sweden and Charles III John of Norway from 5 February 1818 until his death on 8 March 1844. The House of Bernadotte reigned in both countries until the dissolution of the union between Norway and Sweden in 1905. Prince Carl of Denmark was elected as King Haakon VII of Norway. Carl was a grandson of King Charles XV of Sweden and a great-great-grandson of Charles XIV. King Charles John's first known paternal ancestor was Joandou du Poey, a shepherd, he married Germaine de Bernadotte in 1615 in the southern French city of Pau and began using her surname. Through her the couple owned a building. A grandson of theirs, Jean Bernadotte, was a weaver. Another Jean Bernadotte, his son, was a tailor, his son Henri Bernadotte married Jeanne de Saint-Jean and with her was the father of the future Swedish–Norwegian king. Henri was a local prosecutor, from a family of artisans; this was a modest family which occupied only one floor of the house in a cross street in a popular and peripheral district of Pau.

Two branches of the French Bernadotte family survive. The elder descends from Andrew Bernadotte, an older granduncle of Carl John's, with descendants today in the general population of France; the younger branch divided in two, one branch descending from the king's older brother John Bernadotte, the heads of which were French barons as of 1810 with Louvie Castle in the south of Pau as their seat, the other branch being the Swedish Royal House. 1818–1844: Charles XIV John 1844–1859: Oscar I 1859–1872: Charles XV 1872–1907: Oscar II 1907–1950: Gustaf V 1950–1973: Gustaf VI Adolf 1973–present: Charles XVI Gustaf 1818–1844: Charles III John 1844–1859: Oscar I 1859–1872: Charles IV 1872–1905: Oscar II The list excludes in-laws and living persons who were royal when born but no longer are today. Royalty alive is listed in italics. All are listed as Swedish royalty unless otherwise noted. King Charles XIV John of Sweden, Charles III John of Norway King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway King Charles XV of Sweden, Charles IV of Norway Prince Charles Oscar of Sweden and Norway, Duke of Södermanland Queen Louise of Denmark, Princess of Sweden and Norw

Denny Hill and Liz Hill

Dennis "Denny" Hill is a hall-of-fame swim coach who coached at Pioneer High School for 46 years. During this tenure as coach, Pioneer High School won 31 Michigan High School State Swim Championships and 9 National Dual Meet Championships; the combined teams' overall dual meet record was 1011-128-2 (567-90 for the men and 444-38-2 for the women. The swim program produced 245 National Interscholastic Swim Coaches Association All-American Swimmers for a total of 862 All-American awards. Denny's wife, Elizabeth "Liz" Hill began coaching with him in 1983, became co-head coach of the Pioneer men's and women's swim teams in 2005, they both retired from coaching the women's team in 2010 and the men's team in 2014. Dennis Hill was born in 1944 to Berniece Hill, his father was a local labor leader and president of Amalgamated Local No. 734 in Lansing and his mother Berniece Hill was the Lansing Postmaster General. A Lansing High School was named after Harry Hill, but the school closed after 10 years due to declining enrollment.

Denny graduated from Lansing Eastern High School in 1962, which at the time was in the same swim conference as Pioneer High School. Denny's coach at Lansing Eastern High School, Jerry Misner, would become the coach of Pioneer High School and recommend him for the job at Pioneer. Denny swam for Michigan State University, was captain of the team in 1966 when they placed 4th at NCAA championships, he graduated with a degree in Chemistry with plans to go to dental school, but ended up going into teaching. His coaching career began at Ferndale High School in 1967, but he moved to Ann Arbor after being offered by job by Charlie Lott, he was told by Huron High School swim coach, Pat Wallace, that the city was going to build a 50-meter pool, which would allow Hill and colleagues to start a competitive summer swim program. In 1983, Denny married Elizabeth Lease. Liz went on to become an All-American swimmer at the University of Michigan. Liz moved to Texas to teach and coach at MacArthur High School in Houston after graduating from the University of Michigan, but moved back when she married Denny.

She became the Pioneer men and women's assistant swim coach in 1984 and was named co-head coach in 2005. Liz has Master of Education Leadership degree from Eastern Michigan University. Denny taught chemistry at Pioneer High School for 39 years and retired from teaching in 2007. In his first year at Ferndale High School in 1967, Denny Hill won 3 meets, which he attributed to most of the senior quitting since he had been their 3rd coach and was requiring them to come to practice. During his tenure as coach at Pioneer High School, the men's and women's swim teams won 31 Michigan High School State Swim Championships. After getting married in 1983, Denny and Liz Hill became a coaching team. Liz was named assistant coach of both the men's and women's teams beginning in 1984 but became co-head coach of both teams in 2005. Between 1969 and 2014, the Pioneer Men's Swim & Dive Team won the Michigan High School State Championship in the following years: 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982, 1984, 1985, 1993, 1999, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2009.

In only 6 of those 45 years did the men's team place lower than 4th place in the state championships. Between 1973 and 2010, the Pioneer Women's Swim and Dive Team won the Michigan High School State Championship in the following years: 1979, 1985, 1987, 1989, 1990, 1991, 1992, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008. During these time periods, the men's and women's teams won 9 National Dual Meet Championships. Over the course of Denny's career at Pioneer High School, the combined dual meet record was 1011-128-2 (567-90 for the men and 444-38-2 for the women; the swim program produced 245 National Interscholastic Swim Coaches Association All-American Swimmers for a total of 862 All-American awards. These swimmers included Alison Gregorka. At Pioneer High School, Joyce set 4 national high school records in the 50 yard freestyle, 100 yard freestyle, 200 yard freestyle relay, 400 yard freestyle relay before going on to swim at the University of Georgia. Joyce has 4 Olympic silver metals.

Gregorka played water polo for Stanford University, was a member of the US water polo team that won a silver medal at the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Denny coached Dan Stephenson, who wrote The Underwater Window, a novel about competitive swimming. Denny Hill was named Michigan Interscholastic Swim Coaches Association Coach of the Year 31 times, Michigan High School Coaches Association Hall of Fame Inductee in 2003, NISCA Outstanding Service Award recipient in 2005, NHSACA National Coach of the Year in 1999, a NHSACA Hall of Fame Inductee in 2008. In March 2014, Denny Hill was inducted into the NISCA Hall of Fame for swim coaches. In November 2008, Pioneer High School rededicate their pool, "Hill Pool." Denny was honored that the pool naming was inclusive of both him and Liz. Both Denny and Liz Hill retired from coaching the women's team in 2010 and the men's team in 2014. In 2011, Eric Stanczyk took over as head coach of the Pioneer Women's Dive Team. Stanczyk was the captain of the team in his senior year.

Following the Hills' retirement


Sogeti is the Technology and Engineering Services Division of Capgemini. The Sogeti Group is an information technology consulting company specializing in local professional services, with headquarters in Paris, employing around 25,000 people at around 300 branches in 15 countries; the current CEO is Stefan Ek. Sogeti was the original name for the entire Capgemini Group; the name was an acronym for "Société de Gestion des Entreprises et de Traitement de l'Information" which means "Business Management and Information Processing Company". In 2002, the Cap Gemini Group founded a subsidiary called Sogeti in six countries to focus on the local IT market. In 2008, Sogeti UK acquired software testing firm Vizuri with an aim to focus on software testing. In 2010, Capgemini integrated its software testing resources with Sogeti; the Sogeti Graduate Scheme allows non-technical graduates into the technology sector. Sogeti USA has around 2,300 employees in 22 offices. In 2013, Sogeti was voted the 10th best company to work for in Washington State.

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