SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

House of Capet

The House of Capet or the Direct Capetians called the House of France, or the Capets, ruled the Kingdom of France from 987 to 1328. It was the most senior line of the Capetian dynasty – itself a derivative dynasty from the Robertians. Historians in the 19th century came to apply the name "Capetian" to both the ruling house of France and to the wider-spread male-line descendants of Hugh Capet. Contemporaries did not use the name "Capetian"; the Capets were sometimes called "the third race of kings". The name "Capet" derives from the nickname given to Hugh, the first Capetian King, who became known as Hugh Capet; the direct line of the House of Capet came to an end in 1328, when the three sons of Philip IV all failed to produce surviving male heirs to the French throne. With the death of Charles IV, the throne passed to the House of Valois, descended from a younger brother of Philip IV. Royal power would pass to another Capetian branch, the House of Bourbon, descended from the youngest son of Louis IX, to a Bourbon cadet branch, the House of Orléans, always remaining in the hands of agnatic descendants of Hugh Capet.

The first Capetian monarch was Hugh Capet, a Frankish nobleman from the Île-de-France, following the death of Louis V of France – the last Carolingian King – secured the throne of France by election. He proceeded to make it hereditary in his family, by securing the election and coronation of his son, Robert II, as co-King; the throne thus passed securely to Robert on his father's death, who followed the same custom – as did many of his early successors. The Capetian Kings were weak rulers of the Kingdom – they directly ruled only small holdings in the Île-de-France and the Orléanais, all of which were plagued with disorder; the House of Capet was, fortunate enough to have the support of the Church, – with the exception of Philip I, Louis IX and the short-lived John the Posthumous – were able to avoid the problems of underaged kingship. Under Louis VII'the Young', the House of Capet rose in their power in France – Louis married Aliénor, the heiress of the Duchy of Aquitaine, so became Duke – an advantage, eagerly grasped by Louis VI'the Fat', Louis the Young's father, when Aliénor's father had asked of the King in his Will to secure a good marriage for the young Duchess.

However, the marriage – and thus one avenue of Capetian aggrandisement – failed: the couple produced only two daughters, suffered marital discord. Louis VIII – the eldest son and heir of Philip Augustus – married Blanche of Castile, a granddaughter of Aliénor of Aquitaine and Henry II of England. In her name, he claimed the crown of England, invading at the invitation of the English Barons, being acclaimed – though, it would be stressed, not crowned – as King of England. However, the Capetians failed to establish themselves in England – Louis was forced to sign the Treaty of Lambeth, which decreed that he had never been King of England, the Prince reluctantly returned to his wife and father in France. More for his dynasty, he would during his brief reign conquer Poitou, some of the lands of the Pays d'Oc, declared forfeit from their former owners by the Pope as part of the Albigensian Crusade; these lands were added to the French crown. Louis IX – Saint Louis – succeeded Louis VIII as a child.

She had been chosen by her grandmother, Aliénor, to marry the French heir, considered a more suitable a Queen of the Franks than her sister Urraca. Louis, proved a acclaimed King – though he expended much money and effort on the Crusades, only for it to go to waste, as a King of the Franks he was admired for his austerity, bravery and his devotion to France. Dynastically, he established two notable Capetian Houses: the House of Anjou, the House of Bourbon. At the death of Louis IX (who shortly

Hibino Station (Nagoya)

Hibino Station is an underground metro station located in Atsuta-ku, Aichi Prefecture, Japan operated by the Nagoya Municipal Subway's Meikō Line. It is located 1.5 kilometers from the terminus of the Meikō Line at Kanayama Station. This station provides access to Nagoya Congress Center. Hibino Station was opened on 29 March 1971. Nagoya Municipal Subway Meikō Line Hibino Station has a single underground island platform; the station has two tracks and, unusually for this line, one physical platform, divided into Platform 1 for Nagoyakō Station, Platform 2 for Kanayama Station. There is one wicket. On Platform 1 to Nagoya Port, train door 13 is closest to the elevator, doors 13 and 9 are closest to the escalators, door 16 is closest to the stairs. On Platform 2, door 5 is closest to the elevator and escalator and door 2 is closest to the stairs. There are public phones near the elevators on the platforms, near the wicket, near Exit 4. There is a handicapped-accessible bathroom with a baby changing area, a second baby changing area, outside wicket.

The station has coin lockers. There is a minor bus rotary outside the station. Hibino Station's web page at the Nagoya Transportation Bureau's web site Nagoya Wholesale Fish Market

List of archaeological sites in County Antrim

List of archaeological sites in County Antrim, Northern Ireland: Aghalee and graveyard, grid ref: J1275 6548 Aghalislone, grid ref: J2599 6792 Aghalislone, grid ref: J2549 6825 Aldfreck, Enclosure with structure, grid ref: J4475 9607 Altagore, grid ref: D2495 3488 Altilevelly, Motte: Dunisland Fort, grid ref: J3722 9729 Antrim Round Tower, grid ref: J1544 8770 Antynanum, Court tomb, grid ref: D2556 1094 Ardclinis and graveyard, grid ref: D2717 2499 Armoy Round Tower, grid ref: D0778 3325 Aughnaholle, Barrow cemetery, grid ref: D2339 3822 Aughnahoy, Standing stone, grid ref: C9875 0245 Aughnamullan, Bivallate rath, grid ref: J1985 7713 Ault alias Gowkstown, Wedge tomb: Giant’s Grave, grid ref: D3161 1082 Ballinderry, Medieval church site, grid ref: J1168 6821 Ballinderry, grid ref: J1143 6800 Ballinloughan, Ring barrow, grid ref: D2366 3877 Ballintoy Demesne and occupation site: Potters Cave or Park Cave, grid ref: D0293 4488 Balloo, grid ref: J1387 8674 Ballyaghagan, Round cairn, grid ref: J3233 7973 Ballyaghagan, Promontory fort: McArt’s Fort, grid ref: J3250 7959 Ballyaghagan, grid ref: J3128 7936 Ballyaghagan, Kidney-shaped enclosure, grid ref: J3247 7960 Ballyalbanagh and Ballynashee, Hilltop round cairn, grid ref: J2778 9794 Ballyalbanagh, Court tomb, grid ref: J2874 9754 Ballyalbanagh, Rectangular enclosure and field system, grid ref: J2891 9673 Ballyboley, Court tomb: Carndoo or the Abbey, grid ref: J3284 9731 Ballybracken Barrow, grid ref: J2231 9341 Ballyclare Motte, grid ref: J2916 9123 Ballycleagh Standing Stones, grid ref: D2485 3339 Ballycowan Rath and souterrain, grid ref: J1340 9927 Ballycraigy Mound, grid ref: J1710 8552 Ballyharry Ballylumford Dolmen, portal tomb, grid ref: D4304 0160 Ballynashee and Ballyalbanagh, Hilltop round cairn, grid ref: J2778 9794 The Broad Stone, grid ref: C9793 1756 Carndoo Court Tomb, grid ref: J3284 9731 Chi-Rho Stone, Ballymoney Craigs Dolmen, passage grave, grid ref: C9740 1729 Dalways Bawn, grid ref: J4427 9141 Doagh Hole Stone, Doagh Dooey's Cairn, court tomb, grid ref: D0215 1830 Drumnadrough Rath, grid ref: J3302 8117 Dunisland Fort, grid ref: J3722 9729 Giants Ring, Belfast and passage grave, grid ref: J3272 6770 Giant's Grave, wedge tomb, grid ref: D3161 1082 Harryville Motte, Motte-and-bailey, grid ref: D1122 0260 Lissanduff Fort, Antrim Lissue Rath, grid ref: J2277 6325 Lough-Na-Crannagh, Fair Head, crannog Lurigethan Fort, Glenariff McArt’s Fort, Promontory fort in Ballyaghagan townland, grid ref: J3250 7959 Moyadam, standing stone, grid ref: J2510 8831 Ossian's Grave, grid ref: D2128 2847 Potters Cave and occupation site, grid ref: D0293 4488 Slaght Standing Stones, grid ref: D1473 3482 Tievebulliagh, Glens of Antrim, round cairn and Neolithic axe factory, grid ref: area of D193 266 The main reference for all sites listed is: NI Environment Agency, Scheduled Historic Monuments, unless otherwise indicated