SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

House of Commons of Great Britain

The House of Commons of Great Britain was the lower house of the Parliament of Great Britain between 1707 and 1801. In 1707, as a result of the Acts of Union of that year, it replaced the House of Commons of England and the third estate of the Parliament of Scotland, as one of the most significant changes brought about by the Union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland into the Kingdom of Great Britain. In the course of the 18th century, the office of Prime Minister developed; the notion that a government remains in power only as long as it retains the support of Parliament evolved, leading to the first motion of no confidence, when Lord North's government failed to end the American Revolution. The modern notion that only the support of the House of Commons is necessary for a government to survive, was of development; the custom that the Prime Minister is always a Member of the Lower House, rather than the Upper one, did not evolve until the twentieth century. The business of the house was controlled by an elected Speaker.

The Speaker's official role was to moderate debate, make rulings on procedure, announce the results of votes, the like. The Speaker decided who may speak and had the powers to discipline members who break the procedures of the house; the Speaker also represented the body in person, as the voice of the body in ceremonial and some other situations. The title was first recorded in 1377 to describe the role of Thomas de Hungerford in the Parliament of England. By convention, Speakers are addressed in Parliament as Mister Speaker, if a man, or Madam Speaker, if a woman. In 1801, the House was enlarged to become the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, as a result of the Act of Union of 1800 which combined Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland into the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland; the members of the last House of Commons of England had been elected between 7 May and 6 June 1705, from 1707 they all continued to sit as members of the new House of Commons. The last general election in Scotland had been held in the autumn of 1702, from 1707 only forty-five of the members of the Parliament of Scotland joined the new house.

In Scotland there was no new election from the burghs, the places available were filled by co-option from the last Parliament. The constituencies which elected members in England and Wales remained unchanged throughout the existence of the Parliament of Great Britain. Sources: Chris Cook & John Stevenson, British Historical Facts 1760-1830 Colin Rallings & Michael Thrasher, British Electoral Facts 1832-1999 Elections in Great Britain Unreformed House of Commons List of Parliaments of Great Britain 1st Parliament of Great Britain 2nd Parliament of Great Britain List of members of the 1st Parliament of Great Britain List of Speakers of the British House of Commons "Parliamentary Register: Proceedings of the House of Commons 1775" 18th Century Parliamentary Papers

Rai S├╝dtirol (TV channel)

Rai Südtirol is a German language television channel produced by the Italian public-service broadcasting network RAI from its studios in Bolzano, broadcast to the German-speaking public of South Tyrol. Unlike all other RAI channels, Rai Südtirol carries no commercials. Transmissions began on 7 February 1966. Programming occupied just one hour daily, broadcast on the local frequencies of Rete 2 between 20.00 and 21.00. On 15 December 1979 Rai Sender Bozen began broadcasting on its own dedicated channel. Unlike all other RAI channels, Rai Südtirol is not on air 24/7, it broadcasts for different periods of time day by day. Outside its own broadcasting hours, Sender Bozen's frequencies are used by Rai 3. Tagesschau, the daily newscast. RAI Südtirol Official website

Yvette Bissonnet

Yvette Bissonnet is a politician in Montreal, Canada. She was a member of the Montreal city council from 2001 to 2009, serving as a member of the Montreal Island Citizens Union, she had served on the Saint-Leonard council before that city's amalgamation into Montreal. Bissonnet is married to Michel Bissonnet, a former Liberal member of the National Assembly of Quebec and the current borough mayor of Saint-Leonard, she worked as an administrative secretary before seeking public office. Bissonnet was first elected to the Saint-Leonard council in the 1986 municipal election, winning a narrow victory in the city's seventh ward as a member of mayor Raymond Renaud's Ralliement de Saint-Léonard, she was forty-six years old during this campaign. The RdSL won ten out of twelve seats on council, Bissonett served as a supporter of Renaud's administration. In May 1988, Frank Zampino and seven other RdSL councillors resigned from the party to sit as independents. Bissonnet was one of the rebel councillors; the Parti Municipal dominated political life in Saint-Leonard during the 1990s, Bissonnet was returned without opposition in the 1994 and 1998 elections.

Saint-Leonard was amalgamated into the City of Montreal in 2001, Bissonnet was elected as one of the community's three representatives to the Montreal city council in that year's municipal election. The Montreal Island Citizens Union won a majority on council, Bissonnet supported new mayor Gérald Tremblay's administration, she was deputy mayor from January to April 2002, from September to December 2002, again from May to August 2003, served on the Montreal Transit Corporation. She was re-elected in the 2005 municipal election served as interim borough mayor of Saint-Leonard in 2008, following Zampino's resignation. In 2005, Bissonnet introduced a resolution at a meeting of the Saint-Leonard borough council to approve a twenty-year contract for the Dessau subsidiary Sogep to manage the community's parks and tennis courts; the resolution was approved. In 2009, the Montreal Gazette reported that Saint-Leonard was paying $1.06 million more under this arrangement than under its previous contract.

Bissonnet did not seek re-election in 2009