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Houston Buffaloes

The Houston Buffaloes, Houston Buffalos, or Buffs were an American minor league baseball team, were the first minor league team to be affiliated with a Major League franchise, the St. Louis Cardinals; the club was founded in 1888, played in the Texas League at various levels throughout the majority of its existence. Most from 1959 through 1961, the team played in the American Association at the Triple-A level of high minor league baseball as an affiliate of the Chicago Cubs; the Buffaloes derived their nickname from Buffalo Bayou, the principal waterway through Houston to the Houston Ship Channel, outlet to the Gulf of Mexico. The team's last home was Buffalo Stadium, built in 1928. Before that, they played at West End Park from 1905–1928, at Herald Park prior to that; the Houston Buffaloes were purchased by the Houston Sports Association in 1961 to obtain the Houston metropolitan-area territorial rights for the new expansion team in Major League baseball and the National League, Houston Colt.45s.

Several of those associated with the Buffaloes continued with the Colt.45s major league team including manager Harry Craft. The Buffaloes organization ended their relationship with the Cubs, became a Triple-A affiliate of the Colt. 45s. For the following 1962 season, they were reorganized and moved north to become the Oklahoma City 89ers, which are known today as the Oklahoma City Dodgers; the 1931 and 1941 Buffaloes teams were recognized as being among the 100 greatest minor league teams of all time. On April 11, 1861, a baseball team in Houston was organized at a meeting held in the Palmer Building above J. H. Evans' dry goods store; the team was known as the "Houston Base Ball Club". However, it is unknown; the American Civil War began shortly thereafter, there was a great lack of organized sports during this time. Following the war, a newspaper article in The Daily Telegraph was published that detailed the first baseball game by a Houston team; the Houston Stonewalls defeated the Galveston Robert E. Lees at the site of the San Jacinto Battleground in what was dubbed as the Texas "State Championship" on April 21, 1868.

The Stonewalls uniform was described as consisting of a red cap, white flannel shirt, black pants. In 1884, a league of amateur teams was organized by Samuel L. Haine known as the "Texas League"; the Houston Nationals represented the city along with Galveston, Fort Worth, San Antonio, Waco. Although 2–3 players per team were paid, most of the league players were amateur. Houston's first professional baseball club was organized by a large group of local leaders on December 31, 1887. Judge E. P. Hill served as president; the Houston Buffaloes began their first season in 1888 under the name "Houston Babies". The unusual name stemmed from the fact. Uniform colors were described as "light blue" in a news article; the Houston Babies played their first game against the Cincinnati Red Stockings at Houston Base Ball Park on March 6, 1888 in exhibition play, where they lost by a score of 8–2. The first game of the Texas League was played between Houston and the Galveston Giants in Houston on April 1, 1888, in which the Babies proved to be victorious in a 4–1 score.

This first season was financially difficult for the Texas League, although the season was scheduled to last from April through mid-October 1888, along with every other team by this point, was forced to bow-out by early September.". On July 23, 1888, during mid-season, the team was reorganized at an evening meeting of stockholders at Houston City Hall. Robert Adair, who had served as financial secretary and Texas League president until this point, purchased the majority stake in the club for $1,000 USD, effective the next day. Samuel Haine was replaced as general manager by Pat Farrell.1889 was a productive season for Houston. Coming from San Antonio to the Magnolia City as manager of the team was John McCloskey. McCloskey had been the chief founder of the Texas League the year prior, helped the club attain their first finish as champions of the league. Renamed as the "Mud Cats", Houston was still not without financial difficulty. Despite winning the Texas League in play, the Mud Cats were withheld the pennant until they paid their overdue membership fees for the season.

McCloskey remained with Houston for the next season, but in 1891, the Texas League did not play due to an inability to get financial backing. Without a league to play, Houston did not field a team. Despite McCloskey's return to Houston, a second title for the team, a successful reorganization of the Texas League for 1892, the league remained unstable; the next two seasons it ceased to exist, the club followed suit. 1895 saw the return of the Houston ball club. With McCloskey moving to manage his hometown Louisville Colonels of the National League, Houston promoted player Ollie Pickering to manage the team. Pickering was known for having hit the most singles in a single game in 1892, originated the "Texas Leaguer" term. A pattern of continuously changing names persisted, the 1895 Houston team named themselves the "Magnolias" after the nickname of the city. Following the season, a group of Houston businessmen consisting of President John Henry Kirby, Vice-President Si Packard, Secretary/Treasurer Sam Taub, created the Houston Baseball Association, took ownership of the team.

With a history of financial instability in Houston's previous years, the Houston Baseball Association's purpose was to supp

Albert Sammt

Albert Sammt was a German commander of Zeppelin-airships. In 1919, he was helmsman on the LZ 120 Bodensee', he was the elevator helmsman of the Zeppelin LZ 126 - USS Los Angeles on its transatlantic flight in 1924. Sammt was the first officer on the May, 1937 flight from Germany to Lakehurst, NJ of the LZ 129 Hindenburg which ended with the Hindenburg disaster during which he was burned. After the disaster, Sammt became the commander of the LZ 130 Graf Zeppelin, flying its spy flight in August 1939 and its last flight before it was dismantled, his home town of Niederstetten made him an "honoured citizen". Sammt, Albert et al. Mein Leben für den Zeppelin. 2nd ed. Wahlwies: Pestalozzi-Kinderdorf, 1989. ISBN 3-921583-02-0.. Faces of the Hindenburg: Albert Sammt

Anderson, California

Anderson is a city in Shasta County, United States 10 miles south of Redding. The population was 9,932 at the 2010 census, up from 9,022 at the 2000 census; the city was named after ranch owner Elias Anderson who granted the Oregon and California Railroad trackage rights and land for a station. Railroad activity came to the area in 1872. Anderson is named after Elias Anderson; the city's Anderson River Park sits on part of the original land grant owned by Anderson. Anderson is located at 40°27′08″N 122°17′48″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.6 square miles, of which 6.4 square miles of it is land and 0.2 square miles of it is water. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Anderson has a Hot-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps; the 2010 United States Census reported that Anderson had a population of 9,932. The population density was 1,500.3 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Anderson was 8,273 White, 70 African American, 426 Native American, 256 Asian, 17 Pacific Islander, 353 from other races, 537 from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,070 persons. The Census reported that 9,920 people lived in households, 12 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized. There were 3,944 households, out of which 1,453 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,503 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 771 had a female householder with no husband present, 254 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 364 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 25 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,163 households were made up of individuals and 490 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52. There were 2,528 families; the population was spread out with 2,746 people under the age of 18, 934 people aged 18 to 24, 2,565 people aged 25 to 44, 2,420 people aged 45 to 64, 1,267 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.2 males.

There were 4,211 housing units at an average density of 636.1 per square mile, of which 1,888 were owner-occupied, 2,056 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.8%. 4,727 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 5,193 people lived in rental housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 9,022 people, 3,372 households, 2,319 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,412.0 people per square mile. There were 3,579 housing units at an average density of 560.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 86.51% White, 0.62% African American, 4.13% Native American, 1.77% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 2.33% from other races, 4.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.30% of the population. There were 3,372 households out of which 39.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% were married couples living together, 20.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.2% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.14. In the city, the population was spread out with 31.6% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 27.1% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $24,558, the median income for a family was $29,259. Males had a median income of $28,074 versus $20,745 for females; the per capita income for the city was $11,744. About 22.2% of families and 28.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.3% of those under age 18 and 9.5% of those age 65 or over. According to a 2006 estimate, the population is 10,677; the report by the California Department of Finance lists the annual percentage change population estimate at 1.4%. In 2007, the population dropped from 10,677 to 10,580. In areas north of Anderson, 4,036 live in unincorporated urban areas along Highway 273.

Another 8,342 live in rural areas, including at least 3,500 people in the communities of Olinda and Happy Valley, west of Anderson and southwest of Redding. A total of 21,400 people live in the entire Anderson area, including Olinda, Happy Valley, some areas south of Churn Creek Bottom. In the state legislature Anderson is located in the 1st Senate District, represented by Republican Brian Dahle, the 1st Assembly District, represented by Republican Megan Dahle. Federally, Anderson is in California's 1st congressional district, represented by Republican Doug LaMalfa. Anderson Union High School Oakview High School North Valley High School Anderson New Technology High School Shasta Christian Academy The city is home to Anderson River Park, North Volonte Park, South Volonte Park. Anderson River Park is located off of Stingy Ln. down Rupert Rd. The park is situated on the Sacramento River; the park consists of athletic fields, picnic areas, fishing access, play structures, a disc golf course. North Volonte Park is located off So

Ronald, Washington

Ronald is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Kittitas County, United States. The population was 308 at the 2010 census. Ronald was named for a former coal mine superintendent in the area. Ronald is located in western Kittitas County at 47°14′6″N 121°1′36″W, on the north side of the valley of the Cle Elum River. Washington State Route 903 passes through the community, leading southeast 5 miles to Cle Elum and northwest 3 miles to its end at Cle Elum Lake. According to the United States Census Bureau, the Ronald CDP has a total area of 0.93 square miles, all of it land. This region experiences warm and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Ronald has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps; as of the census of 2000, there were 265 people, 103 households, 66 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 332.2 people per square mile. There were 186 housing units at an average density of 233.2/sq mi.

The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.23% White, 1.13% African American, 1.51% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.38% from other races, 0.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.64% of the population. There were 103 households out of which 32.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.0% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.01. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $39,063, the median income for a family was $38,906.

Males had a median income of $37,708 versus $20,500 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $26,415. None of the families and 9.6% of the population were living below the poverty line

Windows 2.1x

Windows 2.1x is a historic version of Windows graphical user interface-based operating systems. Windows/286 2.10 and Windows/386 2.10 were released on May 27, 1988, less than six months after the release of Windows 2.0, although there were versions of Windows/386 as early as version 2.01 in September 1987 before Windows 2.0 in December 1987. These versions can take advantage of the specific features of the Intel 80286 and Intel 80386 processors. A hard disk was required for the first time to install Windows. Two editions of Windows 2.1x were released, both of which could take advantage of the Intel processor for which they were designed. Windows/286 takes advantage of the HMA to increase the memory available to Windows programs, it introduced the HIMEM. SYS DOS driver for this purpose, it includes support for several EMS boards, although this support is not related to the 80286 processor. The segmented nature of 16-bit Windows programs is quite suited to the usage of EMS, as portions of code and data can be made visible in the first megabyte of memory accessible to real-mode programs only when the program using them is given control.

Microsoft encouraged users to configure their computers with only 256KB of main memory, leaving the address space from 256-640KB available for dynamic mapping of EMS memory. Despite its name, Windows/286 was operational on an 8088 or 8086 processor. Windows/286 would not use the high memory area since none existed on an 8086-class processor. A few PC vendors shipped Windows/286 with 8086 hardware. Windows/386 was much more advanced than its 286 sibling, it introduced a protected mode kernel, above which the GUI and applications run as a virtual 8086 mode task. It allowed several MS-DOS programs to run in parallel in "virtual 8086" CPU mode, rather than always suspending background applications. With the exception of a few kilobytes of overhead, each DOS application could use any available low memory before Windows was started. Windows/386 ran Windows applications with EMS emulation. In contrast, Windows 3.0 in standard or enhanced mode ran Windows applications in 16 bits protected mode segments.

Windows/386 provided EMS emulation, using the memory management features of the 80386 to make RAM beyond 640k behave like the banked memory only supplied by add-in cards and used by popular DOS applications. There was no support for disk-based virtual memory, so multiple DOS programs had to fit inside the available physical memory. Neither of these versions worked with DOS memory managers like CEMM or QEMM or with DOS extenders, which have their own extended memory management and run in protected mode as well; this was remedied in version 3.0, compatible with Virtual Control Program Interface in "standard mode" and with DOS Protected Mode Interface in "386 enhanced" mode. Windows 3.0 had the capability of using the DWEMM Direct Write Enhanced Memory Module. This is what enables the far faster and more sleek graphical user interface, as well as true extended memory support. BYTE in 1989 listed Windows/386 as among the "Distinction" winners of the BYTE Awards, describing it as "serious competition for OS/2" as it "taps into the power of the 80386".

On March 13, 1989, Windows 2.11 was released in Windows/286 and Windows/386 editions, with some minor changes in memory management, AppleTalk support and faster printing and updated printer drivers. Windows 2.11 was superseded by Windows 3.0 in May 1990, but supported by Microsoft for twelve years, until December 31, 2001. LOADALL PC Magazine. 20 Years of Windows Solutions – Windows 286 & 386. YouTube-upload of Windows/386 promotion video Microsoft Windows Version History

Craigtoun Country Park

Craigtoun Country Park is a country park located 4 miles to the south-west of St Andrews in the county of Fife, Scotland. The site is owned by Fife Council, with park amenities being operated as of 2012 by the charitable organisation Friends of Craigtoun Park; the park was part of the Mount Melville Estate, 47 acres of, purchased by Fife County Council for £25,000 in 1947. The Mount Melville Estate called Craigtoun was one of the many Melville family estates, first acquired in 1698 for General George Melville of Strathkiness. In the late 18th Century General Robert Melville oversaw extensive landscaping of the grounds including the planting of orchards and woodland. James Gillespie Graham was responsible for the reconstruction of the house between 1820-1821; the house and grounds continued in Melville family ownership until 1901 when the new owner Dr James Younger of the Younger brewing dynasty commissioned Paul W. Waterhouse to design a new mansion house and landscape the park. Waterhouse created or modified the majority of the features which remain in the park today, including the walled garden, Cypress avenue, rose garden, Italian garden and temple.

In 1920 Waterhouse added a series of lakes and the picturesque island village, now known as the'Dutch Village'. A summerhouse was inserted into eastern boundary of the walled garden. In 1947 Mount Melville house and gardens were acquired by Fife County Council with the mansion becoming a maternity hospital and the gardens established as Craigtoun Country Park. Attractions added since 1947 include a bowling green, miniature railway, putting green. In 2012 the Friends of Craigtoun group was formed to work in partnership with Fife Council to run the amenities in the park; the summer of 2013 saw the park reopen with amenities operated by the Friends of Craigtoun and the park grounds and gardens maintained by Fife Council. The principal amenities in operation at the park are the'Puffin' Billy' vintage tractor, the Craigtoun Miniature Railway, bouncy castle, putting as well as rowing boats and pedalos sited on the Dutch Village lake; the park has a free nature trail available from the ticket office and four caches for Geocaching.

Further features include a'fairy glen', Italian garden and formal gardens. Every Saturday morning at 9:30 there is a free public'Parkrun' consisting of a 5 km course around the park; the park comprises woodland and marshland habitats in addition to maintained areas of grassland, tree plantations and formal gardens. Notably there survive within the park examples of Portuguese Laurel, Wellingtonia planted during the landscaping works executed by Waterhouse. Craigtoun is home to a variety of wildlife among which include mute swans, grey herons, red squirrels and European water voles. Http://www.friendsofcraigtoun.org.uk/ http://canmore.rcahms.gov.uk/en/site/32949/details/craigtoun+park/ Craigtoun Country Park at fifedirect.org