Opportunity Knocks (film)
Opportunity Knocks is a 1990 comedy film starring Dana Carvey. It was directed by Donald Petrie. Con men Eddie Farrell and Lou Pesquino need cash fast and pretend to be repair men sent to fix a gas leak; the con fails. Eddie and Lou find an empty house; when they learn from a message on the answering machine that the owner is out of the country and the man, going to house-sit can't make it, they spend the night. The next day and Lou are on the run from thugs sent by local gangster Sal Nichols, to whom they owe money. After they find themselves separated, Eddie takes refuge in the empty house. In the morning, Eddie meets Mona Malkin, whose son owns the house, she assumes Eddie is the one supposed to house-sit. Eddie plays along. Eddie decides to run a "love con" on Milt's daughter Annie. However, Lou is captured by Nichols. Eddie and his aunt Connie and uncle Max conspire to get Nichols off their backs for good. Along the way, Eddie falls in love with Annie. Dana Carvey as Eddie Farrell Robert Loggia as Milt Malkin Todd Graff as Lou Pesquino Julia Campbell as Dr. Annie Malkin Milo O'Shea as Max James Tolkan as Sal Nichols Doris Belack as Mona Malkin Sally Gracie as Connie Mike Bacarella as Pinkie John M. Watson, Sr. as Harold Monroe Beatrice Fredman as Bubbie Thomas McElroy as Men's Room Attendant Gene Honda as Japanese Businessman Del Close as Williamson Michelle Johnston as Club Singer Lorna Raver as Eddie's Secretary Judith Scott as Milt's Secretary The movie was not a success and earned $11 million against a production budget of $13 million.
On Rotten Tomatoes the film has a score of 13% based on reviews from 8 critics. The song "Cruel, Beautiful World" by Johnny Clegg is featured over the end credits. Opportunity Knocks on IMDb Opportunity Knocks at Rotten Tomatoes Opportunity Knocks at Box Office Mojo
View from the Top
View from the Top is a 2003 American romantic comedy film directed by Bruno Barreto and starring Gwyneth Paltrow, Christina Applegate, Candice Bergen, Joshua Malina, Mark Ruffalo, Rob Lowe, Mike Myers, Kelly Preston. The film follows a young woman from a small town who sets out to fulfill her dream of becoming a flight attendant. Donna Jensen is a girl from a small town in Nevada who wishes to see the world in order to get away from her unhappy life of living in a trailer with her alcoholic mother, a former Las Vegas showgirl, her abusive, alcoholic stepfather, where she feels miserable and lonely. After graduating from high school, Donna tries to make ends meet by working as a clerk in a Big Lots. After her boyfriend, leaves her for another girl, she goes to a bar where she sees a talk show segment about Sally Weston, who has written a memoir called My Life in the Sky, decides to follow her destiny by becoming a flight attendant, her first position is at a small, seedy California commuter airline called Sierra, where she works with Sherry, a senior attendant, gets an intern herself, named Christine.
After working for several months, this success builds up her confidence and encourages her to attend open interviews for Royalty Airlines. She convinces Christine to join her at Royalty Airlines. While Christine and Donna get in, Sherry does not, remains in Sierra Airlines. After getting the job, Donna puts her heart and soul into the training camp, after meeting Weston, she is determined to be assigned to the top route, "Paris, First Class, International". Alas, when the assignments are posted, Donna is shocked and disappointed to discover that, instead of the top route, she has been assigned to a commuter route in Cleveland. Christine, who had struggled with the material and procedures, has inexplicably been assigned the high-priority New York City route, much to the dismay of Donna. A few months by chance, Donna runs into Christine in Cleveland. Donna knows from previous experience that Christine has the airplane soap from Sally's house during their training sessions, but is still shocked when Christine empties her handbag to reveal all manner of Royalty Air items.
The smallest theft is prohibited by Royalty Airlines, could mean termination. Still sure there was some sort of error in her route assignment, Donna turns to Weston for help. Through a course of events, Donna discovers that Christine had switched their test booklets when they were being handed up to their trainer. With that, Donna realizes that Christine has cheated her way to the top route, wanting success herself but knowing that Donna would do better; when Sally asks to have airline security spy on Christine's flight—to see if she stole any property —Christine gets caught and is fired. Donna gets the chance to re-take her exam and achieves a perfect score, resulting in being assigned a Paris, First Class, International route. However, following her "destiny" means deciding between a boyfriend and her career, she chooses the latter. Though she gets all that she wants—Paris, first class, etc.—Donna realizes that she is still unhappy. She misses Ted and with Weston's encouragement, she returns to Cleveland to meet him.
She does, after a heartfelt speech to his deaf grandmother, which he overhears, the two reconcile. The film ends with Donna wishing her passengers well as they land in Cleveland, now moving her position from a flight attendant to a pilot. Gwyneth Paltrow as Donna Jensen Mark Ruffalo as Ted Stewart Candice Bergen as Sally Weston Kelly Preston as Sherry Christina Applegate as Christine Montgomery Rob Lowe as Steve Bench Mike Myers as John Witney Joshua Malina as Randy Jones Marc Blucas as Tommy Boulay Stacey Dash as Angela Samona Jon Polito as Roy Roby Concetta Tomei as Mrs. Stewart Robyn Peterson as Mrs. Jensen Nadia Dajani as Paige John Francis Daley as Rodney Bonus tracks View from the Top opened on March 21, 2003 and grossed $7,009,513 in its opening weekend, ranking number four behind Bringing Down the House and Agent Cody Banks; the film would gross $15,614,000 domestically and $3,912,014 internationally, totaling $19,526,014 worldwide, below the production budget of $30 million. On review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes the film has a rating of 14% based on reviews from 123 critics, with the site's consensus "Uneven in tone and badly edited, A View From the Top wastes the talents of its cast and condescends to its characters."
Paltrow herself disparaged the film, calling it "the worst movie ever". Official website View from the Top on IMDb View from the Top at Box Office Mojo View from the Top at Rotten Tomatoes View from the Top at Metacritic Movie stills
Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American film studio based in Hollywood, a subsidiary of the American media conglomerate Viacom since 1994. Paramount is the fifth oldest surviving film studio in the world, the second oldest in the United States, the sole member of the "Big Five" film studios still located in the Los Angeles neighborhood of Hollywood. In 1916, film producer Adolph Zukor put 22 actors and actresses under contract and honored each with a star on the logo. In 2014, Paramount Pictures became the first major Hollywood studio to distribute all of its films in digital form only; the company's headquarters and studios are located at 5555 Melrose Avenue, California, United States. Paramount Pictures is a member of the Motion Picture Association of America. Paramount is the fifth oldest surviving film studio in the world after the French studios Gaumont Film Company and Pathé, followed by the Nordisk Film company, Universal Studios, it is the last major film studio still headquartered in the Hollywood district of Los Angeles.
Paramount Pictures dates its existence from the 1912 founding date of the Famous Players Film Company. Hungarian-born founder Adolph Zukor, an early investor in nickelodeons, saw that movies appealed to working-class immigrants. With partners Daniel Frohman and Charles Frohman he planned to offer feature-length films that would appeal to the middle class by featuring the leading theatrical players of the time. By mid-1913, Famous Players had completed five films, Zukor was on his way to success, its first film was Les Amours de la reine Élisabeth. That same year, another aspiring producer, Jesse L. Lasky, opened his Lasky Feature Play Company with money borrowed from his brother-in-law, Samuel Goldfish known as Samuel Goldwyn; the Lasky company hired as their first employee a stage director with no film experience, Cecil B. DeMille, who would find a suitable site in Hollywood, near Los Angeles, for his first feature film, The Squaw Man. Starting in 1914, both Lasky and Famous Players released their films through a start-up company, Paramount Pictures Corporation, organized early that year by a Utah theatre owner, W. W. Hodkinson, who had bought and merged several smaller firms.
Hodkinson and actor, producer Hobart Bosworth had started production of a series of Jack London movies. Paramount was the first successful nationwide distributor. Famous Players and Lasky were owned while Paramount was a corporation. In 1916, Zukor maneuvered a three-way merger of his Famous Players, the Lasky Company, Paramount. Zukor and Lasky bought Hodkinson out of Paramount, merged the three companies into one; the new company Lasky and Zukor founded, Famous Players-Lasky Corporation, grew with Lasky and his partners Goldwyn and DeMille running the production side, Hiram Abrams in charge of distribution, Zukor making great plans. With only the exhibitor-owned First National as a rival, Famous Players-Lasky and its "Paramount Pictures" soon dominated the business; because Zukor believed in stars, he signed and developed many of the leading early stars, including Mary Pickford, Marguerite Clark, Pauline Frederick, Douglas Fairbanks, Gloria Swanson, Rudolph Valentino, Wallace Reid. With so many important players, Paramount was able to introduce "block booking", which meant that an exhibitor who wanted a particular star's films had to buy a year's worth of other Paramount productions.
It was this system that gave Paramount a leading position in the 1920s and 1930s, but which led the government to pursue it on antitrust grounds for more than twenty years. The driving force behind Paramount's rise was Zukor. Through the teens and twenties, he built the Publix Theatres Corporation, a chain of nearly 2,000 screens, ran two production studios, became an early investor in radio, taking a 50% interest in the new Columbia Broadcasting System in 1928. In 1926, Zukor hired independent producer B. P. Schulberg, an unerring eye for new talent, to run the new West Coast operations, they purchased the Robert Brunton Studios, a 26-acre facility at 5451 Marathon Street for US$1 million. In 1927, Famous Players-Lasky took the name Paramount Famous Lasky Corporation. Three years because of the importance of the Publix Theatres, it became Paramount Publix Corporation. In 1928, Paramount began releasing Inkwell Imps, animated cartoons produced by Max and Dave Fleischer's Fleischer Studios in New York City.
The Fleischers, veterans in the animation industry, were among the few animation producers capable of challenging the prominence of Walt Disney. The Paramount newsreel series Paramount News ran from 1927 to 1957. Paramount was one of the first Hollywood studios to release what were known at that time as "talkies", in 1929, released their first musical, Innocents of Paris. Richard A. Whiting and Leo Robin composed the score for the film. By acquiring the successful Balaban & Katz chain in 1926, Zukor gained the services of Barney Balaban, his brother A. J. Balaban, their partner Sam Katz (who would run the Paramount-Publix theatre chain in New York City from the thirty-five-stor
Céline Marie Claudette Dion ChLD is a Canadian singer. Born into a large family from Charlemagne, she emerged as a teen star in her homeland with a series of French-language albums during the 1980s, she first gained international recognition by winning both the 1982 Yamaha World Popular Song Festival and the 1988 Eurovision Song Contest, where she represented Switzerland. After learning to speak English, she signed on to Epic Records in the United States. In 1990, Dion released her debut English-language album, establishing herself as a viable pop artist in North America and other English-speaking areas of the world. During the 1990s, she achieved worldwide fame after releasing several best-selling English albums, such as Falling into You and Let's Talk About Love, which were both certified diamond in the US, she scored a series of international number-one hits, including "The Power of Love", "Think Twice", "Because You Loved Me", "It's All Coming Back to Me Now", "My Heart Will Go On", "I'm Your Angel".
Dion continued releasing French albums between each English record. During the 2000s, she built her reputation as a successful live performer with A New Day... in Las Vegas Strip, which remains the highest-grossing concert residency of all time, as well as the Taking Chances World Tour, one of the highest-grossing concert tours of all time. Dion's music has been influenced by genres, ranging from R&B to gospel and classical, her recordings are in French and English, although she sings in Spanish, German, Latin and Mandarin Chinese. While her releases have received mixed critical reception, she is regarded as one of pop music's most influential voices, she has won five Grammy Awards, including Record of the Year. Billboard named her the "Queen of Adult Contemporary" for having the most number ones on the radio format for a female artist, she is the second best-selling female artist in the US during the Nielsen SoundScan era. In 2003, she was honoured by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry for selling over 50 million albums in Europe.
She remains the best-selling Canadian artist and one of the best-selling artists of all time with record sales of over 200 million copies worldwide. Dion was born in Charlemagne, Quebec, 15 miles northeast of Montreal, the youngest of 14 children of Thérèse, a homemaker, Adhémar Dion, a butcher, both of French-Canadian descent, she was raised a Roman Catholic in a poor, but, by her own account, happy home in Charlemagne. Music had always been a major part of the Dion family, she was named after the song "Céline", which French singer Hugues Aufray had recorded two years before her own birth. On 13 August 1973, at the age of five, the young Céline made her first public appearance at her brother Michel's wedding, where she performed Christine Charbonneau's song "Du fil des aiguilles et du coton", she continued to perform with her siblings in her parents' small piano bar called Le Vieux Baril, "The Old Barrel". From an early age, she had dreamed of being a performer. In a 1994 interview with People magazine, she recalled, "I missed my family and my home, but I don't regret having lost my adolescence.
I had one dream: I wanted to be a singer." At age 12, she collaborated with her mother and her brother Jacques to write and compose her first song, "Ce n'était qu'un rêve", whose title translates as "It Was Only a Dream" or "Nothing But A Dream". Her brother Michel sent the recording to music manager René Angélil, whose name he discovered on the back of a Ginette Reno album. Angélil was decided to make her a star. In 1981, he mortgaged his home to fund her first record, La voix du bon Dieu, which became a local No. 1 hit and made her an instant star in Quebec. Her popularity spread to other parts of the world when she competed in the 1982 Yamaha World Popular Song Festival in Tokyo and won the musician's award for "Top Performer" as well as the gold medal for "Best Song" with "Tellement j'ai d'amour pour toi". By 1983, in addition to becoming the first Canadian artist to receive a gold record in France for the single "D'amour ou d'amitié", Dion had won several Félix Awards, including "Best Female performer" and "Discovery of the Year".
Further success came when she represented Switzerland in the 1988 Eurovision Song Contest with the song "Ne partez pas sans moi" and won the contest by a close margin in Dublin, Ireland. At age eighteen, after seeing a Michael Jackson performance, Dion told Angélil that she wanted to be a star like Jackson. Though confident in her talent, Angélil realized that her image needed to be changed for her to be marketed worldwide, she receded from the spotlight for a number of months, during which she underwent dental surgery to improve her appearance, was sent to the École Berlitz in 1989 to polish her English. In 1989, during a concert on the Incognito tournée, she injured her voice, she consulted the otorhinolaryngologist William Gould, who gave her an ultimatum: have immediate surgery on her vocal cords or do not utilize them at all for three weeks. Dion underwent vocal training with William Riley. Two years after she learned English, Dion made her debut into the Anglophone market with Unison, the lead single having been recorded by Laura Branigan.
She incorporated the help of many established musicians, including Vito Luprano and Canadian producer David Foster. The album was la
Robert Evans is an American film producer and former studio executive, best known for his work on Rosemary's Baby, Love Story, The Godfather and Chinatown. Evans began his career in a successful business venture with his brother. In 1956, while on a business trip, he was by chance spotted by actress Norma Shearer, who thought he would be right to play the role of her late husband Irving Thalberg in Man of a Thousand Faces, thus he began a brief film acting career. In 1962, Evans decided to go into film producing instead, using his accumulated wealth from the clothing business, began a meteoric rise in the industry. While there, he improved the ailing Paramount's fortunes through a string of commercially and critically acclaimed films. In 1974 he stepped down. In 1980 Evans' career, life, took a downturn after he pleaded guilty to cocaine trafficking. In 1993 he began to produce films on a more regular basis, with a mixed track record that included both flops and hits. Evans was born in New York City, New York, the son of Florence, a housewife who came from a wealthy family, Archie Shapera, a dentist in Harlem.
He has described both of his parents as "second-generation Jews." He grew up on New York City's Upper West Side during the 1930s, where he was better off than most people living during the Great Depression. In his early years, he did promotional work for Evan-Picone, a fashion company founded by his brother Charles, in addition to doing voice work on radio shows, he was spotted by actress Norma Shearer next to the pool at The Beverly Hills Hotel on Election Day, 1956. She touted him for the role of her late husband Irving Thalberg in Man of a Thousand Faces; the same year, Evans caught the eye of Darryl F. Zanuck, who cast him as Pedro Romero in the 1957 film adaptation of Ernest Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises, against the wishes of co-star Ava Gardner and Hemingway himself. In 1959, he appeared in Twentieth Century Fox's production of The Best of Everything with Hope Lange, Diane Baker and Joan Crawford. Dissatisfied with his own acting talent, he was determined to become a producer, he got his start as head of production at Paramount by purchasing the rights to a 1966 novel titled The Detective which Evans made into a movie starring Frank Sinatra, Lee Remick, Jack Klugman, Robert Duvall and Jacqueline Bisset, in 1968.
Peter Bart, a writer for The New York Times, wrote an article about Evans’ aggressive production style. This got Evans noticed by Charles Bluhdorn, head of the Gulf+Western conglomerate, hired Evans as part of a shakeup at Paramount Pictures; when Evans took over as head of production for Paramount, the floundering studio was the ninth largest. Despite his inexperience, Evans was able to turn the studio around, he made Paramount the most successful studio in Hollywood and transformed it into a profitable enterprise for Gulf+Western. During his tenure at Paramount, the studio turned out films such as Barefoot in the Park, The Odd Couple, Rosemary's Baby, The Italian Job, True Grit, Love Story and Maude, The Godfather, The Godfather Part II, Serpico, On a Clear Day You Can See Forever, Save the Tiger, The Conversation, The Great Gatsby, many others. Dissatisfied with his financial compensation and desiring to produce films under his own banner, Evans struck a deal with Paramount that enabled him to stay on as studio head while working as an independent producer.
Other producers at Paramount felt. After the huge critical and commercial success of the Evans-produced Chinatown, he stepped down as production chief, which enabled him to produce films on his own. From 1976 to 1980, working as an independent producer, he continued his streak of successful films with Marathon Man, Black Sunday and Urban Cowboy. After 1980, his film output became less critically acclaimed, he produced only two films over the next twelve years: The Two Jakes. From 1993 to 2003 he produced the films Sliver, The Phantom, The Saint, How to Lose a Guy in 10 Days. Evans continues to produce, although the last film that he produced was released in 2003, he produced and provided the voice for his eponymous character in the 2003 animated series Kid Notorious. In 2004 Evans hosted, In Bed with Robert Evans. In 2009, Evans was in talks to produce a film about auto executive John DeLorean, as well as an HBO miniseries titled The Devil and Sidney Korshak. Neither project has yet come to fruition.
Evans has been married seven times but all of his marriages have lasted three years or less. His first was to Sharon Hugueny. After his first divorce came Camilla Sparv, Ali MacGraw, Phyllis George, Catherine Oxenberg, Leslie Ann Woodward, Victoria White. Evans' marriage to Oxenberg was annulled after nine days, he married his seventh wife, Victoria White O'Gara, while in Mexico, on August 2005 shortly after his 75th birthday. She filed for divorce on June 2006, citing irreconcilable differences. In the film adaptation of the autobiography The Kid Stays in the Picture, only Ali MacGraw is discussed, their relationship is discussed at length. Evans has one son, Josh Evans a producer, from his marriage to MacGraw
Beatrice "Bebe" Neuwirth is an American actress and dancer. On television, she played Lilith Sternin, Frasier Crane's wife, on both the TV sitcom Cheers and its spin-off Frasier; the role won her two Emmy Awards. On stage she played the Tony Award–winning roles of Nickie in the revival of Sweet Charity and Velma Kelly in the revival of Chicago. Other Broadway musical roles include Morticia Addams in The Addams Family. From 2014 to 2017, she starred as Nadine Tolliver in the CBS drama Madam Secretary. Neuwirth's father is Lee Paul Neuwirth, a German-American mathematician who taught at Princeton University and made an Encrypter while working at Institute for Defense Analyses, her Russian-American mother, Sydney Anne Neuwirth, is a painter who danced as an amateur for the Princeton Regional Ballet Company. She has a mathematician and actuary who graduated from Harvard University. Neuwirth was lazy in school and was disobedient towards authority, being put in custody for smoking marijuana when she was 13 years old.
Neuwirth started taking ballet lessons at the age of five, a year after viewing a production of The Nutcracker with her mother. She had a desire of being a ballet dancer until her early teens, when she realized how restricted her technique, as well as the overall ballet education of where she lived, was, it was until viewing the musical Pippin in Manhattan at 15 that she changed her future plans from being a ballerina to a Broadway musical dancer. After graduating from Princeton High School in 1976, she attended Juilliard in New York City and left after only a year, disliking the school for having a "stifling creative environment" and no Broadway-style dance training. After leaving Juilliard in 1977, she took singing and jazz classes at a New York City-based YWCA, one of them taught by Joan Morton Lucas, who appeared in the film Singin' in the Rain and the original Broadway production of Kiss Me Kate, she performed with the Princeton Ballet Company in Peter and the Wolf, The Nutcracker, Coppélia appearing in community theater musicals.
Studying acting for two years under Suzanne Shepard, Neuwirth made her Broadway debut in the role of Sheila in A Chorus Line in 1980. She appeared in revivals of Little Me, Sweet Charity, for which she won the Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical, Damn Yankees. 1996 saw. Neuwirth described the difficulty level of the role as "like performing microsurgery from 8–10:20." That role brought her her greatest stage recognition to date and several awards including the Tony Award, Drama Desk Award and Outer Critics Circle Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical. Neuwirth would return to the still-running revival of Chicago in 2006, this time as Roxie Hart. In 2014 she returned again, this time playing "Mama" Morton, making her the first person to play three different characters at three separate times during the course of a single Broadway run, she appeared in a musical revue Here Lies Jenny, that featured songs by Kurt Weill and danced by Neuwirth and a four-person supporting cast, as part of an unspoken ambiguous story in an anonymous seedy bar in Berlin in the 1930s.
The show ran from May 7 through October 2004, in the Zipper Theater in New York City. Here Lies Jenny was presented by Neuwirth in San Francisco in 2005. In 2009, Neuwirth toured a one-woman cabaret show with pianist Scott Cady; the cabaret included music by Kurt Weill, Stephen Sondheim, Tom Waits, John Lennon, Paul McCartney, John Kander and Fred Ebb amongst others. In 2010, she returned to Broadway to create the role of Morticia Addams in the original production of The Addams Family opposite Nathan Lane. While in Los Angeles waiting to receive a Tony Award for her appearance in Sweet Charity in 1985, Neuwirth auditioned for the role of Dr. Lilith Sternin in the television series Cheers. At the time, Neuwirth was not interested doing television work and her character was planned to be in only one episode of the series. However, the writers enjoyed writing her dialogue so much that she was written into more episodes of the show making her one of the series' recurring actors. Neuwirth's character married Frasier Crane in the show.
From the fourth to the seventh season, Neuwirth portrayed Lilith in a regular recurring role, she appeared on the show as a main star from season eight to the final season, season eleven. Like Kelsey Grammer when he started on the show as Frasier, she was not given star billing in the opening credits, but at the end for seasons eight and nine, she appeared in the opening credits with her own portrait in seasons ten and eleven, she auditioned for this role with her arm following a fall a week earlier. She won two Emmy Awards for the role, in 1990 and 1991; the character made an appearance in the series Wings and in 12 episodes of the Cheers spin-off Frasier, which earned her a 1995 Emmy Award nomination as Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series. She left Cheers in 1993 to get back to her career in dancing, but would still make more television appearances in other shows and commercials. Neuwirth's dip into the movie industry began in 1989 with small roles in films such as Say Anything...
Pacific Heights, Penny Ante. It was until 1990 that she started doing supporting roles in movies including Green Card and Malice, all of which she received acclaim from critics for her performances, her first lead role came in 1993, when she played a married woman strangely attracted to one of her neighbors in the psychological thriller comedy film The Paint Job. H
New York Knicks
The New York Knickerbockers, more referred to as the Knicks, are an American professional basketball team based in the borough of Manhattan, in New York City. The Knicks compete in the National Basketball Association as a member of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference; the team plays its home games at Madison Square Garden, an arena they share with the New York Rangers of the National Hockey League. They are one of two NBA teams located in New York City. Alongside the Boston Celtics, the Knicks are one of two original NBA teams still located in its original city; the team, established by Ned Irish in 1946, was one of the founding members of the Basketball Association of America, which became the NBA after merging with the rival National Basketball League in 1949. The Knicks were successful during their early years and were constant playoff contenders under the franchise's first head coach Joe Lapchick. Beginning in 1950, the Knicks made three consecutive appearances in the NBA Finals, all of which were losing efforts.
Lapchick resigned in 1956 and the team subsequently began to falter. It was not until the late 1960s when Red Holzman became head coach that the Knicks began to regain their former dominance. Holzman guided the Knicks to two NBA championships, in 1970 and 1973; the Knicks of the 1980s had mixed success. The playoff-level Knicks of the 1990s were led by future Hall of Fame center Patrick Ewing. During this time, they were known for playing tough defense under head coaches Pat Riley and Jeff Van Gundy, making two appearances in the NBA Finals, in 1994 and 1999. However, they were unable to win an NBA championship during this era. Since 2000, the Knicks have struggled to regain their former glory, but won its first division title in 19 years in 2012–13, led by a core of forwards Carmelo Anthony and Amar'e Stoudemire, they were eliminated in the Eastern Conference semi-finals by the Indiana Pacers, have failed to make the playoffs since. In 1946, basketball college basketball, was a growing and profitable sport in New York City.
Hockey generated considerable profits. Max Kase, a New York sportswriter, became the sports editor at the Boston American in the 1930s, when he met Boston Garden owner Walter A. Brown. Kase developed the idea of an organized professional league to showcase college players upon their graduation and felt it could become profitable if properly assembled. Brown, intrigued by the opportunity to attain additional income when the hockey teams were not playing or on the road, contacted several arena owners. On June 6, 1946, Kase and Brown and a group of seventeen others assembled at the Commodore Hotel in New York City, as the Basketball Association of America, where charter franchises were granted to major cities throughout the country. Ned Irish, a college basketball promoter, retired sportswriter and president of Madison Square Garden, was in attendance. Kase planned to own and operate the New York franchise himself and approached Irish with a proposal to lease the Garden. Irish explained that the rules of the Arena Managers Association of America stated that Madison Square Garden was required to own any professional teams that played in the arena.
On the day of the meeting, Kase made his proposal to the panel of owners. Irish wanted a distinct name for his franchise, representative of the city of New York, he called together members of his staff for a meeting to cast their votes in a hat. After tallying the votes, the franchise was named the Knickerbockers; the "Knickerbocker" name comes from the pseudonym used by Washington Irving in his book A History of New York, a name that became applied to the descendants of the original Dutch settlers of what became New York, by extension, to New Yorkers in general. In search of a head coach, Irish approached successful St. John's University coach Joe Lapchick in May 1946. Lapchick accepted after Irish promised to make him the highest paid coach in the league. Irish obliged, hiring former Manhattan College coach Neil Cohalan as interim coach for the first year. With no college draft in the league's initial year, there was no guarantee that the Knicks or the league itself would thrive. Teams focused on signing college players from their respective cities as a way to promote the professional league.
The Knicks held their first training camp in the Catskill Mountains at the Nevele Country Club. Twenty-five players were invited to attend the three-week session. Players worked out twice a day and the chemistry between the New York natives was instant. With a roster assembled, the Knicks faced the Toronto Huskies at Toronto's Maple Leaf Gardens on November 1, 1946, in what would be the franchise's first game—as well as the first in league history. In a low-scoring affair presented in front of 7,090 spectators, the Knicks defeated the Huskies 68–66 with Leo Gottlieb leading the Knicks in scoring with 14 points. With Madison Square Garden's crowded schedule, the Knicks were forced to play many of their home games at the 69th Regiment Armory during the team's early years; the Knicks went on to finish their inaugural campaign with a 33–27 record and achieved a playoff berth under Cohalan despite a dismal shooting percentage of 28 perce