Howard Pyle was an American illustrator and author of books for young people. He was a native of Wilmington, he spent the last year of his life in Florence, Italy. In 1894, he began teaching illustration at the Drexel Institute of Art and Industry. After 1900, he founded his own school of art and illustration named the Howard Pyle School of Illustration Art. Scholar Henry C. Pitz used the term Brandywine School for the illustration artists and Wyeth family artists of the Brandywine region, several of whom had studied with Pyle; some of his more notable students were N. C. Wyeth, Frank Schoonover, Elenore Abbott, Ethel Franklin Betts, Anna Whelan Betts, Harvey Dunn, Clyde O. DeLand, Philip R. Goodwin, Thornton Oakley, Violet Oakley, Ellen Bernard Thompson Pyle, Olive Rush, Blanche Grant, Ethel Leach, Allen Tupper True, Elizabeth Shippen Green, Arthur E. Becher, William James Aylward, Jessie Willcox Smith, Charlotte Harding. Pyle taught his students at his home and studio in Wilmington, still standing and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
His 1883 classic publication The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood remains in print, his other books have medieval European settings, including a four-volume set on King Arthur. He is well known for his illustrations of pirates, is credited with creating what has become the modern stereotype of pirate dress, he published his first novel Otto of the Silver Hand in 1888. He illustrated historical and adventure stories for periodicals such as Harper's Magazine and St. Nicholas Magazine, his novel Men of Iron was adapted as the movie The Black Shield of Falworth. Pyle travelled to Italy in 1910 to study mural painting, he died there in 1911 of a sudden kidney infection. Pyle was born in Wilmington, the son of William Pyle and Margaret Churchman Painter; as a child, he attended private schools and was interested in drawing and writing from a young age. He was an indifferent student, but his parents encouraged him to study art his mother, he studied for three years at the studio of F. A. Van der Wielen in Philadelphia, this constituted the whole of his artistic training, aside from a few lessons at the Art Students League of New York.
In 1876, he was inspired by what he saw. He submitted it to Scribner's Monthly. One of the magazine's owners was Roswell Smith, who encouraged him to move to New York and pursue illustration professionally. Pyle struggled in New York, he was encouraged by several working artists, including Edwin Austin Abbey, A. B. Frost, Frederick S. Church, he published a double-paged spread in the Harper's Weekly issue of March 9, 1878 and was paid $75—five times what he had expected. He became successful and was an established artist by the time that he returned to Wilmington in 1880. Pyle continued illustrating for magazines, he collaborated on several books in American history. He wrote and illustrated his own stories, beginning with The Merry Adventures of Robin Hood in 1883; this book won international attention from critics such as William Morris. Over the following decades, he published many more illustrated works for children, many of which are still in print today. Pyle married singer Anne Poole on April 12, 1881, the couple had seven children.
In 1889, he and his wife sailed to Jamaica. While they were overseas, their son Sellers died unexpectedly; this loss inspired his children's book The Garden Behind the Moon, about death and bears the dedication: "To the little Boy in the Moon Garden This Book is dedicated by His Father."From 1894 to 1900, he taught illustration at the Drexel Institute. In 1900, he created his own school in Wilmington where he taught a small number of students in depth. In 1903, Pyle painted his first murals for the Delaware Art Museum, he took up mural painting more in 1906 and painted The Battle of Nashville in the state capitol of Minnesota, as well as two other murals for courthouses in New Jersey. Pyle developed his own ideas for illustrating pirate dress, as few examples existed of authentic pirate outfits and few, if any, drawings had been preserved, he created a flamboyant style incorporating elements of Gypsy dress. His work influenced the design of costumes for movie pirates from Errol Flynn to Johnny Depp.
It has been noted as impractical for working sailors. In 1910, Pyle and his family went to Italy. Suffering poor health, he felt drained of energy. After one year in the country, he suffered a kidney infection and died in Florence at the age of 58. Pyle wrote and illustrated a number of books, in addition to numerous illustrations done for Harper's Weekly, other periodical publications, various works of fiction for children. Pyle synthesized many traditional Robin Hood legends and ballads in this work, while toning them down to make them suitable for children. For instance, he modified the late 17th Century ballad "Robin Hood's Progress to Nottingham", changing it from Robin killing fourteen foresters for not honoring a bet to Robin defending himself against an attempt on his life by one of the foresters. Pyle has Robin kill only two men, one who shoots at him first when he was a youth, the other a hated assassin named Guy of Gisbourne whom the Sheriff sent to slay him. Tales are changed in which Robin steals all th
SARM Division No. 2 is a division of the Saskatchewan Association of Rural Municipalities within the province of Saskatchewan, Canada. It is located in the south central area of the province; the current director for division 2 is Norm Nordgulen. RM No. 8 Lake Alma RM No. 9 Surprise Valley RM No. 10 Happy Valley RM No. 11 Hart Butte RM No. 12 Poplar Valley RM No. 38 Laurier RM No. 39 The Gap RM No. 40 Bengough RM No. 42 Willow Bunch RM No. 43 Old Post RM No. 44 Waverley RM No. 68 Brokenshell RM No. 69 Norton RM No. 70 Key West RM No. 71 Excel RM No. 72 Lake of the Rivers RM No. 73 Stonehenge RM No. 74 Wood River RM No. 98 Scott RM No. 99 Caledonia RM No. 100 Elmsthorpe RM No. 101 Terrell RM No. 102 Lake Johnston RM No. 103 Sutton RM No. 104 Gravelbourg RM No. 128 Lajord RM No. 129 Bratt's Lake RM No. 130 Redburn RM No. 131 Baildon RM No. 132 Hillsborough RM No. 133 Rodgers RM No. 134 Shamrock RM No. 158 Edenwold RM No. 159 Sherwood RM No. 160 Pense RM No. 161 Moose Jaw RM No. 162 Caron RM No. 163 Wheatlands RM No. 164 Chaplin RM No. 189 Lumsden RM No. 190 Dufferin RM No. 191 Marquis RM No. 193 Eyebrow RM No. 194 Enfield RM No. 218 Cupar RM No. 219 Longlaketon RM No. 220 McKillop RM No. 221 Sarnia RM No. 222 Craik RM No. 223 Huron RM No. 224 Maple Bush Census division No. 2 SARM Division No. 2 members
In law, receivership is a situation in which an institution or enterprise is held by a receiver—a person "placed in the custodial responsibility for the property of others, including tangible and intangible assets and rights"—especially in cases where a company cannot meet financial obligations or enters bankruptcy. The receivership remedy is an equitable remedy that emerged in the English chancery courts, where receivers were appointed to protect real property. Receiverships are a remedy of last resort in litigation involving the conduct of executive agencies that fail to comply with constitutional or statutory obligations to populations that rely on those agencies for their basic human rights. Receiverships can be broadly divided into two types: Those related to insolvency or enforcement of a security interest; those where either A person is Incapable of managing their affairs and so the court appoints a receiver to manage the property on their behalf—for example a receiver appointed by a Court of Protection under mental health legislation.
The government seizes control of property due to breaches of regulation. Receiverships relating to insolvency are subdivided into two further categories: administrative receivership, where the receiver is appointed wide management powers over all or most of the property of a business, other receiverships where the receiver has limited control over specific property, with no broader powers beyond managing or selling the individual asset. Receivers are appointed in different ways: Government regulator appointed Privately appointed Court-appointedThe receiver's powers "flow from the document underlying his appointment"—i.e. a statute, financing agreement, or court order. The receiver may: Run the company to maximize the value of the company's assets, sell the company as a whole, or sell part of the company and close unprofitable divisions Secure the assets of the company or entity Realize the assets of the company or entity Manage company affairs to pay debts Several regulatory entities have been granted power by the Congress to place banking and financial institutions into receivership like the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency for failing nationally chartered commercial banks.
Most individual states have granted receivership authority to their own bank regulatory agencies and insurance regulators. State Insurance Departments are accredited by the National Association of Insurance Commissioners —which states, "State law should set forth a receivership scheme for the administration, by the insurance commissioner, of insurance companies found to be insolvent as set forth in the NAIC’s Insurer Receivership Model Act."Some organizations have come into existence on the state level to alter the proceedings. An example is the California Receivers Forum, a non-profit organization "formed by interested receivers, attorneys and property managers, with support from the Los Angeles Superior Court, to address the needs and concerns of receivers, to facilitate communication between the receivership community and the courts, to assist in raising the level of professionalism of receivers..." The California Receivers Forum reports five local affiliates in the state: Bay Area, Central California, LA/Orange County, Sacramento Valley and San Diego.
Court-appointed receivers are "the most powerful and independent of the judicially appointed managers." Unlike special masters and monitors, "the receiver displaces the defendants: the receiver makes large and small decisions, spends the organization’s funds, controls hiring and firing determinations." Examples of court-appointed receivers include: In the District of Columbia, the D. C. Jail's medical care facility "was placed under court-ordered receivership in August 1995, after the District was held in contempt for failing to implement court orders...intended to ensure adequate medical services to jail inmates". The receivership ended in September 2000. An insolvent fuel company is managed by a court-appointed receiver. A U. S. District Judge appointed a receiver for the multi-level marketing company Equinox International in August 1999; as of 2007, the receiver was authorized to distribute settlement funds from the now-defunct company to approved claimants. After placing the California state prison health care system into receivership in June 2005, a U.
S. District Judge appointed a receiver for it in February 2006. California Correctional Health Care Services attempts "to bring medical care in California prisons up to constitutional standards". In February 2007, a judge in Florida appointed a receiver for companies owned by Lou Pearlman that defrauded investors; the receiver said about the companies "I don't see much in the way of hard assets that are worth anything or are not fully encumbered." Administrative receivership is a procedure in the United Kingdom and certain other common law jurisdictions whereby a creditor can enforce security against a company's assets in an effort to obtain repayment of the secured debt. It used to be the most popular method of enforcement by secured creditors, but recent legislative reform in many jurisdictions has reduced its significance in certain countries. Administrative receivership differs from simple receivership in that an administrative receiver is appointed over all of the assets and undertaking of the company.
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