Division of Grey
The Division of Grey is an Australian electoral division in South Australia. The division was one of the seven established when the former Division of South Australia was redistributed on 2 October 1903 and is named for Sir George Grey, Governor of South Australia from 1841 to 1845; the division covers the vast northern outback of South Australia. Highlighting South Australia's status as the most centralised state in Australia, Grey spans 904,881 square kilometres, over 92 percent of the state; the borders of the electorate include the Western Australia, Northern Territory and New South Wales borders, in addition to much of the southern coastal border. The electorate spans to Marion Eudunda in the south; the main population centres of the electorate include Ceduna, Port Lincoln, Port Augusta, Roxby Downs, Coober Pedy, Port Pirie, Maitland, Peterborough and Eudunda. When Grey was first created in 1903, it included the Northern Territory and all of northern and western South Australia, down to a line through the Mid North south of Port Pirie.
Grey has been held by Labor for most of its history, was one of the few country seats where Labor did well. It remained in Labor hands for all but one term from 1943 to 1993, the only break coming when the Liberals won it during their landslide victory in 1966. For most of that time, it was a safe Labor seat, though it was lost in the Coalition landslides in 1975 and 1977; that changed in 1993, when the retirement of Labor incumbent Lloyd O'Neil, the unpopularity of the state Labor government, the addition of the Clare Valley at a redistribution, which saw Liberal Barry Wakelin become the fifth non-Labor member to win the seat, only the second in 50 years. That happened as Labor won another term. However, as mentioned, the election came at a bad time for the state Labor government, roundly defeated at the state election that year. Wakelin was re-elected with a large swing in 1996, since the decline in the mining and pastoral vote has made it a safe Liberal seat. While the "Iron Triangle" towns of Whyalla, Port Augusta and Port Pirie still tilt Labor — as they have for more than a century —, not enough to overcome the conservative lean in the rest of the seat.
The Liberals consolidated their hold on the seat ahead of the 2004 election when the Yorke Peninsula and the state's upper east, both strongly conservative areas, were transferred to Grey from Wakefield. The Liberals suffered a nine-point swing at the 2007 election, but Rowan Ramsey was still able to retain the seat for the Liberals, with 54 percent of the two-party vote; the seat became secure for the Liberals once again after Ramsey picked up a large swing in 2010, which he consolidated in 2013. South Australian Senator Nick Xenophon confirmed in December 2014 that by mid-2015 the Nick Xenophon Team would announce candidates in all states and territories at the 2016 election, with Xenophon citing the government's ambiguity on the Collins-class submarine replacement project as motivation. ABC psephologist Antony Green's 2016 federal election guide for South Australia stated NXT had a "strong chance of winning lower house seats and three or four Senate seats". Going into the 2016 election, Grey was the second-safest Liberal seat in South Australia.
A ReachTEL seat-level opinion poll in Grey of 665 voters conducted by robocall on 9 June during the election campaign found NXT candidate Andrea Broadfoot leading the Liberals' Ramsey 54–46 on the two-candidate preferred vote. Seat-level opinion polls in the other two rural Liberal South Australian seats revealed NXT leading in both Mayo and Barker. Early counting following the poll showed that Broadfoot was a clear second to Ramsey on first preferences, well ahead of the ALP candidate in third place; this meant that the indicative assessment of two-candidate preferred count on election night had been done between the wrong pair, would need to be redone in the following week to give a clearer indication as to which of Ramsay and Broadfoot would win the seat after distributing all preferences. While Broadfoot was ahead with as much as 80 percent of ballots counted, she lost to Ramsey on Family First preferences. Ramsey suffered a swing of 11.6 percent after preferences were counted, which made Grey the most marginal Liberal seat in the state and one of the most marginal Coalition-held rural seats in the nation.
On a "traditional" two-party basis, Grey was still a safe Liberal seat. Australian federal election, 2016 Results of the Australian federal election, 2016 ABC profile for Grey: 2016 Poll Bludger profile for Grey: 2016 AEC profile for Grey: 2016 SA boundary map, 2001: AEC SA boundary map, 1984: Atlas SA
County of Stanley (South Australia)
The County of Stanley is one of the 49 cadastral counties of South Australia. It was proclaimed by Governor George Grey and named for Edward Stanley, Secretary of State for the Colonies from 1841 to 1845, who, in 1842, had advocated financial support for South Australia, it is bounded by the Wakefield River in the south, the approximate path of the Barrier Highway in the east, latitude 33°28' S in the north and longitudes 138°08' to 138°15' E in the west. The county is divided into 16 hundreds. In the county's north west is the Hundred of Koolunga, and, in the north, the Hundred of Yackamoorundie and Hundred of Andrews. In the county's north east, on the western slopes of the northern Mount Lofty Ranges are the Hundred of Ayers and Hundred of Hanson. In the county's west are the Hundred of Boucaut, Hundred of Hart, Hundred of Everard and Hundred of Blyth. In the county's south west, on the lower right bank of the Wakefield River are the Hundred of Goyder, Hundred of Stow and Hundred of Hall. In the county's south east, spanning the Clare Valley are the Hundred of Milne, Hundred of Clare, Hundred of Stanley and Hundred of Upper Wakefield.
Stanley Flat, locality in the Hundred of Clare Stanley, locality in the Hundred of Stanley Stanley Football Association, historic sporting organisation spanning much of the county
The Yorke Peninsula is a peninsula located north-west and west of Adelaide in South Australia, between Spencer Gulf on the west and Gulf St Vincent on the east. The peninsula is separated from Kangaroo Island to the south by Investigator Strait; the most populous town in the region is Kadina. Prior to European settlement, which commenced around 1840, Yorke Peninsula was the home to the Narungga people. Today the descendants of these people still live on Yorke Peninsula, supported by the Narungga Aboriginal Progress Association in Maitland, in the community at Point Pearce. Yorke Peninsula was named by Captain Matthew Flinders, R. N. after the Right Honourable Charles Philip Yorke, narrowly beating French navigator Captain Nicolas Baudin. Principal towns include the Copper Coast towns of Kadina and Wallaroo. A number of smaller coastal towns are popular destinations for fishing and holidays for people from Adelaide; the south-western tip is occupied by Innes National Park. Yorke Peninsula is a major producer of grain barley and the Peninsula's grain crops are worth more than $290 million annually.
This has been sent out by sea because there are no rail services. Most coastal towns on the peninsula have substantial jetties. In the past these were used by ketches and steamships, to collect the grain in bags, deliver fertiliser and other supplies; as roads in the region improved, freight-handling techniques changed from bags to bulk, this became obsolete. A deep-water port was opened in 1970 near the south-eastern tip at Port Giles to export grain in bulk, all the other ports ceased to be used for freight in the 1950s and 1960s; the only other ports with bulk-handling facilities are Wallaroo at the north-western side, Ardrossan at the top of Gulf St Vincent used to ship dolomite from a nearby mine for OneSteel. Maitland has a grain-receiving depot operated by AWB, serviced only by road. Wine production commenced on the Peninsula during the 1990s taking advantage of the rich grey, limestone-based soil. Acknowledged as Australia's oldest Field Days, the Yorke Peninsula Field Days have been held since 1894.
The Field Days site just outside Paskeville is a hive of agricultural activity every 2 years, at the end of September. The area is known as the Yorke Horst, distinct physiographic section of the larger South Australian Shatter Belt province, which in turn is part of the larger West Australian Shield physiographic division. Along with Cape Eyre the peninsula is part of the Eyre Yorke Block bioregion. Most of Yorke Peninsula is prime agricultural land, with small rolling hills and flat plains; the southern end of the Hummocks Range extends down the top of the Peninsula, flattening out near Clinton. The highest point on the Peninsula is 5km north-east of Maitland, although there is some debate as to where the Peninsula borders the Mid North, part of the steep Hummocks terrain may be considered part of the Peninsula. A series of shallow valleys line the interior of the Peninsula, with the main one called the Yorke Valley extending from Sunnyvale, south of Paskeville through to Ramsey, between Minlaton and Stansbury.
The predominant Yorke Valley area lies in the area between Arthurton, Maitland and Curramulka. Typical of the southern coastal areas of the state and influenced by the surrounding bodies of water, Yorke Peninsula has a Mediterranean climate, with some areas bordering a Semi Arid Climate, with hot, dry summer and cool, wet winter seasons. Maximum temperatures in summer average around 30 degrees and in winter average around 12-15. Due to surrounding bodies of water, winter temperatures are moderated and milder than most of the state, with overnight temperatures falling below 0, making frost uncommon in the region but not unheard of. Northerly winds from the desert can bring temperatures well upwards of 40 degrees in summer and bring warm winter days well into the 20's. Average precipitation is 4-600mm, most of which falls from mid April through to September, though total and seasonal rainfall can vary from year to year. Along with most of southern Australia, monsoonal lows from the north bring heavy storm events during spring and summer, rainfall is otherwise light and unreliable due to high pressure systems dominating the area.
As of 2015, a daily ferry service operates between Wallaroo and Lucky Bay, near Cowell on Eyre Peninsula. PoliticsHarry Bartlett MHA for Yorke Peninsula 1887–1896, dubbed "Father of the West Coast". Cecil Hincks - MHA for the Electoral district of Yorke Peninsula 1941-63 John Olsen - former Premier of South AustraliaSportsRichard Champion - former AFL Footballer Adam Goodes - former AFL Footballer and dual Brownlow Medal winner George Hewett - Australian Rules Footballer for Sydney Swans Cameron Hewett - Australian Rules Footballer for Port Adelaide Power Malcolm Karpany - West Coast Eagles footballer Sarah Klau - Adelaide Thunderbirds Player Sam Jacobs - Adelaide Crows player Scott McMahon - North Melbourne Kangaroos footballer Fiona Pointon - former Adelaide Thunderbirds netballer Jarrad Redden - former AFL Footballer Jamie Tape - former AFL Footballer Jay Schulz - former AFL Footballer Bernie Vince - Melbourne Demons playerOtherAlby Mangels - adventurer and documentary-maker Fiona O'Loughlin - Comedian Emily Taheny - actress Air Chief Marshal Sir Richard Williams referred to as "Father of the RAAF" was born at Moonta Mines The following reserves are located within the peninsula or adjoin its coastline: National par
University of Adelaide
The University of Adelaide is a public university located in Adelaide, South Australia. Established in 1874, it is the third-oldest university in Australia; the university's main campus is located on North Terrace in the Adelaide city centre, adjacent to the Art Gallery of South Australia, the South Australian Museum and the State Library of South Australia. The university has five campuses throughout the state, it has the Ngee Ann -- Adelaide Education Centre, in Singapore. The university operates independent research institutes and groups; these include the South Australian Centre for Economic Studies, the Hanson Institute for Medical Research, the South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute. The University of Adelaide is composed with each containing constituent schools; these include the Faculty of Engineering and Mathematical Sciences, the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, the Faculty of Arts, the Faculty of the Professions, the Faculty of Sciences. It is a member of the Association of Commonwealth Universities.
The university is a member of the Sandstone universities, which consist of colonial-era universities within Australia. The university is associated with five Nobel laureates, constituting one-third of Australia's total Nobel laureates, 109 Rhodes scholars; the university has had a considerable impact on the public life of South Australia, having educated many of the state's leading businesspeople, medical professionals and politicians. The university has been associated with many notable achievements and discoveries, such as the discovery and development of penicillin, the development of space exploration, the military tank, Wi-Fi, polymer banknotes and X-ray crystallography, the study of viticulture and oenology; the University of Adelaide was established on 6 November 1874 after a £20,000 donation by grazier and copper miner Walter Watson Hughes, along with support and donations from Thomas Elder. The first Chancellor was Sir Richard Hanson and the first vice-chancellor was Augustus Short.
The first degree offered was the Bachelor of Arts and the university started teaching in March 1876. John Davidson was the first Hughes professor of mental and moral philosophy; the University has a long history of championing the rights of women in higher education. It was the second University in the English-speaking world to admit women on equal terms with men, though women studied alongside men from the commencement of classes in 1876, were eligible for all academic prizes and honours, its first female graduate was Edith Emily Dornwell, the first person in Australia to receive the degree of Bachelor of Science. The university graduated Australia's first female surgeon Laura Fowler. Ruby Davy was the first Australian woman to receive a doctorate in music; the University was the first to elect a woman to a University Council in Australia, Helen Mayo, in 1914. The great hall of the University, Bonython Hall, was built in 1936 following a donation from the owner of The Advertiser newspaper, Sir John Langdon Bonython, who left £40,000 for a Great Hall for the University.
On 2 July 2010, the University implemented its "Smoke-Free Policy". This move was the culmination of an anti-smoking agenda headed by Professor Konrad Jamrozik and subsequently, following Jamrozik's death, the Executive Dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences, Professor Justin Beilby. Security have the right to eject people smoking within the University buildings and fine people smoking in the gardens or walkways, it is the first higher education institution in South Australia to institute a smoke-free policy. The North Terrace campus has been smoke-free since July 2010, it was planned that the Waite and Roseworthy campuses would be smoke-free by 2011, the University's residential facilities have been made smoke-free. In June 2018, University of Adelaide and University of South Australia began discussions regarding the possibility of a merger; the proposition was described as the formation of a "super uni" by Steven Marshall and Simon Birmingham, but the merger was called off in October 2018.
The main campus of the University is on North Terrace. It is bordered by the Art Gallery of South Australia, the State Library of South Australia, the South Australian Museum and the "City East" campus of the University of South Australia; the Adelaide University Medical and Dental Schools were located across Frome Road, behind the old Royal Adelaide Hospital. The hospital moved and so have the schools; the vast majority of students and staff of the University are based at the North Terrace campus, where the majority of courses are taught and schools are based. The central administration of the University and the main library, the Barr Smith Library, are both located on this campus. While many other universities have law and business schools or satellite campuses within the central business district, the University of Adelaide is unique among Australian sandstone universities for having its main presence adjacent to the main business and shopping precinct. Bonython Hall, the Mitchell Building, the Elder Hall, the Napier building and the Ligertwood building, form the North Terrace street frontage of the campus.
Bonython Hall is one of the many historic and heritage listed buildings located at the North Terrace campus. Others include the Mitchell Building
Bute, South Australia
Bute is a town in the Mid North of South Australia 40 kilometres east of Wallaroo and 24 kilometres west of Snowtown. It was proclaimed as a town in 1884 and named after the Isle of Bute, in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland, it was the original site of the Yorke Peninsula Field Days in 1895. The cadastral Hundred of Wiltunga and Hundred of Ninnes were proclaimed in the County of Daly in 1874 to enable closer settlement of the area between the Barunga-Hummock Ranges and the coast-side copper-mining communities of Kadina and Moonta. In 1882 land in the Hundred of Wiltunga was sold to pioneer grain-growing farmers for between £1 and £1/2/6 per acre; the Government Town of Bute was town surveyed near the southern boundary of the Hundred of Wiltunga in September 1883 and named by Governor William Robinson on 13 March 1884. In 1888, the town of Bute and surrounding hundred of Wiltunga was annexed by the District Council of Ninnes, bringing local government administration to the township for the first time.
In October 1879 the Brinkworth–Kadina railway line was opened with Bute being at the 18-mile siding. The next siding towards Kadina on the railway was called "15-mile camp" or "16-mile Siding" and Mona. While the railway was being constructed, some competition existed between Mona and Bute as to which rail-side settlement would become the prime business centre to serve residents, but by 1886 Bute was dominant, being home to a church and school and having had a hotel license granted. In addition to Mona, by the turn of the century, the suburbs of Bute East, Bute South and Bute West existed adjacent to Bute, outside the limits of the original government town. In 1933 the Ninnes council was renamed to the District Council of Bute given that, by the township of Bute had far outgrown Ninnes to the south. From 1895 until about 1973, the Yorke Peninsula Field Day event was held at Bute. By 1935 a state-of-the-art aerodrome had been laid down north of the town and become headquarters to the North-Western Aero Club.
From the late 1990s a tourist train traversed the by-then-disused railway line from Wallaroo to Bute, but this closed in 2009. In 1998 the boundaries of contemporary Bute were formalised. Bute East, Bute South, Bute West and Mona were all absorbed along with a huge swathe of surrounding farmland to form the new 238-square-kilometre bounded locality of Bute, which occupies the south-eastern two thirds of the Hundred of Wiltunga. Attractions to the town include the nearby Bute tannery, Bute Hobbies Bromeliad Display Gardens and the Bute Hotel. A free-to-view fauna park on the Snowtown Road is maintained by the Bute Lions Club. Visitors can view emus, waterfowl, red kangaroos and other wildlife contained within fenced enclosures; the park features barbecue facilities and picnic areas. The town is surrounded by pastoral land. Yorke Peninsula website
The Clare Valley is a valley located in South Australia about 100 kilometres north of Adelaide in the Clare and Gilbert Valleys council area. It is the river valley formed by the Hutt River but is strongly associated with the parallel Hill River; the valley is traversed by the Horrocks Highway and the towns in the valley along that route from south to north are Auburn, Watervale, Penworthham and Clare. The geographical feature has given rise to the Clare Valley wine region designation, a notable winegrowing region of Australia; the valley is formed by the Skilly Hills and Bungaree Hills on the west with the Stony Range rising on the valley's east. The original inhabitants of the Clare Valley were the Ngadjuri people, it is believed that they had major camping sites at Clare and Auburn, as well as other areas outside the valley. The first European to explore the Clare Valley was John Hill, who did so in early April 1839, discovering and naming the Hutt River, its nearby twin, the Hill River, was discovered and named in his honour.
On returning to Adelaide, he reported his findings of good farmland to his friend and associate, Edward John Eyre. Eyre in turn informed John Horrocks, who had only arrived in South Australia during March 1839. Eyre explored the Clare Valley on the return journey from his second 1839 expedition to the northern regions of South Australia. Horrocks set out with his servant, John Green and established himself in the area now known as Penwortham; this became the first permanent settlement in the valley. By 1840, Edward Burton Gleeson had set up the Inchiquin pastoral run to the north, developed into the town of Clare and in 1848, Jesuits were settling into the place which would become the town of Sevenhill. Settlers came from places including England, Ireland and Silesia during the 1840s, producing a rich heritage of architecture and villages, which remain intact. Vineyards were planted alongside those first villages and winemaking has continued since. On 16 February 1983, the Clare Valley was affected by the Ash Wednesday bushfires.
Although there were no fatalities in the area, over 6,100 hectares were burnt out, causing $5 million worth of damage. The railway line between the Clare Showgrounds and Penwortham was damaged, resulted in its eventual demise; the old rail route has since been transformed into a bicycle and walking track known as the Riesling Trail. This 35 km sealed. Riesling Trail Clare Valley Tourism Clare Regional History Group Clare & Gilbert Valleys Council Clare Valley South Australia Clare Old Police Station Museum