Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates. They are a prominent modern member of the subfamily Bovinae, are the most widespread species of the genus Bos, are most classified collectively as Bos taurus. Cattle are raised as livestock for meat, for milk, for hides, which are used to make leather, they are used as riding animals and draft animals. Another product of cattle is dung, which can be used to create fuel. In some regions, such as parts of India, cattle have significant religious meaning. Cattle small breeds such as the Miniature Zebu, are kept as pets. Around 10,500 years ago, cattle were domesticated from as few as 80 progenitors in central Anatolia, the Levant and Western Iran. According to an estimate from 2011, there are 1.4 billion cattle in the world. In 2009, cattle became one of the first livestock animals to have a mapped genome; some consider cattle the oldest form of wealth, cattle raiding one of the earliest forms of theft. Cattle were identified as three separate species: Bos taurus, the European or "taurine" cattle.
The aurochs is ancestral to both taurine cattle. These have been reclassified as one species, Bos taurus, with three subspecies: Bos taurus primigenius, Bos taurus indicus, Bos taurus taurus. Complicating the matter is the ability of cattle to interbreed with other related species. Hybrid individuals and breeds exist, not only between taurine cattle and zebu, but between one or both of these and some other members of the genus Bos – yaks and gaur. Hybrids such as the beefalo breed can occur between taurine cattle and either species of bison, leading some authors to consider them part of the genus Bos, as well; the hybrid origin of some types may not be obvious – for example, genetic testing of the Dwarf Lulu breed, the only taurine-type cattle in Nepal, found them to be a mix of taurine cattle and yak. However, cattle cannot be hybridized with more distantly related bovines such as water buffalo or African buffalo; the aurochs ranged throughout Europe, North Africa, much of Asia. In historical times, its range became restricted to Europe, the last known individual died in Mazovia, Poland, in about 1627.
Breeders have attempted to recreate cattle of similar appearance to aurochs by crossing traditional types of domesticated cattle, creating the Heck cattle breed. The noun cattle encompasses both sexes; the singular, technically means the female, the male being bull. The plural form cows is sometimes used colloquially to refer to both sexes collectively, as e.g. in a herd, but that usage can be misleading as the speaker's intent may indeed be just the females. The bovine species per se is dimorphic. Cattle did not originate as the term for bovine animals, it was borrowed from Anglo-Norman catel, itself from medieval Latin capitale'principal sum of money, capital', itself derived in turn from Latin caput'head'. Cattle meant movable personal property livestock of any kind, as opposed to real property; the word is a variant of chattel and related to capital in the economic sense. The term replaced earlier Old English feoh ` property', which survives today as fee; the word "cow" came via Anglo-Saxon cū, from Common Indo-European gʷōus = "a bovine animal", compare Persian: gâv, Sanskrit: go-, Welsh: buwch.
The plural cȳ became ki or kie in Middle English, an additional plural ending was added, giving kine, but kies and others. This is the origin of the now archaic English plural, "kine"; the Scots language singular is coo or cou, the plural is "kye". In older English sources such as the King James Version of the Bible, "cattle" refers to livestock, as opposed to "deer" which refers to wildlife. "Wild cattle" may refer to undomesticated species of the genus Bos. Today, when used without any other qualifier, the modern meaning of "cattle" is restricted to domesticated bovines. In general, the same words are used in different parts of the world, but with minor differences in the definitions; the terminology described here contrasts the differences in definition between the United Kingdom and other British-influenced parts of the world such as Canada, New Zealand and the United States. An "intact" adult male is called a bull. A wild, unmarked bull is known as a micky in Australia. An unbranded bovine of either sex is called a maverick in the Canada.
An adult female that has had a calf is a cow. A young female before she has had a calf of her own and is under three years of age is called a heifer. A young female that has had only one calf is called a first-calf heifer. Young cattle of both sexes are called calves until they are weaned weaners until they are a year old in some areas. After that, they are referred to as stirks if between one and two years of age. A castrated male is called a steer in the United States.
PokerStars Caribbean Adventure
The PokerStars Caribbean Adventure is an annual televised poker tournament. The event was first held in 2004 and was co-sponsored by PokerStars and the World Poker Tour. In 2008, the event moved from the WPT to the European Poker Tour. In 2010, the event was moved again and served as the inauagural event of the North American Poker Tour. In 2017 the tournament was the inaugural event of the new PokerStars Championship tour and renamed PokerStars Championship Bahamas; the name was changed back to the PCA for 2018 and the buy-in restored to $10,000. In 2004, the event took place on the Royal Caribbean Voyager of the Seas cruise ship. Since 2005 the event has taken place at Resort on Atlantis Paradise Island; the 2011 PCA commenced on January 4, 2011. Over fifty events took place over ten days, including the main event with an estimated prize pool of $20 million. Players either buy into the main event directly for $10,300, or they may win their way into the event via satellites running on PokerStars and at the event.
The main event final table was aired live on ESPN2, featuring commentary by James Hartigan and Daniel Negreanu. John Dibella, a 43-year-old stock trader from New York, won the 2012 PCA for $1,775,000. Dibella won a live $1,000 satellite into the $10,000 Main Event and is the first amateur player to win the tournament. Official site Official FAQ Page
Phillip Jerome Hellmuth Jr. is an American professional poker player who has won a record fifteen World Series of Poker bracelets. He is the winner of the Main Event of the 1989 World Series of Poker and the Main Event of the 2012 World Series of Poker Europe, he is a 2007 inductee of the WSOP's Poker Hall of Fame. Hellmuth is known for his temperamental "poker brat" personality. Hellmuth was born in Madison and attended Madison West High School, his adolescence was troublesome, issues with grades and friends were tough on Phil, who said he was at that time the "ugly duckling" of his family. He moved on to the University of Wisconsin–Madison for three years, where he dropped out to become a full-time poker player. Since 1992, he has lived in Palo Alto, California with his wife, Katherine Sanborn, a psychiatrist at Stanford University, their two sons, Phillip III and Nicholas; as of 2019, his total live tournament winnings exceed $22,850,000. He is ranked 17th on the all-time money list. Hellmuth is known for taking his seat at poker tournaments long after they begin.
In the 1988 World Series of Poker, Hellmuth had his first in the money finish at the $1,500 Seven Card Stud Split, the 6th event. In the 1988 WSOP he came 33rd after being eliminated by eventual champion Johnny Chan. In 1989, the 24-year-old Hellmuth became the youngest player to win the Main Event of the WSOP by defeating the two-time defending champion Johnny Chan in heads up play. Hellmuth holds the records for most WSOP cashes and most WSOP final tables, overtaking T. J. Cloutier; as of August 2017, Hellmuth has won over $14,000,000 at the WSOP and ranks fifth on the WSOP All Time Money List, behind Antonio Esfandiari, Daniel Colman, Daniel Negreanu, Jonathan Duhamel. Hellmuth is tied for fifth all time in number of times cashed in the WSOP Main Event, he has eight Main Event cashes, placing him behind Berry Johnston, Humberto Brenes, Doyle Brunson, Bobby Baldwin. Thirteen of Hellmuth's fifteen bracelets have been in Texas hold'em, though he has had quite a bit of success in non-hold'em events.
As of the start of the 2015 World Series, 22 of his 52 final tables are for a variety of games, including 2-7 Lowball, Seven Card Stud Hi-Lo, Seven Card Razz, Omaha hold'em, as well as mixed games like H. O. R. S. E and the $50,000 Poker Player's Championship. Of those 22 events, Hellmuth has finished runner-up six times. At the 1993 World Series of Poker, Hellmuth became the second player in WSOP history to win three bracelets in one WSOP. Hellmuth's three victories came in three consecutive days. At the 1997 World Series of Poker, Hellmuth won his 5th bracelet of the decade. At the conclusion of the 1999 World Series of Poker, his five bracelets would stand to lead the decade for most WSOP bracelets won by one player in the 1990s. At the 2006 World Series of Poker, Hellmuth captured his 10th World Series of Poker bracelet in the $1,000 No Limit Hold'em with rebuys event. At the time, it tied him with Johnny Chan for most bracelets. At the 2007 World Series of Poker, Hellmuth won his record-breaking 11th bracelet in the $1,500 No Limit Hold'em Event.
Hellmuth's sponsor arranged. Hellmuth lost control of the car in the Rio All Suite Hotel and Casino parking lot and hit a light fixture, he gave up the car for a limo. At the 2008 WSOP Main Event, Hellmuth verbally abused another player and received a one-round penalty. After a private meeting with WSOP Commissioner Jeffrey Pollack the penalty was overruled and Hellmuth finished the tournament in 45th place. In the 2011 World Series of Poker, Phil finished second in three tournaments, in the 2-7 Draw Lowball Championship, the Seven Card Stud Hi-Low Split-8 or Better Championship, The Poker Player's Championship eight-game mix. On June 11, 2012, Hellmuth won his 12th World Series of Poker bracelet in the $2,500 Seven-Card Razz event, defeating Don Zewin and earning $182,793. Zewin had finished third to Chan and Hellmuth when Hellmuth won his first bracelet in 1989; this is the first bracelet Hellmuth has won in a non-hold'em event, made him the first player to win at least one bracelet in each of the last four decades, only the third player in WSOP history to win a bracelet in four different decades.
Hellmuth collected $2,645,333 for his fourth-place finish in the $1,000,000 buy-in "Big One for One Drop" tournament, by far the largest single tournament cash of his career. On October 4, 2012, Hellmuth won his 13th World Series of Poker bracelet in the €10,450 WSOPE No Limit Hold'em Main Event, earning €1,022,376 and becoming the first player to win both the WSOP and WSOPE Main Events; this win made Hellmuth the first player in WSOP history to win multiple bracelets in three different years. He
Michael Matusow is an American professional poker player, residing in Henderson, Nevada. Matusow's nickname of "The Mouth" reflects his reputation for trash-talking at the poker table, he is known for sometimes ruining hours or days of good play with a single misjudgment. Matusow began playing poker in the early 1990s, first while working as a poker dealer as a professional player, his successes include being a four-time World Series of Poker bracelet winner, the winner of the 2005 World Series of Poker Tournament of Champions. Matusow was first introduced to poker when he played video poker at the Maxim Casino at the age of 18, he was a regular and played so much that he suffered from repetitive strain injury in his shoulders and arms. He stole money from his mother's purse and at one point attended Gamblers Anonymous meetings. Matusow was taught Texas hold'em in 1989 by a rounder named Steve Samaroff. At the 1998 World Series of Poker, Matusow paid part of Scotty Nguyen's entrance fee into a satellite event for the $10,000 no limit Texas hold'em Main Event.
Nguyen went on to win, gave $333,333 to Matusow in return for his partial stake. In 1999, Matusow won his first WSOP bracelet, winning the $3,500 No Limit Hold'em event defeating Alex Brenes heads-up to win the title. In 2001, he finished. Matusow says that the decisive hand was when he was bluffed by eventual champion Juan Carlos Mortensen, but did not trust his instincts to call. At the 2002 WSOP, Matusow won his second bracelet by winning the $5,000 Omaha Hi-Low Split 8 or Better event, he defeated fellow professional poker player Daniel Negreanu to win the tournament. In the 2005 WSOP, Matusow finished 9th out of 5,619 players in the main event, winning $1,000,000. Several months he won the WSOP Tournament of Champions in a heads-up battle against Hoyt Corkins, earning another $1,000,000 in the process, making him the first player to win two million dollar prizes in the same year, he placed third in the Tournament of Champions the following year, winning $250,000. At the 2008 World Series of Poker, Matusow won a third bracelet in the $5000 No Limit 2–7 Draw with rebuys event defeating Jeff Lisandro heads up for the $537,862 first prize.
In the same year he finished 30th out of 6,844 players in the Main Event, making yet another deep run in the Main Event. Matusow won his fourth bracelet in 2013 in the $5,000 Seven Card Stud Hi-Lo Split 8 or Better tournament, defeating Matthew Ashton heads-up and earning $266,503. In October 2004, Matusow made his first World Poker Tour final table at the UltimateBet Aruba Classic, earning $250,000 for 3rd place. In 2006, he finished runner-up to Tony G in the WPT Bad Boys of Poker II in heads-up play. Matusow appeared in Poker Superstars III, where he made it to the Elite Eight. In the winner-take-all championship match, Matusow beat seven other players to win $500,000, he appeared in the second, third and sixth season of High Stakes Poker. In September 2006, Mike made his debut on the European Poker Tour in Barcelona. In early 2007, Matusow appeared on two episodes of Poker After Dark where he finished 3rd and 2nd respectively, he plays online poker under the following aliases: "dill pickle".
In July 2007, Matusow won $671,320 after coming in second place at the World Poker Tour Bellagio Cup III Championship after online pro Kevin Saul defeated him during heads-up play. On November 11, 2008 at the World Poker Tour Foxwoods World Poker Finals, Matusow made another WPT final table, He was eliminated after his A♠ J♥ didn't improve against Jonathan Little's hand of 9♥ 9♠, he finished in 6th place, earning $124,048. In 2013, Matusow won the NBC National Heads-Up Championship, defeating Phil Hellmuth 2-1 in the final; as of August 2014, his total live tournament winnings exceed $9,000,000. $3,580,911 of his winnings have come at the WSOP. Matusow has had several personal problems, he has battled drug issues, including a six-month stint in jail in 2004 and 2005 after being caught providing ecstasy and prescription painkillers to an undercover police officer who pretended to befriend Matusow and gained his trust. After several months of an official Las Vegas Metro Police "Sting Operation", Matusow was arrested and charged with six category A Felonies, all drug related.
A plea deal was reached where Matusow was incarcerated in the Clark County Detention Center for six months. Matusow resides in Nevada, he wears a gold chain with the Hebrew symbol'chai' around his neck. Additionally, Matusow hosted Card Player's poker radio show/podcast, the Circuit, before being replaced by Gavin Smith and Joe Sebok, he was the host of Card Player's now defunct online video segment, "The Mouthpiece." In one episode, Mike discussed the controversial Ultimatebet.com superuser cheating scandal, as well as seeking legal action as a victim of the scandal against the main perpetrator, former World Series of Poker Champion Russ Hamilton. Matusow wrote an autobiography titled Check Raising the Devil, released May 12, 2009. Official website Official blog World Poker Tour profile
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
2008 World Series of Poker
The 2008 World Series of Poker was the 39th annual World Series of Poker. Held in Las Vegas, Nevada at the Rio All Suite Hotel and Casino, the series began on May 30, 2008, featured 55 poker championships in several variants. All events but the $10,000 World Championship No Limit Texas hold'em Main Event, the most prestigious of the WSOP events, ended by July 15; as has been the WSOP custom since 1976, each of the event winners received a championship bracelet in addition to that event's prize money, which ranged from $87,929 to $9,119,517. Highlights of the 2008 series include the selection of Erick Lindgren, who won a bracelet and made three final tables, as recipient of the "Player of the Year Award". Nikolay Evdakov led all players with a record 10 money finishes, Phil Hellmuth set a WSOP record of 41 career final tables; the Main Event, which began with 6,844 participants, was suspended once the event was down to the nine players needed for the final table. This year was the first in which the Main Event was suspended in this fashion, a change introduced at ESPN's request to allow the television network to do a same-day Main Event broadcast.
In a stunning statistical improbability, Justin Phillips knocked out Motoyuki Mabuchi in the Main Event. Phillips held a Royal Flush and Mabuchi held quad aces. One of the broadcasters, Lon McEachern, mentioned on air that the chances of such a showdown occurring were 1:2.7 billion. Ray Romano had just sat down at the table. Nikolay Evdakov set a WSOP record for most cashes at a single World Series with 10; the previous record of eight was held by five players: Chris Ferguson, Phil Hellmuth, Humberto Brenes, Michael Binger, Chad Brown. Evdakov's achievement represents the most cashes by a player at one WSOP without reaching a single final table. Hellmuth, who made two final tables, established a new WSOP career record of 41 final tables, two more than T. J. Cloutier. Scotty Nguyen became the first player to hold both a Main Event and a $50,000 H. O. R. S. E World Championship bracelet. Several nationals were the first from their country to win bracelets. Brazilian Alexandre Gomes won Event 48 to become the first South American player to win a WSOP bracelet since Ecuadorian-born Carlos Mortensen won the 2001 Main Event.
Rob Hollink won Event 30, becoming the first Dutch WSOP bracelet winner, Davidi Kitai won Event 38, becoming the first Belgian player to win a bracelet. The 2008 Main Event final table took 15 hours and 28 minutes to play, beating the previous record of 14 hours and 2 minutes in 2005; the $10,000 World Championship No Limit Texas Hold'em Main Event began on July 3 with the first of four starting days. After reaching the final table of nine players on July 14, the final table was delayed until November 9; this change in schedule was made to allow ESPN to broadcast the final table on November 11, shortly after it was played. All final table players were paid ninth place prize money in July, with the remaining prize pool distributed in November. Instead of the Amazon Room, aka "the Poker Room," where all of the events were held, the final table would be held in the Penn and Teller Theatre. On November 9, players played down from nine to two and the winner was decided the next night; the final table consisted of 274 hands in total.
After a large decrease in Main Event participants in 2007 compared to 2006, the number increased in 2008 but was still far from the 2006 number. As in 2007, the payout structure is flatter than in 2006 and before, with the lowest payouts at $21,230, as compared to $10,616 in 2006; the "last woman standing" in the 2008 Main Event was Tiffany Michelle. Celebrities best known from television and professional sports, among other areas participated, with two placing in the money; the list includes: Out in Day 1: Jason Alexander, Nick Cannon, José Canseco, Jeff Fenech, Larry Flynt, Forrest Griffin, Orel Hershiser, Chuck Liddell, Brad May, Mekhi Phifer, Sam Simon, Jennifer Tilly, David Wells. Out in Day 2: Paul Azinger, Bruce Buffer, Shannon Elizabeth, Sully Erna, Ray Romano. Out in Day 3: Andy Griggs, Shane Warne. Out in Day 4: Steve Davis. Out in Day 5: Kara Scott. *Career statistics prior to the beginning of the 2008 Main Event At the age of 22, Peter Eastgate became the youngest Main Event winner, surpassing Phil Hellmuth, 24 when he won in 1989 and became the first European to capture the title since Carlos Mortensen won in 2001.
His winning hand was a five high straight known as a "wheel", made from his hole cards A♦ 5♠ and three of the community cards which were 2♦ K♠ 3♥ 4♣ 7♠, while his opponent Ivan Demidov lost with 4♥ 2♥ for two pair. NB: This list is restricted to top 30 finishers with an existing Wikipedia entry. Twenty past WSOP Main Event champions, representing 22 bracelets, participated in the 2008 Main Event. Two champions from the late 1980s finished in the money: Johnny Chan placed 329th for $32,166, Phil Hellmuth finished 45th for $154,400
Doyle F. Brunson is a retired American poker player who played professionally for over 50 years, he is a two-time World Series of Poker Main Event champion, a Poker Hall of Fame inductee, the author of several books on poker. Brunson was the first player to earn $1 million in poker tournaments and has won ten WSOP bracelets throughout his career, tied with Johnny Chan and Phil Ivey for second all-time, behind Phil Hellmuth's fifteen bracelets, he is one of only four players to have won the Main Event at the World Series of Poker multiple times, which he did in 1976 and 1977. He is one of only two players, along with Bill Boyd, to have won WSOP tournaments in four consecutive years. In addition, he is the first of six players to win both the WSOP Main Event and a World Poker Tour title. In January 2006, Bluff Magazine voted Brunson the most influential force in the world of poker. On June 11, 2018, Brunson announced; that day, he entered the $10,000 2-7 Single Draw at the 2018 WSOP and came in sixth place, earning $43,963.
Brunson was born in Longworth, Fisher County, one of three children. He was part of the All-State Texas basketball team. In the 1950 Texas Interscholastic Track Meet, he won the one-mile event with a time of 4:43. Despite receiving offers from many colleges, he attended Hardin–Simmons University in Abilene, Texas; the Minneapolis Lakers of the NBA showed interest in Brunson but a knee injury ended his hopes of becoming a professional basketball player. He still requires a crutch because of the injury. Brunson obtained a bachelor's degree in 1954 and a master's degree in administrative education the following year, he would go on to work as a school principal. Brunson had begun playing five-card draw, he played more after being injured and his winnings paid for his expenses. After graduating, he took a job as a business machines salesman. On his first day, he was invited to play in a seven-card stud game and won more than a month's salary, he soon became a professional poker player. Brunson started off by playing in illegal games on Exchange Street in Fort Worth with friend Dwayne Hamilton.
They began traveling around Texas and Louisiana, playing in bigger games, meeting fellow professionals Amarillo Slim and Sailor Roberts. The illegal games Brunson played in during this time were run by criminals who were members of organized crime, so rules were not always enforced. Brunson has admitted to having a gun that he was robbed and beaten. Hamilton moved back to Fort Worth, while the others teamed up and travelled around together, gambling on poker, golf and, in Doyle's words, "just about everything." They pooled their money for gambling and after six years, they made their first serious trip to Las Vegas and lost all of it, a six-figure amount. They remained friends. Brunson settled in Las Vegas, he has been a regular player at the World Series of Poker since its inception in 1970, playing in the Main Event nearly every year since in addition to many of the other preceding bracelet-awarding events. He made some WSOP championship event final tables before his back-to-back wins, but since this was when the event was winner-take-all, they are not counted as cashes.
Besides his two championship wins in 1976 and 1977, Brunson's other Main Event cashes are: 1972, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1997, 2004 and 2013. Brunson authored Super/System, considered to be one of the most authoritative books on poker. Self-published in 1978, Super/System was the book credited with transforming poker by giving ordinary players insight into the way that professionals such as Brunson played and won, so much so that Brunson believes that it cost him a lot of money. An updated revision, Super/System 2, was published in 2004. Besides Brunson, several top poker players contributed chapters to Super/System including Bobby Baldwin, Mike Caro, David Sklansky, Chip Reese, Joey Hawthorne; the book is subtitled "by Doyle Brunson. Brunson is the author of Poker Wisdom of a Champion published as According to Doyle by Lyle Stuart in 1984. Brunson continued to play in the biggest poker games in the world, including a $4,000/$8,000 limit mixed poker game in "Bobby's Room" at the Bellagio, he plays in many of the biggest poker tournaments around the world.
He won his ninth gold bracelet in a mixed games event in 2003, in 2004, he finished 53rd in the No Limit Texas hold'em Championship event. He won the Legends of Poker World Poker Tour event in 2004 and finished fourth in the WPT's first championship event. Early in the morning on July 1, 2005, less than a week after Chan had won his 10th gold bracelet - setting a new record - Brunson tied him at the 2005 WSOP, he is five bracelets behind Phil Hellmuth, who earned his 15th bracelet at the 2018 World Series of Poker. He cashed in the 2013 World Series of Poker $10,000 No Limit Hold'em Championship event, marking the fifth decade he has cashed in the event; as of 2018, his total live tournament winnings exceed $6,100,000. He has totaled over $3,000,000 in earnings from his 37 cashes at the WSOP. Brunson has two Texas hold'em hands named after him; the holding of ten-deuce bears his name because he won the No Limit Hold'Em event at the World Series of Poker two years in a row with a ten and a two, in both cases completing a full house.