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Hua Guofeng

Hua Guofeng was a Chinese politician who served as Chairman of the Communist Party of China and Premier of the People's Republic of China. Hua held the top offices of the government and the military after Premier Zhou and Chairman Mao's death, but was forced out of major political power by more influential party leaders by June 1981 and subsequently retreated from the political scene. From Shanxi province, Hua rose to power as a regional official in Hunan between 1949 and 1971, first serving as the prefecture Party Committee Secretary of the Xiangtan, Mao's home area as the party secretary in the province during the latter stages of the Cultural Revolution. Hua was elevated to the national stage in early 1976, was known for his unswerving loyalty to Mao. After the death of Zhou Enlai, Mao elevated Hua to the position of Premier of the State Council, overseeing government work, of First Vice Chairman of the Communist Party, which made him Mao's designated successor. On 6 October 1976, shortly after the death of Mao, Hua removed the Gang of Four from political power by arranging for their arrests in Beijing.

Afterwards he took on Chairman of the Central Military Commission. Hua is thus far the only leader to have held the offices of party leader, premier and CMC chairman. Hua attempted moderate reforms and reversing some of the excesses of Cultural Revolution-era policies. However, because of his insistence on continuing the Maoist line and refusal to adopt large-scale reforms, he faced resistance in the upper echelons of the party. In December 1978, a group of party veterans led by Deng Xiaoping, a pragmatic reformer, forced Hua from power but allowed him to retain some titles. Hua faded into political obscurity, but continued to insist on the correctness of Maoist principles, he is remembered as a benign transitional figure in modern Chinese political history. Born in Jiaocheng County, Shanxi province, Hua joined the Communist Party of China in 1938 as a part of counter-Japanese resistance, after having joined the Long March in 1936. Like many Communists of the era who took on revolutionary names, he changed his name to Huá Guófēng as an abbreviation of "中華抗日救國先鋒隊".

After having served in the 8th Route Army during 12 years under General Zhu De's command, he became propaganda chief for the county Party committee in 1947. Hua moved with the PLA to Hunan in 1949, where he married Han Zhijun in January, remained there as a local official until 1971, he was appointed Party secretary for Xiangyin County in August, just before the establishment of the People's Republic of China. In 1952, he was appointed secretary of Xiangtan Special District, which included Mao's hometown, Shaoshan. In this role, he built a memorial hall dedicated to Mao; when Mao visited the site, in June 1959, he was favorably impressed. Mao Zedong first met Hua in 1955, was impressed by his simplicity. Hua participated in the 1959 Lushan Conference as a member of the Hunan Provincial Party delegation, wrote two investigative reports defending communes and the Great Leap Forward, he denounced Defense Minister Peng Dehuai and other critics of the Great Leap, argued that the death toll, said to number up to 30-40 million people, was exaggerated.

Hua's sycophantic loyalty to Mao thus ensured his political future. Hua's influence increased with the Cultural Revolution, as he supported it and led the movement in Hunan, he organized the preparation for the establishment of the local Revolutionary Committee in 1967, of which he was a deputy chairman, gained wide attention for suppressing a hard-line extremist faction. In December 1970, he was elected new chairman of the Revolutionary Committee as well as first secretary of the CPC Hunan Committee, he was elected a full member of the 9th Central Committee in 1969. Hua was called to Beijing to direct Zhou Enlai's State Council staff office in 1971, but only stayed for a few months before returning to his previous post in Hunan; that year, he was appointed as the most junior of the seven-member committee investigating the Lin Biao Affair, a sign of the strong trust Mao had in him. Hua was re-elected to the 10th Central Committee in 1973 and elevated to membership in the Politburo, he became minister of public security and vice-premier in 1975, but his duties were far broader, as he was chosen to deliver a speech on modernizing agriculture in October of that year which echoed the views of Zhou Enlai.

Zhou Enlai died on 8 January 1976, at a time when Deng Xiaoping's reformist alliance was not yet strong enough to stand up to both the ailing Mao Zedong and his Cultural Revolution allies, the Gang of Four. A week after reading the late premier's eulogy, Deng left Beijing along with several close allies for the relative safety of Guangzhou. Although Mao Zedong had wanted to appoint Wang Hongwen as Zhou Enlai's successor, he ended up naming Hua as acting premier. At the same time, the leftist-controlled media began denouncing Deng once again. Popular affection for Zhou was underestimated, leading to a confrontation between the radicals' militia allies and Beijing citizens seeking to honor Zhou during the traditional Qingming festival. At the same time, Hua delivered speeches on the "official line for criticizing Deng Xiaoping", which were approved by Mao and the Party Central C

Russian surface-to-air missile design bureaus

This article is about Russian design bureaus and related Surface-to-Air Missiles. The MKB Fakel design bureau is located in Khimki Moscow Oblast, was founded in 1953 under the designation OKB-2; the bureau has designed the following tactical and strategic surface-to-air missiles, as well as exoatmospheric anti-ballistic missile interceptors: V-750 series missiles systems), 5V24, 5V27 missiles, 5V21, 5V28, 5V28V missiles, 5V55K, 5V55R, 5V55R / 5V55KD, 5V55U, 48N6, 48N6E2 missiles, 40N6, 9M96 series, 9M33, 9M33M1, 9M33M2, 9M33M3, 9A33BM3 missiles, 9M330, 9M331, 9M332, 9M338 missiles, 51T6 Gorgon missile. The NPO Novator design bureau is located in Yekaterinburg Sverdlovsk Oblast, was founded in 1947 under the designation OKB-8; the bureau has designed the following tactical and strategic surface-to-air missiles for Air Defence Troops of Ground Forces, as well as endoatmospheric anti-ballistic missile interceptors: 9M8 missiles, 9M38 missiles, 9M82, 9M83 missiles, 53T6 Gazelle missile. Dolgoprudnenskoe Scientific Production Plant is located in Dolgoprudny Moscow Oblast and was founded in 1931.

9M38M1 missiles 9M317 missile for SA-17 / Buk-M2 system and for the naval version Shtil-1 The Tikhomirov Scientific Research Institute of Instrument Design is located in Zhukovsky Moscow Oblast and was founded in 1955 under the designation OKB-11 GKAT. The institute has designed the following tactical surface-to-air missile systems: SA-6 / 2K12 Kub, SA-11a / 9K37M1 Buk-M1, 9K37M1-2 SA-11b Buk-M1-2, SA-17 / 9K317 Buk-M2 9K317M Buk-M3 The Nudelman Precision Engineering Design Bureau is located in Moscow and was founded in 1934 under the designation OKB-16; the bureau has designed the following tactical surface-to-air missile systems: SA-9 / 9K31 Strela-1 Self Propelled Air Defense Missile System, SA-13 / 9K35 Strela-10 Tracked Air Defense Missile System, 9K35 Strela-10 in modified versions, Sosna Tracked Air Defense Missile System, Palma Naval Air Defense Gun and Missile Close-in weapon System. The Joint Stock Company KBP Instrument Design Bureau is located in the city of Tula, Tula Oblast and was founded in 1927.

The company offers the following combined gun and missile air defense systems: SA-22 / Pantsir-S1 Self Propelled Missile and Gun System with 57E6 missiles, CADS-N-1 / Kashtan-M Naval Air Defense Gun and Missile Close-in weapon System with 9M311K and 9M311E missiles, SA-19 / 2K22 Tunguska-M1 Tracked Missile and Gun System with 9M311, 9M311K, 9M311-1, 9M311M and 9M311-M1 missiles. The Joint Stock Company KB Mashynostroyeniya, located in Kolomna was founded in 1942. KBM offers the following MANPADS. SA-7a / 9K32 Strela-2, SA-7b / 9K32M Strela-2M SA-14 / 9K34 Strela-3 SA-16 / 9K310 Igla-1 SA-18 / 9K38 Igla SA-24 / 9K338 Igla-S 9K333 Verba MKB Fakel NPO Novator NIIP KB Tochmash KBM KPB

Théophile de Bordeu

Théophile de Bordeu was a French physician. Bordeu was an early advocate of vitalism. 1754: Aquitaniae minerales aquae, Quillau, 1754. Correspondance, Centre national de la recherche scientifique, 1977–1979 1774: Hommage à la vallée d'Ossau, 1757: L’usage des eaux de Barèges et du mercure, pour les écrouelles: ou dissertation sur les tumeurs scrophuleuses, Debure, Lettres contenant des essais sur l’histoire des eaux minérales du Béarn sur leur nature, différence, proprieté. 1746: Lettres contenant des essais sur l'histoire des eaux minérales du Béarn et de quelques-unes des provinces voisines, Poppé libraires. Lettres inédites, Bordeaux, Bière, 1960 1761: Nouvelles observations sur le pouls intermittent: qui indique l’usage des purgatifs, Vincent, 1818: Œuvres complètes précédées d’une notice sur sa vie et sur ses ouvrages, Caille, 1769: Précis d’observations sur les eaux de Barèges et les autres eaux minérales du Bigorre et du Béarn, Paris, 1751: Recherches anatomiques sur la position des glandes et sur leur action, Quillau, 1755: Recherches anatomiques sur les articulations des os de la face, Imprimerie Royale, Recherches sur l’histoire de la médecine, Paris, G. Masson, 1882 1779–1786: Recherches sur le pouls par rapport aux crises contenant les décisions de plusieurs savans médecins sur la doctrine du pouls.

Didot jeune, 1772: Recherches sur le pouls par rapport aux crises, Didot, jeune, 1767: Recherches sur le tissu muqueux: ou, L’organe cellulaire, et sur quelques maladies de la poitrine, Didot le jeune, 1790: Recherches sur le tissu muqueux, ou l’organe cellulaire, et sur quelques maladies de la poitrine, Didot le jeune, Recherches sur les maladies chroniques: leurs rapports avec les maladies aiguës, leurs périodes, leur nature, et sur la manière dont on les traite aux eaux minérales de Barèges, et des autres sources de l’Aquitaine, Gabon: J. A. 1764: Recherches sur quelques points d’histoire de la medecine: qui peuvent avoir rapport à l’arrêt de la Grand’ Chambre du Parlement de Paris, concernant l’inoculation, et qui paroissent favorables à la tolérance de cette opération, Liège, 1764: Recherches sur quelques points d’histoire de la médicine qui peuvent avoir rapport à l’arrêt de la grand’ chambre du Parlement de Paris, concernant l’inoculation, et qui paroissent favorables à la tolérance de cette opération..

Paris, Rémont, 1774: Traité de médecine théorique & pratique, Ruault, Théophile de Bordeu on

Karl Kraepelin

Karl Matthias Friedrich Magnus Kraepelin was a German naturalist who specialised in the study of scorpions, centipedes and solfugids, was noted for his monograph Scorpiones und Pedipalpi in 1899, an exhaustive survey of the taxonomy of the Order Scorpiones. From 1889–1914 he was Director of the Naturhistorisches Museum Hamburg, destroyed during World War II, worked on myriapods from 1901–1916. Karl Kraepelin was born in Neustrelitz, he studied natural sciences in Göttingen and Leipzig, after his PhD in 1873, was professor of mathematics and sciences in Leipzig and Hamburg. In 1884 he became a member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina, he was a member of the Assembly of University Professors of Hamburg from 1901 and the Faculty Council of Colonial Institute from 1908. He was one of 7 children of scholar, stage actor and singer Karl Kraepelin, who had founded a theological college, his younger brother, Emil Kraepelin, was a pioneer in experimental psychiatry and Professor of Psychiatry in Munich from 1903–1922.

Between 1903 and 1904 Karl, accompanied by Emil, set out on a five-month voyage, visiting Ceylon, India and Java, in 1908 they undertook a two-month trip to the United States. Kraepelin gained worldwide recognition for his commitment to reform science education in schools, he authored several books on botany and zoology, among which, Leitfaden für den Unterricht an Botanischen mittleren und höheren Schulen. He died in Hamburg, aged 66. Numerous species were named in his honour, e.g. Boiga kraepelini, the square-headed cat snake, Physocypria kraepelini, Clavatula kraepelini, Tetramorium kraepelini, Iurus kraepelini and many others. Kraepelin K. "Die Deutschen Süsswasser-Bryozoen. I. Anatomisch-systematischer Teil ". Abhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg 10: 1-168 + Plates 1-7. Online. Kraepelin K. "Über einige neue Gliederspinnen ". Abhandlungen und Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg 16: 4.. Kraepelin K. "Palpigradi und Solifugae. Heft 12 ". Pp. xi + 1–159.

In: Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen.. Kraepelin K. "Scorpione und Solifugen Nordost-Afrikas, gesammelt 1900 und 1901 von Carlo Freihern von Erlanger und Oscar Neumann ". Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 18: 557–578.. Kraepelin K. "Die sekundären Geschlechtscharaktere der Skorpione, Pedipalpen und Solifugen ". Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten 25: 181–225.. Newspaper clippings about Karl Kraepelin in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW

Sara Serraiocco

Sara Serraiocco is an Italian film and television actress. Born in Pescara, Serraiocco developed from a young age a passion for dance and cinema, she worked as a dance teacher too. In 2010, Serraiocco moved to Rome where she attended the Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia Italian National Film School. After appearing in one episode of crime series R. I. S. Roma, Serraiocco made her film debut in 2013, starring in Salvo, awarded The Critics' Week Grand Prix during 2013 Cannes Film Festival, her performance as a blind girl brought up in the suburbs of Palermo got her several awards including the Italian Golden Globe for best actress and the "Guglielmo Biraghi" Nastro d'Argento as best new talent. In 2014, Serraiocco was picked by director Liliana Cavani to play the role of Saint Clare of Assisi in the miniseries Francesco. In 2015, Serraiocco starred in the film Cloro, directed by Lamberto Sanfelice; the film was presented both at the 65th Berlinale. She was nominated best actress at the 2015 Globo d'oro award for this role.

During the same year, Serraiocco was chosen by Enrico Pau to play the role of Tecla in the film Accabadora co-starring Donatella Finocchiaro and Barry Ward. Shortly after she was invited to be part of the jury at Independent section of the 2015 Rome Film Fest. Serraiocco was awarded the Shooting Stars Award as best European talent during the 66th Berlin International Film Festival. Meanwhile, Serraiocco landed the lead role in Marco Danieli’s debut feature film La Ragazza del Mondo, presented within the GdA review during the Venice Film Festival, her performance in this film granted her several recognitions: the “Premio Pasinetti” as Best Actress and the nomination for Best Actress both in the 2017 edition of Globo d’oro and Nastri d’argento. In addition to this she won the golden Ciak alongside with Michele Riondino as best acting duo of the year, she landed the female leading role of Nora in Non è un paese per giovani directed by Giovanni Veronesi in 2017 whose subject was inspired by the radio show hosted by Danieli on Radio 2.

The film got Serraiocco the nomination as Best Lead Actress in the 2017 Nastri d’Argento. She played the main character in Cosimo Gomez’s debut film Brutti e Cattivi, presented in the “Orizzonti” section of the 2017 Venice Film Fest. Serraiocco has been cast as a series regular in the TV series Counterpart directed by Morten Tyldum, where she played the role of Baldwin alongside Academy Award winner J. K. Simmons, her performance in Counterpart gained her a Best Supporting Actress nomination at the Autostraddle TV Awards. In 2017, she returned to Italy to shoot Alessandro Capitani’s debut film In viaggio con Adele, presented at the 2018 Rome Film Festival. Still in that year, she got back to Los Angeles to shoot the second season of Counterpart. After that, she was chosen by director Renato De Maria to play the lead female role in his movie “Lo spietato”. In 2019 she was chosen as a member of the international jury at the Kiev film festival, Molodist 48. In September 2019 she plays the role of Marica in "Non odiare", directed by Mauro Mancini.

The film is now in pre-production. She leads the female role in "Io sto bene", directed by Donato Rotunno. Salvo,directed by Fabio Grassadonia ed Antonio Piazza Cloro, directed by Lamberto Sanfelice La ragazza del mondo, directed by Marco Danieli Non è un paese per giovani, directed by Giovanni Veronesi L'accabadora, directed by Enrico Pau Brutti e cattivi, directed by Cosimo Gomez In viaggio con Adele, directed by Alessandro Capitani The Ruthless, directed by Renato De Maria Francesco, directed by Liliana Cavani Counterpart Counterpart 2 Official website Sara Serraiocco on IMDb

Allangrange railway station

Allangrange railway station was a station on the single track branch of the Highland Railway, in north east Scotland. The line connected villages in The Black Isle peninsula to the railway network via a junction at Muir of Ord. Opened by the Highland Railway, it became part of the London and Scottish Railway during the Grouping of 1923; the station passed on to the Scottish Region of British Railways on nationalisation in 1948. It was closed by British Railways. Authorisation was obtained on 4 July 1890 to build a 15.75 mile branch line from Muir of Ord to Rosemarkie. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt and stopping place and present. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Nationalised Railway Atlas. Penryn, Cornwall: Atlantic Transport Publishers. ISBN 978-0-906899-99-1. OCLC 228266687. Jowett, Alan. Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day.

Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-086-0. OCLC 22311137. Station on navigable O. S. map Vallance, H. A.. The Highland Railway. 4th Extended edition: extra material by C. R. Clinker and Anthony J. Lambert. Newton Abbot: David St John Thomas. ISBN 0-946537-24-0. RAILSCOT article on the Fortrose Branch Allangrange station on navigable O. S. map