Futian District is one of the nine districts comprising the city of Shenzhen, People's Republic of China. The district is home to the government and Municipal Committee of Shenzhen, as well as the central business district of the city. There are two theories concerning the origin of the district's name: From an inscription dating to the Song Dynasty which reads: "Lakes and mountains are blessed with fertile farmlands". Written records show that people from Shangsha Village built houses in Songziling in 1192, farmlands were cultivated in lattice shapes, which in Chinese is a homophone for "Futian" meaning "blessed fields". Luohu District was established in April one month after Shenzhen was promoted to city status. Futian, another area called Fucheng, became communes within the Luohu District. Futian became part of the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone after it was designated in 1980, it became a subdistrict under the district of Shangbu. Futian, along with Nanshan, was promoted to district status in October 1990.
The Shangbu district, which had governed the Futian subdistrict the previous decade, became a part of the Futian district. The district government was established on Shennan Middle Road. Rapid urbanization occurred in the late 20th century; the Central Business District of Shenzhen is a planned development project that began in the early 1990s. Located within the Futian district, it comprises an area of 607 hectares; the four sides of the district are delineated by Binhe Dadao, Lianhua Road, Xinzhou Road and Caitian Road. Many office high-rises and government buildings are located in the CBD, some of which are prominent buildings in Shenzhen, such as the Shenzhen City Hall, Shenzhen Library and Concert Hall, Shenzhen Development Bank building and the Shenzhen Convention and Exhibition Center. Located directly north of the CBD is Lianhuashan Park. There are numerous skyscrapers in the CBD, including the SEG Tower, China Merchants Bank Tower, the twin towers of East Pacific Center, the 600 m Ping An Finance Centre, the second tallest building in China and the fourth tallest in the world.
Wal-Mart China has its headquarters in Towers 3 of SZITIC Square in Futian District. Everbright International has its Shenzhen Offices in Oriental Xintiandi Plaza in Futian District; the hotel chain Vienna Hotels had its headquarters in Lüjing Garden, Futian District. Futian is served by seven metro lines operated by Shenzhen Metro; these lines and their stations and connections are: Line 1 – Science Museum, Huaqiang Road, Gangxia and Exhibition Center 4, Shopping Park 3, Chegongmiao 7 9 11, Qiaocheng East Line 2 – Shenkang, Antuo Hill 7, Xiangmi, Xiangmei North, Jingtian 9, Lianhua West, Futian 3 11, Civic Center 4, Gangxia North, Huaqiang North 7, Yannan Line 3 – Yitian, Shixia 7, Shopping Park 1, Futian 2 11, Children's Palace 4, Huaxin 7, Hongling 9 Line 4 – Futian Checkpoint, Fumin 7, Convention and Exhibition Center 1, Civic Center 2, Children's Palace 3, Lianhua North, Shangmeilin 9 Line 7 - Autuo Hill 2, Chegongmiao 1 9 11, Shawei, Shixia 3, Fumin 4, Huanggang Checkpoint, Huaqiang South, Huaqiang North 2, Huaxin 3, Bagualing Line 9 - Xiasha, Chegongmiao 1 7 11, Jingtian 2, Xiameilin, Shangmeilin 4, Yinhu, Hongling North 7, Hongling 3 Line 11 – Chegongmiao 1 7 9, Futian 2 3 Central Walk Shopping Mall The mall is located at the Convention and Exhibition Center metro station and features three levels of shopping and dining.
Coco Park Coco Park is an upscale retail complex in Futian Central Business District. Aside from a shopping mall, it features a popular street bar, large open public spaces and restaurants. Huaqiangbei Huaqiangbei is known for the largest of its kind in China, it offers a variety of men's and women's fashions, shoes and leather goods. There are now 83 schools delivering primary and secondary education holding 111,982 students and 11,503 teaching staff. Futian is home to 140 kindergartens. Shenzhen Senior High School Shenzhen Experimental Middle School Futian Middle School Shenzhen Foreign Languages School Hongling Middle School Xinsha Middle School Huangggang Middle School Green Oasis SchoolQSI International School of Shenzhen had a campus in Honeylake, Futian District, adjacent to the Shenzhen Celebrities Club. Futian District is the location of the University of Hong Kong–Shenzhen Hospital, a municipally-funded public teaching hospital. One of the immigration control points, its counterpart in Hong Kong is Lok Ma Chau Spur Line Control Point, connected through a pedestrian bridge.
The port is served by Futian Checkpoint Station on the Shenzhen Metro, itself being located within the port building. Another immigration checkpoint is located 150 m east of Futian Port; this is the only one of the six immigration checkpoints between Shenzhen and Hong Kong, open 24 hours. The crossing is highway-only and used by trucks and busses, with the mainland and Hong Kong crossings being on opposite sides of a bridge over the Shenzhen River, its counterpart in Hong Kong is Lok Ma Chau Control Point. It marks the terminus of the G4 Beijing–Hong Kong–Macau Expressway. Futian station Futian Government Online (in Chin
Tai'an station (Shenzhen Metro)
Tai'an station is a Metro station of Shenzhen Metro Line 5 and Line 7. Line 5 platforms opened on 22 June 2011 and Line 7 platforms opened on 28 October 2016. Shenzhen Metro Tai'an Station Shenzhen Metro Tai'an Station Shenzhen Metro Tai'an Station Shenzhen Metro Tai'an Station
Xili Lake station
Xili Lake station is a Metro station of Shenzhen Metro Line 7. It opened on 28 October 2016. Shenzhen Metro Xili Lake Station Shenzhen Metro Xili Lake Station
Guangdong is a province in South China, on the South China Sea coast. Guangdong surpassed Henan and Shandong to become the most populous province in China in January 2005, registering 79.1 million permanent residents and 31 million migrants who lived in the province for at least six months of the year. This makes it the most populous first-level administrative subdivision of any country outside of South Asia, as its population is surpassed only by those of the Pakistani province of Punjab and the Indian states of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh; the provincial capital Guangzhou and economic hub Shenzhen are among the most populous and important cities in China. The population increase since the census has been modest, the province registering 108,500,000 people in 2015. Most of the historical Guangdong Province is administered by the People's Republic of China. However, the archipelagos of Pratas in the South China Sea are controlled by the Republic of China, were part of Guangdong Province before the Chinese Civil War.
Since 1989, Guangdong has topped the total GDP rankings among all provincial-level divisions, with Jiangsu and Shandong second and third in rank. According to state statistics, Guangdong's GDP in 2017 reached 1.42 trillion US dollars, making its economy the same size as Mexico. The province contributes 12% of the PRC's national economic output, is home to the production facilities and offices of a wide-ranging set of Chinese and foreign corporations. Guangdong hosts the largest import and export fair in China, the Canton Fair, hosted in the provincial capital of Guangzhou. "Guǎng" means "wide" or "vast", has been associated with the region since the creation of Guang Prefecture in AD 226. The name "Guang" came from Guangxin, an outpost established in Han dynasty near modern Wuzhou, whose name is a reference to an order by Emperor Wu of Han to "widely bestow favors and sow trust". Together and Guangxi are called Loeng gwong During the Song dynasty, the Two Guangs were formally separated as Guǎngnán Dōnglù and Guǎngnán Xīlù, which became abbreviated as Guǎngdōng Lù and Guǎngxī Lù. "Canton", though etymologically derived from Cantão, refers only to the provincial capital instead of the whole province, as documented by authoritative English dictionaries.
The local people of the city of Guangzhou and their language are called Cantonese in English. Because of the prestige of Canton and its accent, Cantonese sensu lato can be used for the phylogenetically related residents and Chinese dialects outside the provincial capital; the Neolithic era began in the Pearl River Delta 7,000 years before present, with the early period from around 7000 to 5000 BP, the late period from about 5000 to 3500 BP. In coastal Guangdong, the Neolithic was introduced from the middle Yangtze River area. In inland Guangdong, the neolithic appeared in Guangdong 4,600 years before present; the Neolithic in northern inland Guangdong is represented by the Shixia culture, which occurred from 4600–4200 BP. Inhabited by a mixture of tribal groups known to the Chinese as the Baiyue, the region first became part of China during the Qin dynasty. Under the Qin Dynasty, Chinese administration began and along with it reliable historical records in the region. After establishing the first unified Chinese empire, the Qin expanded southwards and set up Nanhai Commandery at Panyu, near what is now part of Guangzhou.
The region was a independent kingdom as Nanyue between the fall of Qin and the reign of Emperor Wu of Han. The Han dynasty administered Guangdong and northern Vietnam as Jiaozhi Province, southernmost Jiaozhi Province was used as a gateway for traders from the west—as far away as the Roman Empire. Under the Wu Kingdom of the Three Kingdoms period, Guangdong was made its own province, the Guang Province, in 226 CE; as time passed, the demographics of what is now Guangdong shifted to Chinese dominance as the populations intermingled due to commerce along the great canals, abruptly shifted through massive migration from the north during periods of political turmoil and nomadic incursions from the fall of the Han dynasty onwards. For example, internal strife in northern China following the rebellion of An Lushan resulted in a 75% increase in the population of Guangzhou prefecture between the 740s–750s and 800s–810s; as more migrants arrived, the local population was assimilated to Han Chinese culture or displaced.
Together with Guangxi, Guangdong was made part of Lingnan Circuit, or Mountain-South Circuit, in 627 during the Tang dynasty. The Guangdong part of Lingnan Circuit was renamed Guangnan East Circuit guǎng nán dōng lù in 971 during the Song dynasty. "Guangnan East" is the source of the name "Guangdong". As Mongols from the north engaged in their conquest of China in the 13th century, the Southern Song court fled southwards from its capital in Hangzhou; the defeat of the Southern Song court by Mongol naval forces in The Battle of Yamen 1279 in Guangdong marked the end of the Southern Song dynasty. During the Mongol Yuan dynas
Huaqiangbei is an area and subdistrict of Futian, Guangdong Province, China. The area's status as a major electronics manufacturing hub, sprawling electronics marketplaces have earned it occidental nicknames such as "China's Silicon Valley", the "Silicon Valley of Hardware"; the subdistrict runs from Shennan Road at SEG Plaza near Huaqiang Road Station of the Shenzhen Metro for 1 kilometre north to the Pavilion Hotel. It is at the spine of a shopping district, with cross streets Zhenzhong Road, Zhenhua Road and Zhenxing Road. Huafa Road is parallel to the east with Yannan Road further away; the central area of the district is along Huaqiang Road, a busy pedestrian street which the district is named after. The area is characterized by tree-lined streets with wide footpaths. There are three Shenzhen Metro stations in the area: Huaqiang Road station on Line 1 Huaqiang North station on Line 2 and Line 7 Huaxin station on Line 3 and Line 7 Shenzhen: The Silicon Valley of Hardware, Youtube: a documentary focused on Huaqiangbei
Shenzhen Library is the public library system of Shenzhen, China. The main library is a part of the Shenzhen Cultural Center in Futian District, it was the Bao'an County Library. As of 2016 there were 627 public library facilities in Shenzhen; the main library occupies a 49,589-square-metre building on a 29,612-square-metre plot of land. In 2009 city government began a library platform program called "City of Libraries". Shenzhen Library Shenzhen Library
Huaxin station, is a station of Shenzhen Metro Line 3 and Line 7. Line 3 platforms opened on 28 June 2011 and Line 7 platforms opened on 28 October 2016. Shenzhen Metro Official Page Shenzhen Metro Official Page