Norwich railway station
Norwich railway station is the eastern terminus of the Great Eastern Main Line in the East of England, serving the city of Norwich, Norfolk. It is 114 miles 40 chains down the main line from the western terminus, it is the terminus of numerous secondary lines: the Breckland Line to Cambridge, the Bittern Line to Sheringham, the Wherry Lines to Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft. The station is managed by Greater Anglia, which operates the majority of the trains that serve the station. East Midlands Trains operates a service to Liverpool Lime Street. At one time there were three railway stations in Norwich: Norwich Thorpe, the current station, still known locally as "Thorpe station"; the original station was opened by the Yarmouth & Norwich Railway, the earliest railway in Norfolk. The YNR's Act of Parliament of 18 June 1842 authorised the issue of £200,000 worth of shares to build a line between the two towns, via Reedham and the Yare valley; the chairman was George Stephenson and the chief engineer was his son, Robert Stephenson.
Construction started in April 1843 and the 20.5-mile line was completed in a year. There was an inspection and inaugural run on 12 April 1844, a ceremonial opening on 30 April 1844, followed the next day by the beginning of regular passenger services. On 18 May 1844, 17 days after the Y&NR started running train services, Parliament gave the Royal Assent to the Norwich & Brandon Railway; this was part of a plan to link the Y&NR with London, by linking up with the Eastern Counties Railway being built from Newport, Essex, to Brandon, Suffolk. Work started during 1844 and went on into 1845. On 30 June 1845, a Bill authorising the amalgamation of the Y&NR with the N&BR came into effect, Norwich station became a Norfolk Railway asset; the N&BR line arrived at the station on 15 December 1845, which offered a route to Shoreditch in London via Cambridge and Bishop's Stortford. The Eastern Union Railway was building a line towards Norwich, that led to great rivalry between the EUR and the ECR; the ECR trumped the EUR by taking over the Norfolk Railway, including Norwich Station, on 8 May 1848.
The following year, the EUR started services to Norwich Victoria. The opening of Norwich Victoria on 12 December 1849 led to the ECR naming its station Norwich Thorpe. On 27 August 1851, EUR services from Ipswich started serving the better-placed Thorpe station. By the 1860s, the railways in East Anglia were in financial trouble, most were leased to the Eastern Counties Railway, which wanted to amalgamate them formally, but government agreement could not be obtained for that until an Act of Parliament on 7 August 1862, when the Great Eastern Railway was formed by the amalgamation. Norwich Thorpe and Norwich Victoria became GER stations on 1 July 1862, when the GER took over the ECR and the EUR before the Bill had received the Royal Assent. A decade after the GER was formed, the latter promoted a new line from Norwich to Cromer; that line was opened on 20 October 1874, a new station was constructed at the junction of the Cromer line and Yarmouth & Norwich line. The new station, stood between Norwich Thorpe and Brundall on the Yarmouth line.
With traffic growing, it was apparent. It was built to the north of the original station, opening on 3 May 1886, is the structure surviving today; the old terminus became part of the expanded goods facilities. The new station was built, at the cost of £60,000, by Messrs Youngs and Son, of Norwich, from designs by Messrs J Wilson and W. N. Ashbee, the company's engineer and architect respectively; the attractive station building was constructed around a central clock tower with two-storey matching wings either side. A portico was built onto the clock-tower section. There was a circulating area with a high ceiling, the roof was supported by ironwork supplied by contractor Barnard Bishop and Barnard; the roof extended down the platforms, which were covered by canopies for part of their length. There were five platforms, with engine-release roads between platforms 2 and 3 and 4 and 5, which allowed locomotives to be detached from trains without the need to shunt the carriages out of the station; the GER and Norwich Thorpe changed little for the next 30 years.
On 22 May 1916, the GER closed Trowse station as a wartime economy measure. That meant the first station south of Thorpe on the Ipswich line was Swainsthorpe, the next station west of Thorpe on the Ely line was Hethersett. On 1 April 1919, five months after the end of the war, the GER reopened Trowse station; the GER went out of existence following the creation of the "Big Four" railway companies in 1923. On 1 January 1923, the GER amalgamated with several other railways to form the London and North Eastern Railway, as a result of the Railways Act 1921, which saw most of the 120 railway companies grouped into four main companies, in an effort to stem their losses. Norwich Thorpe became an LNER asset. During World War II the station was bombed in June 1940 and April 1942. Following the Transport Act 1947 the Big Four railway companies, including the LNER, were amalgamated into the nationalised British Railways. On 1 January 1948, the nationalisation of Britain's railways saw the operation of Norwich Thorpe station pass to British Railways.
Platform 6 was added i
British Railways, which from 1965 traded as British Rail, was the state-owned company that operated most of the overground rail transport in Great Britain between 1948 and 1997. It was formed from the nationalisation of the "Big Four" British railway companies and lasted until the gradual privatisation of British Rail, in stages between 1994 and 1997. A trading brand of the Railway Executive of the British Transport Commission, it became an independent statutory corporation in 1962 designated as the British Railways Board; the period of nationalisation saw sweeping changes in the national railway network. A process of dieselisation and electrification took place, by 1968 steam locomotion had been replaced by diesel and electric traction, except for the Vale of Rheidol Railway. Passengers replaced freight as the main source of business, one third of the network was closed by the Beeching Axe of the 1960s in an effort to reduce rail subsidies. On privatisation, responsibility for track and stations was transferred to Railtrack and that for trains to the train operating companies.
The British Rail "double arrow" logo is formed of two interlocked arrows showing the direction of travel on a double track railway and was nicknamed "the arrow of indecision". It is now employed as a generic symbol on street signs in Great Britain denoting railway stations, as part of the Rail Delivery Group's jointly-managed National Rail brand is still printed on railway tickets; the rail transport system in Great Britain developed during the 19th century. After the grouping of 1923 under the Railways Act 1921, there were four large railway companies, each dominating its own geographic area: the Great Western Railway, the London and Scottish Railway, the London and North Eastern Railway and the Southern Railway. During World War I the railways were under state control, which continued until 1921. Complete nationalisation had been considered, the Railways Act 1921 is sometimes considered as a precursor to that, but the concept was rejected. Nationalisation was subsequently carried out after World War II, under the Transport Act 1947.
This Act made provision for the nationalisation of the network, as part of a policy of nationalising public services by Clement Attlee's Labour Government. British Railways came into existence as the business name of the Railway Executive of the British Transport Commission on 1 January 1948 when it took over the assets of the Big Four. There were joint railways between the Big Four and a few light railways to consider. Excluded from nationalisation were industrial lines like the Oxfordshire Ironstone Railway; the London Underground – publicly owned since 1933 – was nationalised, becoming the London Transport Executive of the British Transport Commission. The Bicester Military Railway was run by the government; the electric Liverpool Overhead Railway was excluded from nationalisation. The Railway Executive was conscious that some lines on the network were unprofitable and hard to justify and a programme of closures began immediately after nationalisation. However, the general financial position of BR became poorer, until an operating loss was recorded in 1955.
The Executive itself had been abolished in 1953 by the Conservative government, control of BR transferred to the parent Commission. Other changes to the British Transport Commission at the same time included the return of road haulage to the private sector. British Railways was divided into regions which were based on the areas the former Big Four operated in. Notably, these included the former Great Central lines from the Eastern Region to the London Midland Region, the West of England Main Line from the Southern Region to Western Region Southern Region: former Southern Railway lines. Western Region: former Great Western Railway lines. London Midland Region: former London Midland and Scottish Railway lines in England and Wales. Eastern Region: former London and North Eastern Railway lines south of York. North Eastern Region: former London and North Eastern Railway lines in England north of York. Scottish Region: all lines, regardless of original company, in Scotland; the North Eastern Region was merged with the Eastern Region in 1967.
In 1982, the regions were abolished and replaced by "business sectors", a process known as sectorisation. The Anglia Region was created in late 1987, its first General Manager being John Edmonds, who began his appointment on 19 October 1987. Full separation from the Eastern Region – apart from engineering design needs – occurred on 29 April 1988, it handled the services from Fenchurch Street and Liverpool Street, its western boundary being Hertford East and Whittlesea. The report, latterly known as the "Modernisation Plan", was published in January 1955, it was intended to bring the railway system into the 20th century. A government White Paper produced in 1956 stated that modernisation would help eliminate BR's financial deficit by 1962, but the figures in both this and the original plan were produced for political reasons and not based on detailed analysis; the aim was to increase speed, reliability and line capacity through a series of measures that would make services more attractive to passengers and freight operators, thus recovering traffic lost to the roads.
Important areas included: Electrification of principal main lines, in the Eastern Region, Birmingham to Liverpool/Manchester and Central Scotland Large-scale dieselisation to replace steam locomotives New passenger and freight rolling stock R
East Midlands Trains
East Midlands Trains is a British train operating company owned by Stagecoach Group. Based in Derby, the company provides train services in the East Midlands and parts of Yorkshire, chiefly in Lincolnshire, South Yorkshire, Leicestershire and Northamptonshire; the franchise commenced in November 2007 with the amalgamation of the Midland Mainline and eastern parts of the Central Trains franchises and will run until August 2019. In June 2006 the Department for Transport announced its intention to restructure some rail franchises. Included was an East Midlands franchise combining the Midland Mainline franchise with the East Midlands services of the Central Trains franchise. In September 2006 the Department for Transport announced that Arriva, FirstGroup, National Express and Stagecoach had been shortlisted to bid for the franchise. In June 2007 the Department for Transport awarded the East Midlands franchise to Stagecoach and services operated by Central Trains and Midland Mainline transferred to East Midlands Trains on 11 November 2007.
Due to end in March 2015, the franchise has been extended several times and is now planned to finish in August 2019. In April 2019, the DfT announced that Abellio had won its bid for the East Midlands franchise, after Stagecoach was disqualified from the process due to not meeting pension obligations; the service will be renamed "East Midlands Railway" and the contract is due to last until August 2027. Amidst a background of ongoing rail strikes on a national level, the National Union of Rail and Transport Workers warned in September 2017 that East Midlands Trains staff could be balloted for potential industrial action following a breakdown in negotiations over an ongoing pay rise dispute; the dispute was settled without industrial action, the threat of strikes on East Midlands Trains services was dropped. East Midlands Trains divided its services between two sub-brands: Mainline inter-city services, Connect urban and suburban services, which came from the Central Trains franchise. However, from April 2008, the company dropped the "Mainline" and "Connect" branding in favour of "London" and "Local" services.
It has four broad routes for the areas in which it operates, except for the high-speed services, which all serve London. EMT promised better integration between "London" and "Local" services, together with increased punctuality and becoming more user-friendly. On 25 November 2008, Peter Bone asked if the Secretary of State for Transport supports the "In the Can" campaign, whereby sardines are sent to the Chief Executive to show dissatisfaction at perceived overcrowding. Helen Southworth raised the overcrowding issue on the same day; the service pattern at the start of the franchise was of 4 off-peak departures from London: 2 fast and 2 stopping. Sheffield peak-hour trains extended from and to Leeds, with weekend services extending to York/Scarborough. 1 peak-hour Derby service was extended to one to Barnsley. EMT made no significant changes until the introduction of its December 2008 timetable. In December 2008, EMT made significant changes to the service pattern, similar to the current one. There are five off-peak departures from London: 2 fast, 2 stopping.
A smaller number of Sheffield peak-hour trains continue to extend from and to Leeds, with weekend services extending to York/Scarborough. In addition a Nottingham service is extended to start from Lincoln Central on weekdays and Saturdays. There were plans for 2 return services to Skegness through from London in the summer; the Burton-on-Trent and Barnsley services ceased at the beginning of the December 2008 timetable, when Corby services began. One Corby service was extended to Melton Mowbray at the outset, a second was added to Derby from May 2010. In December 2013, the Midland Main Line started running at 125 mph in some areas, cutting journey times; the Liverpool Lime Street via Warrington Central, Manchester Oxford Road and Piccadilly, Nottingham and Ely to Norwich service was provided by Central Trains. Nottinghamshire County Council has campaigned for better services between the four core cities of Liverpool, Manchester and Nottingham. Network Rail's plans for the Northern Hub would deliver extra train paths along the Hope Valley Line, enabling more trains to run from the North West to the East Midlands.
In December 2012, double-unit trains were provided for services between Manchester and Nottingham to ease overcrowding. East Midlands Trains' services can be categorised into two types: London: inter-city services out of London St Pancras station, along the Midland Main Line, to various towns and cities in the East Midlands region including Bedford, Leicester, Nottingham and Sheffield; some peak-time services serve Lincoln Central, Doncaster and York, while a single Saturday service runs to and from Scarborough in the summer. These services all use Class HST sets, which are painted in a white livery. Local: short- and medium-distance services within the East Midlands region, plus the long-distance route between Liverpool Lime Street and Norwich; these services are operated by Sprinters. The Class 158 units are painted in a white livery, while the remaining units are all
Butler's Hill tram stop
Butler's Hill is a tram stop on the Nottingham Express Transit light rail system near to Hucknall in the Nottinghamshire district of Ashfield. It takes its name from the adjoining residential area of Butler's Hill; the stop is part of the NET's initial system, is situated on the long single line section between Bulwell and Hucknall tram stops that runs alongside the Robin Hood railway line. Like all the other intermediate stops on this section, the stop has a passing loop with an island platform situated between the two tracks of the loop. With the opening of NET's phase two, Butler's Hill is now on NET line 1, which runs from Hucknall through the city centre to Beeston and Chilwell. Trams run at frequencies that vary between 4 and 8 trams per hour, depending on the day and time of day; the tram stop should not be confused with the former Butler's Hill railway station, situated on the, now closed, Great Northern Railway's Nottingham to Shirebrook line, some 250 metres to the north-west of the tram stop.
The Robin Hood line that passes alongside the stop was the former Midland Railway route from Nottingham to Worksop, but there has never been a railway station at the stop's location. Media related to Butler's Hill tram stop at Wikimedia Commons
Mansfield Woodhouse railway station
Mansfield Woodhouse railway station serves the village of Mansfield Woodhouse, which adjoins the town of Mansfield. Both are located in England; the station is on the Robin Hood Line between Worksop. The station sees two services, an hourly Nottingham-Worksop and hourly working from Nottingham that terminates in the eastern side bay platform used by all trains prior to the full line reopening in 1998, before returning. During the evening, the Nottingham-Mansfield Woodhouse service does not run. An hourly Sunday service was introduced in December 2008 with the first and last service being extended to/from Skegness the following summer. Since the May 2011 timetable change, the service frequency has been reduced to two-hourly and trains only run to and from Nottingham, with no service to Worksop. East Midlands Trains operate one daily service on Mondays to Fridays to Norwich via Peterborough, but there is no corresponding return train from Norwich. A branch line veered west half a mile north of the station.
This single track line, known as "The Pleasley extension", ran through Pleasley Vale to Pleasley West station, it split into two. One line turned north and became the Doe Lea Branch, which wound a circuitous route through Rowthorne, Bolsover, Barrow Hill and Whittington to Chesterfield, it closed to normal passenger traffic in 1930 and the section between Pleasley and Glapwell was lifted. Coal continued to go out northwards from Glapwell Colliery until it closed in 1974; the other line continued south west through Tibshelf to Westhouses. That line lost its sparse passenger service in 1930, but remarkably and summer specials called at Pleasley West and Mansfield Woodhouse up to 1963; the line between Pleasley West and the junction north of Mansfield Woodhouse was closed and lifted in 1964 after which coal from the collieries on the line all went southwards to Westhouses. One by one these collieries closed and all tracks through Pleasley West became redundant and were lifted. Parts of the trackbed and those of neighbouring lines have been turned into public footpaths and bridleways.
Train times and station information for Mansfield Woodhouse railway station from National Rail
Beeston is a town in Nottinghamshire, England, 3.4 miles southwest of Nottingham city centre. To the immediate northeast is the University of Nottingham's main campus, University Park; the pharmaceutical and retail chemist group Boots has its headquarters at a large campus 0.6 miles east of the centre of Beeston, on the border of Broxtowe and the City of Nottingham. To the south lies the River Trent and the village of Attenborough, with its extensive wetlands; as a result of suburban development in the mid-twentieth century, the built-up area of Beeston is now contiguous with the former villages of Chilwell to the west, Wollaton and Lenton Abbey to the north. Beeston is to a degree separated from Bramcote to the northwest by the Beeston Fields Golf Course; the Broxtowe-City of Nottingham border runs to the east of the town and forms the town's eastern edge. There are two main areas of the town: the main area, including the main shopping district, lies to the north of the railway line. Rylands was a small settlement around Beeston Lock, comprising some tens of houses and two pubs, although the name now refers to all of the area south of the railway line.
The Jolly Angler was on the river side of the canal, but has since moved. Beeston began to spread south of the railway line in the late 19th century when a few Victorian villas were built near the level crossing by the station. Over the first few decades of the 20th century, several estates were built to house the workers at Ericssons and Boots, both of which had large factory sites south of the railway line, these estates joined Beeston and Rylands. Further post-WWII development filled in the gaps with an estate of council houses and flats, latterly with private houses and bungalows; the last significant development was in 1970 of Meadow Farm, now the four roads of timber-framed semi-detached houses between Beech Avenue and the canal. Since Beeston Rylands has had only a small amount of infill development. Beeston Rylands was at greater risk of flooding from the River Trent to the south; the last serious flood, in 1947, reached far beyond the railway line: most of Queens Road was flooded as was Nether Street.
The construction of strengthened flood defences has reduced the risk of flooding to a probability of once every fifty years. A series of flood defence improvements, costing £51 million and designed to reduce incidents of flooding to once every one hundred years, began in 2009 along a 17 miles stretch of the River Trent; the eastern edge of Beeston abuts the University of Nottingham's University Park campus, through which runs Beeston Lane. Although most of the University is within the City of Nottingham's boundaries, around half of the self-catering flats in the Broadgate Park hall of residence fall within the borough of Broxtowe. Nearer still to the town centre is Albion House, associated with the main Broadgate Park site. Beeston has a large population of postgraduate students, who prefer its quieter atmosphere compared to Dunkirk and Lenton, where many undergraduates live. Beeston is subdivided into four wards for local government/electoral purposes within the borough of Broxtowe; these are Beeston Central, Beeston Rylands and Beeston West.
Beeston's town centre falls within the West and Central wards. The North ward includes some residential estates north of the A52, including a small part of the Wollaton urban area that falls within Broxtowe. To the west of this lies Bramcote Hills and the Bramcote ward; the original Beeston-Bramcote boundary is still marked on the A52. The Beeston Rylands ward is larger by area than the other three wards as it includes unpopulated floodplains of the River Trent and industrial areas, including the part of the Boots campus that falls within Broxtowe; the Rylands ward extends north of the railway line to Queens Road and includes the former site of Nottingham Rugby Club. To the west of Beeston Rylands lies the Attenborough ward; the ward boundaries were reviewed in 2000 and resulted in two notable changes to Beeston's western boundary. In the northwest, Beeston Cemetery and the residential streets surrounding it such as Coniston Road and Windermere Road, as well as the Nuseryman pub and the eastern part of Beeston Fields Golf Course, were transferred to the Bramcote ward.
Beeston did however gain some territory from Chilwell, including residential streets such as Park Road, Grove Avenue and Cumberland Avenue, as well as Nottingham College and the small industrial area between Holly Lane and Wilmot Lane. The original boundary between the old Beeston and Chilwell parishes can still be identified by the change in road name at the site of the Hop Pole pub, from Chilwell Road to High Road; the four wards of Beeston each return two councillors to Broxtowe Borough Council. In the 2007 local elections the Liberal Democrats won all seats in the North and West wards, whilst Labour won all seats in the Central and Rylands wards; the next elections to Broxtowe Borough Council will be held in 2011. For elections to Nottinghamshire County Council the town is covered by two electoral divisions: Beeston North and Beeston South & Attenborough; each division returns one county councillor and the most recent county council elec
Home Bargains is a chain of discount stores founded in 1976 by Tom Morris in Liverpool, England, as Home and Bargain. It is the trading name of TJ Morris Ltd, stocking up to 4000 branded product lines and employs over 17,000 people from head office staff to warehouse staff and shop staff. In 2013, the company estimated they served over three million customers and published a record breaking turnover of £1 billion, subsequently increased by 50% just three years in 2016. Home Bargains were ranked in sixth place in a Which? List of 100 Top Stores, making them the highest ranking discount retailer in the United Kingdom and according to their website, the largest employer within Merseyside; the retailer was founded by owner Tom Morris in 1976 as a single store called Home and Bargain in Old Swan, Liverpool when aged just 21. The name was changed to Home Bargains in 1995 with accompanying blue-and-red corporate identity, created by relative Anton Morris. Morris started the business by obtaining a bank overdraft, with typical average takings reaching around £85 per week and was estimated in 2014 to have a personal wealth of £2.05 billion, which, by 2016, had increased to over £3 billion, making him at that time the second richest man in the North West of England.
Morris, reported to have still owned an 89% stake in the business as of 2013, operates the company with his brother Joe. The business has since grown to become one of the largest owned companies within the United Kingdom, selling a variety of household items including food and games to name a few across up to 4000 product lines. Customer numbers were estimated to be in excess of three million in 2013, with items sold consisting of 70% regular lines and the rest as one-off product lines; the retailer was ranked 6th in a Which? List of 100 Top Stores, making them the highest ranking retailer within the United Kingdom; the retailer gained approval in January 2008 to construct new headquarters in Merseyside, which it estimated would create seven hundred jobs at the Axis business park, Croxteth, as it constructed a ten storey distribution centre and retail training facility. A £70m distribution centre began construction in October 2013 in Wiltshire, England, as a duplicate of their 700,000 sq ft facility that they had opened at its Liverpool headquarters some years prior, in order that their expansion plans could be maintained.
The strap line of the retailer is "Top Brands, Bottom Prices", with operations director Joe Morris explaining their business model of acquiring stock at the same cost price as the larger supermarkets, but selling them to the public at a cheaper price. In August 2011, Home Bargains opened a website to enable customers to shop with them online. Home Bargains stores have blue branding, they can be found in major shopping streets, as well as in shopping centres and arcades. Most are centrally located. Stores range from small to medium outlets, with the retail park outlets being larger. Store sizes in 2013 were between 10,000 sq ft and 25,000 sq ft. In January 2009, the retailer acquired 14 former Woolworths stores from the failed chain Woolworths Group; these stores include Port Talbot in Wales. In Fife, two former Woolworths stores have been opened in shopping centres in Glenrothes and Kirkcaldy; the retailer had aspirations to expand in countries outside of England in 2007, though owner Tom Morris was keen to ensure such expansion was controlled to avoid the risk of over expansion.
The retailer announced in October 2008 that preparations are underway to expand into Scotland for the first time, opening their first store in Rutherglen in December 2008. There are plans to invest more than £10m in its first group of stores, by March 2009 the company aims to have six stores within the Glasgow area, employing more than two hundred people. In February 2010, the company's £25 million Northern Ireland expansion plan was announced, with plans to have opened up to 25 stores by 2015 to add to their portfolio of 190 stores; the retailer has seen strong sales growth over the past few years, with turnover more than doubling in a four year period. In 2009, the firm was aiming to be turning over £1bn a year by 2015, having grown the number of its stores to 350, with the potential for 600 across the United Kingdom, their turnover exceeded the £1billion mark in 2013, two years earlier than anticipated. The retailer aims to reach the £2billion annual turnover mark by 2020. Home Bargains is the supplier of similar discount chain Quality Save, whom it supplies all stock, shop fittings and tills.
From 2013 until 2016, Home Bargains were kit sponsors of National League side Tranmere Rovers in a "six figure" deal, replacing long term sponsors Wirral Council. The sponsorship ended; the retailer was fined over £20,000 in February 2017, after being caught selling phone chargers that risked exploding. The chargers had been imported from China yet had not undergone sufficient safety checks by the retailer, despite Trading Standards having carried out five failed safety checks on the product. Despite being able to produce a Chinese test certificate indicating that a sample product was safety compliant, Home Bargains subsequentally admitted to three offences of electrical safety through the sale of unsafe chargers during 2015. Official website