Hudson Hawk

Hudson Hawk is a 1991 American action comedy film directed by Michael Lehmann. Bruce Willis stars in the title role and co-wrote both the story and the theme song. Danny Aiello, Andie MacDowell, James Coburn, David Caruso, Lorraine Toussaint, Frank Stallone, Sandra Bernhard and Richard E. Grant are featured; the live action film employs cartoon-style slapstick including sound effects, which enhances the movie's signature surreal humour. The plot combines material based on conspiracy theories, secret societies, historic mysteries, as well as outlandish "clockpunk" technology à la Coburn's Our Man Flint movies of the 1960s. A recurring plot device in the film has Hudson and his partner Tommy "Five-Tone" singing songs concurrently but separately, to time and synchronize their exploits. Willis-Aiello duets of Bing Crosby's "Swinging on a Star" and Paul Anka's "Side by Side" are featured on the film's soundtrack; the film was a huge critical and commercial failure in the United States, only grossing $17 million and earning three Razzies, but overseas it was better received and grossed $80 million for a worldwide total of $97 million.

Eddie "Hudson Hawk" Hawkins —"Hudson Hawk" is a nickname for the bracing winds off the Hudson River—is a master catburglar and safe-cracker, attempting to celebrate his first day of parole from prison with a cappuccino. Before he can get it, he is blackmailed by various entities, including his own parole officer, a minor Mafia family headed by the Mario Brothers, the CIA into doing several dangerous art heists with his singing partner in crime, Tommy "Five-Tone" Messina; the holders of the puppet strings turn out to be a "psychotic American corporation", Mayflower Industries, run by husband and wife Darwin and Minerva Mayflower and their blade-slinging butler, who kills Hawk's parole officer. The company, headquartered in the Esposizione Universale Roma, seeks to take over the world by reconstructing La Macchina dell'Oro, a machine purportedly invented by Leonardo da Vinci that converts lead into gold. A special assembly of crystals needed for the machine to function are hidden in a variety of Leonardo's artworks: the maquette of the Sforza, the Da Vinci Codex, a scale model of DaVinci's helicopter design.

Sister Anna Baragli is an operative for a secretive Vatican counter-espionage agency, which has arranged with the CIA to assist in the Roman portion of Hawk's mission, though intending all along to foil the robbery at St. Peter's Basilica. Throughout the adventure, Hudson is foiled in attempts to drink a cappuccino. After blowing up an auctioneer to cover up the theft of the Sforza, the Mario Bros. take Hawk away in an ambulance. Hawk sticks syringes into Antony Mario's face and falls out of the ambulance on a gurney, the Marios try to run him down with the ambulance as his gurney speeds along the highway; the brothers are killed when their driver, startled by the array of syringes in Antony's face, crashes the ambulance. Afterwards, Hawk meets CIA head George Kaplan and his CIA agents–Snickers, Kit Kat, Almond Joy, Butterfinger –who take him to Darwin and Minerva Mayflower. Hawk steals the Da Vinci Codex from another museum, but refuses to steal the helicopter design. Tommy Five-Tone fakes his death.

They are discovered and attacked by the CIA Agents, Kaplan reveals that he and his agents stole the piece, unlike Tommy and Hudson, had no problem killing the guards. Hawk and Tommy escape when Snickers and Almond Joy are killed -Snickers by a misfired explosive, Almond Joy in the ensuing blast after being incapacitated by a backfired paralysis dart- and pursue the remaining agents. Kit Kat and Butterfinger take Anna to the castle. A showdown takes place at the castle between the remaining CIA agents, the Mayflowers, the team of Hudson, Five-Tone, Baragli. Kit Kat and Butterfinger are betrayed and killed by Minerva, although Kit Kat frees Baragli before he dies. Tommy fights Darwin and Alfred inside Darwin's speeding limo, Hudson fights George Kaplan on the roof of the castle. Kaplan topples from the castle and lands of the roof of the limo. Alfred plants escapes with Darwin; the bomb detonates. Darwin and Minerva force Hawk to put together the crystal powering the machine, but Hawk intentionally leaves out one small piece.

When the Mayflowers activate the machine, it explodes, killing Minerva and Darwin. Hawk battles Alfred. Hawk and Baragli escape the castle using a da Vinci flying machine and discover Tommy waiting for them at a cafe, having miraculously escaped death through an improbable combination of airbags and a sprinkler system in the limo. With the world saved and the secrets of Da Vinci protected, Hawk gets to enjoy a cappuccino. Bruce Willis as Eddie Hawkins/Hudson Hawk Danny Aiello as Tommy "Five-Tone" Messina Andie MacDowell as Anna Baragli James Coburn as George Kaplan Richard E. Grant as Darwin Mayflower Sandra Bernhard as Minerva Mayflower Donald Burton as Alfred Andrew Bryniarski as Butterfinger David Caruso as Kit Kat Lorraine Toussaint as Almond Joy Don Harvey as Snickers Doug Martin as Igg Steven M. Martin as Ook Leonardo Cimino as The Cardinal Frank Stallone as Cesar Mario Carmine Zozzara as Antony Mario Enrico Lo Verso as Apprentice Courtenay Semel as Bratty girl in museum Frank W

Noronha skink

The Noronha skink is a species of skink from the island of Fernando de Noronha off northeastern Brazil. It is covered with dark and light spots on the upperparts and is about 7 to 10 cm in length; the tail breaks off easily. Common throughout Fernando de Noronha, it is an opportunistic feeder, eating both insects and plant material, including nectar from the Erythrina velutina tree, as well as other material ranging from cookie crumbs to eggs of its own species. Introduced predators such as feral cats prey on it and several parasitic worms infect it. Seen by Amerigo Vespucci in 1503, it was first formally described in 1839, its subsequent taxonomic history has been complex, riddled with confusion with Trachylepis maculata and other species and other problems. The species is classified in the otherwise African genus Trachylepis and is thought to have reached its island from Africa by rafting; the enigmatic Trachylepis tschudii from Peru, may well be the same species. In an early account of what may be Fernando de Noronha, purportedly based on a voyage by Amerigo Vespucci in 1503, the island was said to be inhabited by "lizards with two tails", thought be a reference to the Noronha skink.

The tail is long and fragile, it breaks like that of many skinks and other lizards, following which it may regenerate. However, when it does not break off, a new tail may grow out of the broken part, so that the tail appears forked; the species was first formally described by John Edward Gray in 1839, based on two specimens collected by HMS Chanticleer before 1838. He introduced the names Tiliqua punctata, for the Noronha skink, Tiliqua maculata, for a species from Guyana, among many others. Six years he transferred both to the genus Euprepis. In 1887, George Boulenger placed both in the genus Mabuya and considered them identical, using the name "Mabuia punctata" for the species, said to occur both on Fernando de Noronha and in Guyana, he included Mabouya punctatissima O'Shaughnessy, 1874, purportedly from South Africa, as a synonym. In 1900, L. G. Andersson claimed that Gray's name punctata was preoccupied by Lacerta punctata Linnaeus, 1758, which he identified as Mabuya homalocephala, he therefore replaced the name punctata with its junior synonym maculata, using the name Mabuya maculata for the skink of Fernando de Noronha.

Linnaeus's Lacerta punctata in fact refers to the Asian species Lygosoma punctatum, not to Mabuya homalocephala, but Gray's name punctata remains invalid regardless. In 1931, C. E. and M. D. Burt resurrected the name Mabuya punctata for the Noronha skink, noting that it was "apparently a distinct species", but did not mention maculata, in 1935, E. R. Dunn disputed Boulenger's conclusion as to the synonymy of punctata and maculata and, in apparent ignorance of Andersson's work, restored the name Mabuya punctata for the Noronha skink, he wrote that the Noronha skink was distinct from other American Mabuya and more similar in some respects to African species. K. P. Schmidt, in 1945, agreed with Dunn's conclusion that maculata and punctata of Gray were not the same, but he noted Andersson's point that punctata was preoccupied and therefore introduced the new name Mabuya atlantica to replace punctata; the next year, H. Travassos, disagreeing with Dunn and unaware of Andersson's and Schmidt's contributions, considered both of Gray's names to be synonymous and restored the name Mabuya punctata for the Noronha skink.

He considered Mabouya punctatissima and Trachylepis punctata Tschudi, 1845, described from Peru, as synonyms of this species. In 1948, he acknowledged the preoccupation of punctata noted by Andersson and accordingly retired Mabuya punctata in favor of Mabuya maculata, as Andersson had done; the name Mabuya maculata remained in general usage for the Noronha skink in subsequent decades, though some have used Mabuya punctata, "not... aware of the last nomenclatural changes." In 2002, P. Mausfeld and D. Vrcibradic published a note on the nomenclature of the Noronha skink informed by a re-examination of Gray's original type specimens. Based on differences in the number of scales, subdigital lamellae, keels on the dorsal scales, as well as the separation of the parietal scales in maculata, they concluded that the two were not, after all and that Schmidt's name Mabuya atlantica should therefore be used. Mausfeld and Vrcibradic considered Mabouya punctatissima to represent a different species on the basis of morphological differences, but were unable to resolve the status of Trachylepis punctata.

In the same year and others conducted a molecular phylogenetic study on the Noronha skink, using the mitochondrial 12S and 16S rRNA genes, showed that the species is more related to African than to South American Mabuya species, as suggested on the basis of morphological similarities. They split the old genus Mabuya into four genera for geographically discrete clades, including Euprepis for the African–Noronha clade, thus renaming the Noronha species to Euprepis atlanticus. In 2003, A. M. Bauer found that the name Euprepis had been incorrectly applied to this clade and that Trachylepis was correct instead, so that the Noronha skink is referred to as Trachylepis atlantica. Additional molecular phylogenetic studies published in 2003 and 2006 confirmed the relationship between the Noronha skink and African Trachylepis. In 2009, Mira

Sunny Day (TV series)

Sunny Day is a Canadian-British-American animated children's television series produced by Silvergate Media. The series revolves around Sunny, a hairdresser who runs her own salon with the help of her talking dog Doodle, hair colourist Rox, receptionist Blair. Sunny's best customers are Timmy, in charge of hosting events and shows in Sunny's hometown, Cindy, the unlucky town baker who has a constant bad hair day; the series is loosely based on the Random House picture book series The Fairytale Hairdresser by Abie Longstaff and illustrated by Lauren Beard. Each episode features an original song written by Peter Lurye. Forty episodes of Sunny Day are being produced by Silvergate in association with the Canadian animation company Pipeline Studios. On April 5, 2016, the show was renewed for a second season containing 20 episodes; the series premiered on Nickelodeon in the United States on August 21, 2017. The show began airing in Canada on Treehouse TV in September 2, 2017 and premiered on Nick Jr. and Milkshake! in the United Kingdom on 2 March 2018.

New episodes moved to the Nick Jr. channel as of October 2018. Taking place in the seaside town of Friendly Falls, the series follows a professional hairstylist named Sunny who works at her own salon. Sunny uses her knowledge of hair care to solve problems; the other salon employees are Sunny's talking dog Doodle, Rox the hair colourist, Blair the receptionist. Sunny's best customers are Timmy, who hosts every town event in Friendly Falls, Cindy, the unlucky local baker with messy hair. While the setting of the series is different, the message and characterization mirror Abie Longstaff's original vision in The Fairytale Hairdresser books, which feature salon-owner Kittie Lacey, "the facilitator and the problem-solver … at the heart of the community" "who works hard, defeats evil-doers, shows solidarity with the girls she helps." Sunny – A professional hairstylist with light skin, green eyes and blonde hair with pink and orange highlights, who owns her own beauty parlour. She drives a van has an optimistic, determined attitude.

She is the lead singer and tambourine player in her band and the Sun Rays. A few sources confirm that her full name is à la the show's title. Doodle – Sunny's talking pet dog and sidekick with yellow fur, green eyes and a tuft of fur on his head styled to look like hair with pink and purple highlights, he serves as the comic relief of the series. In addition to talking, Doodle is capable of driving the Glam Van, he is the drummer of the Sun Rays. In “Best Christmas Ever”, he is shown to have hundreds of cousins, three of them named Olaf and Angus. Rox – The hair colorist at Sunny's salon with dark skin, brown eyes and magenta hair with pink and blue highlights, she is a skilled skateboarder. She is known for creating her own hair dyes in the salon's colour lab, she has a cousin named Lulu. She's the lead guitarist of the Sun Rays. Blair — The receptionist and manicurist at Sunny's salon with light skin, brown eyes and lilac hair with swept back bangs and a rose hair clip, she always carries a tablet computer to keep track of every appointment.

She is exceptionally organised and can get irritated when things are not done in the way she is used to. She plays the keyboards in the Sun Rays. Timmy – A friend of Sunny with light skin, blue eyes and blonde hair swept back, awkward but confident, he hosts events such as contests and talent shows in Friendly Falls. His hair is similar to Sunny's, but shorter and without highlights, he is the tallest of the characters and is best friends with Scratch Cindy is the town baker with pale skin, green eyes and dark brown hair in a messy updo, who wears glasses and has bad luck. Her hair is always unmanageable; as a running gag, every food she bakes will somehow end up destroyed. She loves to bake. She’s Lacey’s sister. Junior is Rox's younger brother, he is 6 in his first few appearances and turns 7 in "Clowning Around". Johnny-Ray Lacey – A topiary tree artist and pageant queen with pale skin, green eyes and dark brown hair in a curly ponytail, who always cheats and lies in attempts to win Timmy's contests causing her to come into conflict with Sunny, Doodle and Blair.

Though antagonistic most of the time she can get along with Sunny and her friends on rare occasions and visits the salon to have her hair and nails though she tends to be a demanding client for Sunny and Blair. Though she treats her dog KC as an underling she does indeed care about her if she doesn't always show it. Additionally she surprisingly gets along with her sister Cindy despite their contrasting personalities, her name is a reference to the main character of The Fairytale Hairdresser. At the end of the episode “Lacey’s Salon”, she and Sunny are said to become “frenemies”. KC – Lacey's talking poodle with pink fur, green eyes and a bob hairdo, who reluctantly assist