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Australian Volunteers for International Development

The Australian Volunteers for International Development program is an initiative of the Australian Government's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. The AVID program offers a range of opportunities for the Australian community to share skills and foster linkages with people and organisations in developing countries to make a difference as part of Australia’s overseas aid program; the program is delivered on behalf of the Australian Government by three Core Partners. Australian volunteers come from a diverse range of backgrounds and include men and women aged from 18 to 80 years. Australian volunteers have varying professional backgrounds which enable them to work on a range of activities such as setting up medical clinics so that women can give birth safely, building stronger homes to withstand cyclones and helping children with disabilities to get to school; the AVID program places volunteers with Host Organisations in the Pacific and Africa. HOs are the organisations. Hosts can be government departments, international agencies, non-government organisations at provincial, local and international level, educational institutions, research institutes or private companies.

Each assignment is developed in line with Australian Government priorities and are sourced depending on the priorities and needs of the host country. The AVID program works with Australian Partner Organisations to develop and support Australian volunteer assignments. APOs are Australian organisations and are drawn from government departments, non-government organisations, educational institutions and private companies that have or wish to establish links with organisations working in development in Asia, the Pacific and Africa. For example, APOs work together with HOs to develop Australian volunteer assignment proposals, assist in advertising to potential volunteers and provide mentoring and support to volunteers throughout their assignments. HOs do not need to have an APO to submit an assignment to the AVID program. Assignments are posted online on the first day of each month at

Texas Carnival

Texas Carnival is a 1951 American Technicolor musical film directed by Charles Walters and starring Esther Williams, Red Skelton and Howard Keel. A dunk tank at a Texas carnival is operated by partner Cornie Quinell. An honest man, Cornie helps the inebriated Dan Sabinas, a millionaire rancher, being taken advantage of at another carny booth. A grateful Dan is put with Cornie promising to return his car. Dan drunkenly has the cab take him to Mexico instead; as Cornie and Debbie drive to Dan's hotel in his car, they end up being mistaken for Dan and wealthy sister Marilla. In time, Cornie comes to enjoy the lap of luxury and is attracted to lovely Sunshine Jackson, whose dad is the sheriff. Debbie is courted by Dan's handsome foreman, Slim Shelby, who pretends not to know she's an impostor. In a poker game, Cornie is unaware, he loses $17,000. Debbie's in hot water, because the real Marilla is suspicious of her. Dan returns but can't recall who Cornie is. In an attempt to get Dan drunk again, Cornie gets tipsy instead and needs to drive his chuck wagon that way.

But all ends. Esther Williams as Debbie Telford Red Skelton as Cornie Quinell Howard Keel as Slim Shelby Ann Miller as Sunshine Jackson Paula Raymond as Marilla Sabinas Keenan Wynn as Dan Sabinas Glenn Strange as Tex Hodgkins Tom Tully as Sheriff Jackson According to MGM records the film earned $2,366,000 in the US and Canada and $1,454,000 in other countries, resulting in a profit of $681,000. Texas Carnival on IMDb Texas Carnival at the TCM Movie Database Texas Carnival at AllMovie Texas Carnival at the American Film Institute Catalog

Mistress (novel)

Mistress is a stand-alone James Patterson novel, as it is not part any of the series novels written by Patterson. Ben Casper is the central character of this novel; the novel is written in the first person from Ben's point of view. Ben has an obsession with recalling trivia. At the beginning of the book his friend Diana Hotchkiss appears to commit suicide, but the more Ben looks into it, the more it looks like murder; when Ben starts looking too much into this, some group repeatedly tries to kill him and those associated with him. His ability to remember movie trivia is what keeps him alive to search for the killer of Diana and others around Ben; this book has been reviewed in a number of places. First of all, it held a number of spots on the New York Times Bestseller list. In the combined Print and E-Book Fiction list it held fourth place. In the Hardcover Fiction list it held third place. In the E-Book Fiction list, a separate list from above, Mistress held fifth place; the Films & Books website had a positive review of Mistress.

The review said, "The story's fast pace precludes boredom and will keep just about anyone reading it riveted." The Publishers Weekly website favorably reviewed the audiobook edition of this book, saying, " Collins manages to deliver thrills and plenty of fun in this audiobook that will appeal to listeners who don’t need to take their thrillers too seriously."

Leon Dash

Leon Dash is a professor of journalism at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. A former reporter for the Washington Post, he is the author of Rosa Lee: A Mother and Her Family in Urban America, which grew out of the eight-part Washington Post series for which he won the Pulitzer Prize. Dash grew up in New York City and attended Howard University, he spent 1969-1970 as a Peace Corps high school teacher in Kenya. He joined the Washington Post in 1965 where he worked as a member of the special projects unit, as part of the investigative desk, as the West Africa Bureau Chief. Rosa Lee, which started as an eight-part series for the Washington Post in September 1994, is the story of one woman and her family's struggle against poverty in the projects of Washington, D. C. Aside from winning a Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Journalism for the story, the Rosa Lee piece was the recipient of the Robert F. Kennedy Journalism Award and was published into a book, it was picked as one of the best 100 pieces in 20th-century American Journalism by New York University's journalism department.

While living in the inner city of Washington, D. C. for a year, Dash researched teenage pregnancy in black youths for his book, When Children Want Children: The Urban Crisis of Teenage Childbearing. The book features conversations with teens and contains stories that contradict the common belief that inadequate birth control and lack of sex education classes are the causes of teenage pregnancy, he received an Emmy Award in 1996 from the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences for a documentary series in the public affairs category of hard issues. In 1998 Dash joined the University of Illinois as a professor of Journalism, he was named the Swanlund Chair Professor of Journalism and Afro-American Studies in 2000. Three years he was made a permanent faculty member in the University's Center for Advanced Study. Dash is a founder of the National Association of Black Journalists. A technical oversight on Dash's part led to his being sanctioned by the Illinois Executive Ethics Commission on October 31, 2014.

A University of Illinois faculty colleague, physicist George D. Gollin, was running in the March 14, 2014 Democratic primary nomination for Illinois's U. S. Congressional District 13 Seat. Gollin sent a message to Dash on his University office computer about Dash introducing him at a local meeting. Dash replied on his University computer, "Please get the introduction to me tomorrow or early Sunday. Thanks." Dash was questioned about his one-sentence reply by investigators from the Illinois Executive Ethics Commission regarding the use of his University computer for political purposes. Shown a copy of his one-sentence reply, Dash acknowledged he had replied to the email without giving any thought that he was not allowed to do so on a University computer when the original message came into his email inbox. See On August 5, 2016, Dash was inducted into the Hall of Fame of the National Associated of Black Journalists along with 43 other founders of the organization. Leon Dash page in The New New Journalism The Pulitzer Prizer article - The Rosa Lee Story The When Children Want Children Article Appearances on C-SPAN

Sección Femenina de Falange in Francoist Spain

The Sección Femenina was the women's branch of the Falange political movement in Spain. Founded in July 1934 as part of the Sindicato Español Universitario of the Falange Española de las JONS, incorporated to FE de las JONS in the year, it remained as part of the FET y de las JONS following the 1937 Unification Decree, subsequently becoming an official institution of the single-party of the Francoist dictatorship. Following General Franco's death and the beginning of the transition to democracy it was disbanded on 1 April 1977 together with all Movimiento Nacional institutions. Sección Femenina was led throughout its history by Pilar Primo de Rivera, the younger sister of Falange Española founder José Antonio Primo de Rivera. Sección Femenina in Francoist Spain were an important organization in defining Spanish womanhood, they were part of fascist organization Falange, with their ideology based on the teachings of the party's founder y José Antonio Primo de Rivera and implemented by his sister, Pilar Primo de Rivera.

Their social structure in the Francoist period mirrored that of Falange. Sección Feminina's post-war activity involved conveying to women that they were inferior to men, that the primary role of women in helping the Spanish state was through their domestic contributions; the castillo de la Mota in Medina del Campo was the center of the Escuela Superior de Formación de la Sección Femenina in the Francoist period. Its inauguration was attended by young women; the organization published magazines and produced radio shows to support their concept of Spanish womanhood. They organized a social service program which women needed to go through in order to get a passport, drivers license, join an association or obtain educational titles. Sección Femenina was conceived from the beginning as an extension of the domestic role of women to the public sphere, though it took part in political activities during the 1936 general election campaign. During the Second Republic the members of Sección Femenina supported the male Falangists in tasks such as paying visits to imprisoned members and their families.

Following the breakout of the Civil War in 1936 they supported the families of those killed in the National faction and took care of the basic assistance to the population of conquered cities. In 1937 Sección Femenina became an official institution as Franco entrusted it the organization of Servicio Social de la Mujer, a compulsory female equivalent of the Francoist military service centered in housework; the Castle of La Mota in Medina del Campo, Valladolid served as its headquarters from 1942. Sección Femenina was organised in three delegaciones: Movimiento femenino, Auxilio Social and Frentes y Hospitales; the three leaders did not work together well. Following constant clashes with Primo de Rivera Urraca resigned in 1938 and Sanz was marginalized after the Civil War. Pilar Primo de Rivera summed up the organization's mission as a silent, constant labor that will bring us no compensation but thinking how thanks to Falange's work women will be cleaner, children will be healthier and houses will be tidier.

Sección Femenina's main role was instructing Spanish women in Francoist patriotic and social morals. Women were taught they were inferior to men and should remain subordinated to them, with marriage and housework being their main goals in life, they were discouraged from developing their creative talent, which Primo de Rivera denied: Women never discover anything. They lack creative talent, reserved by God for virile intellects. We can do. Isabella I of Castile and Saint Teresa of Ávila served as Sección Femenina's inspirational models. Sección Femenina organized women's sports and promoted musical folklore. In 1963 it founded the Medina and CREFF sports societies and created the first regular national women's leagues in Spain for sports such as basketball and volleyball. While the leagues were not restricted to Medina and CREFF teams, they were comprised by them. However, by the sports societies had become a severe financial strain for Sección Femenina and in 1974 the teams were told to find a sponsor.

Most of them folded subsequently. The Franco regime banned all trade unions; the only permissible type organization was Falange, founded by José Antonio Primo de Rivera in 1933. Pilar Primo de Rivera headed the women's section, following its founding in 1933 as an auxiliary of the main organization. In this Second Republic period, both organizations had little popular support, it was not until the Civil War and the need for Francoist to have a vehicle for legitimacy that the party and its auxiliaries gained widespread support on the right. Falange saw in this Second Republic and Civil War Period a threat from a variety of different actors to what it perceived as the traditional way of Spanish life that it sought to preserve; these actors included women who sought social and political liberation, they were viewed by Falange as a threat to the established order of Spanish life. Falange differed from other right wing nationalist groups at the time in that it had elements focused on social justice, addressing the specific needs of the working classes.

Among their goals was the nationalization of banks and pu