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Hugh Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard

Marshal of the Royal Air Force Hugh Montague Trenchard, 1st Viscount Trenchard, was a British officer, instrumental in establishing the Royal Air Force. He has been described as the "Father of the Royal Air Force." During his formative years, Trenchard struggled academically, failing many examinations and only just succeeding in meeting the minimum standard for commissioned service in the British Army. As a young infantry officer, Trenchard served in India and with the outbreak of the Boer War, he volunteered for service in South Africa. While fighting the Boers, Trenchard was critically wounded and as a result of his injury, he lost a lung, was paralysed and returned to Great Britain. On medical advice, Trenchard travelled to Switzerland to recuperate and boredom saw him taking up bobsleighing. After a heavy crash, Trenchard found that he could walk unaided. Following further recuperation, Trenchard returned to active service in South Africa. After the end of the Boer War, Trenchard saw service in Nigeria where he was involved in efforts to bring the interior under settled British rule and quell intertribal violence.

During his time in West Africa, Trenchard commanded the Southern Nigeria Regiment for several years. In Summer 1912, Trenchard learned to fly and gained his aviator's certificate on 31 July flying a Henry Farman biplane of the Sopwith School of Flying at Brooklands, he was subsequently appointed as second in command of the Central Flying School. He held several senior positions in the Royal Flying Corps during World War I, serving as the commander of the Royal Flying Corps in France from 1915 to 1917. In 1918, he served as the first Chief of the Air Staff before taking up command of the Independent Air Force in France. Returning as Chief of the Air Staff under Winston Churchill in 1919, Trenchard spent the following decade securing the future of the Royal Air Force, he was Metropolitan Police Commissioner in the 1930s and a defender of the RAF in his years. Trenchard is recognised today as one of the early advocates of strategic bombing. Hugh Montague Trenchard was born at 6 Haines Hill in Taunton, England on 3 February 1873.

He was the third child and second son of Henry Montague Trenchard and his wife Georgiana Louisa Catherine Tower Skene. Trenchard's father was a former captain in the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, working as an articled clerk in a legal practice and his mother was the daughter of the Royal Navy captain John McDowall Skene. Although in the 1870s the Trenchards were living in an unremarkable fashion, their forebears had played notable roles in English history. Notable ancestors were Sir Thomas Trenchard, a High Sheriff of Dorset in the 16th century and Sir John Trenchard, the Secretary of State under William III; when Hugh Trenchard was two, the family moved to Courtlands, a manor house in Norton Fitzwarren, less than three miles from the centre of Taunton. The country setting meant that he could enjoy an outdoor life, including spending time hunting rabbits and other small animals with the rifle he was given on his eighth birthday, it was during his junior years that he and his siblings were educated at home by a resident tutor, whom Trenchard did not respect.

For his education, the tutor was neither strict enough nor skillful enough to overcome the children's mischievous attempts to avoid receiving instruction. As a consequence, Trenchard did not excel academically. At the age of 10 he was sent to board at Allens Preparatory School near Botley in Hampshire. Although he did well at Arithmetic, he struggled with the rest of the curriculum. However, his parents were not concerned by his educational difficulties, believing that it would be no impediment to him following a military career. Georgina Trenchard wanted her son to enter the Royal Navy. In 1884 he was moved to Dover where he attended Hammond's, a cramming school for prospective entrants to HMS Britannia, he failed the Navy's entrance papers, at the age of 13 he was sent to the Reverend Albert Pritchard's crammer,'Hill Lands' in Wargrave, Berkshire.'Hill Lands' prepared its pupils for Army commissions and, as before, Trenchard did not apply himself to his studies, preferring sports and practical joking.

In 1889, when he was 16 years old, his father, who had become a solicitor, was declared bankrupt. After being removed from'Hill Lands', the young Trenchard was only able to return thanks to the charity of his relatives, he subsequently failed the Woolwich examinations twice and was relegated to applying for the Militia which had lower entry standards. The Militia's examinations proved difficult for Trenchard and he failed in 1891 and 1892. During this period he underwent a period of training as a probationary subaltern with the Forfar and Kincardine Artillery. Following his return to Pritchard's, he achieved a bare pass in March 1893. At the age of 20, he was gazetted as a second-lieutenant in the Second Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers and posted to India. Trenchard arrived in India in late 1893. Not long after his arrival, he was called upon to make a speech at a mess dinner night, it was common practice for the youngest subaltern to make such a speech and he was expected to cover several highlights of the Royal Scots Fusiliers' history.

Instead, he said "I am proud to belong to this great regiment", followed by "I hope one day I shall live to command it." His ` speech' was received with hoots of incredulous laughter. Young officers stationed in India in the 1890s enjoyed many social and sporting

The Return of the Six Million Dollar Man and the Bionic Woman

The Return of the Six Million Dollar Man and the Bionic Woman is a made-for-television science fiction action film which aired on May 17, 1987 on NBC. The movie reunited the main casts of the television series The Six Million Dollar Man and its spin-off The Bionic Woman. Set 10 years after the events of those series, Steve Austin and Jaime Sommers are asked to come out of retirement and confront a paramilitary criminal organization called Fortress, Steve's estranged son Michael Austin, their own past relationship. Series regular characters Oscar Goldman, head of the OSI, Dr. Rudy Wells star, along with a new characters OSI agent Jim Castillian and Lyle Stenning, leader of Fortress; the movie was a "backdoor pilot" for a potential series based on the character of Michael Austin, but the series never materialized. Two more television movies followed, Bionic Showdown: The Six Million Dollar Man and the Bionic Woman and Bionic Ever After?. Despite its leader, Lyle Stenning, being held in prison, the paramilitary criminal organization known as "Fortress" has become active again after ten years.

Adhering to the creed "America for Americans" and vowing to focus on domestic rather than international action, Fortress has begun a campaign of terror by attacking munitions depots to steal automatic weapons and explosives. Stenning, captured by Steve Austin wants to acquire the secrets of bionics to further his goals. Former lovers, both bionically enhanced, Steve Austin and Jaime Sommers have been retired from the OSI for ten years, they have remained out of contact with each other due to the complex history of their relationship. In exposition, its explained that after the two fell in love, Sommers was in a skydiving accident which caused extensive injuries, she was rebuilt with bionics. The experience caused partial amnesia, she fell in love with fellow OSI agent Chris Williams. Steve, not wanting to interfere, refused to go on a mission to aid Jaime. On that mission, the two became separated and an explosion hit Jaime, which caused a major concussion, she had to be evacuated, which left Chris alone and he was killed by a sniper.

When she recovered from the concussion, all of her memories were restored and her feelings for Steve came into conflict with her love and grief for Chris. Michael Austin is the estranged son of Steve, he is an Air Force cadet pilot who has the technical knowledge to graduate, but a reckless temperament which concerns his instructors. They ask him to intervene. At his graduation solo flight, an accident causes the jet to crash and leaves Michael with extensive injuries, much like his father experienced. Michael is rebuilt with next-generation bionics by Dr. Rudy Wells and sent to Jaime's care for rehabilitation to control his new bionic body and his emotions. Fortress, led by an escaped Stenning, attempts to capture Steve and Jaime on separate occasions, but succeed in capturing Dr. Rudy Wells, the pioneer of bionics, Michael as he is recovering. Steve, Oscar Goldman, the OSI mount a successful rescue, taking down Fortress and capturing its leadership once again. Oscar Goldman narrates a memo detailing the recent activity of a paramilitary organization called "Fortress", raiding military sites, stealing automatic weapons and other munitions.

The group is shown completing their most recent raid, member Santiago states that the group will now be focusing their efforts in America. Oscar visits Steve Austin as his boat returns to the dock and explains that Fortress is active again, despite the leader, Lyle Stenning, still being in prison. Oscar notes the name of Steve's boat is Summer Maiden and the two discuss the romantic relationship Steve had with Jaime Sommers and the circumstances of Chris William's death in Budapest. Steve refuses to come out of retirement, but Oscar reminds Steve that Stenning may still come after him for putting him in prison. Steve is asked by Air Force colleagues to speak to his estranged son, Michael Austin, because he is a reckless pilot but is due to graduate soon. Steve agrees to meet his son for dinner. Oscar learns of the dinner, arranges for Jaime to be at the same restaurant under the pretense of a blind date with Martin. Jaime and Steve encounter one another, but when Jaime tries to leave and Steve asks her to stop, she accidentally throws him through a window.

Michael arrives to see Steve surrounded by broken glass, the two walk on the pier discussing their lost years. Steve has trouble relating and Michael leaves; the next day, Fortress members attempt to capture Steve in order to duplicate his bionics which leads to a high-speed car chase. Steve goes to Oscar's office; the two discuss the kidnapping attempt and the reaction of Jaime at the restaurant, which Steve regards with confusion. Oscar tells him that Jaime, after getting a concussion on her last mission, now remembers everything about her relationship with Steve, including her feelings. Oscar visits Jaime in a park, where she is being surveilled from the bushes by Fortress members intent on taking her as an easier bionic target than Steve. Jaime tells Oscar about the overwhelming flood of recollection and emotions she had when her memory was restored, her frustration about her lost relationship with Steve. Oscar consoles her, but tells her to stay away from Steve due to the Fortress threat, reminds her that they may target her, as well.

Steve surprises Lyl

Live at the Royal Albert Hall (Emerson, Lake and Palmer album)

Live at the Royal Albert Hall is a live album by Emerson, Lake & Palmer. It was recorded at a show at the Royal Albert Hall during the Black Moon tour in October 1992. Highlights of the album include a 9-minute version of "Tarkus," the song "Black Moon," and "Finale,", a medley of "Fanfare for the Common Man," "America," and "Rondo." "Karn Evil 9: 1st Impression, Pt. 2" – 1:50 "Tarkus" – 9:26 "Eruption" "Stones of Years" "Iconoclast" "Knife-Edge" – 5:26 "Paper Blood" – 4:09 "Romeo and Juliet" – 3:41 "Creole Dance" – 3:20 "Still... You Turn Me On" – 3:13 "Lucky Man" – 4:38 "Black Moon" – 6:31 "Pirates" – 13:21 "Finale" – 14:40 "Fanfare for the Common Man" "America" "Rondo" Keith Emerson - keyboards Greg Lake - bass, vocals Carl Palmer - drums A DVD version of this release is available, released in early 2009 by Shout! Factory, who has reissued much of the band's CD catalog

Royal Waltz

Royal Waltz is a 1936 French-German historical film directed by Jean Grémillon and starring Henri Garat, Renée Saint-Cyr and Christian-Gérard. It is the French-language version of the German film Königswalzer, made in Berlin by UFA; the film's art direction was by Walter Röhrig. Raoul Ploquin, who specialised in co-productions acted as supervisor. Henri Garat as Michel de Thalberg Renée Saint-Cyr as Thérèse Tomasoni Christian-Gérard as Pilou Adrien Le Gallo as Le roi Max de Bavière Mila Parély as Annie Tomasini Bernard Lancret as L'empereur François Joseph d'Autriche Alla Donell as La princesse Elisabeth de Bavière, nommée Sissi Gustave Gallet as Ludwig Tomasoni Lucien Dayle as Gargamus Geymond Vital as René Edmond Beauchamp as Maps Georges Prieur as Le comte Thalberg Jean Aymé as de Borney Gaston Dubosc Georgette Lamoureux Crisp, Colin. Genre and Convention in the French Cinema, 1929-1939. Indiana University Press, 2002. Royal Waltz on IMDb

Rei Toei

Rei Toei is a fictional character in the Bridge trilogy of speculative fiction novels by William Gibson. Rei is introduced as the title character in Gibson's 1995 novel Idoru, as an artificial intelligence, an embodied agent simulating a human female idol singer. A personality construct which adapts and learns from her interaction with humans, she irresistibly attracts data analyst protagonist Colin Laney; the Toei film and music company is a well known studio in Japan, with a well-deserved international reputation. William Gibson imagined that by the time of his Bridge Trilogy, Japanese companies with a determined research direction would be producing products much like Rei Toei, given suitable funding through customer demand. Rei Toei is a database composite from the wireless broadband internet of Japan, the world, she has been programmed to remind viewers of their favourite J-pop idols, which in Japanese are known as aidoru. Her singing voice and performance styles are composites as well, giving her the ability to encompass the viewer's preference as well.

In this way, her AI agent form is similar to user accounts on a group-sharing mainframe. Implicit in her design is that she is not many. Individual viewers and fans will have a personalised Rei Toei album and collection of images, as'she' can be and is customised according to the tastes of viewers. By the time Rei Toei has become a commercial entity, commercial in-space animated full-colour holography is a commercial reality; as noted above, a personalised Rei Toei exist for individual viewers with Net access. However, for public concerts, Rei will take on an appearance, a group consensus based on the membership of her audience; the character has been described as one of Gibson's "most original, interesting characters". Sharon Apple Ananova Hatsune Miku Eguchi Aimi Bolton, Christopher. "Editorial Introduction: The Borders of Japanese Science Fiction". Science Fiction Studies. 29. Archived from the original on 2009-10-15

Nassenfels Castle

Nassenfels Castle stands at the edge of the market village of Nassenfels in the county of Eichstätt in Upper Bavaria. The former water castle may only be viewed from the outside. Nassenfels was an important market village in the hinterland of the Rhaetian Limes in the 2nd century AD and was protected by a small castellum; the Roman camp was abandoned after the establishment of nearby Pfünz Roman Fort. During the Hungarian invasions of the 10th century, the ramparts of the old fortification were expanded to form a refuge castle. From the High Middle Ages the village belonged to the Bishopric of Eichstätt; the castle first appears in the records in 1245 in a deed, when Count Gebhard of Hirschberg was murdered by his court jester during the siege of the fortress. Episcopal vassals with the surname von Nassenfels are, recorded from 1198 onwards, but disappear again from literary sources in the mid-14th century; the present castle goes back to its expansion under Bishops Conrad II of Pfeffenhausen and Frederick IV of Oettingen.

In 1699, the prince-bishop's court architect, Jakob Engel, built the Kastenhaus in the southeastern corner as an office building for the episcopal steward. Until 1804, the castle served as the seat of Eichstätt officials (Amtmänner and pfleger. In the wake of secularisation, a revenue office was created in the rooms for 2 years. In 1806, the Bavarian state sold the complex to private buyers, who built their own houses against the enceinte and demolished several buildings. In 1867, stone taken away to be used to build the stations of Tauberfeld. In 1932, the Kastenhaus, with its stuccoed ceilings, was razed by a lightning strike. Plans to rebuild it came to nothing. In 1990, part of the chemin de ronde was reconstructed. Since the 1980s, the four Jura houses in the castle grounds have been restored. Today the interior of the castle is only open to the public on special occasions, because the structures of the late 18th and early 19th centuries are still used as residences and for trade; the rectangular castle lies on the southern edge of the market village.

The former wide moat has been filled in or has silted up. The western part of the mediaeval enceinte was pulled down in the 19th century and replaced by domestic buildings. On the other sides, the walls are still up to five metres high and there is a narrow zwinger in front of them; the original chemin de rondes have all disappeared, the palas and the pfleger's house were demolished in the early 19th century. Since the fire in 1932, only the enclosing wall of the Kastnerhaus is left; the remaining structures in the interior date to the 19th century. Despite the demolitions and losses, the former water castle is still one of the most important and impressive castle systems in Bavaria. In addition to the preserved enceinte, three wall towers and the high bergfried have survived; the four towers are capped by steeply pitched gable roofs. The gable walls are made of brick; the bergfried and East Tower have stepped gables. The unusually high bergfried was built over an older tower whose lower storeys form part of its walls.

The inventories record this tower as an older bergfried. The ground floor of this old structure was converted into a castle chapel with a chancel arch and used to have a - hewn out - cross vault ceiling. In the south, there is a doorway in the walls. A small nave must have existed adjacent to the chancel arch. A small Romanesque chancel tower church was converted in 1300 into a massive bergfried. A new chapel was built to replace it; this chapel was secularised in 1808 and demolished. The site of this second castle chapel is not known; the bergfried is about 37 metres high to the roof ridge. Its circular arched elevated entrance is on the east side on the second floor. In front of it is a wall structure that used to carry the passageway from the demolished pfleger house to the entranceway; the tower is made of regular limestone ashlars, most of the rest of the castle is made of irregular rubble stone walls. Little research or investigation had been carried out into this large castle site until archaeological excavations took place in 1982.

Within the castle area were discovered finds from the period from 70,000 BC to the Celtic era around 2,000 BC. At a depth of around a metre was found an old coral reef, 145 million years old, the so-called Speckberg. Peter Leuschner: Die Jurahaus-Kuriositäten auf dem Korallenriff. In: Das Jura-Haus 10, pp. 5–10. Meyer, von Werner. Burgen in Oberbayern: ein Handbuch. Würzburg: Weidlich. Pp. 94–95. ISBN 3-8035-1279-4. Die Kunstdenkmäler von Bayern, V, 2. Bezirksamt Eichstätt. Munich, 1928. Karl Zecherle, Landkreis Eichstätt, Burgen und Schlösser: Kreis Eichstätt im Naturpark Altmühltal, Kipfenberg: Hercynia-Verlag, pp. 52–53, 944206697 Ruins of Nassenfels Castle at