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Hugh of Lincoln

Hugh of Lincoln known as Hugh of Avalon, was a French noble and Carthusian monk, bishop of Lincoln in the Kingdom of England, Catholic saint. At the time of the Reformation, he was the best-known English saint after Thomas Becket, his feast is observed by Anglicans on 17 November. Hugh was born at the château of Avalon, at the border of the Dauphiné with Savoy, the son of Guillaume, seigneur of Avalon, his mother Anne de Theys died when he was eight, because his father was a soldier, he went to a boarding school for his education. Guillaume retired from the world to the Augustinian monastery of Villard-Benoît, near Grenoble, took his son Hugh, with him. At the age of fifteen, Hugh became a religious novice and was ordained a deacon at the age of nineteen. About 1159, he was sent to be prior of the nearby monastery at Saint-Maximin already a priest. From that community, he left the Benedictine Order and entered the Grande Chartreuse at the height of its reputation for the rigid austerity of its rules and the earnest piety of its members.

There he rose to become procurator of his new Order, in which office he served until he was sent in 1179 to become prior of the Witham Charterhouse in Somerset, the first Carthusian house in England. Henry II of England, as part of his penance for the murder of Thomas Becket, in lieu of going on crusade as he had promised in his first remorse, had established a Carthusian charterhouse some time before, settled by monks brought from the Grande Chartreuse. There were difficulties in advancing the building works and the first prior was retired and a second soon died, it was by the special request of the English king that St Hugh, whose fame had reached him through one of the nobles of Maurienne, was made prior. Hugh found the monks in great straits, living in log huts and with no plans yet advanced for the more permanent monastery building. Hugh interceded with the king for royal patronage and at last on 6 January 1182, Henry issued a charter of foundation and endowment for Witham Charterhouse.

His first attention was given to the building of the Charterhouse. He prepared his plans and submitted them for royal approbation, exacting full compensation from the king for any tenants on the royal estate who would have to be evicted to make room for the building. Hugh attracted many to the hermitage. Among the frequent visitors was King Henry, for the charterhouse lay near the borders of the king's chase in Selwood Forest, a favourite hunting ground. Hugh admonished Henry for keeping dioceses vacant in order to keep their income for the royal chancellery. In May 1186, Henry summoned a council of bishops and barons at Eynsham Abbey to deliberate on the state of the Church and the filling of vacant bishoprics, including Lincoln. On 25 May 1186 the cathedral chapter of Lincoln was ordered to elect a new bishop and Hugh was elected. Hugh insisted on a second, private election by the canons, securely in their chapterhouse at Lincoln rather than in the king's chapel, his election was confirmed by the result.

Hugh was consecrated Bishop of Lincoln on 21 September 1186 at Westminster. He established his independence of the King, excommunicating a royal forester and refusing to seat one of Henry's courtly nominees as a prebendary of Lincoln. After the excommunications, he was greeted with dour silence, he waited several minutes and the king called for a needle to sew up a leather bandage on his finger. Hugh said, with gentle mockery, "How much you remind me of your cousins of Falaise". At this Henry just was reconciled; as a bishop, he was exemplary in residence or travelling within his diocese, generous with his charity, scrupulous in the appointments he made. He raised the quality of education at the cathedral school. Hugh was prominent in trying to protect the Jews, great numbers of whom lived in Lincoln, in the persecution they suffered at the beginning of Richard I's reign, he put down popular violence against them—as occurred following the death of Little Saint Hugh of Lincoln—in several places.

Lincoln Cathedral had been badly damaged by an earthquake in 1185, Hugh set about rebuilding and enlarging it in the new Gothic style. In 1194, he expanded Oxford. Along with Bishop Herbert of Salisbury, Hugh resisted the king's demand for 300 knights for a year's service in his French wars; as one of the premier bishops of the Kingdom of England Hugh more than once accepted the role of diplomat to France for Richard and for King John in 1199, a trip that ruined his health. He consecrated St Giles' Church, Oxford, in 1200. There is a cross consisting of interlaced circles cut into the western column of the tower, believed to commemorate this. In commemoration of the consecration, St Giles' Fair was established and continues to this day each September. While attending a national council in London, a few months he was stricken with an unnamed ailment and died two months on 16 November 1200, he was buried in Lincoln Cathedral. Bishop Hugh was responsible for the building of the first Bishop's Palace at Buckden in Cambridgeshire, halfway between Lincoln and London.

Additions to the Palace were more substantial and a tall brick tower was added in 1475, protected by walls and a moat, surrounded by an outer bailey. It was used by the bishops

A629 road

The A629 road is an inter-Yorkshire road that runs from Skipton to Rotherham through Keighley, Halifax and Chapeltown in Yorkshire, England. The road runs through North and South Yorkshire, but before 1974, the entire length of the road was wholly within the boundaries of the West Riding of Yorkshire, it is designated as a primary route through most of its length. The road is part of the intended Doncaster to Kendal Trunk Route, designated as a trunk road in 1946. Parts of the road are designated as a High Load Route by the UK Government although the section through Burncross to Chapeltown is designated as B road because of a weight restriction. Listed north to south. Most parts have been bypassed such as the section between Snaygill to the south of Skipton onto the A65/A59 roundabout which opened in 1981. Southern parts of the route were the Huddersfield to Penistone Turnpike and the Halifax to Sheffield Turnpike. Along with the A65 and the A650, the A629 is part of the intended Doncaster to Kendal trunk route, meant to provide a through route between the two towns and cut across the Aire Gap.

As the section of the A629 between Skipton and Keighley is designated as a trunk route, it is maintained by the Highways Agency as opposed to the local authorities. Additionally. From the north the route starts at the A65/A59 roundabout to the northeast of Skipton and heads southwards through the Aire Valley bypassing Skipton and Kildwick. Just before the Kildwick level crossing, the road takes a bypass around Eastburn and Steeton on a dual carriageway, opened in 1989. At Keighley, the A629 diverts through the town whilst Aire Valley traffic takes the A650. Through and beyond Keighley to Halifax, the road is a single carriageway. After going through Keighley town centre, the road heads due south but up onto the high ground through Ingrow, Cross Roads and Denholme. After Denholme the road crosses over into Calderdale and goes through Illingworth and Halifax; the section of road between Halifax and Huddersfield is the main link between the two towns and incorporates a bad junction with the A6026 in Salterhebble and the Elland bypass that leads up towards a junction with the M62 Motorway.

The bypass at Elland is being widened to four lanes and is expected to reduce journey times between the M62 and Halifax by 30% when opened in 2019. Through Huddersfield the road is in a multiplex with the ring road and heads off south east past Shepley and Penistone; the route is broken on Burncross road through Chapeltown due to a 7.5-tonne weight restriction on the road, but was traditionally part of the A629. Heavy goods traffic is expected to divert onto the A61 north, use the M1 motorway south and pick up the A629 at junction 35 for Chapeltown to access the rest of the route towards Rotherham. In May 2011, a section of the southbound Elland bypass was closed after boulders, remnants of a quarry that the bypass was built next to, came crashing down into the road. According to the Eurorap safety rating, the A629 is a Medium High-Risk Road between Skipton and Huddersfield and a Medium-Risk Road between Huddersfield and Rotherham. In January 2017, a man was shot by police on the side of the A629 southbound just by junction 24 of the M62 Motorway.

The police announced it was a pre-planned operation as they had credible information that the man was carrying a gun. As the road passes through the major conurbations of Keighley, Halifax and Rotherham, it is prone to some congestion during the morning and evening peak periods; the junction of the road with the A6026 and the B6112 in Saltherhebble sees queuing traffic for over a 1-mile southbound that takes between 12 and 15 minutes to get through. Kirklees Council have acknowledged that the A629 is one of the busiest roads in Kirklees. Burncross on a map from 1947 showing the A629 through the village

Shrewton United F.C.

Shrewton United Football Club is a football club based in Shrewton, near Amesbury, in Wiltshire, England. They are members of the Wiltshire League and play at the Recreation Ground; the club was formed in 1946. They entered the Wiltshire Football League and won Division Three in 1977–78, 1978–79 and 1980–81. After finishing runners-up in Division One in 1990–91 and 1992–93, the club won the league in 1996–97; the division was renamed the Premier Division in 1998, in the following seasons they finished runners-up twice. They won the Wiltshire Football League Premier Division in 2001–02 and 2002–03. After the second title, they were accepted into the Western League Division One but returned to the Wiltshire League at the end of the 2012-13 season. Shrewton United play their home games at the Recreation Ground, Mill Lane, Shrewton, SP3 4JY. Wiltshire Football League Premier Division Champions 1996–97, 2001–02, 2002–03 Runners-up 1990–91, 1992–93, 1998–99, 2000–01 Wiltshire Football League Division Three Champions 1977–78, 1978–79, 1980–81 FA CupExtra Preliminary Round 2011–12 FA Vase First Round 2006–07, 2011–12 One of Shrewton's most famous former players, still active in the game, is Cheltenham Town's professional phase coach Alex Penny, who played over 200 games for the club between 1990–93 and 1997–99