Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro, or Rio, is anchor to the Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area and the second-most populous municipality in Brazil and the sixth-most populous in the Americas. Rio de Janeiro is the capital of the state of Brazil's third-most populous state. Part of the city has been designated as a World Heritage Site, named "Rio de Janeiro: Carioca Landscapes between the Mountain and the Sea", by UNESCO on 1 July 2012 as a Cultural Landscape. Founded in 1565 by the Portuguese, the city was the seat of the Captaincy of Rio de Janeiro, a domain of the Portuguese Empire. In 1763, it became the capital of the State of Brazil, a state of the Portuguese Empire. In 1808, when the Portuguese Royal Court transferred itself from Portugal to Brazil, Rio de Janeiro became the chosen seat of the court of Queen Maria I of Portugal, who subsequently, in 1815, under the leadership of her son, the Prince Regent, future King João VI of Portugal, raised Brazil to the dignity of a kingdom, within the United Kingdom of Portugal and Algarves.
Rio stayed the capital of the pluricontinental Lusitanian monarchy until 1822, when the War of Brazilian Independence began. This is one of the few instances in history that the capital of a colonising country shifted to a city in one of its colonies. Rio de Janeiro subsequently served as the capital of the independent monarchy, the Empire of Brazil, until 1889, the capital of a republican Brazil until 1960 when the capital was transferred to Brasília. Rio de Janeiro has the second largest municipal GDP in the country, 30th largest in the world in 2008, estimated at about R$343 billion, it is headquarters to Brazilian oil and telecommunications companies, including two of the country's major corporations – Petrobras and Vale – and Latin America's largest telemedia conglomerate, Grupo Globo. The home of many universities and institutes, it is the second-largest center of research and development in Brazil, accounting for 17% of national scientific output according to 2005 data. Despite the high perception of crime, the city has a lower incidence of crime than Northeast Brazil, but it is far more criminalized than the south region of Brazil, considered the safest in the country.
Rio de Janeiro is one of the most visited cities in the Southern Hemisphere and is known for its natural settings, samba, bossa nova, balneario beaches such as Barra da Tijuca, Copacabana and Leblon. In addition to the beaches, some of the most famous landmarks include the giant statue of Christ the Redeemer atop Corcovado mountain, named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. Rio de Janeiro was the host of the 2016 Summer Olympics and the 2016 Summer Paralympics, making the city the first South American and Portuguese-speaking city to host the events, the third time the Olympics were held in a Southern Hemisphere city; the Maracanã Stadium held the finals of the 1950 and 2014 FIFA World Cups, the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, the XV Pan American Games. Europeans first encountered Guanabara Bay on 1 January 1502, by a Portuguese expedition under explorer Gaspar de Lemos, captain of a ship in Pedro Álvares Cabral's fleet, or under Gonçalo Coelho; the Florentine explorer Amerigo Vespucci participated as observer at the invitation of King Manuel I in the same expedition.
The region of Rio was inhabited by the Tupi, Puri and Maxakalí peoples. In 1555, one of the islands of Guanabara Bay, now called Villegagnon Island, was occupied by 500 French colonists under the French admiral Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon. Villegagnon built Fort Coligny on the island when attempting to establish the France Antarctique colony; the city of Rio de Janeiro proper was founded by the Portuguese on 1 March 1565 and was named São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, in honour of St. Sebastian, the saint, the namesake and patron of the Portuguese then-monarch Sebastião. Rio de Janeiro was the name of Guanabara Bay; until early in the 18th century, the city was threatened or invaded by several French pirates and buccaneers, such as Jean-François Duclerc and René Duguay-Trouin. In the late 17th century, still during the Sugar Era, the Bandeirantes discovered gold and diamonds in the neighbouring captaincy of Minas Gerais, thus Rio de Janeiro became a much more practical port for exporting wealth than Salvador, much farther northeast.
On 27 January 1763, the colonial administration in Portuguese America was moved from Salvador to Rio de Janeiro. The city remained a colonial capital until 1808, when the Portuguese royal family and most of the associated Lisbon nobles, fleeing from Napoleon's invasion of Portugal, moved to Rio de Janeiro; the kingdom's capital was transferred to the city, thus, became the only European capital outside of Europe. As there was no physical space or urban structure to accommodate hundreds of noblemen who arrived many inhabitants were evicted from their homes. In the first decades, several educational establishments were created, such as the Military Academy, the Royal School of Sciences and Crafts and the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts, as well as the National Library of Brazil – with the largest collection in Latin America – and The Botanical Garden; the first printed newspaper in Brazil, the Gazeta do Rio de Janeiro, came into circulation during this period. When Brazil was elevated to Kingdom in 1815, it
Francisco "Chico" Díaz Rocha is a Mexican-born Brazilian actor. Francisco Díaz Rocha was born in Mexico City, he is the son of Juan Díaz Bordenave, a Paraguayan journalist and pedagogue, Maria Cândida, a Brazilian translator. He was raised in Rio de Janeiro, where their parents decided to live in 1968, he was married to actress Cecília Santana. He is married to actress Sílvia Buarque, with whom he has a daughter called Irene. Gabriela, Cravo e Canela Quilombo Avaete, Seed of Revenge The Man in the Black Cape Where the River Runs Black The Third Bank of the River Perfumed Ball Força de um Desejo Mango Yellow The Forest América Sonhos de Peixe Paraíso Tropical A Favorita O Contador de Histórias Gabriela Chico Díaz on IMDb
Avaete, Seed of Revenge
Avaete, Seed of Revenge is a 1985 Brazilian drama film directed by Zelito Viana. Based on the massacre of Cinta Larga people in the region of Fontanillas, it was shot along the Juruena River, Mato Grosso, as well as on locations in São Paulo and Brasília, it was entered into the 14th Moscow International Film Festival. Hugo Carvana Renata Sorrah Milton Rodrigues Macsuara Kadiweu José Dumont Cláudio Mamberti Sérgio Mamberti Cláudio Marzo Nina de Pádua Jonas Bloch Chico Diaz Marcos Palmeira Avaete, Seed of Revenge on IMDb
Vladimir Cruz is a Cuban actor who has appeared in a number of feature films, television series, theatre works, shorts. He has directed films and theatre works. Cruz studied Acting at Instituto Superior de Arte de La Habana and graduated in 1988, he is best known for his role in Fresa y chocolate and has won "Best Supporting role" in the film in his role as young David. In 1995, he directed two plays for the theatre, No le digas que la quieres, written by Senel Paz and El espejo en el espejo written by Michael Ende, he has many roles in other theatre works. Since 2005 he works in screenwriting and the generation and management of various audiovisual projects as part of CayArte multicultural team, based in Rome. In 2005, he wrote, produced and played in ¿Soy yo acaso el guardián de mi hermano?. In 2010, he directed his first long feature film titled Afinidades starring in the film. 2005: ¿Soy yo acaso el guardián de mi hermano? 2010: Afinidades 2005: ¿Soy yo acaso el guardián de mi hermano? 2010: Afinidades 1987: Capablanca 1987: Hoy como ayer 1990: La botija 1994: Fresa y chocolate a.k.a.
Strawberry and Chocolate as David 1995: ¡Ay, Señor, Señor! 1996: Turno de oficio: Diez años después 1997: Cuba libre - velocipedi ai tropici as Carlos 1997: La deuda as Hildebrando Cardona, the groom 1997: Little Tropikana 1998: La rumbera 1998: La noche por delante 1998: A las once en casa 2000: Un paraíso bajo las estrellas as Sergito 2000: The Waiting List as Emilio 2000: El comisario 2001: Policías, en el corazón de la calle as Samuel Noriega 2003: De colores 2003: Viva Sapato! as Carlos 2003: Arcibel's Game as Arata 2004: Aquí no hay quien viva as Samuel 2005:...al fin, el mar as Pablo 2005: ¿Soy yo acaso el guardián de mi hermano? 2006: The Wooden Box as Jorge 2006: La dársena de poniente as Martín 2008: Che -- as Ramiro Valdés Menéndez in Part One 2008: La mala as Chucho 2008: Horn of Plenty as Jacinto 2010: Afinidades 2011: Las razones del corazón as Nicolás 2012: 7 días en La Habana 2014: La ignorancia de la sangreShorts1999: Muertesita, una historia de amor as Vincent 2004: Marco línea perdida 2005: Civilizados 2010: La ventaja del Sicario as Sicario 1986: S.
O. S, una situación terriblemente delicada, written by Jan Solovic and directed by Maria Elena Ortega 1988: El Alma buena de Tsé Chuang, written by Bertolt Brecht and directed by Maria Elena Ortega 1989: Accidente, written by Roberto Orihuela and directed by Carlos Pérez Peña. 1990: Tu parte de Culpa, written by Senel Paz and directed by Carlos Pérez Peña 1990: Calle Cuba nª 80 bajo la lluvia, written by Rafael González and directed by Carlos Pérez Peña 1991: Contar y Cantar, written by Onelio Jorge Cardoso and directed by Sergio González 1991: Fabriles, written by Reinaldo Montero and directed by Carlos Pérez Peña 1993: Asudiansam and directed by Ricardo Muñoz Caravaca 1994: A la vuela, vuela... año 1900 tanto and directed by Ricardo Muñoz Caravaca 1995: No le digas que la quieres, written by Senel Paz and directed by Vladimir Cruz 1995: El espejo en el espejo, written by Michael Ende and directed by Vladimir Cruz 1996: Fresa y Chocolate, written by Senel Paz and directed by Hugo Medrano 1998: Fresa y Chocolate, written by Senel Paz and directed by Carlos Díaz 2000: Hoy no puedo ir a trabajar porque estoy enamorado, written by Iñigo Ramírez de Haro and directed by Natalia Menéndez 2001: La Historia del Soldado, written by Stravinski-Ramuz and directed by José Luis García Sánchez 2003: El sueño de una noche de verano, written by William Shakespeare, directed by Miguel Narros 2004: Tirano banderas, written by Valle-Inclán and directed by Nieves Gámez 2006: Huis clos, written by Jean-Paul Sartre, directed by Tony Suárez 2007: La divina filotea, written by Calderón de la Barca, directed by Pedro Mari Sánchez 2009: Don Juan Tenorio, written by José Zorrilla, directed by Jesús Prieto 2009: Fuenteovejuna, written by Lope de Vega, directed by Liuba Cid Wins1994: Won Golden Kikito for category "Best actor" at Gramado Film Festival for his role as David in Fresa y chocolate 1994: Won UNEAC Award of "Best actor in a film" by Unión Nacional de Escritores y Artistas de Cuba 1994: Won Panambí Award as "best actor" at the Festival de Asunción 1995: Won for category "Cinema - Best Supporting Actor" at Premios ACE for his role in Fresa y chocolate as David 2009: Won Special Jury Award for his role in Horn of Plenty as Jacinto at Mar del Plata Film Festival Nominations2008: Nominated for category "Supporting Performance, Male" at the Spanish Actors Union Awards Official website Vladimir Cruz on IMDb
Milton Gonçalves is a Brazilian actor. He worked in many telenovelas, including A Cabana do Pai Tomás, Irmãos Coragem, O Bem Amado, O Espigão, Pecado Capital, Sinal de Alerta, O Pulo do Gato, Baila Comigo, Partido Alto, Mandala and Felicidade, he has worked as director in Escrava Isaura and O Bem Amado. Milton Gonçalves is one of the most famous black actors in Brazil, having collaborated twice with acclaimed director Hector Babenco. One notable role with Babenco was that alongside William Hurt and Raúl Juliá as a police chief in Kiss of the Spider Woman. Gonçalves started his career in an amateur group; as he moved to a professional group, he met Augusto Boal, looking for an actor to play an old black man. Joining Boal's Teatro de Arena, Milton Gonçalves found an open environment for political and artistic discussion, where he was not discriminated for his race. Gonçalves wrote four plays, one of, staged by the Teatro Experimental do Negro and directed by Dalmo Ferreira. "There I learnt everything.
It was fundamental for my comprehension of the world." A Black Movement activist, Milton Gonçalves tried a political career, in the 1990s, as a candidate to Rio de Janeiro state governorship. Father of actor Maurício Gonçalves, he is married to Oda Gonçalves since 1966. 2012 - Lado a Lado 2011 - The Silver Cliff 2011 - Zorra Total 2011 - Fina Estampa 2011 - Assalto ao Banco Central 2011 - Insensato Coração 2009 - Força-Tarefa 2008 - A Favorita 2006 - Cobras & Lagartos 2005 - América 2003 - Carandiru 2002 - Esperança 1999 - Orfeu 1997 - Four Days in September 1997 - Por Amor 1996 - O Rei do Gado 1995 - Irmãos Coragem 1992 - Kickboxer 3 1989 - Wild Orchid 1988 - Moon over Parador 1987 - Subway to the Stars 1986 - Sinhá Moça 1985 - Kiss of the Spider Woman 1984 - Quilombo 1977 - Lucio Flavio 1976 - Carioca tigre 1973 - O Bem-Amado 1972 - Vila Sésamo 1968 - O Bravo Guerreiro 1960 - Cidade Ameaçada Milton Gonçalves on IMDb Milton Gonçalves Bio
The Guns (film)
The Guns is a 1964 Brazilian-Argentine drama film directed by Ruy Guerra. The film's plot alternates between two stories, both set in the drought-stricken sertão of Northeastern Brazil in 1963. In one storyline a holy man urges a group of peasant pilgrims to follow an ox deemed as sacred in hopes that their devotion to it will bring an end to the drought; the other storyline follows a group of soldiers who are sent to the region to thwart the attempts of impoverished civilians to plunder a storehouse for food owned by the wealthy mayor of the small town of Milagres, Bahia. Guerra filmed The Guns in a triptych of styles; the pilgrims appear as an anonymous mass in their devotion to their project, while the hungry peasants are given a more documentarian treatment. By contrast, the soldiers are more individuated, with long swaths of time devoted to showing their boredom in their task at hand. One soldier, becomes smitten with a young woman named Luisa, reluctant to return his affection because she does not trust the soldiers.
Meanwhile a hotheaded soldier named Pedro shoots and kills a local peasant while he was out walking with his goat, after which he and his fellow soldiers cover up the incident to avoid persecution. Tensions come to a head when the charismatic truck driver and former soldier named Gaucho becomes frustrated by the peasants' inability to change their situation. After he sees a father reacted apathetically to death of his child from hunger, Gaucho takes up arms and engages in a firefight with the occupying soldiers who kill him. In the end, the peasants assuage their hunger by defying the holy man and slaughtering and eating the sacred ox. Director Ruy Guerra conceived on the story in 1958 and planned to film it in Greece with a plot revolving around a band of soldiers trying to defend a village from a pack of hungry wolves because a government ordinance prohibits the villagers from carrying firearms for fear of popular revolt. In Guerra's original story, tensions between the villagers and the visiting soldiers escalate into conflict, a soldier kills one of the locals.
In the end, the villagers drive the soldiers out, leaving themselves vulnerable to attack from the wolves in the surrounding forest. This version of "The Guns" was never made. Guerra enlisted the help of his friend Miguel Torres to reconfigure the story, in 1964 Guerra produced The Guns, filming it in the northeastern state of Bahia and adapting its screenplay to incorporate elements of Brazilian culture. Both story lines were generated out of an incident that occurred in 1924 when a group of soldiers shot and killed a sacred ox. Though Guerra had a defined structure for the film's plot, he used a good deal of improvisation on set depending on what and, on hand; the Guns was entered into the 14th Berlin International Film Festival where it won the Silver Bear Extraordinary Jury Prize. The New York Times called it "exceptionally good". Along with Nélson Pereira dos Santos' 1963 drama,Vidas Secas, Glauber Rocha's 1964 film Deus e o Diabo na Terra do Sol, The Guns is part of Brazil's "Golden Trilogy" of Cinema Novo and regarded as one of the key films that brought worldwide attention to Brazilian cinema.
Dialogue from the film is sampled on the 2002 album 1º Comunique by Brazilian post-rock band Retórica. Átila Iório as Gaúcho Nelson Xavier as Mário Maria Gladys as Luísa Ivan Cândido as soldier Leonides Bayer as sergeant Hugo Carvana as José Paulo César Pereio as Pedro Mauricio Loyola Joel Barcellos Ruy Polanah Antonio Pitanga The Guns on IMDb
Walmor de Souza Chagas was a Brazilian actor. He appeared in more than 50 films and television shows between 1965 and 2013. São Paulo, Sociedade Anônima Xica da Silva Asa Branca: Um Sonho Brasileiro Luz del Fuego Sonho Meu Memórias Póstumas Esperança Caminhos do Coração A Favorita A Coleção Invisível Chagas died on 18 January 2013, in his home in Guaratinguetá, São Paulo, he was found with a bullet wound in the head. It is believed. Walmor Chagas on IMDb