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Humberside was a non-metropolitan and ceremonial county in Northern England from 1 April 1974 until 1 April 1996. It was composed of land from either side of the Humber Estuary, created from portions of East Riding of Yorkshire, West Riding of Yorkshire, the district of Lindsey, Lincolnshire; the county council's headquarters was County Hall at Beverley, inherited from the East Riding, its largest settlement and only city was Kingston upon Hull. The county stretched from Wold Newton in its northern tip to a different Wold Newton at its most southern point. Humberside bordered North Yorkshire to the north and west, South Yorkshire and Nottinghamshire to the south-west, Lincolnshire to the south, it faced east towards the North Sea. Humberside was abolished on 1 April 1996, with four unitary authorities being formed: North Lincolnshire, North East Lincolnshire, Kingston upon Hull and East Riding of Yorkshire; the name has continued in use as a geographical term in the media, in the names of institutions such as Humberside Police and Humberside Fire and Rescue Service.

These institutions did not change their names due to costs. There are proposals to merge the police force with other Yorkshire forces and change all the forces' names accordingly. Humber Enterprise Zone was launched in 2012 to encourage industrial development at 16 sites around the estuary; the name "Humberside" was rarely used, as an informal name and a geographical term, for the area surrounding the Humber before the creation of the ceremonial county. However, by the mid-20th century the industrial development of both sides of the Humber Estuary was becoming integrated, "Humberside" was being applied to the ports of Hull and Goole and their hinterland; the use of the term to unify the two sides of the river was driven by the desire of the local authorities in the area to promote the construction of a suspension bridge. Unlike "Merseyside", used colloquially, "Humberside" was adopted as an official term in 1964, when the planning region of Yorkshire and The Humber was created, it consisted of the majority of the former East Riding of Yorkshire and some eastern parts of the former West Riding of Yorkshire and Parts of Lindsey from Lincolnshire.

From that time onwards "Humberside" was used to market the area. In 1971 the newly launched local BBC radio station was named Radio Humberside, but since the abolition of the county the broadcasters have referred to people of East Yorkshire and North Lincolnshire; the county was created under the Local Government Act 1972 on 1 April 1974. It covered the former county boroughs of Kingston upon Hull. From Lindsey it incorporated the boroughs of Cleethorpes and Scunthorpe, the urban districts of Barton-upon-Humber and Brigg, the rural districts of Glanford Brigg and the Isle of Axholme. From the East Riding it took the boroughs of Beverley and Hedon, the urban districts of Driffield, Haltemprice and Withernsea, the rural districts of Beverley, Driffield, Holderness and Pocklington. From the West Riding it took both the rural district of Goole; the Redcliffe-Maud Report that preceded the Local Government Act 1972 had not proposed any directly analogous area. Instead it proposed making the part north of the Humber one unitary authority, the part south of it another.

The White Paper that followed the Report did not include a cross-Humber authority either, having named the northern part "East Yorkshire" and kept the southern area in Lincolnshire. Humberside had emerged in the Local Government Bill as introduced to Parliament, which gave it its name for the first time. Paul Bryan, the MP for Howden, moved an amendment to the Bill that would have created a county of East Yorkshire, covering the rural area of northern Humberside along with Selby and York, leaving a Humberside including Haltemprice, Grimsby and Goole, while Cleethorpes and Grimsby Rural District would have been kept in Lincolnshire; the amendment was rejected by the House. At this time there was little connecting its two parts, aside from ferries and a circuitous journey via Goole, it was promised by the government. By 1975 the bridge was planned to open in 1977; the bridge was opened on 24 June 1981, providing a permanent link between North and South, cutting the journey from Grimsby to Beverley to a mere 30 or so miles, but it did not secure Humberside's future.

Humberside was a non-metropolitan county governed by Humberside County Council and 9 non-metropolitan district councils. Elections to the county council took place every four years, with the first election taking place in 1973 and the final elections taking place in 1993; the county was divided into nine non-metropolitan districts: Humberside County Council held a competition to design a coat of arms for the new county. The winning design was by a Mr E. H. Cook from Thorngumbald. Letters patent granting the arms were issued by the College of Arms on 28 July 1976; the shield formed an heraldic map of the county. At the top was a gold ducal coronet from the arms of the city of Hull between two white Yorkshire roses, while at the bottom of the shield were two gold fleurs-de-lis representing Lincolnshire. Across the centre of the shield was a blue and silver wave for the River Humber; the crest was a blue eagle, taken from the arms of the former East Riding County Council, rising phoenix-like from flames, suggesting a new authority emerging from the ashes of the old.

The eagle's wings bore gold droplets standing for North Sea Oil and held in its beak

Duane Hopkins

Duane Hopkins is an English film director and artist, best known for directing the independent film Better Things. Hopkins' first short film, made in 2001, premiered at Cannes Film Festival as part of International Critics' Week. A dark, unblinking tale of rural adolescence, Field went on to win a host of prizes at festivals internationally. Hopkins followed Field in 2003 with his second short film Love Me Or Leave Me Alone, made as part of Film 4 and UK Film Council's Cinema Extreme scheme for new British filmmaking talent. Love Me Or Leave Me Alone,'a study in the articulations and limitations of first love', premiered at Edinburgh International Film Festival where it won Best British Short Film. Like Field it was successful. Hopkins wrote and directed his debut feature film Better Things. Shot on location in the West Midlands of England, Better Things premiered at International Critics' Week in Cannes 2008, where it was nominated for the Camera D'Or. A multi-narrative tale of love and loss amongst the young and old of a small town in rural England, Better Things was praised by critics as a film, both radical and nuanced.

It was noted for its use of cinematic technique and narrative approach to connect themes such as romantic need, the roots of drug addiction, existential notions of anxiety, purposefully against a contemporary, epic rural backdrop. Variety stated: "Duane Hopkins follows his prize-winning shorts with visually distinctive first feature Better Things. Beautifully shot with cast of eye-catching non-pros… gives a special twist to UK tradition of social realism by juxtaposing the natural and the constructed." The Guardian wrote that Better Things "has a bold and brilliant insight at its heart" while The Independent argued that "Hopkins is a director with an introspective subtlety uncommon in UK filmmaking", in choosing'Better Things as its Film of the Month and Sound wrote "Hopkins' film depicts, or rather creates, a piece of British social landscape that we have never quite seen before". Le Monde made Better Things its film of the week, comparing Hopkins' work to "the abstract violence of Alan Clarke, the lyrical harshness of Bill Douglas...

Hopkins has a lot in common with such directors: he uses a harsh metaphysical darkness and an acute sense of formal composition.". Hopkins has been described as being at the centre of an emergent'British New Wave' alongside directors like Steve McQueen, with Better Things distinguished "by its technical and stylistic approaches to typical problems of British realism", his film work has been noted for its precise compositions and technical rigour, for its poetic cinematic rendering of realist subject matter and environments. Hopkins works in the fields of photography and moving image art, his first solo gallery exhibition Sunday, a collection of single and multi-channel moving image installations, opened at the Baltic Centre for Contemporary Art in March 2009. Sunday deals with contemporary British youth and the relationships between identity and environment; the format of the individual pieces within the Sunday collection is that of multiple images knitted together to form multi-screen scenes, each working in different ways with atmosphere and narrative.

The impression formed is suggestive of a social-realist fairy tale – the subtle interaction of realist and romantic tropes. With Sunday Hopkins was said to have "created an experience, separate from the conventions of sitting in a cinema, he generates a portrait of youth that has a matter of fact, harsh reality to it and a psychological intensity, unnerving." Sunday was exhibited at galleries in Liverpool and Yokohama in 2009. Hopkins produces the work of other filmmakers through Third, a company co-founded with producer Samm Haillay. With Third Hopkins has produced Daniel Elliott’s Venice-winning short film The Making of Parts and Berlinale-winning Jade. In 2010 he co-produced the feature film debut of the artist titled Self Made. Field Love Me Or Leave Me Alone Better Things Bypass Sunday Duane Hopkins Website Better Things Official Site Duane Hopkins' Sunday Official Site Duane Hopkins on IMDb Baltic Interview With Duane Hopkins about Sunday

Hugh Elliott (editor)

Hugh Elliott is a Los Angeles-based Film/TV Editor and Musician. Elliott was a founding member of Jazz Punks, he was the drummer, co-producer, co-arranger on the Jazz Punks album, SMASHUPS, which reached #1 on the CMJ Jazz Top 40 in June 2012. He worked on a number of other albums as well, including the Angela Bofill album, I Wanna Love Somebody, Heather Nova's album, South; as a Film/TV Editor, Elliott's body of work includes Discovery Channel, Animal Planet, Investigation Discovery, ABC, ABC News, PBS, NatGeo. Most of these positions were as Lead Editor. Hugh Elliott was born in Austin and grew up in Dallas, Texas in the United States where, as a young child, he began studying drums with Vernon Ewan, percussionist for the Dallas Symphony Orchestra, he went on to study at Berklee College of Music in Massachusetts. After Berklee College of Music, Elliott moved to New York City where he performed and recorded with local and international artists including Grover Washington Jr. Herbie Hancock, Phoebe Snow, Joan Osborne, Phyllis Hyman and Angela Bofill.

Elliott performed at venues such as NYC's Beacon Theater and Blue Note Jazz Club, Chicago's Arie Crown Theater and Detroit's Fox Theatre. He recorded multiple times at NYC's The Power Station during its heyday. In addition to his work with Angela Bofill, Elliott played on a number of other internationally released records, including Sandra Bernhard's, I'm Still Here... Damn It!, Laura Branigan's, Remember Me, Billy Crawford's, Billy Crawford, Robert Lamm's solo album, In My Head, Heather Nova's, drumming on the single, Like Lovers Do, featured in the film, Serendipity. In 2006, Elliott was a founding member of Jazz Punks. In 2009, the group released a self-titled EP. In 2012, Jazz Punks released an album titled, SMASHUPS. SMASHUPS received positive reviews, including JazzTimes and All About Jazz. In addition to reaching #1 on the CMJ Jazz Top 40, SMASHUPS garnered #15 on CMJ's Top 100 Albums of 2012 and remained on KCRW’s Jazz Top 10 for 8 weeks. Official website

Gibraltar National League

The Gibraltar National League is the only senior tier of association football in Gibraltar, founded in 2019 after a merger of the Gibraltar Premier Division, which served as the top division of football on the Rock since 1905, the Gibraltar Second Division, which had existed since 1909. It was announced in August 2019 by the Gibraltar Football Association; the league is supported by the Gibraltar Intermediate League for Hound Dogs. Rumours of the new league began in 2018, when the Gibraltar FA announced plans for a single tier format in its league constitution for the 2018–19 Gibraltar Premier Division. On 1 August 2019, the GFA confirmed details of the restructure of domestic football in Gibraltar, the format of the new 16 team league. After 4 teams left the league, the remaining 12 teams are to follow the same league format. Teams will play one round of games as a single league, before splitting into two groups: the Championship Group contested by the top 6 sides, the Challenge Group between the bottom 6 sides.

The winners of the Challenge Group will receive the GFA Challenge Trophy and receive a bye to the second round of the next season's Rock Cup. Hound Dogs, who participated in the final season of the Gibraltar Second Division, were granted special dispensation to compete in the Gibraltar Intermediate League; the following 12 teams formed the inaugural Gibraltar National League. However, 3 other founder teams withdrew before the league started: Gibraltar Phoenix, Gibraltar United, Leo. Additionally, Olympique 13 were expelled from the league after forfeiting the first two matches of the season. Boca Gibraltar Bruno's Magpies College 1975 Europa Europa Point Glacis United Lincoln Red Imps Lions Gibraltar Lynx Manchester 62 Mons Calpe St Joseph's Gibraltar FA Website Gibraltar - List of Champions,

Mission control center

A mission control center is a facility that manages space flights from the point of launch until landing or the end of the mission. It is part of the ground segment of spacecraft operations. A staff of flight controllers and other support personnel monitor all aspects of the mission using telemetry, send commands to the vehicle using ground stations. Personnel supporting the mission from an MCC can include representatives of the attitude control system, propulsion, attitude dynamics, orbital operations and other subsystem disciplines; the training for these missions falls under the responsibility of the flight controllers including extensive rehearsals in the MCC. Prior to liftoff, missions are controlled from the Launch Control Center located at NASA's Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island, Florida. Responsibility for the booster and spacecraft remains with the LCC until the booster has cleared the launch tower, when responsibility is handed over to the NASA's Mission Control Center, at the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, in Houston.

The MCC manages the U. S. portions of the International Space Station. The Mission Control Center of the Russian Federal Space Agency known by its acronym ЦУП is located in Korolyov, near the RKK Energia plant, it contains an active control room for the ISS. It houses a memorial control room for the Mir where the last few orbits of Mir before it burned up in the atmosphere are shown on the display screens; the Mission Control Center of the Indian Space Research Organisation is located at Satish Dhawan Space Centre, India. European Space Operations Centre is responsible for ESA's satellites and space probes, it is located in Germany. German Space Operations Center is responsible for other customer's missions, it is located in Oberpfaffenhofen near Germany. The Columbus Control Centre at the German Aerospace Center in Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany, it is the mission control center for the European Columbus research laboratory at the International Space Station. The Galileo Control Center at the German Aerospace Center in Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany.

It is one of the mission control centers for the European Galileo Navigation System. Beijing Aerospace Command and Control Center is a command center for the Chinese space program which includes the Shenzhou missions; the building is inside a complex nicknamed Aerospace City. The city is located in a suburb northwest of Beijing; the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California manages all of NASA's uncrewed spacecraft outside Earth's orbit and several research probes within along with the Deep Space Network from the Space Flight Operations Facility. AmericaBoeing Satellite Development Center Mission Control Center in El Segundo, California, US. In charge of several military satellites. Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland provides mission control for the Hubble Space Telescope. Lockheed Martin A2100 Space Operations Center in Newtown, Pennsylvania, US. In charge of several military satellites. Mercury Control Center was located on the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and was used during Project Mercury.

One of its still standing buildings now serves as a makeshift bunker for the media if a rocket explodes near the ground. Mobile Servicing System Control and Training at Saint-Hubert, Canada. Supports Canadarm2 and "dextre" robotics operations. Space Systems/Loral Mission Control Center in Palo Alto, California, US; the MESSENGER and New Horizons missions were controlled from the Applied Physics Laboratory near Baltimore, Maryland. SpaceX’s Mission Control Center in Hawthorne, California Multi-Mission Operations Center at the Ames Research Center Payload Operations Integration Center at the Marshall Spaceflight Center in Huntsville, Alabama were science activities aboard the International Space Station are monitored around the clock. AsiaJEM Control Center and the HTV Control Center at the Tsukuba Space Center in Tsukuba, Japan manages operations aboard JAXA's Kibo ISS research laboratory and the resupply flights of the H-II Transfer Vehicle. JAXAs satellite operations are based here. EuropeThe ATV Control Centre is located at the Toulouse Space Centre in France.

It is the mission control center for the European Automated Transfer Vehicles, that resupply ISS. The Columbus Control Center at the German Aerospace Center in Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany, it is the mission control center for the European Columbus research laboratory at the International Space Station. The Rover Operations Control Centre is located in Italy, it will be the mission control center for the ExoMars rover Rosalind Franklin. Titov Main Test and Space Systems Control Centre, mission control center in Krasnoznamensk, Russia. Control room Ground segment Launch status check Mission Control Centre for the Russian Federal Space Agency Space flight - Mission Control Center Goddard Space Flight Center Jet Propulsion Laboratory Columbus Control Centre Automated Transfer Vehicle Control Centre European Space Operations Center

Coat of arms of Bivona

The Coat of arms of Bivona is the representational emblem of the Italian town of Bivona, in Agrigento, situated in the Monti Sicani mountain range. It represents the ancient state of nobility and wealth and cultural development of the country, that became a duchy in the 16th century, capital of the district, a Comune, in the 19th century. In ancient times the emblem was stamped on the crown walls: in 1554, the town was adorned with the title of city; the description of the coat of arms, included within the municipal charter of Bivona, is as follows: Shield bearing two intertwined branches of oak and olive tree and crest, surmounted by a crown, depicting at the top a half waning moon and a crab at the bottom. Until 1785, a seal engraved with the municipal arms of the lord of that time was used on the official acts of the University of Bivona. On 5 March 1785, with the publication of the royal circular letters, it was willing that the barons of the kingdom do not interfere in the election of judges, mayors of their respective lands: thus, there was no longer baronial issuing power, the city administration bivonese was endowed with a new seal.

The latter bore the emblem of the House of Bourbon-Sicily at the top, a few naturalistic elements around a tower at the bottom. Below are the descriptions of three municipal seals of Bivona of 1593, the 1638 and 1801. A seal of the University of Bivona in a document of 1593 depicts the arms of families D'Aragona, De Luna d'Aragona and Peralta, although there are doubts about the exact identification of the latter. In 1593 a woman was the head of the duchy of Bivona, Aloisia de Luna, daughter of Peter de Luna and Isabella de Vega the daughter of Juan de Vega, Viceroy of Sicily. Aloysia became the investiture of the duchy in September 1592, after the death of brother Giovanni, in 1567 she married Cesare Moncada, died in 1571. A seal of the University of Bivona present in a document dated May 17, 1638 depicts the arms of the families of Luna, de La Cerda and Aragona-Sicilia. In 1638, Luigi Guglielmo Moncada was the Duke of Bivona, great-grandson of Aloysia de Luna and descendant of the Aragon family.

Amato Amati, Dizionario Corografico dell'Italia - Volume 1, Vallardi Publisher, 1877. Antonino Marrone, Bivona feudal town vols. I-II-Rome Caltanissetta, Salvatore Sciascia Publisher, 1987. Antonino Marrone, Il Distretto, il Circondario ed il Collegio Elettorale di Bivona, Municipality of Bivona, 1996. Antonino Marrone, Storia delle Comunità Religiose e degli edifici sacri di Bivona, Municipality of Bivona, 1997. Antonino Marrone, Bivona dal 1812 al 1881, Municipality of Bivona, 2001. Francesco Nicotra, Dizionario illustrato dei Comuni di Sicilia, Palermo, 1907. Giovan Battista Sedita, Cenno storico-politico-etnografico di Bivona, Bivona, 1909 Website of the municipality of Bivona