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Humble Bundle

Humble Bundle, Inc. is a digital storefront for video games, which grew out of its original offering of Humble Bundles, collections of games sold at a price determined by the purchaser and with a portion of the price going towards charity and the rest split between the game developers. Humble Bundle continues to offer these limited-time bundles, but have expanded to include a greater and more persistent storefront; the Humble Bundle concept was run by Wolfire Games in 2010, but by its second bundle, the Humble Bundle company was spun out to manage the promotion and distribution of the bundles. In October 2017, the company was acquired by Ziff Davis through its IGN Entertainment subsidiary, though operates as a separate subsidiary. Initial bundles were collections of independently developed games featuring multi-platform support provided without digital rights management. Occurring every few months, the two-week Humble Bundles drew media attention, with several bundles surpassing $1 million in sales.

Subsequently, the bundles became more frequent and expanded to include games from established developers, AAA publishers, games for Android-based devices, bundles promoting game jams, bundles featuring digital copies of music and comic books. Bundles are presently offered on a more regular basis, with a persistent storefront for individual game sales; the Humble Bundle offerings support a number of charities, including Action Against Hunger, Child's Play, the Electronic Frontier Foundation, charity: water, the American Red Cross, WaterAid and the Wikimedia Foundation. By the end of October 2014, participating developers had grossed more than $100 million and by June 2019, the total charitable amount raised by the Bundles exceeded $150 million across 50 different charities; the success of the Humble Bundle approach has inspired a number of similar efforts to offer "pay what you want" bundles for smaller titles, including Indie Gala and Indie Royale. As a corporation, Humble Bundle is headquartered in San Francisco, with about 60 employees.

The idea for the Bundle was from Jeff Rosen of Wolfire Games. Rosen describes the inspiration coming to him through similar sales of bundle packages on the Steam platform. Rosen had noted. Influence came from a previous "pay-what-you-want" sale for World of Goo upon the title's first anniversary. Rosen by this point was well connected with other independent developers, for example his brother David is listed as being a game tester for the Penumbra series, Penumbra's composer Mikko Tarmia is now contributing to Wolfire Games' upcoming game project Overgrowth. Wolfire had recently teamed with Unknown Worlds Entertainment to offer a bundle based on their Natural Selection 2 game; the porter of Lugaru to Linux was Ryan C. Gordon, responsible for porting Aquaria to Linux. With his close ties to these independent developers, as well as Ron Carmel of 2D Boy, Rosen was able to assemble the package, taking advantage of merchant sales systems offered by PayPal, Amazon Payments, Google Checkout to minimize the cost of transactions and distribution.

The site added the option to pay via Bitcoin only through Coinbase. Though achieving word of mouth was a key element of the potential success of the bundle, Rosen recognized that the process to purchase the Bundles had to be simple. Rosen sought to include charities in the bundle, allowing the purchaser to choose how to distribute the funds between the developers and charities. Rosen believed Child's Play was a worthwhile cause that brought video games to hospitalized children and helped to fight the stigma of video games, while he selected the Electronic Frontier Foundation to support their anti-DRM stance; the means of "pay-what-you-want" would allow purchasers to give the money to the charities, but Rosen felt this was not an issue and would "consider that a success" of the sale. Rosen and Wolfire employee John Graham provided technical support during the sales, handling thousands of requests through a few all-night email and chat sessions. Rosen and Graham began planning for a second Humble Indie Bundle, which launched in December 2010 and raised $1.8 million.

The two recognized the value proposition of continuing this model, spun out Humble Bundle as its own company shortly after the release of the second bundle. Rosen and Graham served as its founders. Sequoia Capital had invested $4.7 million of venture capital into Humble Bundle by April 2011, allowing Rosen and Graham to hire staff to help curate further bundles and handle customer services. On October 13, 2017, Humble Bundle announced it had been acquired by IGN Entertainment, a subsidiary of Ziff Davis. Humble Bundle will continue to operate as a separate entity within IGN, according to the company, there are no plans to change their current business approach in the short-term. Instead, they see "a lot of opportunities" for the customer bases of both companies, according to Humble Bundle founder John Graham. Graham said that the acquisition by IGN enables them to continue to do the same sales and charity promotions "faster and better" with IGN's resources backing them. IGN's executive vice president Mitch Galbraith said that they felt Humble Bundle was a "great fit" for IGN, would help IGN to "give something back" by supporting its charitable drives.

As IGN publishes news and reviews of video games, Galbraith responded to several concerns about con

Patrick Fairweather

Sir Patrick Fairweather is a British retired diplomat. He served as Ambassador to Angola from 1985 to 1987 and Ambassador to Italy and concurrently Albania from 1992 to 1996, he was director of the Butrint Foundation of the Buthrotum Roman archaeological site in southern Albania from 1997 until 2004. Fairweather, the son of John George Fairweather and Dorothy Jane, was educated at Ottershaw School in Surrey and Trinity College, where he graduated with a degree in history, he married Maria in 1962 and the couple have two daughters. Maria died in 2010. From 1955 until 1957, Fairweather served his National Service in the Royal Marines and Parachute Regiment, he subsequently entered Diplomatic Service. In 1965, Fairweather joined the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and served as 2nd Secretary in Rome from 1966 to 1969 and 1st and Economic Secretary from 1969 to 1970, he was appointed to the same position in Paris, serving there from 1970 until 1975. In 1975, Fairweather became 1st Secretary and Head of Chancery in Vientiane and the following year, he was appointed Economic and Commercial Counsellor to the European Economic Community in Brussels, which he held until 1978.

He next held the same position for five years in Athens. From 1978 to 1983, Fairweather was Head of European Community Department of the FCO. In 1985, Fairweather began serving as an Ambassador. During his two-year term working in Angola, author Robin Renwick states that he "served as the indispensable channel of communications for the Americans". In 1987, he became Assistant Under-Secretary of State of the FCO for Africa and was Deputy Under-Secretary for the Middle East and Africa until the early 1990s. On 29 May 1991, he was appointed non-resident Ambassador to Albania, serving in this post until 1996, he served as the first director of the Butrint Foundation, which oversaw the Buthrotum Roman archaeological site in southern Albania from 1997 until 2004. Transcript of interview with Sir Patrick Fairweather, British Diplomatic Oral History Programme, Churchill College, Cambridge

Transgressive Records

Transgressive Records is an independent record label based in London, formed in 2004. Its founders, Tim Dellow and Toby L, first met at a Bloc Party gig organised by Toby's Rockfeedback website; the label's debut release was'1am' by The Subways in September 2004 followed by singles from Mystery Jets, The Young Knives and Regina Spektor. Current artists on the Transgressive Records roster include Flume, SOPHIE, Songhoy Blues, Gengahr, Julia Jacklin and Hippo Campus; the company has formed Transgressive Management, looking after Johnny Flynn, Marika Hackman and Let's Eat Grandma, a publishing company, working with Two Door Cinema Club, Benny Mails, Odetta Hartman and more

Operation Warzone

Operation Warzone is a 1988 American Vietnam War film. During the Vietnam War, three U. S. Army soldiers, Sgt. Holt and Adams, survive a Viet Cong ambush and rescue two undercover American agents, named Hawkins and Jensen, whom are seeking out a mysterious Intelligence agent, known only as'the General' who has classified documents detailing an illegal arms deal between a corrupt general, named Delevane based in the Pentagon, whom is involved in an arms-for-profit deal with a corrupt U. S. Army officer back in Vietnam, named Colonel Harker, who sends troops, led by Corporal Stringer, to look for'the General'. During this, Hawkins tells Holt that there will be an arms shipment to be made soon which will go to the North Vietnamese for huge profit which will prolong the war for the military back home. Hawkins and Holt are captured by another group of soldiers, led by a shady Australian named Lt. Smitty, who tries to find out which one of them is the General. Hawkins and Holt are rescued by Stringer and his soldiers where after asking a coded number question, Hawkins is revealed to be the General.

They are taken to Colonel Harker, whom asks for the documents of the arms shipment, orders Stringer to execute both of them. But Stringer is revealed to be a turncoat, working with Butler an undercover agent, who wants to help stop the arms deal from happening which leads to Holt, Hawkins, Smitty and Jensen to team up to launch an climatic attack against Harker's camp. During the battle and all of Harker's men are killed, but Hawkins is fatally wounded by Harker before he is killed. However, before he dies, Hawkins gives Holt the location and code word to the location of the arms shipment and urges the squad to acquire and use it to win the war for the U. S. Army; the film ends with a news report about a major American military offensive into North Vietnam related to the arms shipment, the distraught Delevane commits suicide before he is to be questioned about his involvement in the deal. Joe Spinell... Brig. Gen. George Delevane Fritz Matthews... Sgt. Holt William Zipp... Cpl. Butler John Cianetti...

Spc. Sgt. Hawkins David Marriott... Lt. Smitty Sean Holton... Cpl. Adams Sonny King... Spc. Jenson Chet Hood... Cpl. Stringer Operation Warzone on IMDb

Vitelline arteries

The vitelline arteries are the arterial counterpart to the vitelline veins. Like the veins, they play an important role in the vitelline circulation of blood to and from the yolk sac of a fetus, they are a branch of the dorsal aorta. They give rise to the celiac artery, superior mesenteric artery, inferior mesenteric artery. Cardev-009—Embryo Images at University of North Carolina https://web.archive.org/web/20070623132305/http://isc.temple.edu/marino/embryology/Heart98/heart_text.htm Embryology at Temple Heart98/heart97a/sld021 https://web.archive.org/web/20070915072304/http://www.ana.ed.ac.uk/database/humat/notes/extraemb/yolksac/vitart.htm http://www.med.umich.edu/lrc/coursepages/M1/embryology/embryo/13cardiovascular_system.htm https://web.archive.org/web/20070812190309/http://www.med.mun.ca/anatomyts/embryo/emb6.htm

Take a Swing at Cancer

Take A Swing at Cancer, Inc. known as "TASC", is an American tax-exempt charity, established in memory of cancer patients and raises money to be used in the war against cancer. The emphasis of their fundraising events centers on sporting activities. Funds raised are given directly to individuals in need. But, the organization's charter allows them to contribute to tax-exempt charities and organizations that provide cancer services such as research, early detection, family support and education; the organization is headquartered in Framingham, operates in and around the New England region of the United States and works with beneficiaries from the same area. Take a Swing at Cancer's mission is: to help families affected by Cancer; the goal is to ease the financial burden placed on families by offering alternative funding to assist with the expenses not covered by traditional insurance. TASC is governed by a 15-member all-volunteer Board of Directors; each year, half of the directors are elected to two-year terms.

A President, Vice-President and Secretary are all elected annually by the Board. The President runs the day-to-day operations of the organization and the fiscal year runs January through December. There are several Committee structures throughout the organization. Many of these center around TASC's various fundraising events. But, there is a Marketing, Beneficiary and Website Committee. Committee Chairs are appointed by the President at the beginning of the year. Meetings are held once a month, although there is an Annual Meeting that takes place at the end of the calendar year. All Board members and Committee Chairs congregate to organize future events, discuss internal business and promote the general growth of the organization. While Board Members are the only ones who can vote on general matters of business and the general public are encouraged to attend and participate; the organization's roots began in 1991 when a small group of volunteers, known informally as the Softball Against Cancer Committee, came together to run a charity softball event.

In the early months of 1998, after several years of successful tournaments, committee members joined forces to incorporate Take a Swing at Cancer, Inc. into its own non-profit organization, complete with a Board of Directors and slate of Officers. Incorporating allowed TASC to broaden its beneficiary reach and have a more direct impact on those facing the challenges of battling cancer. In 2003, Take a Swing at Cancer, Inc. reached a milestone by gaining its official 501status from the IRS. In 1991, Andy Smyth, along with brother and family friend, Don Voner, created the softball tournament and called it the "Betty Smyth Softball Classic", it was organized to commemorate the life and vivacity of Andy and Jeff’s mother, who died of breast cancer in 1988. The idea for the event was to have a weekend filled with fun centered around softball, while contributing to the fight against cancer; the event continued in 1993, growing more successful with each passing year. In 1996, the tournament was re-created as "Take a Swing at Cancer ‘96" and was more successful than the previous tournaments.

Twenty teams over $6,000 was netted. All proceeds were donated directly to the American Cancer Society. By this time, a core group of committed volunteers had formed; the first tournament was held at Tufts University in Medford, MA. But, all subsequent events have taken place at the Mitre Field Complex in Burlington, MA; the 2007 tournament represented the 15th Annual softball tournament and Hurricane Hanna forced the cancellation of the 16th Annual event in 2008. In the fall of 1999, TASC became involved with the Jared Tuccolo Memorial Golf Tournament by providing volunteers for the event and contributing $1,000. In 2000, TASC brought this event under its umbrella and became more involved in the planning process; the golf tournament has seen increasing profits in each successive year. The proceeds are disbursed in the form of scholarships to students at Jared's high school alma mater with the remaining funds being distributed by the Beneficiary Committee to other cancer patients in need. Take a Swing at Cancer has participated in the Simon Mall Evening of Giving since its inception.

As of 2009, they began ramping up their 3rd annual Poker Tournament and they continue to solicit new ideas as the organization continues to grow. Since 2000, more than $250,000 has been provided directly to beneficiaries of Take a Swing at Cancer. TASC disburses nearly 100% of its proceeds to worthy individuals and organizations who have completed the application process, which includes screening by the Beneficiary Committee; the beneficiary process puts the Beneficiary Committee into direct contact with beneficiary recipients through the work of beneficiary liaisons. Many of TASC’s beneficiaries are individuals and families who need relief from the stress of mounting bills incurred during cancer treatment. Liaisons are in the unique position to assist people with expenses that are not covered by traditional insurance, including but not limited to mortgage payments, car repairs, other household bills, they have supported several organizations that share a similar vision, such as Andrew's Helpful Hands, Angel's Hope, Childhood Cancer Lifeline of New Hampshire and Dana Farber Cancer Institute.

The original TASC logo was a three-person pyramid designed by Jennifer Smyth in the mid-1990s. The current TASC logo was designed in 2002 by Andee Wilcott; the concept of the'running T' was designed to capture the