Humphrey DeForest Bogart was an American film and stage actor. His performances in Classical Hollywood cinema films made him an American cultural icon. In 1999, the American Film Institute selected Bogart as the greatest male star of classic American cinema. Bogart began acting in Broadway shows, beginning his career in motion pictures with Up the River, cast in a romantic role as large as co-star Spencer Tracy's, he appeared in supporting roles for several years, sometimes portraying gangsters due to his resemblance to John Dillinger. Bogart was praised for his work in The Petrified Forest, his entry into the Warner Bros. gangster stable. His breakthrough from supporting roles to stardom came with High Sierra and The Maltese Falcon, considered one of the first great noir films. Bogart's private detectives, Sam Spade and Phillip Marlowe, became the models for detectives in other noir films, his most significant romantic lead role was with Ingrid Bergman in Casablanca, he received his first nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor.
Bogart and 19-year-old Lauren Bacall fell in love when they filmed To Have Not. After their marriage, she played his love interest in Key Largo. Bogart's performances in The Treasure of the Sierra Madre and In a Lonely Place are now considered among his best, although they were not recognized as such when the films were released, he reprised those unsettled, unstable characters as a World War II naval-vessel commander in The Caine Mutiny, a critical and commercial hit and earned him another Best Actor nomination. As a cantankerous transport-boat pilot with Katharine Hepburn's missionary in the World War I adventure The African Queen, Bogart received the Academy Award for Best Actor. In his years, significant roles included The Barefoot Contessa with Ava Gardner and his on-screen competition with William Holden for Audrey Hepburn in Sabrina. A heavy smoker and drinker, Bogart died from esophageal cancer in January 1957. Bogart was born on Christmas Day 1899 in New York City, the eldest child of Belmont DeForest Bogart and Maud Humphrey.
Belmont was the only child of the unhappy marriage of Adam Welty Bogart and Julia Augusta Stiles, a wealthy heiress. The name "Bogart" derives from the Dutch surname, "Bogaert". Belmont and Maud married in June 1898, he was a Presbyterian, of English and Dutch descent, a descendant of Sarah Rapelje. Maud was an Episcopalian of English heritage, a descendant of Mayflower passenger John Howland. Humphrey was non-practicing for most of his adult life; the date of Bogart's birth has been disputed. Clifford McCarty wrote that Warner Bros. publicity department had altered it from January 23, 1900 "to foster the view that a man born on Christmas Day couldn't be as villainous as he appeared to be on screen". The "corrected" January birthdate subsequently appeared—and in some cases, remains—in many otherwise-authoritative sources. According to biographers Ann M. Sperber and Eric Lax, Bogart always celebrated his birthday on December 25 and listed it on official records. Lauren Bacall wrote in her autobiography that Bogart's birthday was always celebrated on Christmas Day, saying that he joked about being cheated out of a present every year.
Sperber and Lax noted that a birth announcement in the Ontario County Times of January 10, 1900 rules out the possibility of a January 23 birthdate. Belmont, Bogart's father, was a cardiopulmonary surgeon. Maud was a commercial illustrator who received her art training in New York and France, including study with James Abbott McNeill Whistler, she became art director of the fashion magazine The Delineator and a militant suffragette. Maud used a drawing of baby Humphrey in an advertising campaign for Mellins Baby Food, she earned over $50,000 a year at the peak of her career more than her husband's $20,000. The Bogarts lived in an Upper West Side apartment, had a cottage on a 55-acre estate on Canandaigua Lake in upstate New York; when he was young, Bogart's group of friends at the lake would put on plays. He had two younger sisters: Catherine Elizabeth. Bogart's parents were busy in their careers, fought. Formal, they showed little emotion towards their children. Maud told her offspring to call her "Maud" instead of "Mother", showed little physical affection for them.
When she was pleased, she "lapped you on the shoulder the way a man does", Bogart recalled. "I was brought up unsentimentally but straightforwardly. A kiss, in our family, was an event. Our mother and father didn't glug over my two sisters and me."Bogart was teased as a boy for his curls, the "cute" pictures his mother had him pose for, the Little Lord Fauntleroy clothes in which she dressed him, for his first name. He inherited a tendency to needle, a fondness for fishing, a lifelong love of boating, an attraction to strong-willed women from his father. Bogart attended the private Delancey School until the fifth grade, attended the prestigious Trinity School, he was an sullen student who showed no interest in after-school activities. Bogart attended Phillips Academy, a boarding school to which he was admi
Adrien Albert Marie, Comte de Mun, was a French political figure and Social Reformer of the nineteenth century. Albert was born at son of the marquess de Mun, he became the brother in law of the Duke of Ursel. He entered the French Army, saw much service in Algeria, took part in the fighting around Metz in 1870. On the surrender of Metz, he was sent as a prisoner of war to Aachen, where he met René de La Tour du Pin, they both were determined to respond to the dilemma of the working class upon their release from prison. The following year they organized a Catholic Workers' club, under the name "L'Oeuvre des Cercles Catholiques d'Ouvriers", at the request of Maurice Maignen; the clubs spread throughout France. These "circles" or clubs brought together the wealthy and the workers from a given locale for prayer and hearing lectures by members of the aristocracy, he assisted in the capture of Paris from the Paris Commune. A fervent Roman Catholic, Albert devoted himself to advocating Social Catholicism.
His attacks on Third French Republic's social policy provoked a prohibition from the Minister of War. He thereupon resigned his commission, in the following February stood as Royalist and Catholic candidate for Pontivy; the influence of the Church was exerted to secure his election, during the proceedings, he was awarded the Order of Saint Gregory the Great by Pope Pius IX. He won the next elections for the same area. De Mun was re-elected, however, in the following August, for many years was the most conspicuous leader of the anti-Republican party. "We form", he said on one occasion, "the irreconcilable Counter-Revolution". He was a resolute opponent of Socialism: "Socialism is logical Revolution and we are Counter-Revolution. There is nothing in common between us."He was a prominent Anti-Dreyfusard as well as a committed antisemite who believed Jews were plotting an international conspiracy and casually referred to them as youtres. As far back as 1878 he had declared himself opposed to universal suffrage, a declaration that lost him his seat from 1879 to 1881.
He spoke against the expulsion of the French princes, it was chiefly through his influence that the support of the Royalist party was given to Georges Boulanger. But as a faithful Catholic, he obeyed the modernising encyclical of 1891, Rerum novarum, declared his readiness to rally to a Republican government, provided that it respected religion. In the following January he received from Leo XIII a letter commending his action, encouraging him in his social reforms, he was defeated at the general election of that year. In 1897 he succeeded Jules Simon as a member of the Académie française, owing to the quality and eloquence of his speeches, with a few pamphlets, form the bulk of his published work. In Ma vocation sociale he wrote an justification of his career. Works by or about Adrien Albert Marie de Mun at Internet Archive
Cosme Damião was a Portuguese football player-coach for S. L. Benfica, he is remembered as the main force behind the birth of Benfica and one of the first great Portuguese football players. Benfica's yearly awards, presented to its athletes for outstanding performance, are named after him: Galardão Cosme Damião; the Benfica museum is named in his honour. Damião was educated in Lisbon, Portugal. Starting at a young age, he developed an enthusiasm for football. In 1903, he had the idea of starting a football team. On 28 February 1904, his friends founded Sport Lisboa. In 1908, the club merged with Sport Clube de Benfica and became Sport Lisboa e Benfica, he started his player career on 19 February 1905 and debuted for the main squad at the age of 20 in a match against Lisbon Cricket Club. He played all his career in Benfica, as team captain and player-coach from 1908–09 to 1915–16, he played Benfica's first international match, against Stade Bordelais in 1911. In nine seasons, between 1907–08 and 1915–16, he played all of the team's 155 matches, a Benfica record.
On 26 February 1916, at the age of 30, he retired from playing football, but continued to coach Benfica until 1925–26, leading the team for 18 years, another club record. He had the misfortune of ending his player career before the first match of the Portugal national team, but he still played for the Lisbon team and an unofficial National team that played in Brazil, in 1913; as a player, he represented Benfica for 11 seasons in which he played 169 games and was captain 160 times. After his player career, he was responsible for the football department of Benfica until 1926, he helped to establish the Portuguese Football League in 1914, the predecessor of the Portuguese Football Federation. He was the President of the Casa Pia Football Club, as well the founder and director of the sports newspaper O Sport Lisboa renamed O Sport de Lisboa. On 6 September 1931, he was elected President of General Assembly, the only management job he took at Benfica, he was re-elected in 1932, 1933 and 1934. In 1935, he received Benfica's Águia de Ouro.
He died in Vila de Sintra on 12 June 1947, after a long illness, was buried in the Cemitério dos Prazeres, in Lisbon. BenficaCampeonato de Lisboa: 1909–10, 1911–12, 1912–13, 1913–14, 1915–16 BenficaCampeonato de Lisboa: 1916–17, 1917–18, 1919–20 List of one-club men Serrado, Ricardo. Cosme Damião, o homem que sonhou o Benfica. Zebra Publicações. ISBN 978-989-8391-04-9