Hungarian is a Uralic language spoken in Hungary and parts of several neighbouring countries. It is one of the 24 official languages of the European Union. Outside Hungary it is spoken by communities of Hungarians in the countries that today make up Slovakia, western Ukraine and western Romania, northern Serbia, northern Croatia and northern Slovenia, it is spoken by Hungarian diaspora communities worldwide in North America and Israel. With 13 million speakers, it is the Uralic family's largest member by number of speakers. Hungarian is a member of the Uralic language family. Linguistic connections between Hungarian and other Uralic languages were noticed in the 1670s, the family itself was established in 1717. Hungarian has traditionally been assigned to the Ugric branch within the Finno-Ugric group, along with the Mansi and Khanty languages of western Siberia, but it is no longer clear that it is a valid group; when the Samoyed languages were determined to be part of the family, it was thought at first that Finnic and Ugric were closer to each other than to the Samoyed branch of the family, but, now questioned.
The name of Hungary could be a result of regular sound changes of Ungrian/Ugrian, the fact that the Eastern Slavs referred to Hungarians as Ǫgry/Ǫgrove seemed to confirm that. Current literature favors the hypothesis. There are numerous regular sound correspondences between the other Ugric languages. For example, Hungarian /aː/ corresponds to Khanty /o/ in certain positions, Hungarian /h/ corresponds to Khanty /x/, while Hungarian final /z/ corresponds to Khanty final /t/. For example, Hungarian ház "house" vs. Khanty xot "house", Hungarian száz "hundred" vs. Khanty sot "hundred"; the distance between the Ugric and Finnic languages is greater, but the correspondences are regular. The traditional view holds that the Hungarian language diverged from its Ugric relatives in the first half of the 1st millennium BC, in western Siberia east of the southern Urals; the Hungarians changed their lifestyle from being settled hunters to being nomadic pastoralists as a result of early contacts with Iranian or Turkic nomads.
In Hungarian, Iranian loanwords date back to the time following the breakup of Ugric and span well over a millennium. Among these include tehén ‘cow’. Archaeological evidence from present day southern Bashkortostan confirms the existence of Hungarian settlements between the Volga River and the Ural Mountains; the Onoğurs had a great influence on the language between the 5th and 9th centuries. This layer of Turkic loans is large and varied, includes words borrowed from Oghur Turkic. Many words related to agriculture, state administration and family relationships show evidence of such backgrounds. Hungarian syntax and grammar were not influenced in a dramatic way over these three centuries. After the arrival of the Hungarians in the Carpathian Basin, the language came into contact with a variety of speech communities, among them Slavic and German. Turkic loans from this period come from the Pechenegs and Cumanians, who settled in Hungary during the 12th and 13th centuries: e.g. koboz "cobza". Hungarian borrowed many words from neighbouring Slavic languages: e.g. tégla ‘brick’.
These languages in turn borrowed words from Hungarian: e.g. Serbo-Croatian ašov from Hungarian ásó ‘spade’. About 1.6 percent of the Romanian lexicon is of Hungarian origin. Recent studies support an origin of the Uralic languages, including early Hungarian, in eastern or central Siberia, somewhere between the Ob and Yenisei river or near the Sayan mountains in the Russian–Mongolian borderregion. A 2019 study based on genetics and linguistics, found that early Uralic speakers arrived from the East from eastern Siberia, to Europe. Hungarian historian and archaeologist Gyula László claims that geological data from pollen analysis seems to contradict the placing of the ancient Hungarian homeland near the Urals. There have been attempts to show that Hungarian is related to other languages, such as Hebrew, Sumerian, Etruscan, Persian, Greek, Sanskrit, Tibetan, Quechua, Japanese, at least 40 other languages. Mainstream linguists dismiss these attempts as pseudoscientific comparisons with no merit.
Today the consensus among linguists is. The classification of Hungarian as a Uralic/Finno-Ugric rather than a Turkic language continued to be a matter of impassioned political controversy throughout the 18th and into the 19th centuries. During the latter half of the 19th century, a competing hypothesis proposed a Turkic affinity of Hungarian, or, that both the Uralic and the Turkic families formed part of a superfamily of Ural–Altaic languages. Following an academic debate known as Az ugor-török háború ("the Ugric-Turki
Richard Nerysoo is a territorial level politician from the Northwest Territories, Canada. He was a member of the Northwest Territories Legislature from 1979 to 1995 and served as the third Premier and Speaker. Nerysoo served a long career as Member of the Legislative Assembly of Northwest Territories, he was first elected in the 1979 Northwest Territories general election in the Mackenzie Delta electoral district, becoming the youngest MLA in the history of the Northwest Territories. Nerysoo was re-elected in the 1983 Northwest Territories general election, he was elected by the Legislative Assembly to serve as the third Premier of the Northwest Territories. His election as Premier made him the first Aboriginal in Canada to serve in the role, as well as the youngest Premier in Canadian history and the first native-born Premier of the Northwest Territories, he was re-elected in the 1987 Northwest Territories general election. History would be made by Nerysoo again when he was elected on October 19, 1989 as the first Aboriginal Speaker of the Assembly, served in that role until November 13, 1991.
He was re-elected to a fourth term in the 1991 Northwest Territories general election. Nerysoo was defeated by candidate David Krutko in the 1995 Northwest Territories general election. In 1996, Nerysoo was elected as President of the Gwich'in Tribal Council and served until 2000. Nerysoo was one of the founding Directors of the Aboriginal Pipeline Group. Nerysoo was the founding member of Gwich'in Council International, a body that represents the Gwich'in in Alaska and the Northwest Territories as permanent participants on the Arctic Council. Nerysoo was elected Chief of the Inuvik Native Band and President of the Nihtat Gwich'in Council in 2003 and served until 2008, he was selected as the Chief Negotiator on the Access and Benefits Agreements with Imperial Oil Ltd. who represented the Mackenzie Gas Project. He was elected as President of the Gwich'in Tribal Council again from 2008 to 2012, during which time he served as the Chair and President of the Gwich'in Development Corporation. Nerysoo was a member of the Working Group on Natural Resources Development as a representative of the Assembly of First Nations.
Nerysoo was selected as the Co-chair of the Chiefs Committee on Economic Development. Nerysoo served as the Chief Negotiator on NWT Transboundary rights and interest for the First Nation of Na-Cho Nyäk Dun. Native Aboriginal Achievement Awards: article on Richard Nerysoo Gwich'in Tribal Council Northwest Territories speakers 1975 to present
James Christopher Perry is an American professional golfer. He has featured in the top 50 of the Official World Golf Ranking. Perry was born in North Carolina, he was the Minnesota high school golf champion in 1978, 1979 and 1980. Perry attended the Ohio State University, he finished runner-up in the 1983 U. S. Amateur. Perry was named Collegiate Player of the Year in 1984, he captured the 1983 Big Ten Championship. He won the Minnesota State Amateur and Minnesota State Open titles before turning pro in 1984. Perry played on the PGA Tour from 1985 to 1992, he split time between the PGA Tour and the Nike Tour in 1993, played on the Nike Tour full-time in 1994. In 1994 he was named the Nike Tour Player of the Year and led the money list, he won the Nike Utah Classic on the Nike Tour in the 1994 Mexican Open. He played on the PGA Tour from 1995 to 2001, he won the B. C. Open in 1998, his only PGA Tour victory. 1999 was Perry's best year on tour. He recorded two runner-up finishes, his 14 top-10 finishes were second only to Tiger Woods' 16.
He cracked the top 50 of the Official World Golf Rankings due to his successful year. Perry suffered left hand and wrist injuries at the 2001 Open Championship, causing him to play in only a few events in 2002, he was granted a major medical extension for 2003 but was still too injured to play on tour regularly. He only played in one event, he had surgery for a pinched nerve in his elbow in February 2004 and was told by his doctor that it would take 18 months to two years to recover. He has been granted medical extensions every year since 2003 but has played in few events due to the injuries, he has not played in a PGA Tour event since 2006. Perry played baseball and hockey while growing up, he was captain of the Edina-West High School hockey team during the 1979-80 season. His father, Jim Perry, pitched in Major League Baseball and won 215 games and was the 1970 American League Cy Young Award winner, his uncle Gaylord Perry pitched in MLB, was a winner of 315 games and is a member of the Baseball Hall of Fame.
Chris was inducted into the Ohio State Varsity O Hall of Fame in 1993. This list may be incomplete 1982 Northeast Amateur 19?? Minnesota State Amateur 1994 Nike Utah Classic 1984 Minnesota State Open 1994 Mexican Open CUT = missed the half-way cut WD = Withdrew "T" = tied Most consecutive cuts made – 8 Longest streak of top-10s – 1 1994 Nike Tour graduates Chris Perry at the PGA Tour official site Chris Perry at the Official World Golf Ranking official site