Arlington is a city in the U. S. state of Texas, located in Tarrant County. It is part of the Mid-Cities region of the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area 12 miles east of downtown Fort Worth and 20 miles west of downtown Dallas. According to the U. S. Census Bureau's estimate, the city had a population of 396,394 in 2017, making it the second-largest city in the county and the third-largest in the metropolitan area. Arlington is the forty-eighth-most populous city in the United States, the seventh-most populous city in the state of Texas, the largest city in the state, not a county seat. Arlington is home to the University of Texas at Arlington, a major urban research university, the Arlington Assembly plant used by General Motors, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Region IV, Texas Health Resources, American Mensa, D. R. Horton. Additionally, Arlington hosts the Texas Rangers at the Globe Life Park, the Dallas Cowboys at the AT&T Stadium, the Dallas Wings at the College Park Center, the International Bowling Campus, the theme parks Six Flags Over Texas and Hurricane Harbor.
Arlington borders Kennedale, Grand Prairie and Fort Worth, surrounds the smaller communities of Dalworthington Gardens and Pantego. European settlement in the Arlington area dates back at least to the 1840s. After the May 24, 1841 battle between Texas General Edward H. Tarrant and Native Americans of the Village Creek settlement, a trading post was established at Marrow Bone Spring in present-day Arlington; the rich soil of the area attracted farmers, several agriculture-related businesses were well established by the late nineteenth century. Arlington was founded in 1876 along the Pacific Railway; the city was named after General Robert E. Lee's Arlington House in Virginia. Arlington grew as a cotton-ginning and farming center, incorporated on April 21, 1884; the city could boast of water, natural gas, telephone services by 1910, along with a public school system. By 1925 the population was estimated at 3,031, it grew to over 4,000 before World War II. Large-scale industrialization began in 1954 with the arrival of a General Motors assembly plant.
Automotive and aerospace development gave the city one of the nation's greatest population growth rates between 1950 and 1990. Arlington became one of the "boomburbs", the fast-growing suburbs of the post-World War II era. U. S. Census Bureau population figures for the city tell the story: 7,692, 90,229, 261,721, 365,438 and 374,000 by 2011. Tom Vandergriff served as mayor from 1951 to 1977 during this period of robust economic development. Six Flags Over Texas opened in Arlington in 1961. In 1972 the Washington Senators baseball team relocated to Arlington and began play as the Texas Rangers and in 2009 the Dallas Cowboys began to play at the newly constructed Cowboys Stadium, now AT&T Stadium. According to the United States Census Bureau, Arlington has a total area of 99.7 square miles. Johnson Creek, a tributary of the Trinity River, the Trinity River itself, flow through Arlington. Arlington falls in the Cfa region of the Köppen climate classification system, a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters.
The highest recorded temperature was 113 °F in 1980. The lowest recorded temperature was −8 °F in 1899; the maximum average precipitation occurs in May. Severe weather occurs April and May months. Located in the famous Tornado Alley Winters are mild with snow occurring During the April 3, 2012 tornado outbreak a severe thunderstorm produced an EF-2 tornado in Eastern Kennedale which moved North East across 287 near Stagetrail Drive and continued in a North North-Eastern direction; the tornado contained winds up to 135 MPH and damaged over 200 homes and businesses, including severe damage suffered by the Green Oaks Nursing and Rehabilitation Center, injured seven people before the tornado lifted on the shores of Lake Arlington. As of the census of 2010, there were 365,438 people, 133,072 households, 90,099 families residing in the city; the population density was 3,811 people per square mile. There were 144,805 housing units at an average density of 1,510 per square mile; the 2011 estimated racial makeup of the city was 59% White, 18.8% Black or African American, 6.8% Asian, 0.7% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 11.3% from other races, 3.3% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.4% of the population. There were 133,072 households out of which 40% had children under the age of 18 living in them, 48% were married couples living together, 15% had a female householder with no husband present, 32% were non-families. 25% of all households were made up of individuals and 5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.7 and the average family size was 3.3. In the city, the 2010 population was spread out with 31% under the age of 20, 8% from 20 to 24, 30% from 25 to 44, 23% from 45 to 64, 8% who were 65 years of age or older; the median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 104 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94 males 18 and over; the median income for a household in the city was estimated to be $50,655 in 2011. Individual males working ful
Rains County, Texas
Rains County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 10,914, its seat is Emory. The county are named for a Texas state legislator. In 1970, Recorded Texas Historic Landmark Number 10860 was placed in the county courthouse lawn. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 259 square miles, of which 229 square miles is land and 29 square miles is water, it is the fourth-smallest county in Texas by land fifth-smallest by total area. U. S. Highway 69 State Highway 19 State Highway 276 Farm to Market Road 47 Farm to Market Road 275 Farm to Market Road 513 Farm to Market Road 514 Farm to Market Road 515 Farm to Market Road 779 Farm to Market Road 2081 Farm to Market Road 2324 Farm to Market Road 2737 Farm to Market Road 2795 Farm to Market Road 2946 Farm to Market Road 3274 Farm to Market Road 3299 Hopkins County Wood County Van Zandt County Hunt County As of the census of 2010, there were 10,914 people, 4,188 households, 2,680 families residing in the county.
The population density was 48 people per square mile. There were 5,269 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 91.2% White, 2.92% Black or African American, 1.0% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.55% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. 7.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,188 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.90% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.90% were non-families. 22.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 2.92. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 27.70% from 45 to 64, 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years.
For every 100 females there were 99.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $46,531 and the median income for a family was $40,329. Males had a median income of $31,983 versus $21,594 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,933. About 11.40% of families and 14.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.50% of those under age 18 and 14.10% of those age 65 or over. Rains County is part of the Dallas/Fort Worth DMA. Local media outlets are: KDFW-TV, KXAS-TV, WFAA-TV, KTVT-TV, KERA-TV, KTXA-TV, KDFI-TV, KDAF-TV, KFWD-TV. Other nearby stations that provide coverage for Rains County come from the Tyler/Longview/Jacksonville market and they include: KLTV, KYTX-TV, KFXK-TV, KCEB-TV, KETK-TV. East Tawakoni Emory Point Alba Dougherty Hogansville Ginger Bright Star Flats The majority of the county is served by the Rains Independent School District located in Emory; the far southeastern portion of the county is served by the Alba-Golden Independent School District.
The far northwestern corner of the county is served by the Lone Oak Independent School District. A portion of north central Rains County is served by the Miller Grove Independent School District. National Register of Historic Places listings in Rains County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Rains County Media related to Rains County, Texas at Wikimedia Commons Rains County government's website Rains County from the Handbook of Texas Online
Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex
The Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex encompasses 13 counties within the U. S. state of Texas. Residents of the area refer to it as DFW, or the Metroplex, it is the economic and cultural hub of the region of North Texas, it is the largest inland metropolitan area in the United States. The Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex's population is 7,399,662 according to the 2017 U. S. Census estimate, making it the largest metropolitan area in both Texas and the South, the fourth-largest in the U. S. and the seventh-largest in the Americas. In 2016, DFW ascended to the number one spot in the nation in year-over-year population growth. In 2016, the metropolitan economy surpassed Houston to become the fourth-largest in the nation the region boasts a GDP of just over $613.4 billion in 2019. As such, the metropolitan area's economy is ranked 10th largest in the world; the region's economy is based on banking, telecommunications, energy and medical research, transportation and logistics. In 2017, Dallas–Fort Worth is home to 24 Fortune 500 companies, the third-largest concentration of Fortune 500 companies in the nation, behind New York City and Chicago.
The metroplex encompasses 9,286 square miles of total area: 8,991 sq mi is land, while 295 sq mi is water, making it larger in area than the states of Rhode Island and Connecticut combined. A portmanteau of metropolis and complex, the term metroplex is credited to Harve Chapman, an executive vice president with Dallas-based Tracy-Locke, one of three advertising agencies that worked with the North Texas Commission on strategies to market the region; the NTC copyrighted the term "Southwest Metroplex" in 1972 as a replacement for the previously-ubiquitous "North Texas", which studies had shown lacked identifiability outside the state. In fact, only 38 percent of a survey group identified Dallas and Fort Worth as part of "North Texas", with the Texas Panhandle a perceived correct answer, being the northernmost region of Texas. Collin County Dallas County Denton County Ellis County Hood County Hunt County Johnson County Kaufman County Parker County Rockwall County Somervell County Tarrant County Wise County Note: Cities and towns are categorized based on the latest population estimates from the North Central Texas Council of Governments.
No population estimates are released for census-designated places, which are marked with an asterisk. These places are categorized based on their 2010 census population. Places designated "principal cities" by the Office of Management and Budget are italicized.1,000,000+ Dallas 500,000–999,999 Fort Worth 200,000–499,999 Arlington Plano Irving Garland 100,000–199,999 Grand Prairie McKinney Frisco Mesquite Carrollton Denton Richardson Lewisville As of the 2010 United States census, there were 6,371,773 people. The racial makeup of the MSA was 50.2% White, 15.4% African American, 0.6% Native American, 5.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 10.0% from other races, 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.5% of the population. The median income for a household in the MSA was $48,062, the median income for a family was $55,263. Males had a median income of $39,581 versus $27,446 for females; the per capita income for the MSA was $21,839. The Dallas–Fort Worth, TX–OK Combined Statistical Area is made up of 20 counties in north central Texas and one county in southern Oklahoma.
The statistical area includes seven micropolitan areas. As of the 2010 Census, the CSA had a population of 6,817,483; the CSA definition encompasses 14,628 sq mi of area, of which 14,126 sq mi is land and 502 sq mi is water. Metropolitan Statistical Areas Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Sherman-Denison Micropolitan Statistical Areas Athens Bonham Corsicana Durant, OK Gainesville Mineral Wells Sulphur Springs Note: The Granbury micropolitan statistical area was made part of the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area effective 2013; as of the census of 2000, there were 5,487,956 people, 2,006,665 households, 1,392,540 families residing within the CSA. The racial makeup of the CSA was 70.41% White, 13.34% African American, 0.59% Native American, 3.58% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 9.62% from other races, 2.39% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.83% of the population. It is home to the fourth-largest Muslim population in the country; the median income for a household in the CSA was $43,836, the median income for a family was $50,898.
Males had a median income of $37,002 versus $25,553 for females. The per capita income for the CSA was $20,460; the metroplex overlooks prairie land with a few rolling hills dotted by man-made lakes cut by streams and rivers surrounded by forest land. The metroplex is situated in the Texas blackland prairies region, so named for its fertile black soil found in the rural areas of Collin, Ellis, Hunt and Rockwall counties. Many areas of Denton, Parker and Wise counties are locat
U.S. Route 67 in Texas
U. S. Route 67 is a major U. S. highway in the state of Texas. It runs from the US-Mexico Border south of Presidio to Texarkana at the Texas-Arkansas border. US 67 is part of the La Entrada al Pacifico international trade corridor from its southern terminus to US 385 in McCamey. US 67 enters Texas from Mexico as Federal Highway 16 south of Presidio. US 67 travels miles between Big Bend Ranch State Park. US 67 shares an overlap with US 90 from Marfa to Alpine. Leaving US 90, US 67 travels north towards I-10. US 67 shares an overlap with I-10 for 25 miles. In Fort Stockton, US 385 joins. US 67/385 leave I-10 just east of Fort Stockton. US 67 in Presidio has the highest mile marker posted on any highway. US 67 leaves I-10 with the two share an overlap until McCamey. US 67 travels in a east-west direction towards San Angelo. US 67 travels though rural areas, passing through or near the towns of Rankin, Big Lake, Mertzon. In San Angelo, parts of US 67 are known as the Houston Harte Expressway, named after the San Angelo-native publishing magnate.
US 67 starts a short overlap with US 277 in San Angelo along the Houston Harte. US 67 ends its overlap with US 277 northeast of San Angelo. US 67 travels towards Ballinger and has an overlap with US 83. Between the towns of Santa Anna and Stephenville, US 67 shares overlaps with US highways 84, 183, 377; the overlap with US 377 ends in south east Stephenville. US 67 travels to Glen Rose, the location of Dinosaur Valley State Park. US 67 travels to Cleburne, where the western half of the bypass is a 4 lane freeway and the eastern half is a two-lane highway. US 67 travels through the towns of Keene and Venus before entering Midlothian, where a freeway begins that travels all the way to I-35E in Dallas. US 67 shares an unsigned overlap with I-35E/US 77 to Downtown Dallas, where US 67 leaves I-35E and joins I-30. US 67 shares an unsigned overlap with I-30; the two highways travel through east Dallas and Garland, Texas before crossing over Lake Ray Hubbard, twice. After the second crossing, the highways enter Rockwall.
In Royse City, US 67 signage begins. The highways arrive in Greenville. US 67 travels before leaving I-30 east of town. US 67 parallels I-30 crossing the highway. US 67 passes though the towns of Mount Vernon, Mount Pleasant. East of Mount Pleasant, US 67 travels miles south of I-30 traveling through Morris County. US 67 travels on the south border of the Lone Star Army Ammunition Plant, before arriving in Texarkana. US 67 travels to downtown. US 67 has business routes in Presidio, two in San Angelo, Cleburne and Sulphur Springs. An additional business route has been proposed for Dublin, Midlothian and Greenville had business routes; these routes follow former alignments through these cities before US 67 bypasses were constructed. Texas State Highway 66 Texas State Highway 78 Geographic data related to U. S. Highway 67 in Texas at OpenStreetMap
Collin County, Texas
Collin County is a county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 United States Census, the county's population was 782,341, making it the seventh-most populous county in Texas and the 63rd-largest county by population in the United States; the 2017 Census Bureau estimate for Collin County's population is 969,603. Its county seat is McKinney. Collin County is part of Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area. A small portion of the city of Dallas is in the county. Both the county and the county seat were named after Collin McKinney, one of the five men who drafted the Texas Declaration of Independence and the oldest of the 59 men who signed it. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 886 square miles, of which 841 square miles is land and 45 square miles is covered by water. Lavon Lake Grayson County Fannin County Hunt County Rockwall County Dallas County Denton County As of the 2015 Texas Population Estimate Program, the population of the county was 923,201, non-Hispanic whites 535,165.
Black Americans 84,858. Other non-Hispanic 146,109. Hispanics and Latinos 157,069; as of the census of 2010, there were 782,341 people. According to U. S. Census figures released in 2006, the racial makeup of the county was as follows: 77.21% White, 7.26% African American, 10.02% Asian, 0.45% Native American, 5.06% of other or mixed race. 12.8% Hispanic of any race. As of the census of 2000, there were 491,675 people, 181,970 households, 132,292 families residing in the county; the population density was 580 people per square mile. There were 194,892 housing units at an average density of 230 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 81.39% White, 4.79% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 6.92% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 4.26% from other races, 2.11% from two or more races. 10.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 181,970 households out of which 40.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.10% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.30% were non-families.
22.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.18. As of the 2010 census, there were about 4.4 same-sex couples per 1,000 households in the county. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.70% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 37.90% from 25 to 44, 20.70% from 45 to 64, 5.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 99.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $70,835, the median income for a family was $81,856. Males had a median income of $57,392 versus $36,604 for females; the per capita income for the county was $33,345. About 3.30% of families and 4.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.10% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over. Based on median household income, as of 2006, Collin County is the second richest county in Texas after Fort Bend, is considered one of the wealthiest counties in the United States.
However, Collin - like other Texas counties - has one of the nation's highest property tax rates. In 2007, it was #21 for property taxes as percentage of the homes value on owner occupied housing, it ranked in the Top 100 for amount of property taxes paid and for percentage of taxes of income. Part of this is due to the Robin Hood plan school financing system in Texas. Collin County, like all counties in Texas, is governed by a Commissioners Court; the court consists of the county judge, elected county-wide, four commissioners who are elected by the voters in each of four precincts. Collin County is a Republican stronghold in congressional elections; the last Democrat to win the county was Lyndon Johnson in 1964. The factors caused Collin to swing hard to the Republican Party in the 1960s and 1970s: and the expansion of the Dallas suburbs into Collin County; the following school districts lie within Collin County: Allen Independent School District Anna Independent School District Farmersville Independent School District Lovejoy Independent School District McKinney Independent School District Melissa Independent School District Plano Independent School District Princeton Independent School District Wylie Independent School DistrictThe following districts lie within the county: Bland Independent School District Blue Ridge Independent School District Celina Independent School District Community Independent School District Frisco Independent School District Leonard Independent School District Prosper Independent School District Royse City Independent School District Trenton Independent School District Van Alstyne Independent School District Whitewright Independent School District Collin College opened its first campus on Highway 380 in McKinney in 1985.
The college has grown to seven campuses/locations—two in McKinney and two in Plano and as well as Frisco and Rockwall. Dallas Baptist University has an extension site in Frisco, DBU Frisco; the majority of the University of Texas at Dallas campus in Richardson, Texas lies within Collin County. Collin County Parks and Open Spaces Bratonia Park Myers Park Parkhill Prairie Sister Grove Park Trinity Tr
Hopkins County, Texas
Hopkins County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 35,161, its county seat is Sulphur Springs. Hopkins County is named for the family of an early settler in the area. Hopkins County comprises the Sulphur Springs, TX Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Dallas-Fort Worth, TX Combined Statistical Area. Hopkins County was once known as the Dairy Capital of Texas. Although Dairy Farms declined in the area in the late 1990s there are still a number of dairy farms located there today; the Southwest Dairy Museum is located in Sulphur Springs. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 793 square miles, of which 767 square miles is land and 26 square miles is water. Interstate 30 U. S. Highway 67 State Highway 11 State Highway 19 State Highway 154 State Loop 301 Delta County Franklin County Wood County Rains County Hunt County As of the census of 2000, there were 31,960 people, 12,286 households, 8,882 families residing in the county.
The population density was 41 people per square mile. There were 14,020 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 85.11% White, 7.99% Black or African-American, 0.68% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 4.55% from other races, 1.36% from two or more races. 9.28% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 12,286 households out of which 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.50% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.70% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.04. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, 15.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years.
For every 100 females, there were 96.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,136, the median income for a family was $38,580. Males had a median income of $30,377 versus $20,751 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,182. About 11.30% of families and 14.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.40% of those under age 18 and 14.60% of those age 65 or over. KSST AM 1230 and Suddenlink Cable Channel 18 serve Hopkins County from Sulphur Springs. Hopkins County is part of the Dallas/Fort Worth DMA; the county is served by one newspaper, the Sulphur Springs News-Telegram, part of Southern Newspapers, Inc. Local media outlets are: KDFW-TV, KXAS-TV, WFAA-TV, KTVT-TV, KERA-TV, KTXA-TV, KDFI-TV, KDAF-TV, KFWD-TV. Other nearby stations that provide coverage for Hopkins County are from the Tyler/Longview/Jacksonville market and they include: KLTV-TV, KYTX-TV, KFXK-TV, KCEB-TV, KETK-TV.
In the City of Sulphur Springs Suddenlink Communications continues to offer KLTV-TV, KYTX-TV, KETK-TV on its Cable Television services for the area. Cumby Sulphur Springs Como Tira Center Point Dillon Who'd Thought It National Register of Historic Places listings in Hopkins County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Hopkins County Hopkins County website Hopkins County from the Handbook of Texas Online
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti