Huntington is a city in Cabell and Wayne Counties in the U. S. state of West Virginia. It is the county seat of Cabell County, largest city in the Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, sometimes referred to as the Tri-State Area. A historic and bustling city of commerce and heavy industry, Huntington has benefited from its location on the Ohio River at the mouth of the Guyandotte River, it is home to the Port of Huntington Tri-State, the second-busiest inland port in the United States. Surrounded by extensive natural resources, the industrial sector is based in coal, oil and steel, all of which support Huntington's diversified economy; the city is a vital rail-to-river transfer point for the marine transportation industry. It is considered a scenic locale in the western foothills of the Appalachian Mountains; this location was selected by Collis Potter Huntington as ideal for the western terminus of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, the predecessor of what would become CSX Transportation which still operates CSX Transportation-Huntington Division in the city to date.
The railroad founded Huntington as one of the nation's first planned communities to facilitate the railroad and other transportation-related industries at the railway's western terminus. The site a collection of agricultural homesteads, developed fast after the railroad's completion in 1871 and is eponymously named for the railroad company's founder Collis Potter Huntington; the first identifiable permanent settlement, Holderby's Landing, was founded in 1775 in the Colony of Virginia. With the exception of the neighborhoods of Westmoreland and Spring Valley, most of the city is in Cabell County; as of the 2010 census, the metropolitan area is the largest in West Virginia. It spans seven counties across three states, with a population of 365,419. Huntington is the second-largest city in West Virginia, with a population of 49,138 at the 2010 census; the city is the home of Marshall University as well as the Huntington Museum of Art. S. Army Corps of Engineers; the largest employers are Marshall University, Cabell Huntington Hospital, St. Mary's Medical Center, CSX Transportation, the U.
S. Army Corps of Engineers, DirecTV, the City of Huntington. Huntington is in the southwestern corner of West Virginia, on the border with Ohio, on the southern bank of the Ohio River, at the confluence with the Guyandotte River; the city lies within the ecoregion of the Western Allegheny Plateau. Most of the city is in Cabell County. A portion of the city the neighborhood of Westmoreland, is in Wayne County. Huntington is divided into four main sections; the north/south divider is the CSX railroad tracks. Residents of Huntington are called "Huntingtonians." According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.46 square miles, of which 16.22 square miles is land and 2.24 square miles is water. The Guyandotte River joins the Ohio River about 5 miles east of downtown. Huntington fills the three-mile wide flood plain of the south bank of the Ohio River for eighty square blocks and portions of the hills to the immediate south and southeast. Huntington was founded on populated lands near Guyandotte as a C&O Railroad hub, on the southern bank of the Ohio River, at the confluence with the Guyandotte River.
The site is at the southwestern corner of West Virginia on the border with the state of Ohio and near the border of both states with Kentucky. Discounting the period of French ownership, the land, part of Guyandotte and Huntington was part of the 28,628-acre French and Indian War veteran's Savage Grant; the area of greater Huntington, although situated in a Southern state, was long considered a western city in what was the Colony of Virginia since the first permanent settlements were founded in 1775 in defiance of British injunctions against settlements west of the Alleghenies in the vicinity of Holderby's Landing. The old Federal Era town of Guyandotte was first built upon in 1799 by French settlers of the Ohio Valley and has homes dating back to 1820 and a graveyard containing 18th-century French and colonial-era settlers, including surnames such as LeTulle and Buffington. A farmer James Holderby purchased the lands in 1821 upon which much of Huntington now stands, why the area was known as Holderby's Landing prior to 1870-71 when it was incorporated and renamed.
The C&O purchased the area in 1870, by 1873 when the railroad connected Richmond to Ohio, it had undergone a transition from a sleepy agricultural region with the nearby subscription Academy into a growing rail center poised to act as a springboard for a railroad to penetrate and connect the midwest with the eastern seaboard. The town of Guyandotte was absorbed in 1891. Modern day Huntington is divided into four main sections; the north/south divider is the CSX railroad tracks. A portion of the city the neighborhood of Westmoreland, is in Wayne County. Most of the city is in Cabell County. Huntington is influenced by Appalachi
Conor Pope is an Irish journalist and broadcaster who works for The Irish Times as well as appearing on radio and television as a consumer advocate. Pope is the consumer affairs correspondent with the Times and writes the weekly Pricewatch page in The Irish Times as well as occupying a segment of the same name on The Ray D'Arcy Show on RTÉ Radio 1, he has had a weekly slot on TV3's Six O'Clock Show, is the presenter of Conor Pope's Consumer 999 on the same channel. Born in Galway, Pope moved with his family to County Cork when he was six and they returned when he was thirteen, he studied Philosophy at University College Galway. Upon graduating, he took a programming course in FÁS worked at the Connacht Tribune as placement. In 1996, Pope joined The Irish Times. Pope wrote a consumer advice book, published in 2007, contributed to two consumer-related shows on RTÉ Television in 2007 and 2009. In 2012, as part of his job, he rang into TV3's Psychic Readings Live and asked Psychic Wayne about a concern he felt that someone he is connected to in his job was stealing money belonging to other people.
He was promptly cut off. He has supported a campaign to erect a statue in Galway in memory of Che Guevara, descended from the Lynch family of Galway; this was the subject of controversy when American politicians commented unfavourably on the proposed memorial. Pricewatch at The Irish Times
Bettina Fay Aptheker is an American political activist, radical feminist and author. Aptheker was active in civil rights and anti-war movements of the 1960s and 1970s, has worked in developing feminist studies since the late 1970s. Aptheker was born in Fort Bragg, North Carolina, to a Jewish family, Fay Philippa Aptheker and Herbert Aptheker, first cousins who had married in Brooklyn. Both parents were political activists, her father was a Marxist historian, whose first book about slave revolts overturned previous conceptions of enslaved African Americans. He was a major figure in changing the writing of African American history. Bettina was raised in Brooklyn, New York, where her Jewish parents, children of immigrants, had grown up, her first job as a teenager was in the home of W. E. B. Du Bois, a good friend of her father. Aptheker obtained her undergraduate degree from the University of Berkeley; as an activist in the W. E. B. Du Bois Club of the Communist Party USA, she was a leader in the Berkeley Free Speech Movement during the fall of 1964.
Ten years she retired from political activism and returned to academia for graduate work. In 1976 she completed her master's degree in communications at San Jose State University, started teaching there. Aptheker was a delegate to the June 1964 founding convention of the W. E. B. DuBois Clubs, a Communist Party-sponsored youth organization, held in San Francisco, she rose in influence to become a member of the governing National Committee of the CPUSA. She was remembered by the California party leader Dorothy Healey in her 1990 memoir as "one of the liveliest of the young people who rose to prominence in the party in the 1960s and one of the warmest human beings I've met."In 1968, the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia divided the 120-member leadership of the CPUSA. All but three of the National Committee, headed by party leader Gus Hall, backed the intervention of Soviet tanks. A meeting of the National Committee held over the Labor Day weekend backed Hall by a margin of five-to-one. Bettina Aptheker denounced the invasion and voted with the minority.
One of the CPUSA's leading intellectuals, he and a majority of its leaders had defended the Soviet intervention in Hungary in 1956. During the 1970s, Aptheker worked for the defense in the high-profile trial of Angela Davis, a long-time friend and fellow Communist Party member accused of involvement in George Jackson's attempt to escape from jail, she wrote a book about the trial, published in 1974. In 1977, she became an associate of the Women's Institute for Freedom of the Press. WIFP is an American nonprofit publishing organization; the organization works to increase communication between women and connect the public with forms of women-based media. After completing her master's degree, Aptheker taught African-American and Women's Studies at San José State University. In the early 1980s, she completed a doctorate in the History of Consciousness program at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Since 1980, she has taught in the Feminist Studies department there. In 1965 Aptheker married her fellow student Jack Kurzweil, a Communist activist.
They divorced in 1978 after having two children together. Since October 1979, Aptheker has been with her life partner, they have three children between them. In her memoir, Intimate Politics, she wrote about growing up in a leftist household, as what was called a "Red Diaper Baby." She was influenced in her activism by that of her parents. She commented on her father's scholarship. In addition to his commitment to the cause of justice for African Americans, she believed her father celebrated black resistance under slavery as an attempt "to compensate for his deep shame about the way, he believed, the Jews had acted during the Holocaust."Her memoir reported that her father had sexually molested her from when she was 3 to age 13. In an opinion column written after her book was reviewed, Aptheker said she had earlier kept silent to shield her family. Memories began when she began writing the memoir; when her father asked, "Did I hurt you as a child?," she responded "yes" and explained the emotional effects of his treatment.
He expressed anguish and sorrow, they reconciled. With counseling, she found she had suffered dissociation when young, as at the time her family was under great stress during the McCarthy years. Bettina Aptheker stressed her compassion for her father, her assertion generated considerable controversy in the academic community because of her father's stature as a scholar and Communist. Numerous letters were published in The Chronicle of Higher Education, which had reviewed her book, on the History News Network of George Mason University; some historians wondered. Others questioned Bettina Aptheker's credibility, classing her account in stories of "recovered memory." The historian Mark Rosenzweig wrote, "the truth about Herbert and Bettina is inaccessible to us." The historian Jesse Lemisch wrote in his second essay about the controversy, "Shhh! Don't Talk about Herbert Aptheker": "... a general public silence by Old Leftists in response to the report of Herbert Aptheker's sexual molestation of his daughter Bettina may be writing another chapter in the strange history of American Communism.