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Hurricane Betsy

Hurricane Betsy was an intense and destructive tropical cyclone that brought widespread damage to areas of Florida and the central United States Gulf Coast in September 1965. The storm's erratic nature, coupled with its intensity and minimized preparation time contributed to making Betsy the first tropical cyclone in the Atlantic basin to accrue at least $1 billion in damage. While the storm affected areas of southern Florida and Louisiana, lesser effects were felt in the Bahamas and as far inland in the United States as the Ohio River Valley. Betsy began as a tropical depression north of French Guiana on August 27, strengthened as it moved in a general northwesterly direction. After executing a slight anticyclonic loop north of the Bahamas, Betsy proceeded to move through areas of south Florida on September 8, causing extensive crop damage. After emerging into the Gulf of Mexico, the cyclone strengthened and reached its peak intensity equivalent to that of a Category 4 hurricane on September 10 before making its final landfall near Grand Isle, shortly thereafter.

Once inland, Betsy was slow to weaken, persisted for two more days before degenerating into an extratropical storm. As a developing tropical cyclone, Betsy tracked over the northern Leeward Islands, producing moderate gusts and slight rainfall, though only minimal damage was reported. After tracking over open waters for several days, Betsy had strengthened upon moving through the Bahamas. There, considerable damage occurred to crops on the archipelago's islands. For the island chain, Betsy was considered the worst hurricane since a tropical cyclone impacted the region in 1929. Widespread power outage and property damage ensued due to the storm's strong winds. Overall, damage on the Bahamas amounted to at least $14 million, one fatality occurred. From there Betsy tracked westward and made landfall on southern Florida, where it was considered the worst tropical cyclone since a hurricane in 1926. Betsy's strong storm surge inundated large portions of the Florida Keys, flooding streets and causing widespread damage.

The only route out of the Keys onto the mainland was cut off by the storm. In the state alone, Betsy caused $139 million in five deaths. Betsy's most severe impacts were felt in Louisiana, where it made landfall as a powerful Category 4 hurricane; the cyclone propelled damaging storm surge into Lake Pontchartrain, breaching levees in New Orleans and inundating several neighborhoods, most notably the lower Ninth Ward. Strong winds caused widespread telecommunications outages across the region. Further inland, effects wrought by Betsy were weaker, though precipitation caused by the storm extended as far northeast as Pennsylvania. Rainfall was beneficial in Arkansas, though localized flooding impacted rice and cotton crops. In Kentucky and Illinois, strong winds caused moderate property damage. By the time the remnants of Betsy moved into the northeastern United States, the storm's winds and rainfall had lessened, as such resulting wind damage was negligible while precipitation benefited crops. In total, the damage wrought by Betsy throughout its existence equated to $1.43 billion, making it the costliest Atlantic hurricane at the time.

In addition the hurricane caused 81 deaths in Louisiana. After the season, the United States Weather Bureau retired the name Betsy from their rotating lists of tropical cyclone names; the origins of Hurricane Betsy can be traced back to an area of disturbed weather southwest of Cape Verde that first identified via TIROS satellite imagery on August 23. Tracking westward, the tropical wave was intercepted by a United States Navy reconnaissance airplane early on August 27, which concluded that the disturbance had become a tropical cyclone of moderate intensity. Based on information from the flight, it was estimated that the system had organized into a tropical depression by 0000 UTC on August 27, 350 mi east-southeast of Barbados. Although operationally the United States Weather Bureau office in San Juan, Puerto Rico upgraded the disturbance to tropical storm intensity three hours after their first tropical cyclone bulletin that same day, post-analysis indicated that the tropical depression had remained at the same intensity up until 1200 UTC on August 29.

Nonetheless, the tropical cyclone was given the name Betsy for a period of time as a tropical depression, contrary to typical tropical cyclone naming procedure. As Betsy approached the Windward Islands, it began to move in a more northwesterly direction, was located in the Caribbean Sea during the overnight hours of August 28 before re-emerging into the Atlantic Ocean the following day, after which Betsy was upgraded to tropical storm classification in post-analysis. Upon moving to the northwest of the Leeward Islands, Betsy entered conditions favorable for marked development. An upper-level trough centered a short distance north of the tropical storm enhanced outflow conditions and speed divergence. Under these conditions, Betsy proceeded to intensify, reconnaissance missions tasked by the United States Air Force and Weather Bureau indicated that the tropical storm had reached hurricane intensity by 0000 UTC on August 30, centered 200 mi north-northeast of Puerto Rico. By coincidence, forecast responsibilities were transferred to the Weather Bureau Office in Miami, Florida at the same time.

Due to increasing atmospheric pressure heights to the north, Betsy drastically slowed in forward speed and intensification, remained stationary for a period of time on August 31 before it began to drift westward. On September 2, Betsy began

Vladimír Holík

Vladimír Holík is a Czech former professional ice hockey defenceman. Holík played in the Czech Extraliga for HC Slezan Opava, HC Havířov, HC Znojemští Orli and HC Vítkovice, he played in the British National League for the Edinburgh Capitals, the Slovak 1. Liga for HC'05 Banská Bystrica and in France for seven years with Brest Albatros Hockey and Sangliers Arvernes de Clermont. Biographical information and career statistics from, or, or The Internet Hockey Database

Landau–Lifshitz–Gilbert equation

In physics, the Landau–Lifshitz–Gilbert equation, named for Lev Landau, Evgeny Lifshitz, T. L. Gilbert, is a name used for a differential equation describing the precessional motion of magnetization M in a solid, it is a modification by Gilbert of the original equation of Lifshitz. The various forms of the equation are used in micromagnetics to model the effects of a magnetic field on ferromagnetic materials. In particular it can be used to model the time domain behavior of magnetic elements due to a magnetic field. An additional term was added to the equation to describe the effect of spin polarized current on magnets. In a ferromagnet, the magnetization M can vary internally but at each point its magnitude is equal to the saturation magnetization Ms; the Landau–Lifshitz–Gilbert equation predicts the rotation of the magnetization in response to torques. An earlier, but equivalent, equation was introduced by Landau & Lifshitz: where γ is the electron gyromagnetic ratio, and λ is a phenomenological damping parameter replaced by λ = α γ M s, where α is a dimensionless constant called the damping factor.

The effective field Heff is a combination of the external magnetic field, the demagnetizing field, some quantum mechanical effects. To solve this equation, additional equations for the demagnetizing field must be included. Using the methods of irreversible statistical mechanics, numerous authors have independently obtained the Landau–Lifshitz equation. In 1955 Gilbert replaced the damping term in the Landau–Lifshitz equation by one that depends on the time derivative of the magnetization: This is the Landau–Lifshitz–Gilbert equation, where η is the damping parameter, characteristic of the material, it can be transformed into the Landau–Lifshitz equation: where γ ′ = γ 1 + γ 2 η 2 M s 2 and λ = γ 2 η 1 + γ 2 η 2 M s 2. In this form of the LL equation, the precessional term γ' depends on the damping term; this better represents the behavior of real ferromagnets. In 1996 Slonczewski expanded the model to account for the spin-transfer torque, i.e. the torque induced upon the magnetization by spin-polarized current flowing through the ferromagnet.

This is written in terms of the unit moment defined by m = M / MS: m ˙ = − γ m × H e f f + α m × m ˙ + τ ∥ m × | x × m | + τ ⊥ x × m | x × m | where α is the unitless damping parameter, τ ⊥ and τ ∥ are driving torques, x is the unit vector along the polarization of the current. Magnetization dynamics applet

Garrett Price

William Garrett Price was an American artist and illustrator. He is remembered for cartoons and cover illustrations in The New Yorker and for children's book illustrations. Born in Bucyrus, Price was reared on a farm in Saratoga, the son of a horse-and-buggy doctor, he began sketching animals and people as a boy, attended the University of Wyoming. The University library holds a collection of his work, he went on to study art at the Art Institute of Chicago where he became friends with fellow New Yorker cartoonists Perry Barlow, Alice Harvey and Helen E. Hokinson. Price married Florence Semler of Pennsylvania, they lived in Westport and had a summer home on Mason's Island at the mouth of the Mystic River, in Stonington, Connecticut where their friend, the artist Herbert Stoops summered. Price's first job was as a reporter-cartoonist for The Kansas City Star, he went on to draw illustrations and a full-page comic strip for the Chicago Tribune, he served in World War I as a contributing artist for Navy publications.

Price worked for over half a century for The New Yorker, drawing hundreds of cartoons and 100 covers, including two in 1925, the monthly magazine's first year. Thomas Powers describes the Price covers in decades as sometimes possessing "a stunning, wistful beauty", flagging, in particular, "a 1956 cover of circus queens riding elephants into the ring, a 1949 cover of a boy all alone on a spring ball field sliding into home plate, a 1951 cover of autumn leaves falling over a summer house being closed for the winter—a husband sits waiting in the car as his wife gathers a last armful of flowers." His last cover appeared in the summer of 1973, the year. Drawing Room Only is a collection of Price's work. In 2016 Sunday Press Books published Price's Chicago Tribune comic strip as a book entitled White Boy in Skull Valley; the strip, which began in the fall of 1933 and was called White Boy, featured a skinny white boy captured and adopted by an Indian tribe unfamiliar with modern culture and technology.

The love interest was an intrepid girl named Starlight but called "Little Squaw", described by Thomas Powers in his 2016 essay on Price in The New York Review of Books as having "kissable lips of the Clara Bow sort" and "White Boy’s full attention". About halfway thorough its 3-year life of about 150 issues, the strip shifted into a more contemporary if still mythical West, the characters lost their distinctively Indian customs and dress, the strip was renamed Skull Valley, "Little Squaw" renamed Doris, now wearing jodhpurs and boots. While Mrs. Coverlet Was Away by Mary Nash Mrs. Coverlet's Magicians by Mary Nash Mrs. Coverlet's Detectives by Mary Nash The Finer Things of Life by Frances Gray Patton Good Morning, Miss Dove by Frances Gray Patton Garrett Price at Library of Congress Authorities, with 14 catalog records

Juston Seyfert

Juston Seyfert is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Juston Seyfert first appeared in Sentinel #1 as part of Marvel's Tsunami Imprint, it was canceled after 12 issues, but in 2005 Juston returned in a 5 issue mini-series to finish the story line. Juston appeared as a supporting character in Avengers Academy beginning with issue #20, making several appearances throughout the series. Juston Seyfert is an ordinary human teenager tormented by the seniors at Antigo High School in Wisconsin, he lives with his father Peter. Their mother Jen walked out years ago. Being poor, Juston must find his own fun, spends the days playing in the salvage yard or constructing robots from spare parts. One day, he finds a micro-processor which he places into a Battle-Bot that he and his friends use. During the battle however, the robot disappears into the junkyard. Unbeknownst to Juston, the processor was the remains of a giant robot programmed to exterminate mutants: a Sentinel.

During this time, Juston has met a senior girl at his school named Jesse, who he falls for. A few days after the event, Juston discovers the battle bot and the half re-built Sentinel in his junkyard. Frightened by the discovery, he begins to assist rebuilding and reprogramming the Sentinel; the two form something of a bond. The good news does not last however, as Juston soon discovers the Sentinel's original purpose while searching online and coming across an article featuring the X-Men. Additionally, some bullies that had plagued Juston earlier in the series strike back, hurting one of his friends and turning his crush against him with lies that he had told the school body the pair had "hooked-up". Hurt and humiliated after the bullies reveal themselves, Juston returns to the Sentinel, contemplating using it for revenge; the next day, Jesse tries to find Juston to talk with him, while talking to his two friends, the Sentinel arrives and begins to attack the school, targeting the two bullies specifically.

Before they can be hurt, Juston smashes a hot-wired jeep into the Sentinel causing it to fall and retreat. It is revealed that Juston staged the entire attack to earn positive standing at school and in the community, but he begins to feel guilt for the physical and psychological repercussions of his actions, he decides. Juston soon discovers it is not as easy as it looks, as he and his Sentinel are caught trying to save the survivors from a plane crash; the CSA, investigating the Sentinel attack on the school, arrive on the scene and begin attacking the Sentinel in an effort to reclaim it. The Sentinel fights back, despite Juston's orders. Unaware that the Sentinel was secretly repairing its prime directive, the robot begins to hunt mutants once again leading to a final confrontation with the head CSA Agent, secretly a mutant and deduced that Juston was controlling the sentinel. Against Juston's orders, the sentinel kills the Agent, so Juston is free of suspicion, but his Sentinel is damaged and confiscated.

Juston decides to run away and free the sentinel use the sentinel's DNA detection skills to look for his long-lost mother. In the 2005 sequel to the first volume, Juston is still looking for his mother, his friends and family, not knowing where he went, begin to worry and his father does his best to try to find him. Meanwhile, Juston stumbles upon data indicating that his Sentinel was in fact used by a previous owner who used it for murder of a non-mutant, it is revealed that a Wisconsin politician named Senator Jeff Knudsen and a military official named Colonel Archibald Hunt had worked together to take out Senator Knudsen's rival using the sentinel. In Washington D. C. Senator Knudsen and Colonel Hunt discover their Sentinel is out and could incriminate the both of them, leaving them with one option: Destroy it and anybody who knows about it. To do this, they use a new, experimental "stealth" Sentinel Mark VII-A. Juston's search for his mother leads him to an estranged aunt named Ginny Baker, who allows him in only with the hope that she be repaid with money that Juston received from all his media appearances following his "heroics" at the school from the previous volume.

When he tells her he does not have any and is only trying to find his mother, Ginny cruelly reveals that she left him and his family because she did not love them. Juston rushes out the door while Ginny calls the local news, leading his father right to her as well; the stealth sentinel engages them. It not before doing serious damage; the sentinel, acting on its directive to protect Juston, takes the opportunity to not only repair itself, but to build a cockpit for Juston to operate from the inside. Juston makes his way back to Antigo, but is ambushed by the Stealth Sentinel who removes his Sentinel's hand. Juston's Sentinel and the Stealth Sentinel do battle while Juston tries to protect his family and friends in the process; the stealth sentinel, now manually controlled by Colonel Hunt, is about to land the killing blow, but Senator Knudsen disables the control system--showing mercy for the young boy. Juston destroys the stealth sentinel and swears to Senator Knudsen and Colonel Hunt if the pair comes after him or his Sentinel he will reveal their secret.

Juston reunites with his father in a heartfelt reunion where he learns the truth about his mother and returns to school to meet Jesse and the rest of his friends again. On the final page, it is revealed he still has the Sentinel which now wields one of the Stealth Sentinel's arms and


Dacology is a branch of Thracology which focuses on the scientific study of Dacia and Dacian antiquities and is a regional and thematic branch of the larger disciplines of ancient history and archaeology. A practitioner of the discipline is a Dacologist. Dacology investigates the range of ancient Dacian culture from c. 1000 BC up to the end of Roman rule in the 4th-7th centuries. It is directly subordinated to Thracology, since Dacians are considered a branch of the Thracians by most mainstream research and historical sources. Other theories sustain that the Daco-Thracian relation is not as strong as thought and as such Dacology has the potential to evolve as an independent discipline from Thracology. One of the first mentions of the term Dacology was made by the historian Radu Vulpe at the 2nd International Congress of Thracology in September 1976 in connection with the Romanian historians Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu and Ion I. Russu; the Romanian Thracology Institute I. G Bibicescu, part of Romanian Academy, was founded in Bucharest in the same year.

One of his first directors was the thracologist Dumitru Berciu. The related term Thraco-Dacology exists, alluding to Thraco-Dacian, one of the first uses is from around 1980, in the Romanian government archive; the term Dacologist has been negatively affected by the association with Protochronism. Some researchers prefer to call themselves Thracologists instead of Dacologists; this choice of title is made in the context of their research being focused on the Dacians and without promoting a strong connection between the Thracians and Dacians. Researchers who have been noted in the field of Dacology include: Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu Ion I. Russu Radu Vulpe Andrei Vartic There have been 11 editions of the International Congress of Dacology organized so far. However, they have been organized by the controversial Dacomanic group around Napoleon Săvescu, thus making the term Dacology synonymous with Protochronism in this ambiance. Dacia Thracology Dacian language Thracian language Protochronism Olteanu, Sorin.

"Linguae Thraco-Daco-Moesorum". Archived from the original on 9 March 2008. Retrieved 3 January 2010. Vulpe, Radu. Actes du IIe Congrès international de thracologie: Linguistique, anthropologie. Bucharest: Editura Academiei. "Dacia: Revue d'archéologie et d'histoire ancienne". Dacia, Revue d'Archéologie et d'Histoire Ancienne. Bucureşti, Romania: Institutul de Arheologie. 10. 2005. ISSN 0070-251X. "Revista arhivelor". Revista arhivelor. Romania: Arhivele Statului. 42. 1980. "Dacia: revue d'archéologie et d'histoire ancienne". Sc. Bucureşti, Romania: Academia Română. 34. 1983. Nationalism and the Representation of Society in Romanian Archaeology La plecarea lui Andrei Vartic