Hurricane Irene was a large and destructive tropical cyclone which affected much of the Caribbean and East Coast of the United States during late August 2011. The ninth named storm, first hurricane, first major hurricane of the 2011 Atlantic hurricane season, Irene originated from a well-defined Atlantic tropical wave that began showing signs of organization east of the Lesser Antilles. Due to development of atmospheric convection and a closed center of circulation, the system was designated as Tropical Storm Irene on August 20, 2011. After intensifying, Irene made landfall in St. Croix as a strong tropical storm that day. Early on August 21, the storm made a second landfall in Puerto Rico. While crossing the island, Irene strengthened into a Category 1 hurricane; the storm paralleled offshore of Hispaniola, continuing to intensify in the process. Shortly before making four landfalls in the Bahamas, Irene peaked as a 120 mph Category 3 hurricane. Thereafter, the storm leveled off in intensity as it struck the Bahamas and curved northward after passing east of Grand Bahama.
Continuing to weaken, Irene was downgraded to a Category 1 hurricane before making landfall on the Outer Banks of North Carolina on August 27, becoming the first hurricane to make landfall in the United States since Hurricane Ike in 2008. Early on the following day, the storm re-emerged into the Atlantic from southeastern Virginia. Although Irene remained a hurricane over water, it weakened to a tropical storm while making yet another landfall in the Little Egg Inlet in southeastern New Jersey on August 27. A few hours Irene made its ninth and final landfall in Brooklyn, New York City. Early on August 29, Irene transitioned into an extratropical cyclone while striking Vermont, after remaining inland as a tropical cyclone for less than 12 hours. Throughout its path, Irene caused widespread destruction and at least 49 deaths. Damage estimates throughout the United States are estimated near $13.5 billion, making Irene one of the costliest hurricanes on record in the country. In addition, monetary losses in the Caribbean and Canada were $830 million and $130 million for a total of nearly $14.2 billion in damage.
On August 15, 2011, a tropical wave exited the west African coast, emerged into the Atlantic, characterized by distinct low-level cyclonic rotation and deep tropical humidity. It remained well-defined while moving westward for several days to the south of the Cape Verde Islands, although at the time any notable convection occurred well to the southwest of its axis; as the wave distanced itself from the islands, development of thunderstorms and showers in its proximity continued to remain scarce, it became rather broad in appearance. On August 19, the convective structure began to show signs of organization as the associated atmospheric pressure lowered, with a progressively favorable environment situated ahead of the wave its chances of undergoing tropical cyclogenesis markedly increased; the strong thunderstorm activity continued to become more pronounced around the main low-pressure feature. By August 20, the National Hurricane Center noted that tropical cyclone formation was imminent as the wave neared the Lesser Antilles, a reconnaissance aircraft confirmed the presence of a small surface circulation center just southwest of a burst of vigorous convection and unusually high sustained winds, indicating sufficient organization for the cyclone to be upgraded into Tropical Storm Irene at 23:00 UTC that day.
Irene was positioned about 190 mi east of Dominica in the Lesser Antilles when it was classified and named, along weakening high pressure over the west-central Atlantic, inducing a west-northwestward path for most of its journey through the eastern Caribbean. Its mid-level circulation continued to become better established as hints of pronounced banding features curved north of the surface center. On August 21, the surface center reformed closer to the deepest convection. With the improved structure, as well as light wind shear and high sea surface temperatures, Irene was forecast to strengthen to near hurricane force prior to landfall in Hispaniola. Over the subsequent day, while passing near the island of Saint Croix in the U. S. Virgin Islands, Irene traced toward Puerto Rico, more northward than expected, where it underwent a considerable increase in strength and organization. Hours Irene moved ashore, approaching from the southeast at landfall near Punta Santiago, Puerto Rico, with estimated sustained winds of 70 mph.
Despite the storm's interaction with land, radar imagery showed a ragged eye-like feature, Doppler weather radar data indicated wind speeds in excess of hurricane force. Just after its initial landfall, Irene was accordingly upgraded to a Category 1 hurricane, the first of the 2011 Atlantic hurricane season. With the hurricane situated just north of the mountainous coast of Hispaniola, the storm deepened little after reemerging over water, any additional organization during the rest of the day was gradual. After weakening on August 23, Irene began to develop a distinct eye encircled by an area of deepening convection the next morning. Moving erratically through the southeast Bahamas over warm waters, Irene expanded as its outflow aloft became well established; the cyclone subsequently underwent a partial eyewall replacement cycle, which resulted in some reduction in its winds. Although a distinct eye redeveloped for a few hours, it obscured once again soon thereafter.
Austria–United Kingdom relations, or Austrian-British relations, are foreign relations between Austria and the United Kingdom. Relations between the Austrian Empire and England were established in the Middle Ages, formal relations began in 1799; the two nations were enemies during the Second World War. The United Kingdom and Austria now have warm relations; the President of Austria Franz Jonas paid a state visit to the United Kingdom in May 1966. In May 1969, HM Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom paid a state visit to Austria. According to the 2001 UK Census, some 20,000 Austrian born people were living in the UK, a drop of around 5% from 1991, despite this there are large but unknown numbers of British born people of Austrian descent; the Austrian ambassador to the United Kingdom is Michael Zimmermann, he took up his post in August 2018. The British ambassador to Austria is Leigh Turner who took up his post in August 2016. Austria has an embassy in five honorary consulates; the United Kingdom has an embassy in Vienna and 4 honorary consulates in Bregenz, Graz and Salzburg.
Foreign relations of Austria Foreign relations of the United Kingdom Austrians in the United Kingdom Anglo-Austrian Alliance, a historic military alliance between the states that existed between 1731 and 1756
The Sanitarium Health and Wellbeing Company is the trading name of two sister food companies. Both are wholly owned by the Seventh-day Adventist Church. Founded in Melbourne, Victoria, in 1898, Sanitarium has factories in Australia and New Zealand, producing a large range of breakfast cereals and vegetarian products. All the food products it manufactures and markets are plant vegetarian, its flagship product is Weet-Bix, sold in the Australian and New Zealand breakfast cereal markets. Sanitarium has produced and marketed many food products throughout its 120 year history, including peanut butter, vegetarian meals and beverages; the company closed them in the 1980s. During his time in Australia, William C. White convinced Seventh-day Adventist Edward Halsey, a baker at John Harvey Kellogg's Battle Creek Sanitarium, to immigrate to Australia. Halsey arrived in Sydney, New South Wales, on 8 November 1897, he rented a small bakery in Melbourne, produced granola and Granose. His team and he sold it from door to door as an alternative to fat-laden or poor nutritious foods popular at the time.
The business relocated to larger premises in Cooranbong, New South Wales, next to the campus of the seminary which became Avondale College. In 1900, Halsey transferred to New Zealand, where he began making the first batches of Granola, New Zealand's first breakfast cereal, Caramel Cereals, wholemeal bread in a small wooden shed in the Christchurch suburb of Papanui. Sanitarium New Zealand and Sanitarium Australia work together. Sanitarium has factories in New South Wales. Weet-Bix was manufactured, from 1928, at 659 Parramatta Road, where until recent times Sanitarium signage could still be seen; this factory antedates the purchase of Weet-Bix by Sanitarium in 1930. A factory closed in the late 1990s; the Hackney factory in Adelaide, South Australia was closed in October 2010, the Cooranbong factory in 2018. In June 2017, Sanitarium caused controversy when it objected to a specialty shop-owner based in Christchurch, New Zealand, trying to import 300 boxes of Weetabix into the country. New Zealand Customs detained the boxes at the request of Sanitarium on the grounds the British-made Weetabix competed with and confused the branding of their own New Zealand-made'Weet-bix'.
Sanitarium faced a backlash in New Zealand as a result. After failing to come to a settlement, the Sanitarium filed civil action against the shop owner; the case hearing began in the High Court at Christchurch on 30 July 2018. Neither the Australia nor the New Zealand Sanitarium companies pay company tax on their profits, due to their ownership by a religious organisation. On their official website, Sanitarium defend their tax exemption with several points, stating they operate for charitable purposes, that income tax exemptions are available to all companies and individuals in New Zealand who limit themselves to charitable purposes. However, the exemption is considered unfair by their competitors; the church's New Zealand group one accounts booked total income of $204.8 million in 2014, which included $4.3 million in government grants and $5.9 million in donations. Up & Go is the brand of a range of liquid breakfast products manufactured and marketed by Sanitarium Health and Wellbeing Company.
The brand was the first product that established the category of liquid breakfast in supermarket and convenience stores in Australia and New Zealand. Many other brands have entered the category since the late 1990s, forced the brand to defend its market share. In June 2013, Choice magazine released a study of 23 liquid breakfast products questioning the validity of claims that were made by manufacturers including Up & Go claims regarding fibre content. Sanitarium defended Up & Go in a release citing the current code of practice for nutrient claims that a product must contain a minimum of 3 g of dietary fibre per serving to be considered "high in fiber" and Up & Go contained 3.8 g of fiber per 250-ml serving. Weet-Bix, its family of products: Weet-Bix Bites Wildberry Weet-Bix Bites Honey Crunch Weet-Bix Bites Apricot Weet Bix Bites Energize Weet Bix Multi-Grain Weet-Bix Oat Bran Weet-Bix Hi-Bran Weet-Bix Energize Hi-Protein Weet-Bix Gluten Free Weet-Bix Cholesterol Lowering Weet-Bix Blends Cranberry and Coconut Weet-Bix Blends Apple and Cinnamon Granola Granola Clusters Puffed wheat Honey Weets Skippy Corn flakes Skippy Ricies Light'n'tasty Muesli range Cluster Crisp Range Weeties Double Crunch Apple and Cinnamon Double Crunch Apricot GHF Vita Brits GHF Toasted Muesli Fibre life Range Bran Bix Honey PuffsSome older names, no longer produced: Gravy Quick NrG Cereal Good Morning Stamina Maximize Lite Bix Banana Ricies Flavoured Water Sanitarium Peanut Butter Peanuts Peanut Butter Natural Peanut Butter Marmite Vitamite So Good and its family of products: So Good Coconut Milk So Good Ice Cream So Good Lite So Good Almond Milk Flavoured So-Good Organics Simply Soy Rice Milk Up & Go Breakfast Yoghurt Health food Health food store La Loma Foods – owned by the Seventh-day Adventist Church List of vegetarian and vegan companies Macrobiotic diet Parr, R. & Litster, G..
"What Hath God Wrought!": The Sanitarium Health Food Company Story. Sanitarium Health Food Comp
XHCJU-FM is a radio station on 95.9 FM & 590 AM in Jarretaderas, Nayarit serving Puerto Vallarta, with a grupera format under the Ke Buena name. Luis Carlos Mendiola Codina received this station's original concession on April 3, 1995 as XECJU-AM 590, to be located at Cruz de Huanacaxtle, signing on July 11, 1996, it added an FM signal in 2011. The station's tower is located less than a mile from the Nayarit-Jalisco state line. XHCJU attempted an unauthorized move to 96.7 MHz, from a transmitter on the Jalisco side of the state line, in 2013. The frequency change, conducted because of interference from XHME-FM and XHVAY-FM, produced interference to air traffic services operating at 119 MHz and prompted federal authorities to open a proceeding that could have revoked the station's concession. In 2015, XHCJU ditched its own grupera format in favor of adopting the Ke Buena brand from Televisa Radio, it had aired MVS Radio's La Mejor grupera format. In 2017, XHCJU-FM was sold to GlobalMedia of San Luis Potosí.
The concession transfer to a GlobalMedia subsidiary, New Digital NX, did not take place for nearly two years after the sale
Charles Scott Leonard IV is an American singer and a member of the cappella group Rockapella, the former house band on the PBS children's geography game show Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego? Leonard was born and raised in Indianapolis and attended Lawrence North High School, where he sang in a barbershop–doo wop group. Leonard attended the University of Tampa on a baseball scholarship while studying as a voice major. After graduating in 1987, he got a job singing at Walt Disney World Resort that would led to a similar singing job at Tokyo Disneyland in Japan for two years, where he led the Japanese electronic rock band Horizon, released a solo album, became fluent in Japanese. Leonard returned to the United States looking for a singing job in 1990. Having seen an ad in a New York performing arts newspaper, he auditioned to be the high tenor for Rockapella and got the position in 1991, moving to New York City as a result. During Rockapella's stint as the house band on Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego?, Leonard used his connections to the Japanese recording market to obtain a record deal for the group, resulting in seven CDs released in Japan on the ForLife Records label.
In psychology, memory inhibition is the ability not to remember irrelevant information. The scientific concept of memory inhibition should not be confused with everyday uses of the word "inhibition". Scientifically speaking, memory inhibition is a type of cognitive inhibition, the stopping or overriding of a mental process, in whole or in part, with or without intention. Memory inhibition is a critical component of an effective memory system. While some memories are retained for a lifetime, most memories are forgotten. According to evolutionary psychologists, forgetting is adaptive because it facilitates selectivity of rapid, efficient recollection. For example, a person trying to remember where they parked their car would not want to remember every place they have parked. In order to remember something, therefore, it is essential not only to activate the relevant information, but to inhibit irrelevant information. There are many memory phenomena that seem to involve inhibition, although there is debate about the distinction between interference and inhibition.
In the early days of psychology, the concept of inhibition was influential. These psychologists applied the concept of inhibition to early theories of forgetting. Starting in 1894, German scientists Muller and Shumann conducted empirical studies that demonstrated how learning a second list of items interfered with memory of the first list. Based on these experiments, Muller argued. Arguing for a different explanation, Wundt claimed that selective attention was accomplished by the active inhibition of unattended information, that to attend to one of several simultaneous stimuli, the others had to be inhibited. American Psychologist Walter Pillsbury combined Muller and Wundt's arguments, claiming that attention both facilitates information, wanted and inhibits information, unwanted. In the face of behaviorism during the late 1920s through the 1950s, through the early growth of cognitive psychology in the late 1950s and early 1960s, inhibition disappeared as a theory. Instead, classical interference theory dominated memory research until as late as 1960.
By the early 1970s, classical interference theory began to decline due to its reliance on associationism, its inability to explain the facts of interference or how interference applies to everyday life, to newly published reports on proactive and retroactive inhibition. Since the mid-1980s, there has been a renewed interest in understanding the role of inhibition in cognition. Research on a wide variety of psychological processes, including attention, perception and memory, psycholinguistics, cognitive development, learning disabilities, neuropsychology, suggests that resistance to interference is an important part of cognition. More researchers suggest that the hippocampus plays a role in the regulation of disliked and competing memories, fMRI studies have shown hippocampus activity during inhibition processes; the "part-set cuing effect" was discovered by Slamecka, who found that providing a portion of to-be-remembered items as test cues impairs retrieval of the remaining un-cued items compared with performance in a no-cue control condition.
Such an effect is intriguing because cues are expected to aid recall. A prominent figure in retrieval-based inhibition research, Henry L. Roediger III was another one of the first psychologists to propose the idea that retrieving an item reduces the subsequent accessibility of other stored items. Becoming aware of the part-set cueing effect reduces the effect, such that relearning part of a set of learned associations can improve recall of the non-relearned associations. Using inhibition to explain memory processes began with the work of Hasher and Zacks, which focused on the cognitive costs associated with aging and bridging the attention-memory gap. Hasher and Zacks found that older adults show impairments on tasks that require inhibiting irrelevant information in working memory, these impairments may lead to problems in a variety of contexts. Anderson and Spellman's model of retrieval-induced forgetting suggests that when items compete during retrieval, an inhibitory process will serve to suppress those competitors.
For instance, retrieval of one meaning for a word will tend to inhibit the dominant meaning of that word. In 1995, Anderson and Spellman conducted a three-phase study using their retrieval-induced forgetting model to demonstrate unlearning as inhibition. Study phase: Participants study a list of category-exemplar pairings where some exemplars semantically similar in that they belong to another category besides the one they are explicitly paired with. Retrieval-practice phase: Participants are cued to practice remembering some of the exemplars given the category cue. Test phase: Given each category as a cue, the participant tries to recall the exemplar. Anderson and Spellman observed that items that shared a semantic relationship with practiced information was less recallable. Using the example from above, recall of items related to practiced information, including tomato and strawberry was lower than recall for cracker though strawberry is part of a different pair; this finding suggests that associative competition by explicit category cue is not the only factor in retrieval difficulty.
They theorized that the brain suppresses, or inhibit