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Hurricane Mitch

Hurricane Mitch is the second-deadliest Atlantic hurricane on record, causing over 11,000 fatalities in Central America in 1998, including 7,000 in Honduras and 3,800 in Nicaragua due to catastrophic flooding from the slow motion of the storm. It was the deadliest hurricane in Central American history, surpassing Hurricane Fifi–Orlene, which killed fewer people there in 1974; the thirteenth named storm, ninth hurricane, third major hurricane of the 1998 Atlantic hurricane season, Mitch formed in the western Caribbean Sea on October 22, after drifting through favorable conditions, it strengthened to peak at Category 5 status, the highest possible rating on the Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale. After drifting southwestward and weakening, the hurricane hit Honduras as a minimal hurricane. Mitch drifted through Central America, regenerated in the Bay of Campeche, struck Florida as a strong tropical storm, it became extratropical and accelerated northeastward across the North Atlantic, before dissipating on November 9.

At the time, Mitch was the strongest Atlantic hurricane observed in the month of October, though it has since been surpassed by Hurricane Wilma of the 2005 season. In addition, Mitch is the eighth-most intense Atlantic hurricane on record. Being "the deadliest Atlantic hurricane" in over 200 years, Mitch caused catastrophic impacts across its path, but the most disastrous impacts came from Honduras, which suffered over half of the total deaths; the President of Honduras estimated. The storm wrecked about 35,000 houses and damaged another 50,000, leaving up to 1.5 million people homeless, or about 20 percent of the country's population. Mitch directly caused $2.005 billion with an additional $1.8 billion in indirect costs. Most of the damage was ruined crops, cash crop exports were cut by 9.4 percent in 1999 due to the storm. Over 70 percent of the transportation infrastructure was damaged damaged highways and bridges. Widespread areas experienced power outages, about 70 percent of the country lost water after the storm.

In the capital, Tegucigalpa, a large landslide affected three neighborhoods and formed a temporary dam. Floods in the city damaged buildings. Throughout the country, there were at least 7,000 fatalities, some reported in each department. Following the storm, officials in Honduras requested international assistance, which totaled $2.8 billion over a several year period. Despite this, the gross domestic product began decreasing at the end of 1998, contracted by 1.9 percent in 1999. Officials enacted a widespread curfew following the storm, for 15 days temporarily restricted constitutional rights to maintain order. There were outbreaks in various diseases, many residents faced food and water shortages. Due to the slow motion from October 29 to November 3, Hurricane Mitch dropped historic amounts of rainfall in Honduras and Nicaragua, with unofficial reports of up to 75 inches. Deaths due to catastrophic flooding made it the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history after the Great Hurricane of 1780.

Additionally 2.7 million were left homeless as a result of the hurricane. Total damages caused by the hurricane were estimated to be around $6 billion; the name "Mitch" was retired, will not be used for another Atlantic tropical cyclone. Tropical Depression Thirteen formed on October 22 over the southwestern Caribbean Sea, from a tropical wave that exited Africa on October 10, it executed a small loop, while doing so intensified into Tropical Storm Mitch. A weakness in a ridge allowed the storm to track to the north. After becoming disorganized due to wind shear from an upper-level low, Mitch intensified in response to favorable conditions, including warm waters and good outflow, it developed an eye. After turning to the west, Mitch intensified, first into a major hurricane on October 25 and into a Category 5 on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale the next day. At peak intensity, Mitch maintained maximum sustained winds of 180 mph while off the northern coast of Honduras. Hurricane Hunters reported a minimum barometric pressure of 905 mbar, which at the time was the lowest in the month of October and tied for the fourth lowest for any Atlantic hurricane.

The National Hurricane Center and various tropical cyclone forecast models anticipated a turn to the north, threatening the Yucatán peninsula. Instead, Mitch turned to the south, due to a ridge, not observed while the storm was active. Land interaction imparted weakening, the hurricane made landfall on Honduras on October 29 with winds of 80 mph. Mitch weakened while turning to the west over land, maintaining deep convection over waters. After moving across mountainous terrain in Central America, the surface circulation of Mitch dissipated on November 1; the next day, the remnants reached the Gulf of Mexico, which reorganized into a tropical storm on November 3. Mitch accelerated to the northeast ahead of a cold front, moving across the Yucatán peninsula before striking near Naples, Florida on November 5. Shortly thereafter, the storm became an extratropical cyclone, tracked by the NHC until November 9, at a point north of Scotland. Due to the threat, the government of Honduras evacuated some of the 45,000 citizens on the Bay Islands and prepared all air and naval resources.

The government of Belize issued a purple alert and asked for citizens on offshore islands to leave for the mainla

Ni (cuneiform)

The cuneiform sign ni, is a common-use sign of the Amarna letters, the Epic of Gilgamesh, other cuneiform texts. It has a secondary sub-use in the Amarna letters for addressing the Pharaoh, from the vassal states of Canaan; the address to the Pharaoh is often'King-Lord-Mine': LUGAL, EN-ia which has many varieties of expression. "LUGAL" is Akkadian language for "Šarru", English "king", EN in Akkadian is bēlu, for "Lord". In some Amarna letters the sub-use of ni is lí, for be-lí often. There are other sub-uses of ni, it is found in some Amarna letters, EA 9, EA 252, for example where ni or lí is scribed in a "flourish" format, similar to tab. In EA 9 there is a'scribe margin line', both left and right on the clay tablet obverse. For the right margin, some words in the lower paragraphs of the obverse, some words ending with ni/lí, have the sign lengthened, sitting upon the right margin line-; the ni sign usage in the Epic of Gilgamesh is as follows: lí- times, né-, ni-, ṣal-, zal-, Ì- times. Ì, the sumerogram is Akkadian language "šamnu", for English "oil".

Because of its multiple usages in the Epic, ni, or lí, can be used as a syllabic for " "ne", "ni", or "li"/"lí", etc. It can be used as a syllabic for combinations related to: "sal", "ṣal", or "zal". Moran, William L. 1987, 1992. The Amarna Letters. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987, 1992. 393 pages. Parpola, 197l; the Standard Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh, Simo, Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, c 1997, Tablet I thru Tablet XII, Index of Names, Sign List, Glossary-, 165 pages

Chilling Adventures of Sabrina

Chilling Adventures of Sabrina is an American comic book series published by Archie Horror, an imprint of Archie Comics, beginning in 2014. The series is a darker take on the characters and setting of Sabrina the Teenage Witch, it is written by Roberto Aguirre-Sacasa, with art by Robert Hack, is inspired by the appearances of Sabrina in Aguirre-Sacasa's other Archie series, Afterlife with Archie. Due to the positive reception of Afterlife with Archie #6, which centered on Sabrina, a solo series starring her was announced in June 2014; the first issue was released in October 2014. The series went on a six-month hiatus before returning in April 2015 under the new Archie Horror imprint. Though the two series are described as "companion series" and share several characters, they are each set in their own reality and are not directly related to one another. In issue #8, Sabrina experiences a vision of the Afterlife with Archie versions of herself and Jughead Jones, suggesting some connection between the two continuities.

While the show maintains a vintage aesthetic the use of contemporaneous technology shows that it is set in the modern day. Half-witch Sabrina lives with her witch aunts and Zelda, her warlock cousin Ambrose, Salem, her feline familiar, in the town of Greendale. Nearing her sixteenth birthday, she must choose whether to become a full witch or pursue a mortal life with her boyfriend, Harvey Kinkle. Meanwhile, Madam Satan, a former flame of Sabrina's estranged father has returned from Hell and wants revenge on the Spellman family. Sabrina’s father, Edward Spellman, is mysteriously back among the living, masquerading as a resurrected Harvey. Hilda and Zelda warn Sabrina about the consequences of necromancy, but Sabrina protects "Harvey" against their attempts to send him back to the grave. Edward begins to wonder. Sabrina Edwina Diana Spellman, a teenage half-witch who lives in the town of Greendale with her aunts, her cousin Ambrose, her familiar Salem. Unbeknownst to Sabrina, when she was just a year old, she was taken from her mother, Diana, by her aunts with the approval of her "father", Edward.

Sabrina's real father is Lucifer Morningstar. This tidbit was revealed in part 2. Sabrina was told. While Sabrina is taught witchery by her aunts at home, she lives a normal life in public as a cheerleader and student at Baxter High School. No one, including her boyfriend Harvey, is aware. Hilda Spellman, Sabrina's witch aunt and co-guardian, she is more forbearing than Zelda, though both are strict followers of witch law and the Church of Night. Zelda Spellman, Sabrina's other witch aunt and co-guardian, she is more pragmatic than Hilda, though they both want the best for their niece, despite keeping the truth about her parents a secret. Madam Satan known as Iola, Edward's witch girlfriend whom he left for Diana. Heartbroken that he chose a mortal over her, Iola killed herself and wound up in the pits of Gehenna, a place reserved in the circle of Hell for suicides, where she remained faceless until she was accidentally released by two amateur witches. After gaining a new face, she burns the tree that encased Edward and cures Diana of the insanity he inflicted upon her, but leaves her unable to leave the psychiatric facility.

Upon discovering their daughter's existence, she makes her way to Greendale where she becomes a teacher at Baxter High as "Mary Wardwell" where she can monitor Sabrina and continue her revenge against the Spellman family. Ambrose, Sabrina's bisexual warlock cousin who comes to live with her and her aunts from the Old Country; as punishment by the Witches Council for revealing himself to mortals, he cannot leave the Spellman house. He has two cobra familiars and Nagaina. Harvey Kinkle, a football player and fellow student at Baxter High School, he is unaware that she and her aunts are witches. After being set up by Madam Satan, he discovers their true nature and is killed by the other witches. Edward is resurrected in Harvey's body, though Sabrina only believes it to be Harvey. Salem, Sabrina's familiar who acts as the voice of reason. A human named Samuel, he was turned into a cat as punishment by the witches of Salem Village for impregnating a witch named Abigail and refusing to marry her. At some point as a cat, he attempted to enact the Book of Revelation.

He was given to Sabrina by her aunts and was prophesied by the Devil himself that if he were to do his duty and protect her he may become human again. Edward Spellman, Sabrina's estranged warlock the younger brother of Hilda and Zelda, it is known that the true father of Sabrina Spellman is Lucifer Morningstar himself. He rose through the ranks in the Church of Night as a skilled conjuror and became a High Priest, he broke witch-law to marry a mortal, whom he hoped would bear him an heir. When Hilda and Zelda discovered that Edward had been lying to the congregation, they trapped him in a tree as punishment, his ex-lover Madam Satan would go on to vengefully burn the tree, but would aid in his resurrection into Harvey's body. With Sabrina believing that she brought back Harvey, Edward wonders who could’ve helped her with such strong magic, why, he vaguely remembers "Iona" from his past. Diana Spellman, Sabrina's mortal mother, whom she believes to be dead, but is in a psychiatric facility, her husband, turned her insane after she refused to give up her daughter to his sisters.

Madam Satan grants Diana her sanity, but makes sure that she'll never be able to convince the doctors to let her leave. Diana is a