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Husum

Husum is the capital of the Kreis Nordfriesland in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. The town was the birthplace of the novelist Theodor Storm, who coined the epithet "the grey town by the sea", it is the home of the annual international piano festival Raritäten der Klaviermusik founded in 1986. Husum was first mentioned as Husembro in 1252. Like most towns on the North Sea, Husum was always influenced by storm tides. In 1362 a disastrous storm tide, the "Grote Mandrenke" flooded the town and carved out the inland harbour. Before this date Husum was not situated directly on the coast; the people of the city took advantage of this opportunity and built a marketplace, which led to a great economic upturn. Between 1372 and 1398 the population of Husum grew and two villages, Oster-Husum and Wester-Husum, were founded; the name Husum is first mentioned in 1409. It is shown on the Carta Marina in the Frisian form of Husem. Husum is located on the North Sea by the Bay of Husum. Zentrum Nordhusum Porrenkoog Osterhusum, Osterhusumfeld Altstadt Norderschlag Dreimühlen Rödemis Fischersiedlung Neustadt Gewerbegebiet Schauendahl Kielsburg Rosenburg Schobüll Halebüll Hockensbüll Lund Being a tourist resort and the gateway to the North Frisian Islands, Husum offers many cultural features.

This international festival of rare piano music, specialising in unknown classical piano music, was founded in 1986 by Peter Froundjian, takes place in the town's castle. The Theodor-Storm-Haus was the house of Theodor Storm, it is home to an exhibition about his works. The Schifffahrtsmuseum Nordfriesland shows ships from the Middle Ages to the present; the models on display give a good impression of life at sea. The Ostenfelder Bauernhaus is the oldest open-air museum in Germany. Marienkirche, collapsed 1807, re-erected 1833 The Schloss vor Husum, 1582, was a residence of the dukes of Holstein-Gottorp Old Town Hall, 1601 New Town Hall, 1988/1989 The Spielmannszug Rödemis is a famous marching band from the district of Rödemis. Husum is home of two football clubs, the Husumer SV and the Rödemisser SV. Husum Cricket Club is based at the Mikkelberg-Kunst-und-Cricket Center which has in the past hosted international women's cricket matches; the ground is located in nearby Hattstedt. Husum is twinned with: Husum station is located on the Westerland–Hamburg line, the Husum–Bad St. Peter-Ording line to the Eiderstedt peninsula and the Husum–Jübek line, which connects to the Neumünster–Flensburg line and Kiel.

Hermann-Tast-Schule, humanistic grammar school since 1527, one of the oldest schools in the state of Schleswig-Holstein. Theodor-Storm-Schule Gemeinschaftsschule Husum-Nord Ferdinand-Tönnies-Schule Husum Danske Skole Iven-Agßen-Schule, since 1619, one of the oldest elementary schools in Germany. Bürgerschule Klaus-Groth-Schule Bornschool in Schobüll Nicolaus Bruhns organist in Husum 1689-1697, an important influence on Johann Sebastian Bach Peter Wilhelm Forchhammer a German classical archaeologist Georg Beseler a Prussian jurist and politician Friedrich Lübker a German educator and philologist. Theodor Storm, German novelist of German realism style Adolf Brütt a German sculptor Emil Schiller and missionary in Japan Richard Petersen, Technical Director for the construction of the Wuppertaler Schwebebahn Margarete Böhme, German writer Ernst Graf zu Reventlow a German naval officer and Nazi politician Oskar Vogt, psychiatrist. Matthias Holst, soccer player Morten Jensen, football goalkeeper Janina Uhse, actress Lars Hartig a German rower, competed in the 2012 Summer Olympics Riewerts, Brar V..

Die Stadt Husum in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Husum: Hermann Hansen. Brandt, Otto. Geschichte Schleswig-Holsteins. Kiel: Mühlau. "Husum", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, 1, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, 1875, pp. 707– www.husum.de – official Web site of Husum Husum in old postcards

Pycnarmon alboflavalis

Pycnarmon alboflavalis is a moth in the family Crambidae. It was described by Frederic Moore in 1888, it is found in Bhutan. The wingspan is 20 mm. Adults are white, the forewings with two black costal spots and three bands from the median nervure to the inner margin on the basal area. There is a discocellular black spot and large spots on the origin of veins 2 to 5, as well as a postmedial line, straight from costa to vein 5 bent outwards and fine, with a spot below it on the inner margin; the marginal area is orange with a black speck at the apex and a double submarginal black spot on vein 4. The hindwings are white with a black spot at the base of the inner margin. There is a double series of black spots from below the lower angle of the cell to the anal angle; the marginal area is orange, with a submarginal black spot on vein 4 and some specks on the margin towards the anal angle

Enzyme catalysis

Enzyme catalysis is the increase in the rate of a process by a biological molecule, an "enzyme". Most enzymes are proteins, most such processes are chemical reactions. Within the enzyme catalysis occurs at a localized site, called the active site. Most enzymes are made predominantly of proteins, either a single protein chain or many such chains in a multi-subunit complex. Enzymes also incorporate non-protein components, such as metal ions or specialized organic molecules known as cofactor. Many cofactors are vitamins, their role as vitamins is directly linked to their use in the catalysis of biological process within metabolism. Catalysis of biochemical reactions in the cell is vital since many but not all metabolically essential reactions have low rates when uncatalysed. One driver of protein evolution is the optimization of such catalytic activities, although only the most crucial enzymes operate near catalytic efficiency limits, many enzymes are far from optimal. Important factors in enzyme catalysis include general acid and base catalysis, orbital steering, entropic restriction, orientation effects, as well as motional effects involving protein dynamicsMechanisms of enzyme catalysis vary, but are all similar in principle to other types of chemical catalysis in that the crucial factor is a reduction of energy barrier separating the reactants from the products.

The reduction of activation energy increases the fraction of reactant molecules that can overcome this barrier and form the product. An important principle is that since they only reduce energy barriers between products and reactants, enzymes always catalyze reactions in both directions, cannot drive a reaction forward or affect the equilibrium position - only the speed with, it achieved; as with other catalysts, the enzyme is not consumed or changed by the reaction but is recycled such that a single enzyme performs many rounds of catalysis. The favored model for the enzyme-substrate interaction is the induced fit model; this model proposes that the initial interaction between enzyme and substrate is weak, but that these weak interactions induce conformational changes in the enzyme that strengthen binding. The advantages of the induced fit mechanism arise due to the stabilizing effect of strong enzyme binding. There are two different mechanisms of substrate binding: uniform binding, which has strong substrate binding, differential binding, which has strong transition state binding.

The stabilizing effect of uniform binding increases both substrate and transition state binding affinity, while differential binding increases only transition state binding affinity. Both are used by enzymes and have been evolutionarily chosen to minimize the activation energy of the reaction. Enzymes that are saturated, that is, have a high affinity substrate binding, require differential binding to reduce the energy of activation, whereas small substrate unbound enzymes may use either differential or uniform binding; these effects have led to most proteins using the differential binding mechanism to reduce the energy of activation, so most substrates have high affinity for the enzyme while in the transition state. Differential binding is carried out by the induced fit mechanism - the substrate first binds weakly the enzyme changes conformation increasing the affinity to the transition state and stabilizing it, so reducing the activation energy to reach it, it is important to clarify, that the induced fit concept cannot be used to rationalize catalysis.

That is, the chemical catalysis is defined as the reduction of Ea‡ relative to Ea‡ in the uncatalyzed reaction in water. The induced fit only suggests that the barrier is lower in the closed form of the enzyme but does not tell us what the reason for the barrier reduction is. Induced fit may be beneficial to the fidelity of molecular recognition in the presence of competition and noise via the conformational proofreading mechanism; these conformational changes bring catalytic residues in the active site close to the chemical bonds in the substrate that will be altered in the reaction. After binding takes place, one or more mechanisms of catalysis lowers the energy of the reaction's transition state, by providing an alternative chemical pathway for the reaction. There are six possible mechanisms of "over the barrier" catalysis as well as a "through the barrier" mechanism: Enzyme-substrate interactions align the reactive chemical groups and hold them close together in an optimal geometry, which increases the rate of the reaction.

This reduces the entropy of the reactants and thus makes addition or transfer reactions less unfavorable, since a reduction in the overall entropy when two reactants become a single product. However this is a general effect and is seen in non-addition or transfer reactions where it occurs due to an increase in the "effective concentration" of the reagents; this is understood when considering how increases in concentration leads to increases in reaction rate: when the reactants are more concentrated, they collide more and so react more often. In enzyme catalysis, the binding of the reagents to the enzyme restricts the conformational space of the reactants, holding them in the'proper orientation' and close to each other, so that the collide more and with the correct geometry, to facilitate the desired reaction; the "effective concentration" is the concentration the reactant would have to be, free in solution, to experiences the same collisional frequency. Such theoretical effective concentrations are unphysical and impossible to realize in reality -, a testament to the great catalytic power of man

Sarah Mair

Dame Sarah Elizabeth Siddons Mair was a Scottish campaigner for women's education and women's suffrage, active in the Edinburgh Association for the University Education of Women and the Ladies' Edinburgh Debating Society, which she founded before she was 20. Born into a well-to-do family in Edinburgh, Sarah was the daughter of daughter of Major Arthur Mair of the 62nd Regiment and Elizabeth Harriot Mair, she was great-granddaughter of actress Sarah Siddons. Mair started the Edinburgh Essay Society, soon renamed the Ladies' Edinburgh Debating Society when she was 19. Mair was president of the society for 70 years; the society met in the spacious Mair family home in the New Town and offered Edinburgh women of a certain background the chance to discuss social questions while learning public speaking and debating skills. They published the Ladies' Edinburgh Magazine, called The Attempt until 1876, which linked them with readers across the country, it was edited by Helen Reid. Charlotte Yonge contributed, Mair reviewed Josephine Butler's essay collection Women's Work and Women's Culture.

This society and its headquarters in the Mair dining-room were the focus of much effort to promote women's rights and education, spearheaded by women from professional prosperous families. Louisa and Flora Stevenson were early members, as were Louisa Lumsden, founder of St Leonards School in St Andrews, Charlotte Carmichael, mother of Marie Stopes; the society debated the question of women's suffrage at intervals, with Mair a lifelong supporter of votes for women. In 1866 and 1872, Sarah Mair found that she and her fellow-suffragists were in the minority, but from 1884 onwards motions in favour of women's suffrage were carried by increasing majorities. Mair belonged to the Edinburgh National Society for Women's Suffrage, established in 1867 as the first Scottish society campaigning for votes for women and which sent speakers all over Scotland, she became president of the society, president of the Scottish Federation of Women's Suffrage Societies. She was able to mediate between groups with different approaches to campaigning for the vote.

Once women over 30 were enfranchised in 1918 she led the Suffrage Society into a new phase as the Society for Equal Citizenship. Sarah Mair was an important member of the Edinburgh Ladies' Educational Association in 1867, she was present at the meeting when the Association was founded, but was not considered a founder member because she was unmarried and rather young. She and Mary Crudelius were willing to proceed one step at a time towards their goal of equal access to university education for both sexes, with Mair believing a practical approach would lead to the right results; however they wanted more than a separate system for women, however good the teaching. In 1876, Mair led an effort to improve the pre-university stage of women's education and advertised classes in St. George's Hall to help women pass the exams which counted as a university entrance qualification for men, she helped develop correspondence courses for women who could not attend classes, in 1886 she was active in setting up St George's Training College, followed by St. George's High School for Girls in 1888.

The training college was the first Scottish institution training women to teach in secondary schools and the high school was the first Scottish day school for girls which taught them all the way up to university entrance level. Girls from St. George's were among the first female graduates of Edinburgh University. Sarah Mair was a school governor there all her life, she acted as treasurer of the Edinburgh Association for the University Education of Women's Masson Hall project, chaired committees of the Bruntsfield Hospital for Women and Children and the Elsie Inglis Memorial Maternity Hospital. During the first world war her association with Elsie Inglis continued as she was president of the Hospitals Committee of the Scottish Women's Hospitals for Foreign Service, she found time to prove a woman could have skill in both archery and chess, belonged to the Ladies' Chess Club. It was her work for women's education which led to an honorary LLD from Edinburgh University in 1920 and a DBE in 1931.

Her death at her niece's home in Buckinghamshire was followed by a funeral service in St Mary's Cathedral. An obituary in The Scotsman called her a "woman pioneer" and a "venerable and notable Edinburgh lady, one who has helped make history in her time". List of suffragists and suffragettes Crawford, Elizabeth; the Women's Suffrage Movement: A Reference Guide 1866-1928 Sarah Mair at Find a Grave St. George's Training College

Bargarh (Odisha Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Bargarh is a Vidhan Sabha constituency of Bargarh district. Area of this constituency include Bargarh block and part of Barpali block. 16 elections held during 1951 to 201. List of members elected from this constituency are: 2019: Debesh Acharya 2014: Debesh Acharya 2009: Sadhu Nepak 2004: Ananda Acharya 2000: Ananda Acharya 1995: Prasanna Acharya 1990: Prasanna Acharya 1985: Jadumani Pradhan 1980: Jadumani Pradhan -1 1977: Nabin Kumar Pradhan 1974: Nabin Kumar Pradhan 1971: Chittaranjan Kar 1967: Bharat Chandra Hota 1961: Gananath Pradhan 1957: Nikunja Bihari Singh, Mahananda Bahadur 1951: Tirthabasi Pradhan In 2019 election, Biju Janata Dal candidate Debesh Acharya defeated Bharatiya Janata Party candidate Ashwini Kumar Sarangi by a margin of 8,452 votes. In 2014 election, Biju Janata Dal candidate Debesh Acharya defeated Indian National Congress candidate Sadhu Nepak by a margin of 13,204 votes. In 2009 election Indian National Congress candidate Sadhu Nepak, defeated Biju Janata Dal candidate Ananda Acharya by 1,969 votes

Mack Flenniken

George M. "Mack" Flenniken was an American football player and coach. He played professionally in the National Football League with the Chicago Cardinals in 1930 and the New York Giants in 1931.. Flenniken served as the head football coach at Geneva College from 1928 to 1929, compiling a record of 7–11–1, he played college football at Geneva. Flenniken played college football for Centenary College of Louisiana in Shreveport and at Geneva College in 1926 and 1927, his college career mirrored Cal Hubbard who played for both colleges and later became a coach at Geneva. Both players followed Bo McMillin, who coached first at Centenary and later at Geneva. Flenniken got his start in the NFL with the Chicago Cardinals in 1930, he was a flexible player on both sides of the ball, recording three rushing touchdowns and showing a threat using the forward pass and picked up an interception while playing defense. At Chicago, he played alongside future hall of famer Ernie Nevers. In 1931, Flenniken moved to the New York Giants, where he was a part of the "committee of quarterbacks" along with Red Smith and Hap Moran.

For the Giants, Flenniken saw less playing time but in his four games and one start he recorded successes in both passing and rushing. Flenniken was the 14th head football coach at Geneva College in Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania and he held that position for two seasons, from 1928 until 1929, his coaching record at Geneva was 7–11–1. He was an assistant coach in the Pacific Coast Conference for three seasons at Idaho under Babe Curfman, from 1951 through 1953. Career statistics and player information from Pro-Football-Reference Mack Flenniken at Find a Grave