Hyde County, South Dakota

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Hyde County, South Dakota
Map of South Dakota highlighting Hyde County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Founded1883
Named forJames Hyde
SeatHighmore
Largest cityHighmore
Area
 • Total866 sq mi (2,243 km2)
 • Land861 sq mi (2,230 km2)
 • Water5.6 sq mi (15 km2), 0.6%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)1,282
 • Density1.53/sq mi (0.59/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.venturecomm.net/~hydetreas/index.htm

Hyde County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,420,[1] making it the fourth-least populous county in South Dakota, its county seat is Highmore.[2] The county was founded in 1873, as a county of the Dakota Territory, and organized in 1883,[3] it was named for James Hyde, a member of legislature in the 1870s.[4]

History[edit]

Hyde County was created by the territorial legislature on 8 January 1873, with area partitioned from Buffalo County, it was not organized by that action. Its boundaries were altered by changes in October 1879 and February 1883. On 5 November 1883, the county organization was filled and the county was placed in independent operation.[3]

The current Hyde County courthouse was constructed in 1911 (it is currently listed on the National Register of Historic Places); the county organization included a jail until 1974, when the jail was abandoned and jail-related services were contracted to surrounding counties.[5]

Geography[edit]

The county terrain consists of semi-arid rolling hills, partly devoted to agriculture; the Missouri River flows southeastward at its SW corner, and delineates a portion of the county's south boundary line.[6]

The terrain slopes toward the county's SW corner, its highest point is on the lower part of its eastern boundary line, at 2,080' (634m) ASL.[7]

Hyde County has a total area of 866 square miles (2,240 km2), of which 861 square miles (2,230 km2) is land and 5.6 square miles (15 km2) (0.6%) is water.[8]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[6][edit]

  • Chapelle State Game Production Area
  • Highmore State Game Production Area
  • Rezac Lake State Game Production Area
  • Rice Lake State Game Production Area

Lakes[6][edit]

  • Baloun Lake
  • Chapelle Lake
  • Lake Boehm
  • Rezac Lake
  • Rice Lake
  • Thomas Lake

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18901,860
19001,492−19.8%
19103,307121.6%
19203,3150.2%
19303,69011.3%
19403,113−15.6%
19502,811−9.7%
19602,602−7.4%
19702,515−3.3%
19802,069−17.7%
19901,696−18.0%
20001,671−1.5%
20101,420−15.0%
Est. 20181,282[9]−9.7%
US Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2018[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[14] there were 1,671 people, 679 households, and 456 families in the county; the population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 769 housing units at an average density of 0.9 per square mile (0.3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.08% White, 0.12% Black or African American, 7.96% Native American, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 0.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 679 households out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.70% were married couples living together, 6.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.80% were non-families. 30.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.00.

The county population contained 25.60% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 23.50% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 22.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 102.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,103, and the median income for a family was $40,700. Males had a median income of $24,728 versus $18,833 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,356. About 7.80% of families and 12.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.40% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,420 people, 600 households, and 385 families in the county;[15] the population density was 1.7 inhabitants per square mile (0.66/km2). There were 708 housing units at an average density of 0.8 per square mile (0.31/km2).[16] The racial makeup of the county was 89.1% white, 8.5% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.1% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population.[15] In terms of ancestry,[17]

Of the 600 households, 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.8% were non-families, and 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 46.4 years.[15]

The median income for a household in the county was $41,196 and the median income for a family was $61,161. Males had a median income of $36,053 versus $28,456 for females; the per capita income for the county was $22,995. About 8.3% of families and 11.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 14.1% of those age 65 or over.[18]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

  • Banner
  • Bramhall
  • Douglas
  • Eden
  • Franklin
  • Holabird
  • Highmore
  • Illinois
  • Lincoln
  • Loomis
  • Spring Lake
  • Union
  • Valley
  • William Hamilton

Unorganized territories[edit]

  • Central Hyde
  • Crow Creek
  • North Hyde

Politics[edit]

Hyde County voters have been reliably Republican for many decades. In only two national elections since 1924 has the county selected the Democratic Party candidate (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[19]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 78.7% 543 18.1% 125 3.2% 22
2012 72.4% 531 25.8% 189 1.8% 13
2008 69.7% 547 28.8% 226 1.5% 12
2004 70.1% 631 28.8% 259 1.1% 10
2000 70.9% 592 26.1% 218 3.0% 25
1996 54.5% 493 34.2% 309 11.3% 102
1992 46.1% 440 31.5% 301 22.4% 214
1988 53.6% 546 42.8% 436 3.6% 37
1984 69.4% 797 30.5% 350 0.1% 1
1980 70.8% 864 22.4% 273 6.9% 84
1976 54.4% 687 45.3% 572 0.3% 4
1972 59.5% 789 40.2% 533 0.3% 4
1968 53.8% 713 37.7% 499 8.5% 113
1964 47.5% 666 52.5% 736
1960 53.9% 773 46.1% 660
1956 55.8% 755 44.2% 597
1952 72.8% 1,051 27.2% 393
1948 59.3% 817 40.1% 553 0.7% 9
1944 65.0% 842 35.0% 454
1940 60.3% 1,018 39.7% 670
1936 52.5% 795 45.1% 683 2.4% 36
1932 42.5% 678 56.1% 895 1.4% 23
1928 60.8% 961 38.5% 608 0.7% 11
1924 50.5% 669 19.4% 257 30.1% 398
1920 68.5% 710 22.5% 233 9.0% 93
1916 55.6% 438 38.7% 305 5.7% 45
1912 0.0% 0 33.1% 232 66.9% 468
1908 64.5% 455 30.0% 212 5.5% 39
1904 76.9% 443 15.8% 91 7.3% 42
1900 69.8% 286 28.1% 115 2.2% 9
1896 64.5% 223 35.0% 121 0.6% 2
1892 56.4% 184 15.6% 51 27.9% 91

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries; the Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 164.
  5. ^ About Hyde County (accessed 4 February 2019)
  6. ^ a b c Hyde County SD Google Maps (accessed February 4, 2019)
  7. ^ "Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed February 4, 2019)
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  10. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  15. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  16. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  18. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics — 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 15, 2018.

Coordinates: 44°33′N 99°29′W / 44.55°N 99.48°W / 44.55; -99.48