Hyde Park Corner

Hyde Park Corner is an area in London, located around a major road junction at the southeastern corner of Hyde Park, designed by Decimus Burton. Six streets converge at the junction: Park Lane, Constitution Hill, Grosvenor Place, Grosvenor Crescent and Knightsbridge. Hyde Park Corner tube station, a London Underground station served by the Piccadilly line, is located at the junction, as are a number of notable monuments. To the north of the junction is Apsley House, the home of the first Duke of Wellington. During the second half of the 1820s, the Commissioners of Woods and Forests and the King resolved that Hyde Park, the area around it, must be renovated to the extent of the splendour of rival European capital cities, that the essence of the new arrangement would be a triumphal approach to Buckingham Palace, completed; the committee of the project, led by the Prime Minister, Lord Liverpool, advised by Charles Arbuthnot, President of the Board of Commissioners of Woods and Forests, selected Decimus Burton as the project's architect: in 1828, when giving evidence to a Parliamentary Select Committee on the Government's spending on public works, Arbuthnot explained that he had nominated Burton'having seen in the Regent's Park, elsewhere, works which pleased my eye, from their architectural beauty and correctness'.

Burton intended to create an urban space dedicated to the celebration of the House of Hanover, national pride, the nation's heroes. The renovation of Hyde Park, Green Park, St James's Park, began, in 1825, with the demarcation of new drives and pathways, subsequent to which Burton designed new lodges and gates, viz. Cumberland Gate, Stanhope Gate, Grosvenor Gate, the Hyde Park Gate/Screen at Hyde Park Corner, the Prince of Wales's Gate, Knightsbridge, in the classical style. There were no authoritative precedents for such buildings, which required windows and chimney stacks, in the classical style, and, in the words of Guy Williams,'Burton's reticent treatment of the supernumerary features' and of the cast iron gates and railings, was'greatly admired'. At Hyde Park Corner, the King required that'some great ceremonial outwork that would be worthy of the new palace that lay to its rear', accepted Burton's consequent proposal for a sequence comprising a gateway and a classical screen, a triumphal arch, which would enable those approaching Buckingham Palace from the north to ride or drive first through the screen and through the arch, before turning left to descend Constitution Hill and enter the forecourt of Buckingham Palace through Nash's Marble Arch.

The screen became the Roman revival Hyde Park Gate/Screen at Hyde Park Corner, which delighted the King and his Committee, which architectural historian Guy Williams describes as'one of the most pleasing architectural works that have survived from the neo-classical age'. The triumphal arch became the Wellington Arch at Constitution Hill into Green Park, described as'one of London's best loved landmarks'. Burton's original design for the triumphal arch, modelled on the Arch of Titus at Rome, on which the central and side blocks of the Screen had been modelled, was more technically perfect, coherent with the Screen, than that of the arch, subsequently built: this original design, was rejected by the Committee—who had envisaged a design based on the Arch of Constantine —because it was not sufficiently ostentatious. Burton created a new design,'to pander to the majestic ego', much larger and modelled on a fragment found in the Ancient Roman forum, accepted on 14 January 1826, subsequently built as the present Wellington Arch.

The arch at Constitution Hill was left devoid of decorative sculpture as a result of the moratorium in 1828 on public building work, instead, despite the absolute objection of Burton, was mounted with an ungainly equestrian statue of the Duke of Wellington by Matthew Cotes Wyatt, the son of the recently deceased James Wyatt, selected by statue's commissioner, one of its few subsequent advocates, Sir Frederick Trench. Matthew Cotes Wyatt was not competent: Guy Williams contends that he was'not noticeably talented', the Dictionary of National Biography that'thanks to royal and other influential patronage, Wyatt enjoyed a reputation and practice to which his mediocre abilities hardly entitled him'. Trench, his patrons the Duke and Duchess of Rutland, had told the public subscribers to the statue that the statue would be place on top of Burton's triumphal arch at Hyde Park Corner: Burton expressed his opposition to this proposal'as plainly and as vehemently as his nature allowed' over successive years, because the ungainly statue would'disfigure' his arch, for which it was much too large, the surrounding neighbourhood, because it would have to be placed, contrary to all classical precedent, instead of parallel with, the roadway under the arch.

Burton had envisaged that his arch would be topped with only a small quadriga whose horses would have been parallel with the road under the arch. Burton's objections were extensively endorsed by most of the aristocratic residents of London. A writer in The Builder asked Lord Canning, the First Commissioner for Woods and Forests, to ban the project: "We have learnt, can state positively, that Mr. Burton has the strongest objection possible against placing the group in question on the archway... and that he is taking no part whatever in the alteration proposed to be made in the upper part of the structure to

Publicly owned treatment works

A publicly owned treatment works is a term used in the United States for a sewage treatment plant, owned, operated, by a government agency. In the U. S. POTWs are owned by local government agencies, are designed to treat domestic sewage and not industrial wastewater; the term is used extensively in U. S. water pollution law and programs. Many POTWs were established or expanded with grants or low-interest loans from the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency. There are over 16,000 POTWs in the U. S. serving 75 percent of the total population. The remainder of the population is served by private septic systems; the POTWs treat 32 billion US gallons of wastewater every day. Most POTWs are required to meet national secondary treatment standards. Category:Sewage treatment plants in the United States Clean Water State Revolving Fund Water pollution Water supply and sanitation in the United States

Bernie Wolfe (ice hockey)

Bernard Ronald Wolfe is a Canadian businessman and former professional ice hockey player. Wolfe played 120 games over four seasons in the National Hockey League. Wolfe was born in Montreal, Canada, is Jewish, his mother, Fay Wolfe, observed upon his becoming a NHL hockey player: "Of course I would have preferred him to be a doctor, or some kind of professional man. But if Bernie is happy we're happy." His father, had played goaltender for the Canadian Army team. He attended, majored in financial management, played hockey at Sir George Williams University in Montreal, where he was named the school's top male athlete. Playing for Sir George Williams, he was a Quebec University Athletic Association First Team All-Star goaltender in 1972 and 1974, a CIAU First Team All-Star in 1974. While he was playing in the NHL, he took courses at George Washington University. Signed as a free agent in 1975 by the Washington Capitals, Wolfe played for four seasons before retiring in November 1979 at age 27. Playing in 40 games for the Capitals during the 1975-76 season, he set club records for seasonal goals against average and consecutive scoreless minutes.

He showed flashes of brilliance and was a solid performer on a team that struggled in those early years. A former all-Canadian goalie in college, Wolfe was cool under pressure with a poor team in hockey's most difficult position, he retired despite having a guaranteed contract, with one year remaining on it, because he "just didn't enjoy it anymore". In 120 games, his record was 20-61-21, with 424 goals against, a 4.17 goals against average, one shutout. Wolfe began a financial planning practice. Bernie earned his Certified Financial PlannerTM designation in 1981. Bernard R. Wolfe & Associates Inc. which in 2014 managed $14 billion in assets, was recognized in 2009 & 2010 by Washingtonian Magazine as one of the Washington DC area's top financial planning firms as voted by its peers. Wolfe's NHL "career" was revived in 1992, when the Capitals tried to sign him at age 40 in order to make him the goaltender they would expose in the 1992 NHL Expansion Draft. League rules required every team to make a goalie who had at least one game of NHL experience available for the draft.

Wolfe agreed to sign for the league minimum salary of $100,000. The move was denied by the NHL for obvious reasons. Phil Esposito, who had become part owner of the expansion Tampa Bay Lightning, was quoted as saying about the incident: "I didn't just pay $50 million for Bernie Wolfe, he wasn't any good when I played against him". Since the Capitals were unwilling to expose any of their current goaltenders, they signed Steve Weeks for that purpose. Wolfe co-wrote a book: How to Watch Ice Hockey, with journalist Mitch Henkin. Wolfe was the president of the Washington Capitals Alumni Association from 1992 to 2007. In 1999, he had both of his hips replaced. List of select Jewish ice hockey players Bernie Wolfe career statistics at The Internet Hockey Database Bernard R. Wolfe & Associates, Inc. Washingtonian Magazine 2009