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A hypocenter is the point of origin of an earthquake or a subsurface nuclear explosion. In seismology, it is a synonym of the focus; the term hypocenter is used as a synonym for ground zero, the surface point directly beneath a nuclear airburst. An earthquake's hypocenter is the position where the strain energy stored in the rock is first released, marking the point where the fault begins to rupture; this occurs directly at a distance known as the focal or hypocentral depth. The focal depth can be calculated from measurements based on seismic wave phenomena; as with all wave phenomena in physics, there is uncertainty in such measurements that grows with the wavelength so the focal depth of the source of these long-wavelength waves is difficult to determine exactly. Strong earthquakes radiate a large fraction of their released energy in seismic waves with long wavelengths and therefore a stronger earthquake involves the release of energy from a larger mass of rock. Computing the hypocenters of foreshocks, main shock, aftershocks of earthquakes allows the three-dimensional plotting of the fault along which movement is occurring.

The expanding wavefront from the earthquake's rupture propagates at a speed of several kilometers per second, this seismic wave is what is measured at various surface points in order to geometrically determine an initial guess as to the hypocenter. The wave reaches each station based upon. A number of things need to be taken into account, most variations in the waves speed based upon the materials that it is passing through. With adjustments for velocity changes, the initial estimate of the hypocenter is made a series of linear equations is set up, one for each station; the equations express the difference between the observed arrival times and those calculated from the initial estimated hypocenter. These equations are solved by the method of least squares which minimizes the sum of the squares of the differences between the observed and calculated arrival times, a new estimated hypocenter is computed; the system iterates until the location is pinpointed within the margin of error for the velocity computations.

The dictionary definition of hypocenter at Wiktionary Media related to Hypocenters at Wikimedia Commons

Bali Mandara Toll Road

Bali Mandara Toll Road or Nusa Dua-Ngurah Rai-Benoa Toll Road is a toll road carried by a bridge stretching across the Gulf of Benoa 12.7 km in length. The Rp 2.48 Trillion highway connects the city of Denpasar and South Kuta, Badung Regency, Nusa Dua and Ngurah Rai International Airport. The reason behind construction of Bali Mandara Toll Road was to prevent traffic jams on the Ngurah Rai By Pass Road the only road connecting areas of Bali south of the airport with areas north of the airport; the Ngurah Rai By Pass Road, a land-based route, could not be widened because of the location of the airport runway. The Bali Mandara Toll Road was built over water; this toll road was opened on 23 September 2013 by President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono

Children of the Rune

Children of the Rune is a Korean novel by Jeon Min-Hee. The novel is set in the same world found in the online video game Talesweaver, but has a different storyline; the world first appeared in 4Leaf. It has two parts; the third part is "Blooded". Being published in "Kakaopage" This website is not available out side of Korea. All nations are on a single continent shaped like Australia; the middle of the continent is dominated by a desert named "Mortal Land" "a land that when entered guarantees death". To the west is Anomarad, the main area of Talesweaver; the Anomarad area Lem me. Before Ganapoly was founded, the whole continent was said to be an endless wasteland. Far to the south lies Ichabon Islands, to the far north lies the Islands of the Moon. Anomarad: The capital city is Keltica, it is the main area of Talesweaver, the Nenyaffle Institute is situated here. It has a mild climate. A few years before the novel, the republic government had fallen, the political situation is still unstable, it is governed by royalty, the republic resistance has a major hub here.

Travachess: It is the south area of the continent, is in a basin. This causes dry winds from the mountains to sink down; the capital is Ron. It is the homeland of Boris Jineman, the main character of the first book, "Winterer"; the government is a titular republic. Mortal Land, an area of the ancient magic kingdom of Ganapoly: Now a desert filled with ghosts and ruins, before the historical age it was an area of Ganapoly. Rugdurnense Union: South-eastern area, it is a union of city-states. It has passed its peak of prosperity, the capital is changed annually. Durnensa: A city-nation infamous for piracy and trading Lekordable: Due to the proximity to Mortal Land, there are many mercanaries Rugran: The oldest nation in the union. Culture hub of the whole continent, origin of the Silver Skull Palshue: Separated from Durnensa Haiakan: South-eastern coastal area; the beautiful shores and sunny skies encourage rich people to buy vacation houses there. Ichabon Islands: The Arnim family owns this area, they are descendants of the Ganapoly.

To prove their loyalty to Arnim family, they pay tribute. The Anomarad people believe. Two notable islands are Red Sky Island. Islands of the Moon: Currently is independent of the nations of the continent; the only way to reach the island is by stopping at Ebb Island, between the continent and the Islands of the Moon. The people worship the Goddess of the Moon and want to reconstruct'the ancient kingdom'. Many things resemble Ganapoly; the names of people are said to predict their life. People on the continent don't know. Sansruria: Northeastern area of the continent, isolated by the sea and Mortal Land. One of this country's customs is, they worship the god Sansru. The princess cannot marry before being enthroned. Lemme: Northern area of the continent. Barbarians and civilized people coexist; the capital is Eltivo. Orlanne: The northwestern area of the continent, it is ruled by the Orlanne family. The capital is Orlie. An ancient kingdom of magic which fell due to the Weapons of Evil, it is said that everyone, including beggars, could use magic.

The strongest magician was to take the rule over Ganapoly. Ganapoly was situated in a great desert. Mortal Land was created because of the failed magic Prayer of Extinguishment, which not only eradicated the evil scourging the land, but whisked away the bodies of the magicians casting the spell, causing them to become deranged ghosts. Characters original to Children of the Rune do not have official romanization. Boris Jinneman – The main character in Winterer, his name means'warrior'. He is the second son of Yulkan Jinneman, he learned the holy chant in the Islands of the Moon, but is unable to use it because of a vow he took before leaving the islands for the final time. His sword fighting style is called Tigris, is one of Ganapoly's styles, his other name is Daphnen, meaning'laurel tree', or'peace', which he uses in the Islands of the Moon. Yevgnen Jinneman – Brother of Boris. After realising that his wound is affecting his sanity and causing him to attack his brother, he kills himself. Lucian Kaltz – Friend of Boris.

His father is a wealthy merchant. He is compared to spring. Nayatrei –The last survivor of her tribe, she followed a red-haired man. Her weapons are daggers and axes, she can disarm other people, her tribe is related to Ganapoly. Issaac Dukastel – He helps Boris and Isolet, while escaping two of the Four Wings. Known as Sigonu. Ispin Charles/Charlotte Bietris de Orlanne – She appears during the Silver Skull competition. Lanziee Rosenkranz – A republicanist from Keltica, the capital city of Anomarad. Friend of Boris. Helps boris to escape from Count of Bellnore. Islands of the MoonIsolestie – Her name is shorted to Isolet, she is the daughter of Ilios, previous Priest of Sword. She is the only person, she tau

Billboard Year-End Hot 100 singles of 2014

The Billboard Hot 100 is a chart that ranks the best-performing singles of the United States. Its data, published by Billboard magazine and compiled by Nielsen SoundScan, is based collectively on each single's weekly physical and digital sales, as well as airplay and streaming. Throughout a year, Billboard will publish an annual list of the 100 most successful songs throughout that year on the Hot 100 chart based on the information. For 2014, the list was published on December 9, calculated with data from December 7, 2013 to November 29, 2014; this was the first time in eight years. [[File:Wetten dass 20130323 6475.jpg|thumb|190px|OneRepublic is the highest-charting band on the list with their single "Counting Stars", which charted on the Hot 100 for 68 weeks and peaked at number 2. They had their song "Love Runs Out" at. 2014 in American music List of Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles of 2014 List of Billboard Hot 100 top-ten singles in 2014

Slaughtersun (Crown of the Triarchy)

Slaughtersun is the third studio album by Swedish black metal band Dawn. It was released recording in Abyss Studios in April 1997, released on Necropolis Records the following year in August 1998. On June 17, 2014 the album was reissued on Century Media Records; the album was remastered by Dan Swanö at Unisound Studio in November 2013. It featured reworked artwork and design, handled by Daniel Viberg and Dawn. AllMusic described the band and album's style as "black metal in the ultra-melodic vein of Dissection, only way more intense." He compared the album to Enslaved's first album, wrote that "Dawn has blind-sided the black metal world with what appears to be the Anthems to the Welkin at Dusk of 1998, adding that "Balance is what drives this album. Balance between breakneck speed and mid-paced melody. Balance that doesn't sacrifice fierce, raw metal for symphonic dribble." Terrorizer wrote that "the atmosphere enveloping "Slaughtersun" has a definite filmic quality that makes it less traditionally constructed than most albums in this genre."

All of the music was composed by Fredrik Söderberg who performed lead and acoustic guitars on the album. The band had material for 13 songs, but only recorded 9 of them, of which only 7 made it onto the album due to the restrictions of the CD format. AllMusic's Jason Hundey has described the album as "their most accomplished work thus far, building off the progress made on the mini-album Sorgh Pa Svarte Vingar Flogh, but taking the sound to a whole new level. Although it took 15-plus listens to find words for this majestic black metal crown of achievement, it only took one to realize the sheer magnitude and power this album produces." Terrorizer named it one of the'100 Most Important Albums of the Nineties'. All music is composed by Fredrik Söderberg. Credits adapted from liner notes. Henke Forssvocals Fredrik Söderberg – lead guitar, rhythm guitar, acoustic guitar Andreas Fullmestad – rhythm guitar Lars Tängmark – bass guitar Jocke Petterson – drums Paul Thind – executive producer Peter Tägtgren – engineering, mixing Dan Swanö – remastering Anton H. LeClercq – band photography Daniel Viberg – reissue layout and design

Szusza Ferenc Stadion

Szusza Ferenc Stadion is a football stadium in Újpest and the home of Újpest FC. The stadium was designed by Alfréd Hajós and opened on 17 September 1922; the stadium was renovated in 2000-01. Since 2003 the stadium has been named after Ferenc Szusza, one of the best strikers in Hungarian football history. After one year of construction the stadium was opened on 17 September 1922, with the match Újpest v Ferencváros 2-1. From June 1925 to June 1929 a bicycle track was running around the ground allowing it to be used as a velodrome. Since the track was occupying some parts of the stands, the capacity was reduced to 15,000 people. A flood in 1945 destroyed the stands but after the renovations in 1946 the Megyeri úti Stadion became the largest stadium in Hungary with a capacity of 45,117 people; the stadium saw its first international game in 1948, Hungary beating Romania 9-0. The main events of the World Festival of Youth and Students were held in this stadium in 1949. In the mid-50s an athletic track was installed at the stadium reducing the capacity to 32,000.

Floodlights were installed in April 1968, the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup final against Newcastle United was held here in 1969. The 1972 and 2007 Hungarian Cup final matches were played in the stadium as well; until 2000 the only change made in the stadium was the renovation of the floodlight system in 1988. Between 2000 and 2001 the stadium was renovated, it was changed into an all-seater stadium, holding 13,501 people and roofed. In 2003 the Megyeri úti Stadion was named Szusza Ferenc Stadion. On 16 October 2016 István Őze, director of the club, announced that reconstruction of the stadium would be finished by the end of October 2016; the capacity of the stadium was decreased from 13,501 to 12,670. Record Attendance: 50,000 Hungary v Austria, October 3, 1948, 50,000 Hungary v Austria, May 8, 1949, 50,000 Hungary v Sweden, November 20, 1949, Record league Attendance: 40,000 Újpest FC v Ferencvárosi TC, September 18, 1949Record average Attendance: 1952: 20,571 2000-01: 3,194 2001-02: 3,437 2002-03: 2,732 2003-04: 3,508 2004-05: 3,389 2005-06: 4,635 2006-07: 3,045 2007-08: 4,053 2008-09: 5,249 2009-10: 3,848 Until 2007, 26 international matches have been played at Szusza Ferenc Stadion.

The ground was the'home stadium' for the Hungarian national team between 1948 and 1953, numerous international games were played here since the reconstruction of 2001. Hungary was unbeaten in the Szusza Stadion from 1948 to 2006, when they lost against Norway 4-1; as of 2 June 2018 Szusza Ferenc stadion at Megyeri úti stadion at