The IFA or Internationale Funkausstellung Berlin is one of the oldest industrial exhibitions in Germany. Between 1924 and 1939 it was an annual event, but from 1950 it was held every other year until 2005. Since it has become an annual event again, held in September. Today it is one of world's leading trade shows for consumer electronics and home appliances, it offers the opportunity to exhibitors to present their latest products and developments to the general public. As a result of daily reporting in all the German media, the radio exhibition and the showcased technology receives a large amount of attention around the globe. In the course of its history, many world innovations were first seen at the exhibition; as of 2015 IFA is “Europe’s biggest tech show”. 245,000 visitors and 1,645 exhibitors attended IFA 2015. German physicist and inventor Manfred von Ardenne gave a public demonstration of a television system using a cathode ray tube for both transmission and reception, at the 1931 show. In 1933 the Volksempfänger, a Nazi-sponsored radio receiver design, was introduced.
Ordered by Dr. Joseph Goebbels, designed by Otto Griessing, sold by Gustav Seibt, it was presented at the tenth Berliner Funkausstellung on 18 August 1933, its price fixed at 76 Reichsmark. 100,000 units were sold during the exhibition. In 1938 the DKE 38 followed, the price fixed at 35 RM. AEG, founded in 1883 by Emil Rathenau, showed the first practical audio tape recorder, the Magnetophon K1, at the August 1935 show. In 1939 the exhibition was called Grosse Deutsche Funk- und Fernseh-Ausstellung; the Einheits-Fernseh-Empfänger E1, a TV set designed to be affordable for everybody, was introduced. Plans for large-scale manufacture were thwarted by the outbreak of World War II. Color TV was introduced, based on an invention by Werner Flechsig. Multinational Dutch electronics corporation Philips introduced the compact audio cassette medium for audio storage and the first cassette recorder, developed by ir. Lou Ottens and his team at the Philips factory in Hasselt, at the 1963 show, on Friday 30 August.
Media related to Internationale Funkausstellung Berlin at Wikimedia Commons IFA official website Highlights of past exhibitions from 1926 to 2005
The Sugar Bowl is an annual American college football bowl game played in New Orleans, Louisiana. It has been played annually since January 1, 1935, celebrated its 75th anniversary on January 2, 2009; the Sugar Bowl, along with the Orange Bowl and Sun Bowl, are the second-oldest bowl games in the country, behind the Rose Bowl Game. The Sugar Bowl was played at Tulane Stadium before moving to the Superdome in 1975; when the Superdome and the rest of the city suffered damage due to both the winds from and the flooding in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the Sugar Bowl was temporarily moved to the Georgia Dome in Atlanta in 2006. Since 2007, the game has been sponsored by Allstate and known as the Allstate Sugar Bowl. Previous sponsors include USF&G Financial Services; the Sugar Bowl has had a longstanding—albeit not exclusive—relationship with the Southeastern Conference. Indeed, the Sugar Bowl did not feature an SEC team only four times in its first 60 editions, an SEC team played in the game in every year but one from 1950 to 1995.
The SEC's opponent varied from year to year, but prior to the advent of the Bowl Championship Series, it was the runner-up of the Big Eight, SWC, or a major independent. The Sugar Bowl-SEC relationship has been altered over the past twenty years due to conference realignments and the emergence of a series of coalitions and alliances intending to produce an undisputed national champion in college football, but the ties between the Sugar Bowl and the SEC have persisted and have been strengthened. Since 2015, the Sugar Bowl, along with the Rose, Cotton and Fiesta bowls, is one of the "New Year's Six" bowls in rotation for the College Football Playoff, it hosted a playoff semifinal following the 2014 and 2017 seasons, will next host one following the 2020 season. In other years, it will feature the best available teams from SEC and the Big 12 conferences, an arrangement nearly identical with the relationship between the Rose Bowl and the champions of the Big Ten and Pac-12; as a member of the Bowl Championship Series, the Sugar Bowl hosted the BCS National Championship Game twice 2000 and 2004, as the national championship rotated between the bowls themselves until 2006.
The payout for the 2006 game was $14–17 million per participating team. According to Sports Illustrated, the 2007 salary for Sugar Bowl CEO Paul Hoolahan was $607,500. In 1890, California held its first Tournament of Roses Parade to showcase the city's mild weather compared to the harsh winters in northern cities; as one of the organizers said: "In New York, people are buried in snow. Here, our flowers are blooming and our oranges are about to bear. Let's hold a festival to tell the world about our paradise." In 1902, the annual festival was enhanced by adding a football game. In 1926, leaders in Miami, decided to do the same with a "Fiesta of the American Tropics", centered around a New Year's Day football game. Although a second "Fiesta" was never held, Miami leaders revived the idea with the "Palm Festival"; the football game and associated festivities of the Palm Festival were soon named the "Orange Bowl."In New Orleans, the idea of a New Year's Day football game was first presented in 1927 by Colonel James M. Thomson, publisher of the New Orleans Item, Sports Editor Fred Digby.
Every year thereafter, Digby repeated calls for action, came up with the name "Sugar Bowl" for his proposed football game. By 1935, enough support had been garnered for the first Sugar Bowl; the game was played in Tulane Stadium, built in 1926 on Tulane University's campus. Warren V. Miller, the first president of the New Orleans Mid-Winter Sports Association, guided the Sugar Bowl through its difficult formative years of 1934 and 1935. An unusual 2–0 score marked the 1942 Sugar Bowl, in which the sole scoring play was a safety. Much controversy preceded the 1956 Sugar Bowl, when Pitt Panthers who were playing with Bobby Grier, an African-American, met the Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets. There had been controversy over whether Grier should be allowed to play due to his race, whether Georgia Tech should play at all due to Georgia's Governor Marvin Griffin's opposition to racial integration. In November 1967, Army's success on the field made them a strong candidate to be selected for the 1968 Sugar Bowl.
However, Pentagon officials, in the midst of the Vietnam War, refused to allow the team to play what would have been the academy's first bowl game ever—citing the "heavy demands on the players' time" as well as an emphasis on football being "not consistent with the academy's basic mission: to produce career Army officers." Tulane Stadium hosted the game from 1935 through 1974. It has been played in the Louisiana Superdome since 1975. Compared to most bowl games, the Sugar Bowl has had steady naming rights sponsorship, its first corporate title sponsor was USF&G Financial Services from 1987 to 1995 Finnish mobile phone manufacturer Nokia from 1995 to 2006. In March 2006, Allstate Insurance was announced as the new title sponsor, has continued to sponsor the game since. ABC Sports televised the game from 1969 through 2006. Fox Sports televised the game from 2007 to
Tomás Borrás y Bermejo was a Spanish journalist and playwright. He attended the Instituto San Isidro, leading to a degree in law, but he practiced for only a short time before deciding to change careers; as a member of the tertulia at the Café Pombo, he appears in a famous group portrait by José Gutiérrez Solana. He was married to the tonadillera and cupletista, Aurora Jaufrett, who performed under the name "La Goya", he became a journalist, beginning as a collaborator at the informal daily journal, La Nación, during the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera took a position with the daily ABC and its associated magazine, Blanco y Negro. He was a participant in the Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista, which became the Falange. During the Francoist dictatorship, he worked for publications such as Vértice, subsequently becoming the Editor of the dailies, F. E. from Seville and España, from Tangiers. He held several minor political positions. In 1953, he was named the Cronista Oficial de la Villa de Madrid.
He was awarded the Premio Nacional de Periodismo and the Premio Nacional de Literatura. Shortly after his death, the street where he had lived for much of his life was renamed for him; the Círculo de Bellas Artes placed a commemorative plaque at the corner. He was prolific, he had a fondness for verses and biographies. Most of his work is in the Modernismo style and he was involved in one of the most innovative theatrical companies of the time, the Teatro de Arte, under the direction of Gregorio Martínez Sierra. Of particular note was El sapo enamorado, which preimiered in 1916, with music by Pablo Luna and decorations by José Zamora, his literary works include a collection of 203 short stories entitled Cuentos gnómicos, which were published in thirteen volumes between 1940 and 1969. Sixty-four of the tales were selected for a edition, published in 2013, his radio drama, Todos los ruidos de aquel día, was broadcast on PRISA Radio on April 24, 1931, ten days after the proclamation of the Second Republic.
It is considered to be one of the first radio plays in which sound effects served as a fundamental presence. Enrique Domínguez Millán, Borrás, el olvidado, La Tribuna de Cuenca, 24 April 2009. El 200 de Beumarchais, artícle in ABC, 5 February 1932. Por España, artícle in ABC, 22 January 1936