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IMO number

The International Maritime Organization number is a unique identifier for ships, registered ship owners and management companies. IMO numbers were introduced to reduce maritime fraud, they consist of the three letters "IMO" followed by unique seven-digit numbers, assigned under the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea. The IMO number scheme has been mandatory for all ships since 1 January 1996; the number identifies a ship and does not change when the ship's owner, country of registry or name changes. The ship's certificates must bear the IMO number. Since 1 July 2004, passenger ships are required to carry the marking on a horizontal surface visible from the air. In 1987 the IMO adopted resolution A.600 to create the IMO number scheme aimed at the "enhancement of maritime safety and pollution prevention and the prevention of maritime fraud" by assigning to each ship a unique permanent identification number. The IMO number remains linked to the hull of a ship for its lifetime, regardless of changes of names, flags, or owners.

The 7-digit IMO number was assigned to ships by Lloyd's Register since 1969, was modified from 6-digit number introduced in 1963. SOLAS regulation XI/3 was adopted in 1994 and came into force on 1 January 1996, making IMO numbers mandatory, it was applied to cargo vessels that are at least 300 gross tons and passenger vessels of at least 100 gt. In the SOLAS Convention, "cargo ships" means "ships which are not passenger ships"; the IMO scheme does not apply to: vessels engaged in fishing ships without mechanical means of propulsion pleasure yachts ships engaged on special service hopper barges hydrofoils, air cushion vehicles floating docks and structures classified in a similar manner ships of war and troopships wooden ships. In December 2002, the Diplomatic Conference on Maritime Security adopted a number of measures aimed at enhancing security of ships and port facilities; this included a modification to SOLAS Regulation XI-1/3 to require the IMO numbers to be permanently marked in a visible place either on the ship's hull or superstructure as well as internally and on the ship's certificates.

Passenger ships should carry the marking on a horizontal surface visible from the air. The enhanced regulations came into effect on 1 July 2004. In May 2005, IMO adopted a new SOLAS regulation XI-1/3-1 on the mandatory company and registered owner identification number scheme, with entry into force on 1 January 2009; the regulation provides that every ship owner and management company shall have a unique identification number. Other amendments require these numbers to be added to the relevant certificates and documents in the International Safety Management Code and the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code. Like the IMO ship identification number, the company identification number is a seven-digit number with the prefix IMO. For example, for the ship Atlantic Star, IMO 5304986 referred to the former ship manager Pullmantur Cruises Ship Management Ltd and IMO 5364264 to her former owner, Pullmantur Cruises Empress Ltd. IHS Maritime is the manager of the scheme and, as such and assigns IMO numbers without charge.

The organization was known as Lloyd's Register-Fairplay and IHS Fairplay. For new vessels, the IMO number is assigned to a hull during construction upon keel laying. Many vessels which fall outside the mandatory requirements of SOLAS have numbers allocated by Lloyd's Register or IHS Markit in the same numerical series, including fishing vessels and commercial yachts. An IMO number is made of the three letters "IMO" followed by a seven-digit number; this consists of a six-digit sequential unique number followed by a check digit. The integrity of an IMO number can be verified using its check digit; this is done by multiplying each of the first six digits by a factor of 2 to 7 corresponding to their position from right to left. The rightmost digit of this sum is the check digit. For example, for IMO 9074729: + + + + + = 139. Maritime Mobile Service Identity, used globally as a national alternate to the IMO number ENI number, a comparable system for European barges and other inland waterway vessels IMO Identification Numbers by IHS Markit

2010 British Grand Prix

The 2010 British Grand Prix was the tenth race of the 2010 Formula One season. On 7 December 2009, it was confirmed that the race would take place at Silverstone for the next seventeen years after the failure of Donington Park to raise the necessary funds to hold the race; the event was staged on 11 July, the same day as the 2010 FIFA World Cup final. The race was won by Red Bull driver Mark Webber; the 2009 British Grand Prix was due to be the last held at the Silverstone Circuit. Donington Park was due to hold the race from 2010 but was unable to find the money to redevelop its circuit due to financial problems. On 29 October 2009 Bernie Ecclestone confirmed that there will be no British Grand Prix at Donington Park. Silverstone subsequently signed a 17-year deal to hold the race from 2010 onwards. Under this deal, the pit lane and paddock will be redeveloped with work starting as soon as possible after Christmas 2009 to be completed in 2011; the new track layout for the race featured a new complex of corners known as the "Arena" layout.

The new corners from Abbey have been named. This was the last race to use the pit complex between Woodcote and Copse corners. Sakon Yamamoto returned to a race seat after Hispania Racing decided to drop Bruno Senna in favour of the former Super Aguri and Spyker driver for reasons that remained undisclosed as the weekend began. Team principal Colin Kolles claimed. Senna refused to speak on the subject, whilst Yamamoto claimed he would "talk" to the Brazilian driver, prompting speculation that the team was experiencing internal troubles and that Yamamoto's appointment had come after Senna had criticised the team in an internal e-mail; the team refused to comment on why the change had been made and confirmed that Senna would return to his seat at Hockenheim. Other line-up changes for the first practice session saw Paul di Resta stand in for Vitantonio Liuzzi at Force India and Fairuz Fauzy take over Jarno Trulli's driving duties at Lotus; the race saw Virgin bring their most significant upgrade of the season, whilst Lotus brought their final update for 2010 as the team shifted its focus to the 2011 car.

Meanwhile, McLaren introduced their interpretation of the blown diffuser concept pioneered by Red Bull at the start of the season and debuted by Ferrari and Mercedes at the European Grand Prix, only for the Woking-based team to abandon it after struggling during Friday practice. The new addition to the circuit was well-received, but several drivers requested that changes be made to the high kerbs through the Maggotts-Becketts complex, one of the fastest corner combinations on the Formula One calendar; the drivers' representative on the stewards' panel was Nigel Mansell. The Friday free practice sessions marked the first time; the reception was mixed, with Mark Webber and Fernando Alonso enthusiastic about it, while Robert Kubica and Heikki Kovalainen expressed a preference for the older circuit. Every driver commented on a large bump on the approach to the reprofiled Abbey turn, with some drivers claiming it was better than Copse corner; the Friday sessions were once again dominated by the Red Bulls, with Vettel posting the fastest time in the first session and Webber in the second.

The new layout caught several drivers out, with Lewis Hamilton and Michael Schumacher running wide at Abbey. Whether a byproduct of the new layout or another factor, the Friday session produced some unusual times, with the Ferraris of Alonso and Massa struggling to find any real pace in the first session, whilst Renault's Vitaly Petrov was quicker than teammate Kubica. In both sessions, just four drivers were within a second of the leader. Elsewhere, the new teams experienced troubles. While Lotus' Heikki Kovalainen ate away at the difference to the established teams, Sakon Yamamoto was the slowest of the twenty-four drivers, seven and a half seconds off the pace. After surrendering his car to test driver Fairuz Fauzy for the first session, Jarno Trulli was hampered by reliability problems and limiting his time on the new layout before Kovalainen's car expired on the circuit late in the session; the third and final session on Saturday morning continued the trend, with Sebastian Vettel returning to the top of the time sheets, with Mark Webber a close second.

Several drivers were hampered with mechanical issues, with Trulli losing more time to hydraulics problems, as did Adrian Sutil. Timo Glock had little on-track time after this VR-01 fell victim to a throttle problem. Vettel suffered his own mechanical problem when his front wing detached itself on the high-speed approach to Abbey late in the hour; the young German driver was able to slow the car down and prevent an accident, his time remained unbeaten for the last few minutes of the session. The beginning of qualifying was marked by controversy following Vettel's wing failure. Red Bull had brought a new aerodynamic package to the race that included a new front wing, team principal Christian Horner made the decision to remove the new front wing from Webber's car and give it to Vettel; this prompted an angry outburst from the Australian, with public perception being that Red Bull had robbed Webber for the sake of favouring

Andy Lonergan

Andrew Michael Lonergan is an English professional footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Premier League club Liverpool. He is a former England U21 international and is eligible to play for the Republic of Ireland. After starting his career at Preston North End, Lonergan soon established himself as a first choice goalkeeper and won Preston's player of the year award in both the 2008–09 and 2009–10 seasons. Born in Preston, Lonergan grew up supporting Preston North End. Lonergan joined Blackburn Rovers' academy after spotted at a young age, beating off competition at Manchester United and Everton, his time at Blackburn Rovers was short–lived when he joined Preston North End, where he started his professional career there. At age nine, Lonergan began taking interests of becoming a position he plays today. After attending St. Cecilia's RC Technology College, Lonergan progressed through the Youth Training Scheme and was offered a professional terms by Preston North End in the 2000–01 season. Lonergan made his Preston debut managed by David Moyes as a 16-year-old in a League Cup tie away at Coventry City.

However, Lonergan made an impression on his debut despite conceding four goals, as Preston North End lost 4–1. Despite this, Lonergan went on to win the Young Player Of The Year for the 2000–01 season. With his progress being monitored by the goalkeeping coach, Peter Williams, he was sent out on loan to Darlington on 21 December 2002. After making his debut against Macclesfield Town on 21 December 2002 However, Lonergan's loan spell at Darlington ended after a week after picking up an injury. After recovering from an injury, Preston sent him out on loan to rivals Blackpool. With David Moyes leaving to join Everton and Craig Brown entering the managerial fray at Deepdale, Lonergan remained optimistic about his future at the club. With Gould out injured for a period of the following season, Lonergan snapped up his goalkeeping gloves and stood between the sticks for the first time in the league against West Brom, two years after his debut. Gould fell out of favour soon after, Lonergan remained as the first choice until the end of that season.

But this was short–lived when Lonergan lost his first team place after breaking his hand, resulting in him being out for six weeks and missing out for the rest of the season. After returning to training in the pre–season, Lonergan returned to the first team as first choice goalkeeper and on 2 October 2004 Lonergan scored a goal from his own penalty area in the 39th minute against Leicester City to equalise, after his long kick bounced over Leicester goalkeeper Kevin Pressman after defender Matt Heath had let the ball bounce; the game ended in a 1–1 draw. He remained at Deepdale for the 2004–05 season under the watchful eye of new manager Billy Davies, played a part in 65% of the season before he ruptured his cruciate ligaments before a game against Ipswich Town, due to Lonergan's injury, Carlo Nash was signed as a replacement by Billy Davies from Middlesbrough to shore up the goalkeeping crisis, it wasn't the first time Lonergan suffered an injury: he broke his hand during training. After a long spell out injured with the injury it took Lonergan over two years to gain back his place.

Nash kept a club record of over 30 clean sheets. Lonergan himself was injured in training early in 2005, returned to training in early–September; as a result, Lonergan only returned to action with a loan spell to get himself match fit in late 2005 at Wycombe Wanderers. Lonergan made his Wycombe Wanderers debut on 7 October 2005, where he kept a clean sheet, in a 1–0 win over Grimsby Town and kept another clean sheet on his second appearance on 15 October 2005, in a 0–0 draw against Rushden & Diamonds. However, he returned to his parent club after injuring himself in training once again, due to a screw holding his ligament in place snapping. After returning to his parent club, Lonergan undergone surgery for the second time and was sidelined for eight months. On 2 November 2006, Lonergan joined Swindon Town on a one-month loan contract to gain first-team football, he made his Swindon Town debut on 4 November 2006, in a 2–1 loss against Hereford United and was praised after the match. He returned early, after he wasn't given the football he desired under new Swindon Manager Paul Sturrock who had just replaced Dennis Wise.

After signing a three–year contract, keeping him until 2011, Lonergan returned to the Preston bench until January 2007, when Nash's unprofessional attitude meant a recall to the first team for Lonergan in an FA Cup Fourth round tie at Crystal Palace in which he impressed with a clean sheet in a 2–0 victory for Preston. Lonergan made an impressive save in the local derby, in a 2–0 win over Burnley on 19 March 2007. Longeran went on to established himself as a first choice goalkeeper in the 2006–07 season and made thirteen appearance for the club. In the 2007–08 season, Lonergan appeared as a substitute bench for the first three matches at the start of the season after Wayne Henderson became a first choice goalkeeper. Lonergan regained his first choice back following Henderson's injury and made his first appearance of the season, in a 2–1 loss against Coventry City on 1 September 2007. From that moment on, Lonergan made 43 appearance in the 2007–08 season and helped the club finished 15th in the Championship.

In the 2008–09 season, Lonergan continued to regain his first choice goalkeeper status and played all 46 league matches throughout the season. Lonergan helped the club finished sixth place in the league, qualifying for the Championship play–o