International Rifle events that occur in three positions are conducted with an equal number of shots fired from the Prone, the Standing and the Kneeling positions, always in that order. Each of the three positions shot during the match has a fixed time limit that the shooter is able to shoot unlimited amounts of sighting shots and 10 or 20 shots for record. In most scenarios the scoring is on a 1-10 scale; the center of the bullseye is the 10 and the score drops points as it distances from the center. It is up to the organization's discretion to score using outside ring or inside ring scoring. Outside ring scoring measures what ring the hole measures accordingly. Inside ring scoring scores by determining; the International Shooting Sports Federation recognizes four three position events. Two of these events, both called 50 m Rifle, are shot in the Olympics, one for men, the other for women; the two Olympic events are shot with a rimfire rifle at 50m. The two three position events not in the Olympics, 300 m Rifle and 300 m Standard Rifle, are shot with a centerfire rifle at a distance of 300m.
For the Olympic events, men shoot a 3 X 40, or rather 40 shots in prone, 40 shots in standing, 40 shots in kneeling. Women shoot a 3 X 20 shots in each position; this is considered the qualification round. Following the qualification round, the top eight shooters fire an additional 10 shots, one at a time, in a final in the standing position; the winner of the match is the shooter with the highest aggregate in both the qualification round and the final. The two non-Olympic 300m three position events are shot by men only; the first course of fire is with a free rifle, for a 3 X 40. The second course of fire is with a standard rifle, for a 3 X 20. Neither of these events have a final; the 300m events are no longer in the Olympics due to the price of constructing a 300m range. In the United States, a coalition of the Civilian Marksmanship Program, USA Shooting, JROTC, 4-H, the American Legion recognize three position events for juniors using air rifles; the course of fire is a 3 X 20, or 3 X 10, depending on the organization and location, with the top eight shooters competing in a final.
The winner is again the shooter with the highest aggregate between the qualification round and the final. In most cases junior shooting is done at 50 ft. distances. The CMP manages these matches for the National Three-Position Air Rifle Council, recognizes the best junior shooters via the Distinguished program. At the beginning of a standard match the range officer will go over the rules of the range and the competition, they will state any change over times. In between each string of shooting the range will give about 10-minute change over time to get ready for the next position. During this time shooters can get their spotting scope set up, adjust rifle butt plates, or anything else without handling or shouldering the rifle. In addition to this time the range officer may give a three minute prep time for shooters to shoulder their rifle and do their last changes before the string starts; when the range officer gives the command to commence firing the timer is started for the match being shot.
Shooters start by shooting sighting shots to ensure the rifle is sighted in and boost the confidence of the shooter. Shooters use a simple spotting scope to adjust accordingly; the scopes come useful for seeing any patterns with their shots or any missed bulls eyes. When the shooter has finished shooting all the shots for record they must wait for the range officer instructions to begin preparing for the next position; the prone and kneeling positions all are as important when shooting a three position match. Each have specific guidelines for each position; the prone position is the first learned shooting position. The prone position is the most easy to master and is is easy to sight in rifles using this position due to its stability; the added stability that this position gives the shooter makes this position, in most cases, the easiest to learn and is the highest scoring string of the match. Shooters are able to use a “sling” to support the rifle; the sling is just a belt like device that goes around the non-shooting bicep and wraps around the wrist and attaches to the handstop of the rifle.
This gives support. The standing position is the next part of the three position match; this position is the hardest to master in most cases. Most competitors have a standing stand that they rest the rifle on pick up to aim down range; the standing position is a freestanding position. For more stability it is common for shooters to place a fist or grip the rifle near or under the trigger guard and place their forearm against their body. Natural point of aim is crucial in this position. Natural point of aim is where your body is aiming at while aiming downrange. If shooters fight their natural point of aim it is difficult to stay stable and make a good shot. There are many tricks for finding a shooters natural point of aim and can be difficult to teach to new shooters; the last position in the match would be the kneeling phase. Shooters use a kneeling roll and place it under the rear foot while aiming downrange, they sit on their rear foot and the other foot is pointed downrange. Shooters are allowed to use a sling just like the prone position.
This sling is important for creating a stable position. For many shooters kneeling begins as a struggle. With practice each shooter finds different keys for their position to ma
Running target shooting
Running target shooting refers to a number of target shooting sports and events involving a shooting target—sometimes called a boar, moose, or deer—that is made to move as if it is a running animal. Events of this type include: ISSF 50 meter running target and ISSF 50 meter running target mixed ISSF 10 meter running target and ISSF 10 meter running target mixed 100 meter running deer, an ISSF event. Running deer competitions are only held in the Nordic Shooting Region. 100 meter running moose. Fired at 100 meters, but sometimes at 80 meters instead
ISSF 50 meter rifle prone
50 metre rifle prone is an International Shooting Sport Federation event consisting of 60 shots from the prone position with a.22 Long Rifle caliber rifle. The time limit is 75 minutes for the entire match, including sighting shots, or 90 minutes if there is a need to compensate for slow scoring systems. In the 2013 ISSF rules the 60-shot prone match consists of 15-minute preparation and sighting time, followed by the match - 60 shots in 50 minutes for electronic scoring, 60 shots in 60 minutes for paper targets; the sport is based on the traditional "English Match" that consisted of 60 shots in the prone position with a.22 rifle, but had varying distances between 45.7 metres and 100 metres. Before 2017, the men's event was included in the Olympic program but starting with the 2020 Olympics this event has been deleted to promote equal gender in Olympic shooting sports. Mixed gender doubles events were introduced to replace this event and two other individual shooting events. Now this event is contested in World Championships only.
This includes a final for the top eight competitors. Beginning with the 2013 season, a new finals format was instituted, in which the qualification score is discarded, the standings among the top eight shooters are determined by their finals scores alone; the course of fire was changed with the new rules, from the previous 10-shot and 20-shots program into a 24-shot elimination format at present from year 2017 with the lowest ranking shooter eliminated every two shots, starting from the completion of 12th shot. The women's event included in both the ISSF and the CISM World Championships; as there is no final, shooters with the same score are separated by a number of tie-breaking criteria, the first being the number of inner tens. Women's rifles may weigh up to 6.5 kilograms, as opposed to 8.0 kilograms for men, but after the switch from standard rifles to sport rifles this is now the only difference in equipment
Feinwerkbau abbreviated FWB, is a German manufacturer of firearms. It is aimed at competitive ISSF shooting events, including some contested at the Olympic Games as governed by the International Shooting Sport Federation; the company offers three distinct product lines: air pistols and rifles, small caliber.177 and.22 lr rifles and competition pistols as well as two muzzleloading black powder smallarms, chambered in.36 and.44. It offers several accessories, an archery trigger release and high-precision industrial machining and manufacturing services. Feinwerkbau has on-site service staff available at various European shooting events; the name Feinwerkbau is German, which translates to "precision technology works". The company was established 1949 by Karl Westinger and Ernst Altenburger, both former employees of Mauser where Westinger had been responsible for an important design improvement to the Mauser C96 “Broomhandle” pistol; because of post-war sanctions, there were few opportunities to develop small arms in Germany during the 1950s and so the fledgling company spent its first decade concentrating on the manufacture of precision parts and machines.
In the late 1950s they returned to their original design focus with the development of the first successful recoilless target air rifle. This was launched as the LG150 in 1963 and was followed with their first air-pistol in 1965. FWB 110 4.5mm target rifle, sidelever springer FWB 124 4.5mm air rifle, >800fps FWB 127 5.5mm version of the FWB 124 FWB 150 4.5mm target rifle, sidelever springer, manufactured??-1968 FWB 300 4.5mm target rifle, sidelever springer, recoilless FWB 300 S 4.5mm target rifle, sidelever springer, recoilless FWB 600/601/602/603 4.5mm target rifle, Single Stroke Pneumatic FWB P70 4.5mm target rifle, Pre-Charged Pneumatic FWB P700 4.5mm target rifle, Pre-Charged Pneumatic FWB P800X 4.5mm target rifle, Pre-Charged Pneumatic 65 recoilless, 4.5mm match pistol, single lever, single stroke springer 80 recoilless, 4.5mm match pistol, single lever, single stroke springer 90 recoilless, 4.5mm match pistol, single lever, single stroke springer, electronic trigger FWB 100 match pistol, single lever, single stroke pneumatic, introduced in 1988 FWB 102 match pistol, dual lever, single stroke pneumatic, introduced in 1992 replacing the FWB 100 FWB 103 match pistol, removable single lever, single stroke pneumatic, introduced in 1997 replacing the FWB 102 Model 2 4.5mm match pistol, CO2 C-10 4.5mm match pistol, CO2 C-20 4.5mm match pistol, CO2 C-25 4.5mm match pistol, CO2 P30 4.5mm match pistol, PCP C55P 4.5mm 5-shot semiautomatic match pistol, PCP P34 4.5mm match pistol, PCP P40 4.5mm match pistol, PCP P44 4.5mm match pistol, PCP P8X 4.5mm match pistol, PCP P58 4.5mm 5-shot semiautomatic match pistol, PCP AW93.22lr Official Site
ISSF Olympic trap
Referred to only as trap, known in the United States as international trap, bunker trap, trench or international clay pigeon, the single-target Olympic trap shooting event has a history of more than a hundred years. It is considered more difficult than most other trap versions in that the distance to the targets and the speed with which they are thrown are both greater; until 1992, the Olympic trap event was open to both women. In 1996, it was open to men only, from 2000 men and women have had separate competitions; the course of fire is 125 targets in the qualification round for both men and women since 2018. In 2005, the final rules were changed so that only one shot can be taken at each target, as opposed to two in the qualification round; until 1992, trap was open to both women. In 1996, there was no women's trap event, since 2000, women and men have had separate events in the Olympics. Following the 2016 Rio Olympics, the ISSF created Mixed Team Trap; the mixed team consists of one female shooter.
During the qualification rounds, each team is squadded with two other teams and each shooter shoots 25 targets per round, just as in the individual event. This continues for 3 rounds; the finals are contested between the top 6 teams. Shooters take turns shooting 5 targets each for 5 rotations, at which time the lowest scoring is eliminated. Another team is eliminated each 5 targets; the final two teams shoot 10 targets to determine a winner, for a total of 50 targets in the finals. The first World Championship for Mixed Team was held at the 2017 World Shotgun Championships in Moscow, RUS
ISSF 10 meter air rifle
10 meter air rifle is an International Shooting Sports Federation shooting event, shot over a distance of 10 metres from a standing position with a 4.5 mm calibre air rifle with a maximum weight of 5.5 kg. The use of specialized clothing is allowed to improve the stability of the shooting position and prevent chronic back injury which can be caused by the asymmetric offset load on the spine when the rifle is held in position, it is one of the ISSF-governed shooting events included in the Olympic games. Shots are fired from the standing position only, as opposed to some other airgun shooting disciplines such as for three positions or in disabled sports; the major competitions are the Olympic Games every four years and the ISSF World Shooting Championships every four years. In addition, the event is included in the ISSF World Cup series, the ISSF World Cup Final, in continental championships, in many other international and national competitions, it is an indoor sport. In many clubs and ranges, electronic targets are now being used instead of the traditional paper targets.
Scores in 10 meter air rifle have improved during the last few decades. During the 1970s technical advances in the employed match air rifles made the international shooting union, known as the UIT back but today the International Shooting Sport Federation, decide to reduce the size of the 10 meter air rifle target to its current dimensions; until 2013, the maximum achievable aggregate score was 709 for 509 for women. No top competitor achieved an official perfect aggregate score under these rules. Under rules introduced in 2013, the qualification scores that used to be combined with the finals scores for competition results were deleted, the best eight competitors started all over again. In the 20 shots final, the highest achievable final score was 218.0 points. No top competitor achieved an official perfect final score under these rules. Rules introduced in 2018 ended the competition format differences between female athletes; the final was changed to 24 shots. In the final, the highest achievable final score is 261.6 points.
Up to 2019, no top competitor has achieved an official perfect final score under these rules. The course of fire was an unlimited number of sighter shots followed by 60 competition shots for men or 40 competition shots for women, all fired within 75 minutes for men or 50 minutes for women. During this initial or qualification phase a maximum of 10 points was awarded for each shot. Top competitors sometimes achieved maximum results for the initial or qualification phase; the majority of these full marks were achieved at non-directly ISSF supervised international and national-level matches and championships, where official ISSF recognized world records cannot be set. This leads to many national records in fact being equal to the world records; the course of fire was 60 competition shots for men or 40 competition shots for women, all fired within 75 minutes for men or 50 minutes for women. During this initial or qualification phase a maximum of 10.9 points was awarded for each shot. The highest possible 60 shots score.
ISSF rules introduced in 2018 ended the gender differences, expanding the 40 shots qualification phase for women into 60 shots, setting the highest possible 60 shots score at 654.0 points. The top eight shooters from the qualification round moved on to a finals event consisting of 10 shots – each decimal scored to a maximum of 10.9 – with the cumulative score determining the winner. Every scoring ring is 5 mm wide and sub-divided in 0.5 mm increments in 10 "subrings". Like the other scoring rings the maximum of 10.9 is derived from an additional set of 10 "subrings" within the center 10-point circle, increasing in 0.1 point value as the rings approach the center of the target. In November 2012, The ISSF announced other finals rules; this finals rules had the best eight shooters starting from zero, eliminating the qualification scores that used to be combined with the finals scores for competition results. The format consisted of 20 finals shots scored in 0.1 point value as the rings approach the center of the target, setting the highest possible 20 shots score at 218.0 points.
Since 2018 the ISSF finals rules rank the eight best shooters starting from zero, eliminating the qualification scores. The format consists of 2 series of 5 shots each; this is followed by 14 single shots each fired on command with 50 seconds for each shot. Eliminations of the lowest scoring finalists begin after the tenth shot and continue after every two shots, until the gold and silver medalists are decided. There is a total of 24 finals shots, setting the highest possible 24 shots score at 261.6 points. If there is a tie for the lowest ranking athlete to be eliminated, the tied athletes will fire additional tie-breaking single shots until the tie is broken. For the 10 meter air rifle and air pistol disciplines, match diabolo pellets are used; these pellets have wadcutter heads, meaning the front is flat, that leave clean round holes in paper targets for easy scoring. Match pellets are offered in tins and more elaborate packagings that avoid deformation and other damage that could impair their uniformity.
Match air rifle shooters are encouraged to perform shooting group tests with their gun clamped in a machine rest to establish which particular match pellet type performs best for their particular a
ISSF 50 meter rifle three positions
50 metre rifle three positions is an International Shooting Sport Federation event, a miniature version of 300 metre rifle three positions. It consists of the kneeling and standing positions, fired in that order, traditionally with 3×40 shots for men and 3×20 shots for women. In January 2018 the number of shots was equalised between genders with the Women's 3x20 being abolished in favour of a 3x40 match identical to the Men's event; the caliber is.22 Long Rifle. In the men's event, athletes must complete the course of fire within a single time block of 2 hours, 45 minutes; the Women's 3x20 event had a time limit of 45 minutes. These time limits are applicable to matches conducted using electronic targets; until 2018, women's rifles were limited to 6.5 kilograms, as opposed to 8.0 kilograms for men. This was the only remaining difference between men's and women's equipment after the switch from standard rifles to sport rifles. In January 2018 with the women's event extended to a 3x40 match, the 6.5 kilograms limit was abolished, with Women permitted to use rifles up to 8.0 kilograms.
This rendered the men's and women's events identical in both number of shots and equipment permitted. In major competitions, including World Cups and World Championships, the top eight competitors reach a finals match, where the medal positions are decided. Beginning in 2013, a new finals format was instituted, in which the qualification score is discarded, the standings among the top eight shooters are determined by their finals scores alone; the course of fire was changed with the new rules, from the previous 10-shot program in only the standing position, into a 45-shot elimination format in all three positions. Starting with the 10th shot of the final, standing stage, the lowest ranking shooter is eliminated every shot, until the gold and silver medalists are determined among the final two survivors