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Hauterive Abbey

Hauterive Abbey is a Cistercian abbey in the Swiss municipality of Hauterive in the canton of Fribourg. It is a Swiss heritage site of national significance; the entire Hauterive area is part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites. The land for the abbey was donated between 1132-1137 by Baron Guillaume de Glâne. After monks moved down from Cherlieu Abbey in northern Burgundy and inhabited the buildings, the Bishop of Lausanne granted permission to consecrate the abbey in 1137, it was consecrated on 25 February 1138 as the sancte Abbatia Marie de Altaripa. Pope Innocent II confirmed this consecration in 1142. With support from the local nobility and the Bishop of Lausanne, the abbey flourished both economically and culturally in the 12th and early 13th centuries. In 1157 the Dukes of Zähringen granted the abbey their exemption from tolls; the abbey became tied to the city of Fribourg when they began raising sheep for wool to sell to the city. After 1182, citizens of Fribourg had the right to be buried at the abbey.

The Chartular of Hauterive as well as confirmation bull of Innocent III in 1198 and Innocent IV in 1247 all give evidence of a prosperous abbey with extensive landholdings. The abbey was supported by nine villages, in the alpine foothills, the Swiss plateau and Lake Geneva; the construction of canals in the 12th century, allowed the abbey to build several grain mills and a fulling mill. In 1445 a paper mill was built as well. From the mid-12th century until the 14th there was a significant scriptorium and library at the abbey; the library suffered a number of losses through looting and fires the fire of 1578. In 1185, the monks from Hauterive founded Kappel Abbey in Kappel am Albis in the Canton of Zurich. In 1261, the La Maigrauge nunnery near Fribourg was placed under the authority of Hauterive. At the end of the 12th century and the early 13th century, the monastery was home to 30-40 monks and about 50 conversi or lay brothers. During this time, the abbey's estates were managed by the lay brothers.

In the 14th century, the number of lay brothers decreased and the abbey was forced to lease out the farms. Under Abbot Peter Rych the cloister was decorated with tracery windows and the gothic church choir was decorated with six tracery and stained glass windows. Under Abbot Jean Philibert the extensive late gothic choir stalls were added. In 1418 Pope Martin V, during his trip through Switzerland to the Council of Constance, granted abbot Peter Affry and his successors the pontifical vestments. During the Sempach war, the abbey was plundered. During the 1448 war between Bern and Fribourg, the abbey was pillaged by Bernese troops; the damage to the abbey and its lands along with internal conflicts brought about a decline of the abbey. Around the middle of the 16th century, Fribourg embraced the reforms of the Council of Trent; the city set out to revitalize neighboring monasteries. They enacted reforming provisions in 1562, appointed an administrator to enact these reforms in the monasteries in 1566.

In 1579, the papal nuncio Giovanni Francesco Bonomi visited Hauterive. The reform-minded abbot Moënnat Guillaume, reorganized the nunneries of La Maigrauge and La Fille-Dieu in Romont. In 1618, Hauterive became a member of the Upper-Germanies Cistercian Congregation; the baroque reconstruction of the convent building began in 1715 under Abbot Henri de Fivaz and was completed in 1770 under Bernhard Emmanuel of Lenzburg. These second flourishing of the abbey stopped in 1798 when they had to pay a war indemnity, after the French invasion, lost the right to self-rule. In 1811 there were ten priests and six brothers at the abbey, while in 1847, there were 16 priests and two brothers; the abbey and its lands were secularized in 1848 after the Sonderbund war. The archive and library, including the largest collection of medieval manuscripts in western Switzerland were transferred to Fribourg; the building became an agricultural school in 1850. In 1859 it became the district teacher's college, it was settled by monks from Wettingen-Mehrerau Abbey in 1939 and became an abbey again in 1973.

As of 2003, there were 16 brothers at the abbey. The buildings and lands, which are farmed by the monks, are held by a foundation; the monks other main activity is the care of guests. 1939-1950: Dom Sighard Kleiner 1950-1994: Dom Bernard Kaul 1994-2010: Dom Mauro-Giuseppe Lepori 2010- Current: Dom Marc de Pothuau. Official site Hauterive Abbey in German and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland

Timaru (New Zealand electorate)

Timaru was a parliamentary electorate, in New Zealand's South Island. It was represented by eleven Members of Parliament. In the 1860 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of representatives by 12, reflecting the immense population growth since the original electorates were established in 1853; the redistribution created 15 additional electorates with between one and three members, Timaru was one of the single-member electorates. The electorates were distributed to provinces. Within each province, the number of registered electors by electorate varied greatly; the Timaru electorate had 121 registered electors for the 1861 election. The electorate is urban, is based on the South Canterbury city of Timaru; the electorate was formed in 1861 for the 3rd Parliament and existed continuously until the 1996 election. Francis Jollie was the first representative. In the 1866 election, he stood for Gladstone. Alfred Cox was the next representative, he resigned in 1868 partway through the term.

Edward Stafford won the resulting 1868 by-election. He represented the electorate for a decade and resigned in 1878. Richard Turnbull won the 1878 by-election and represented Timaru until 1890, when he died on 17 July, he had contested the 1887 election against Edward George Kerr, the proprietor of The Timaru Herald, had won with a comfortable majority. William Hall-Jones won the 1890 by-election, he became Prime Minister during his term, retired in 1908. James Craigie was the next representative, from the 1908 election, he retired in 1922. Craigie was succeeded by Frank Rolleston, defeated at the 1928 election. From 1928 to 1985, the seat was held by two Labour MPs: Rev Clyde Carr a Christian minister, a supporter of John A. Lee and remained a backbencher. David Lange recalled in My Life the death of Sir Basil, that Labour lost the subsequent 1985 by-election when "the Labour Party organisation insisted on the selection of a candidate who could hardly be less suited to the place" and "was a good lawyer but she did not live in Timaru, her opinions, her appearance, were at odds with the conservative character of the electorate."

Jim Sutton won the seat back for Labour in 1993. Key Independent Independent Liberal Liberal Reform Labour National Table footnotes: Table footnotes: Hall-Jones, Frederick G. Sir William Hall-Jones, the Last of the Old Liberals, Invercargill: Hall-Jones and Sons McRobie, Alan. Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. Norton, Clifford. New Zealand parliamentary election results, 1946–1987. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington Department of Political Science. ISBN 0-475-11200-8. Rolleston, Rosamund. William & Mary Rolleston: An informal biography. Reed Publishing. ISBN 0-589-00621-5. Scholefield, Guy. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949. Wellington: Govt. Printer. Wilson, James Oakley. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984. Wellington: V. R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103

Zef Kol Ndoka

Zef Kol Ndoka commonly known amongst Albanians as Zefi i Vogël, was an Albanian fighter and commander from the Shengji family from modern day Fan, Mirditë, in northern Albania. Born in 1883, somewhere around Gjakova, he grew up fighting against the Ottoman Empire during the Albanian National Awakening in 1912 and continued to fight for the liberation of Kosovo against Serbo-Montenegrin forces in the 1920s. Ndoka fought with Isa Boletini, Bajram Curri, Hasan Prishtina and others who alongside them was a leader of the Albanian Revolt of 1912 that captured Usküb. Ndoka along with Mehmet Shpendi and Bajram Daklani raised the Albanian flag in Skopje on 12 August 1912. After the Albanian independence of 1912 his group he began fighting the Kingdom of Yugoslavia together with Bajram Curri in order to unite Kosovo with Albania. Zefi died in 1924 fighting the Yugoslav forces. Zefi was one of key figures for the gathering of the Albanian highlanders of Gjakova and Mirdita against the Ottoman Empire. Today he is a venerated figure in the Mirdita region

Ali'i Drive

Aliʻi Drive is the main street of Kailua-Kona, Island of Hawaii, United States. Aliʻi Drive is the main street of Kailua-Kona on the western side of Island of Hawaii, United States, it is a coastal road that faces the Bay of Kailua, home to many historical sites, resort hotels, souvenir shops and churches. Aliʻi Drive extends 12.5 miles south from the intersection of Kuakini Highway, just north of Kailua Pier in Kailua Kona, to the intersection of Hawaii Belt Rd. in Captain Cook, Hawaii. Ali'i Drive used ending at the Keauhou Shopping Center in Keauhou. In 2013 the Hawaii County Council changed the name of contiguous Mamalahoa Bypass Rd. to Ali't Drive, thus extending Ali'i Drive length by 6.6 miles. The northern part of Ali'i Drive in Kailua Kona is the busiest. At Kailua Pier, passengers from cruise ships come ashore by launches. Along the road are souvenir shops for tourists as well as local businesses, a farmers' market and many resort hotels of varying sizes; the historical sites are: Ahuena Heiau where King Kamehameha spent his retired life, the Hulihee Palace, used by the royal family of the Hawaiian Kingdom, Mokuaikaua Church, the first church in Hawaii, St. Michael's Catholic Church.

The southerly part of Ali'i Drive south of Keauhou is rural and passes through agricultural lands and cattle ranches. Aliʻi, a Polynesian word meaning chiefly status

Torch (Honeytribe album)

Torch is the first album by Devon Allman's Honeytribe. It was released in 2006, by Livewire Recordings rereleased in 2007 by Provogue Records. Thom Jurek, on AllMusic, said the album "feels like a debut album," but not an "overly impressive debut." While he praised individual musicians' skill, he was not impressed with the overall production and the final mix. All songs composed except where noted. Devon Allman's HoneytribeDevon Allman - vocals and guitars George Potsos - bass guitar Jack Kirkner - keyboards, Mark Oyarzabal - drums and percussionGuestsPedro Arevalo - slide guitar on "No Woman, No Cry", "Heaven Has No Mercy" and "Why You Wanna Bring Me Down?" Tony Antonelli - percussion on "Mahalo" Joe Bonamassa - guitar on "Mercy Mercy" Devon Allman's Honeytribe