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I Am a Fugitive from a Chain Gang

I Am a Fugitive from a Chain Gang is an American pre-Code crime-drama film directed by Mervyn LeRoy and starring Paul Muni as a wrongfully convicted convict on a chain gang who escapes to Chicago. It was released on November 10, 1932; the film received positive reviews and three Academy Award nominations. The film was written by Howard J. Green and Brown Holmes from Robert Elliott Burns's autobiography of a similar name I Am a Fugitive from a Georgia Chain Gang! Serialized in the True Detective magazine; the true life story was the basis for the television movie The Man Who Broke 1,000 Chains starring Val Kilmer. In 1991, this film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant". Sergeant James Allen returns to civilian life after World War I, but his war experience makes him restless, his family feels he should be grateful for a tedious job as an office clerk, when he announces that he wants to become an engineer, his brother reacts with outrage but his mother accepts it, though regretfully.

He leaves home to find work on any sort of project, but unskilled labor is plentiful and it is hard for him to find a job. Wandering and sinking into poverty, he accidentally becomes caught up in a robbery and is sentenced to 10 years on a brutal Southern chain gang, he makes his way to Chicago, where he becomes a success in the construction business. He becomes involved with the proprietor of his boardinghouse, Marie Woods, who discovers his secret and blackmails him into an unhappy marriage, he meets and falls in love with Helen. When he asks his wife for a divorce, she betrays him to the authorities, he is offered a pardon. He escapes once again. In the end, Allen visits Helen in the shadows on the street and tells her he is leaving forever, she asks, "Can't you tell me where you're going? Will you write? Do you need any money?" James shakes his head in answer as he backs away. Helen says, "But you must, Jim. How do you live?" James' face is seen in the surrounding darkness, he replies, "I steal," as he backs into the darkness with a smarmy grin.

The film was based on the book I Am a Fugitive from a Georgia Chain Gang! Written by Robert Elliott Burns and published by Vanguard Press; the book recounts Burns' service on a chain gang while imprisoned in Georgia in the 1920s, his subsequent escape and the furor that developed. The story was first published in January 1932, serialized in True Detective mysteries magazine. Despite Jack L. Warner and Darryl F. Zanuck's personal interest in adapting Burns's book, the Warner Bros. story department voted against it with a report that concluded: "this book might make a picture if we had no censorship, but all the strong and vivid points in the story are certain to be eliminated by the present censorship board." The story editor listed specific reasons for not recommending the book for a picture, most of them having to do with the violence of the story and the uproar, sure to explode in the Deep South. In the end and Zanuck had the final say and approved the project. Roy Del Ruth, the highest-paid director of the Warner Bros.

Studio, was assigned to direct. In a lengthy memo to supervising producer Hal B. Wallis, Del Ruth explained his decision: "This subject is heavy and morbid...there is not one moment of relief anywhere." Del Ruth further argued that the story "lacks box-office appeal", that offering a depressing story to the public seemed ill-timed, given the harsh reality of the Great Depression outside the walls of the local neighborhood cinema. Mervyn LeRoy, at that time directing 42nd Street, dropped out of the shooting and left the reins to Lloyd Bacon. LeRoy cast Paul Muni in the role of James Allen after seeing him in a stage production of Counsellor-at-Law. Muni was not impressed with LeRoy upon first meeting him in Warner's Burbank office. Despite this meeting, Muni and LeRoy became close friends. LeRoy was present at Muni's funeral in 1967 along with the actor's agent. To prepare for the role, Muni conducted several intensive meetings with Robert E. Burns in Burbank to capture the way the real fugitive walked and talked, in essence, to catch "the smell of fear."

Muni stated to Burns: "I don't want to imitate you, I want to be you." Muni set the Warner Bros. research department on a quest to procure every available book and magazine article about the penal system. Muni met with several California prison guards one who had worked in a Southern chain gang. Muni fancied the idea of meeting with a guard or warden still working in Georgia, but Warner studio executives rejected his suggestion; the final line in the film "But you must, Jim. How do you live?" "I steal" replied by James is among the most famous closing lines in American film. Director Mervyn LeRoy claimed that the idea for James' retreat into darkness came to him when a fuse blew on the set, but in fact it was written into the script. According to Warner Bros records the film earned $650,000 domestically and $949,000 foreign, making it the studio's third biggest success of 1932-33 after Gold Diggers of 1933 and Forty Second Street. Audiences in the United States who saw the film began to question the legitimacy of the United States legal system, in January 1933, the film's protagonist, Robert Elliott Burns, still imprisoned in New Jersey, a number of other chain gang prisoners nationwide in the United States, were able to appeal and were released.

In January 1933, Georgia chain gang warden J. Harold Hardy, als

Sverker I of Sweden

Sverker I or Sverker the Elder, murdered 25 December 1156, was King of Sweden from about 1132 till his death. Of non-royal descent, he founded the House of Sverker, the rulers of which alternated with the rival House of Eric over the next century. Sverker was a large landowner from Östergötland. According to the Westrogothic law, his father's name was Cornube, but according to the Icelandic Skáldatal, his father's name was Kol. A pedigree has the filiation Kettil – Kol – Kornike – Sverker, he rose to power after the extinction of the House of Stenkil in the 1120s. The Danish prince Magnus the Strong was acknowledged as king in Götaland for a while, although the extent of his actual power is not clear. However, Magnus's involvement in the civil strife in his homeland gave opportunities for Sverker to act. According to the partial account of Saxo Grammaticus, "the Swedes, when they heard that Magnus was busy with war in Denmark, took one of their fellow countrymen, a man of modest ancestry by the name of Sverker, as their king.

From the order of events in Saxo's chronicle, this took place in c. 1132. It appears that Sverker was only recognized by the various provinces of the kingdom. Norwegian sources speak of several separate actions taken by the elite of Västergötland in the 1130s, indicating a high degree of separatism; the jarl of Västergötland, Karl of Edsvära, settled the Norwegian-Geatish border with King Harald Gille in 1135 and is termed "king" in a source. The same goes for the provinces around Lake Mälaren. Bishop Henrik of Sigtuna was expelled from Sweden and fell at the side of Magnus in the Battle of Fotevik in 1134. Sverker was acknowledged in the Mälaren provinces by 1135, when he received the Danish pretender Oluf Haraldsen, whom he supported in his quest for power in Skåne. At least by the 1140s the authority of Sverker was acknowledged in the loosely structured kingdom; the basis of his power was the central plain of Östergötland with the church of Kaga, Alvastra Abbey and Vreta Abbey as religious supporting sites.

Sverker took care to anchor his legitimacy through his marriage policy. According to the hostile account of Saxo Grammaticus, "Niels married Ulvhild from Norway... Sverker asked for her love. Shortly afterwards, he clandestinely brought her from her husband and made her marry him"; the outrageous behaviour of Sverker may be explained by the background of Ulvhild. After the death of Ulvhild he married the widow of his old enemy Magnus the Strong, the Polish princess Richeza in an effort to bring over the last adherents of Magnus to his side; the marriage gave him control over Richeza's daughter Sophia of Minsk, engaged with the future king Valdemar the Great of Denmark in 1154, married him after Sverker's death. Sverker based much of his royal authority on his patronage of the Church; the Cistercians were called in on the initiative of Queen Ulvhild and founded a number of abbeys: Alvastra in Östergötland, Varnhem in Västergötland, Nydala in Småland. The king strove to achieve Swedish ecclesiastic autonomy.

The papal delegate Nicholas Breakspear toured Scandinavia in 1152 and was received by Sverker with great honours. During a meeting in Linköping, the installation of Peter's pence for Sweden was decided. However, the plans of installing a Swedish archbishopric were stalled, according to Saxo since "the Swedes and Geats could not agree what town and person was worthy of the dignity". Therefore, Nicholas Breakspear "refused the quarreling parts this honour and did not endow these still religiously ignorant barbarians the highest clerical dignity"; when he on visited Denmark, Breakspear promised the Archbishop of Lund the primacy over any future Archbishop of Sweden. This was confirmed when Breakspear became pope under the name Hadrianus IV. An archbishopric was only installed in 1164 in the reign of Sverker's son Charles VII. Swedish relations with the Russian principalities had been good for the past century or more, but in the reign of Sverker there was a turn towards enmity. According to a Russian chronicle, the newly founded Republic of Novgorod had its first confrontation with Sweden at this time, breaking a century-long peace, guaranteed by marriages between the ruling families.

The Swedish "knyaz" and bishop arrived in the Finnish Gulf with 60 boats in 1142, made an abortive attack on a fleet of traders. The further circumstances of the expedition are lacking. A more serious confrontation took place in another direction in the 1150s. Sverker received the Danish co-ruler Canute V when the latter was in trouble at home; this support was a threat to Canute's rival, Sweyn III of Denmark. Moreover, Sverker's son John abducted two noblewomen in Halland in Denmark "in order to satisfy his lust", although his father and the people forced him to return the ladies. Nicholas Breakspear tried in vain to dissuade King Sweyn from invading Sweden, since "the land was difficult for waging warfare and the people were poor, so there was no advantage to seek there." However, Sweyn believed it was the right moment to strike, since Prince John had been slain by the peasantry at a Thing and, as a result, a conflict arose between them and Sverker. Moreover, Sverker was by now an old man with little taste for war.

King Sweyn proceeded to

Hilt (band)

Hilt was a collective group of Vancouver musicians referred to as a side project of the group Skinny Puppy. The group comprised Alan Nelson, a seminal member of many local Vancouver rock and punk groups, on vocals, with cEvin Key and D. R. Goettel on instruments. Named The Flu, the group was assembled whenever cEvin and Dwayne lived temporarily in Toronto while away from touring/recording with Skinny Puppy, they released a few cassettes in Europe, composed of material, much a precursor to Hilt. In 1989, Key and Goettel's label Nettwerk made a bet with the group that they could not produce and record an album for a low budget, reputedly $15,000, they accepted, the result is the lo-fi debut Call the Ambulance. An EP followed in 1991, entitled Orange Pony, with the follow-up LP Journey to the Center Of the Bowl. During the years of 1992-1995, Key and Goettel focused on Skinny Puppy. After the untimely ends of both Skinny Puppy and Goettel, Key continued recording his many side projects, which included Hilt.

Sessions with Al Nelson continued with three songs recorded as a result. Al Nelson died from complications due to diabetes on January 23, 2000. Key lamented: "Al was the nicest and most real person I have known, he had a sense of humour. He was talented, he was dedicated to his friends, his heart was beautiful. He will be missed." In 2003, Key released The Worst Of the Flu, an odds-and-ends collection of unreleased and alternate tracks by Hilt and the Flu recorded from 1985-1990. Another recording, Minoot Bowl Dropped the Ball, featuring material of a similar ilk to Worst of the Flu, was released in 2007. According to Key seven LPs worth of material were recorded in the above time period, may see the light of day in the future; the Flu, 1987, EP Patsy: A Collection Of Absolute Insanity, 1988, LP Get Stuck, 1989, single Call the Ambulance, 1989, LP Stoneman, 1990, single Orange Pony, 1991, EP Journey to the Center Of the Bowl, 1991, LP The Worst Of the Flu, 2003, LP Minoot Bowl Dropped the Ball, 2007, LP

City of Scars

City of Scars known as Batman: City of Scars, is a 2010 superhero fan film produced by Aaron and Sean Schoenke, based on the Batman franchise. The film was shot in 21 days; the 30-minute short film is set in Arkham Asylum. City of Scars was followed by the 2011 sequel Seeds of Arkham; the Joker escapes from Arkham Asylum, spraying Joker venom in a nurse's face as he runs and putting her in intensive care. Upon arriving in Gotham City, he kidnaps Councilman Johnson and his son shortly after brutally murdering the Councilman's wife. Determined not to let his archenemy kill anyone else, Batman hunts him through the city. After Councilman Johnson is found dead while his son remains in The Joker's captivity, Batman questions whether his crusade against evil does more bad than good. Batman tracks The Joker to a carnival, where he thwarts the villain's plot of bombing a ferris wheel, he races to the location of The Joker and the councilman's son, but when the young boy kills The Joker with his own gun, Batman debates if his greatest nemesis' death is a step toward Gotham's peace, or rather a sign that things are getting worse.

Kevin Porter as Batman/Bruce Wayne Paul Molnar as The Joker Christopher Parker as Detective Crispus Allen Guy Grundy as Victor Zsasz Katie Joy Horwitch as Renee Montoya Jay Caputo as Arnold Wesker/Scarface Madelynn Rae as Harleen Quinzel/Harley Quinn Tess Kielhamer as Black Canary Filmmaker Aaron Schoenke is a long-time Batman fan, having earlier created two fan film shorts about the subject: Patient J in 2005 and Batman Legends in 2006. City of Scars on IMDb City of Scars on Dailymotion City of Scars on YouTube

Ernő Gschwindt

Ernő Gschwindt de Győr was a Hungarian industrialist, conservative politician, business magnate and investor. Under his leadership the family's spirit manufacturing company, the Gschwindt Factory of Spirit, Yeast and Rum became the market leader in its segment of the economy, he was a patron, between 1923 and 1931, the president of the Ferencvárosi TC. According to Forbes he was the 7th richest person in Hungary on the turn of the 19th century with a net worth of 18-20 million Hungarian pengő, he was born on September 27, 1881 in Budapest, Hungary to a rich, Roman Catholic noble family of German ancestry. His paternal grandfather, Mihály Gschwindt de Győr, deserved his family the noble title in 1872, after that the descendants used their family name as győri Gschwindt; the grandfather started to trade with tobacco. Than he turned to distillery which under the leading of the father, György became profitable; the family bought shares in a bank, a leather manufacture and a railway company. The factory stood on the corner of the Üllői út and Grand Boulevard.

Mihály bought the factory from Pál Günther and expanded it with the production of vinegar and liquer. Ernő Gschwindt studied at the Budapesti Egyetemi Katolikus Gimnázium than at the Faculty of Arts at the University of Budapest, he spent longer time at the University of Heidelberg, Germany where he doctorated. He visited courses in chemistry and economics. In 1907 at the age of 26 he became the CEO of the family company, the Gschwindt-féle Szesz- és Élesztőgyár. For town planning purposes the factory was removed in 1908; the distillery was moved to Nagykőrös. The production facilities for yeast and spirit was relocated in Ferencváros. During his life he expanded the company with plants across Hungary. Under his management facilities were built in Szombathely, Komlódtótfalu, Fülesd, Fehérgyarmat and Zalaszentgrót. During the First World War he spent four years at the front, he achieved the rank of hussar captain for his valiant behaviour, he was in his years active in public life and became a well-known conservative political figure.

He was twice elected into the National Assembly with the program of the Unity Party representing the Törökbálint constituency. Beside his job as MP he did not neglect the work at his company; until his death he was a member of the National Alliance of Industrialists, the National Alliance of Chemical Industrialists and the Hungarian Trading Bank of Pest. On December 7, 1923 he got the title of Royal High Councilor from Franz Joseph. Today his name is known as the former head of the Ferencvárosi TC which position he held between 1923 and 1931, he supported the club from his fortune. The club experienced huge successes in Hungary and abroad, he spent during his presidency 250,000 Hungarian pengő on the club. He died on August 29, 1932 at midnight in Budapest, Hungary at the age of 51 and was buried on August 31 at 4 pm in the Kerepesi Cemetery in the Roman Catholic department in the family's crypt, he married on June 1910 in Budapest. His wife was Edit Thőry, they were both Roman Catholic. They had together three children - two daughters and Edina and one son, György.

Edit became a professional tennis player for the Ferencvárosi TC and was married to the Hungarian Prime Minister, János Hadik

Charles Juhre House

The Charles Juhre House is a historic house at 406 North 4th Street in Rogers, Arkansas. It is a brick American Foursquare house, two stories in height, with a front porch extending across the full width of the building. A polygonal window projection occupies the center bay on the second floor, there is a large gable dormer with a Palladian window projecting above it from the hip roof; the house was designed by local architect A. O. Clark, is a fine local example of transitional Colonial and Classical Revival style; the house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1993. National Register of Historic Places listings in Benton County, Arkansas