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I Want to Hold Your Hand

"I Want to Hold Your Hand" is a song by the English rock band the Beatles. Written by John Lennon and Paul McCartney, recorded on October 17, 1963, it was the first Beatles record to be made using four-track equipment. With advance orders exceeding one million copies in the United Kingdom, "I Want to Hold Your Hand" would have gone straight to the top of the British record charts on its day of release had it not been blocked by the group's first million-seller "She Loves You", their previous UK single, having a resurgence of popularity following intense media coverage of the group. Taking two weeks to dislodge its predecessor, "I Want to Hold Your Hand" stayed at number 1 for five weeks and remained in the UK top 50 for 21 weeks in total; the song was re-released on 6 December 1982 in the UK by Parlophone. It was the group's first American number 1 hit, entering the Billboard Hot 100 chart on 18 January 1964 at number 45 and starting the British Invasion of the American music industry. By 1 February it topped the Hot 100, stayed there for seven weeks before being replaced by "She Loves You".

It remained on the Billboard chart for 15 weeks. "I Want to Hold Your Hand" became the Beatles' best-selling single worldwide selling more than 12 million copies. In 2018, Billboard magazine named it the 48th biggest hit of all time on the Billboard Hot 100. Capitol Records' rejection of the group's recordings in the US was now Brian Epstein's main concern, he encouraged Lennon and McCartney to write a song to appeal to the American market. George Martin, had no such explicit recollections, believing that Capitol were left with no alternative but to release "I Want To Hold Your Hand" due to increasing demand for the group's product. McCartney had moved into 57 Wimpole Street, where he was lodging as a guest of Dr Richard and Margaret Asher, whose daughter, actress Jane Asher, had become McCartney's girlfriend after their meeting earlier in the year; this location became Lennon and McCartney's new writing base, taking over from McCartney's Forthlin Road home in Liverpool. Margaret Asher taught the oboe in the "small, rather stuffy music room" in the basement where Lennon and McCartney sat at the piano and composed "I Want to Hold Your Hand".

In September 1980, Lennon told Playboy magazine: We wrote a lot of stuff together, one on one, eyeball to eyeball. Like in ` I Want to Hold Your Hand,' I remember. We were in downstairs in the cellar playing on the piano at the same time, and we had,'Oh you-u-u/ got that something...' And Paul hits this chord and I turn to him and say,'That's it!' I said,'Do that again!' In those days, we used to write like that—both playing into each other's noses. In 1994, McCartney agreed with Lennon's description of the circumstances surrounding the composition of "I Want to Hold Your Hand", saying: "'Eyeball to eyeball' is a good description of it. That's how it was.'I Want to Hold Your Hand' was co-written." According to Ian MacDonald, in keeping with how Lennon and McCartney collaborated at that time, lyrically bland, random phrases were most called out by the pair. The song's title was a variation of "I Wanna Be Your Man", which the Beatles had recorded at EMI Studios. Reminiscent of Tin Pan Alley and Brill Building techniques and an example of modified 32-bar form, "I Want to Hold Your Hand" is written on a two-bridge model, with only an intervening verse to connect them.

The song has no real "lead" singer, as McCartney sing in harmony with each other. The song is in the key of G major and lyrically opens two beats early with "Oh yeah, I'll tell you something" with a D-B, B-D melody note drop and rise over an I chord. Controversy exists over the landmark chord that Lennon stated McCartney hit on the piano while they were composing the song. Marshall considers. Everett is of the same opinion. Pedler claims, that more surprising is the melody note drop from B to F♯ against a III7 chord on "understand". Music theorists are divided over whether this chord is a iii, a B major, or a B7 or a B5 power chord with no major or minor defining third; the Beatles recorded "I Want to Hold Your Hand" at EMI Studios in Studio 2 on 17 October 1963. This song, along with the single's B-side, "This Boy", was the first Beatles song to be recorded with four-track technology; the two songs were recorded on the same day, each needed seventeen takes to complete. Mono and stereo mixing was done by George Martin on 21 October 1963.

Both songs were translated by Luxembourger musician Camillo Felgen, under the pseudonym of "Jean Nicolas". Odeon, the German arm of EMI was convinced that the Beatles' records would not sell in Germany unless they were sung in German; the Beatles detested the idea, when they were due to record the German version on 27 January 1964 at EMI's Pathe Marconi Studios in Paris they chose to boycott the session. Their record producer, George Martin, having waited some hours for them to show up, was outraged and insisted that they give it a try. Two days the Beatles recorded "

Ruth Lorenzo

Ruth Lorenzo Pascual, better known as Ruth Lorenzo, is a Spanish singer and composer, best known for coming fifth in the fifth series of the British TV talent show The X Factor in 2008. She represented Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest 2014 with the song "Dancing In The Rain", which entered the Spanish Singles Chart at number 5, she scored 74 points for Spain. Artists such as Auryn and Dannii Minogue have included compositions of hers in their albums, her debut single "Burn" entered the Spanish Singles Charts and reached number 16 when she released the single on 27 June 2011. She released her first UK single "The Night" on 15 June 2013, her debut album Planeta Azul was released on 27 October 2014. In November 2017 "Good Girls Don't Lie" was released as the first single of her second album Loveaholic; the song made it to number one iTunes Spain on the first 24 hours. Loveaholic includes a collaboration of guitarist Jeff Beck She achieved a Guinness World Records in 2016 for performing in eight different Spanish cities in 12 hours, in a breast cancer awareness charity event.

Ruth Lorenzo was born on 10 November 1982 in the Region in south-eastern Spain. At a young age she became a fan of the musical Annie and although she had no idea of what the words meant she would sing along to the songs in English; when she was six years old she discovered music by Catalan opera singer Montserrat Caballé, after her mother bought her an album by Caballé, Lorenzo began to sing opera, imitating Caballé's vocals until she was pitch perfect. At the age of 12, Lorenzo's family moved to Utah in the United States and this was the first time she had the opportunity to be involved in music at school. After much encouragement from her teachers, Lorenzo was entered into competitions and played lead roles in musical productions such as The Phantom of the Opera and My Fair Lady; when Lorenzo turned 16 the family returned to Spain and although having had singing lessons by this time, she had to cancel these lessons due to family financial difficulty and as a result Lorenzo gave up on her dream of becoming a recording artist.

When Lorenzo was 19 she joined a rock band, a challenge for her as she had only sung opera music. She made a big decision to quit her job in her family's business in order to pursue her dreams once again, but after three years of touring around Spain the group decided to split up. Ruth landed a contract at Polaris World where as well as performing, she worked as a PR consultant. In 2008, Lorenzo auditioned for the fifth series of The X Factor in front of judges Simon Cowell, Cheryl Cole and Louis Walsh, she sang " A Natural Woman". She impressed the judges and made it through to the next stage of the show, "bootcamp". Lorenzo passed both stages of bootcamp and was sent to St. Tropez with the other successful contestants from the over-25s category. There she auditioned in front of Dannii Minogue, her X Factor mentor. After an emotional performance of "True Colors", sung in Spanish, Minogue decided to pick Lorenzo for her final three who would proceed to the live shows. On the first live show she sang "Take My Breath Away" in Spanish.

She had good comments from Cowell, who told her she should sing in Spanish more often. However, the next week Lorenzo sang "I Just Can't Stop Loving You" in English only, ended up in the bottom two, she performed "Purple Rain" in the singoff, it saved her into the next week. In Week 5, Lorenzo was in the bottom two again against one of the crowd favourites Laura White; this time she sang "Knockin' on Heaven's Door" and was saved by Cowell and Walsh. Her performance was overshadowed by the uproar over White's departure. Voting statistics revealed that White received more votes than Lorenzo meaning if Walsh sent the result to deadlock, White would’ve been saved. During Take That week, Lorenzo sang "Love Ain't Here Anymore", she received high praise with Cowell saying it was sensational. By the quarter-final, Lorenzo was Minogue's last remaining act and she was eliminated after receiving the fewest public votes. Lorenzo bowed out with another performance of "Always". Former friend Alexandra Burke went on to win the show.

Lorenzo performed at gigs across the UK and Ireland in December 2008 and January 2009. In February and March 2009, she joined the X Factor Live tour with fellow finalists, she was nominated for three awards at the Digital Spy Reality TV Awards. Ruth confirmed her record deal with Virgin Records on May 6 with an interview with Xpose. In 2010, Lorenzo was approached by Spanish TV Channel Cuatro and asked to write a song for their new fictional drama Valientes, she composed two songs for the show, one for the opening and one for the end credits. Ruth performed "Quiero Ser Valiente" on Friday 22 January on Spanish talent show Fama a bailar. In July 2010 it was revealed that Lorenzo had written songs for Dannii Minogue's comeback album revealed on Dannii's ITV2 show Style Queen. Lorenzo confirmed in a blog posting that she parted away from Virgin Records/EMI due to "creative differences" and that she would continue working on her album as an independent artist, she signed up to website

The funding was for the video shooting, marketing and PR services. The CD version included "Burn", an acoustic version of the song and "Eternity"; the Raspberry Pattern became the name of her band. Lorenzo was booked for more dates around the United Kingdom for the summer and autumn of 2011. Ruth released a free track download titled "The

IFA Horch H3A

The IFA Horch H3A known as just the IFA H3A, is a 3 tonne lorry, made by East German manufacturer VEB HORCH Kraftfahrzeug- und Motorenwerke Zwickau. It was presented as a flatbed lorry at the Leipzig Trade Fair in early 1949, offered for sale from mid 1950; the H3A tractor followed in 1951. In total, 180 IFA H3A chassis were used for manufacturing the IFA H3B bus in 1952 and 1953; the IFA H3S succeeded the H3A in 1957. The IFA H3A is a lorry, based upon a conventional U-profile ladder frame, it has leaf sprung rigid rear axles, with the rear being a live axle. All wheels come with hydraulically operated drum brakes, 7.5—20 inch tyres. A dry double-disc clutch transmits the torque from the engine to an unsynchronised five-speed gearbox with reverse gear; the H3A is powered by an IFA EM 4—20 engine. This engine is a water-cooled, swirl chamber injected, straight-four diesel engine with a displacement of 6024 cm3, a rated power of 80 PS, a maximum torque of 31 kp⋅m; the IFA H3A can reach a top speed of 60 km/h

James Smith (Texas General)

James Smith was a General in the Texas Revolutionary Army. Smith was born in Spartanburg County, South Carolina, on September 10, 1792, he served in the War of 1812, the Creek Indian Wars, served as a lieutenant under Andrew Jackson in the Battle of New Orleans. From 1819 until 1835, he fought in the Tennessee militia alongside Sam Houston, where he reached the rank of Colonel. In 1835, he moved to Texas, where he established a plantation in Texas. On April 11, 1836, Smith joined the revolutionary army as captain of the cavalry of the Nacogdoches Mounted Volunteers. After his victory at the Battle of San Jacinto, he received a promotion to inspector general by General Thomas J. Rusk. Smith commanded the second battalion of Rusk's regiments at the Battle of the Neches. On March 7, 1840, he was promoted to brigadier general, where he took command of the Third Brigade on the northwest frontier of Mexico. Smith represented Rusk County, Texas in the Texas House of Representatives from February 16, 1846, until December 13, 1847.

He was instrumental in the establishment of Smith County, named in his honor. Smith donated the land that Henderson, Texas was built on. Smith is buried at Smith Park, on the corner of S. Main St. and Jacksonville Dr. in Henderson. With wife: Hannah Parker, children: Captain Henry Madison Smith Sarah Elvina Smith Unnamed Female? Frances E. Smith James Smith Joseph Smith Andrew Jackson Smith Isaac Newton Smith William Jasper Smith Francis Marion Smith Barsheba H. Smith Sam Houston Smith Birt H. Smith

List of Dutch exonyms for places in Belgium

This is a list of Dutch exonyms for towns located in Belgium. Amougies Amengijs Archennes Eerken Arlon Aarlen Ath Aat Bassenge Bitsingen Bassilly Zullik Bastogne Bastenaken Bas-Warneton Neerwaasten Beauvechain Bevekom Béclers Beek-Laren Bergliers Bellik Berneau Bern Bettincourt Bettenhoven Bierghes Bierk Bois-de-Lessines Lessenbos Bombaye Bombeek Braine-l'Alleud Eigenbrakel Braine-le-Château Kasteelbrakel Braine-le-Comte ´s Gravenbrakel Clabecq Klabbeek Comines Komen Dottignies Dottenijs Eben-Emael Eben-Emaal Ellezelles Elzele Enghien Edingen Estaimbourg Steenburg Estaimpuis Steenput Flobecq Vloesberg Froyennes Fraaien Gembloux Gembloers Genappe Genapiën Ghislenghien Gellingen Glons Glaaien Goé Gulke Gondregnies Gondergem Grez-Doiceau Graven Hannut Hannuit Houtaing Houtem Houthem Houtem Herseaux Herzeeuw Hombourg Homburg Huy Hoei Ittre Itter Jauche Geten Jodoigne Geldenaken Jodoigne-Souveraine Opgeldenaken Jurbise Jurbeke La Hulpe Terhulpen Lanaye Ternaaien Lessines Lessen Liège Luik Limbourg Limburg Lincent Lijsem Linsmeau Linsmeel Luingne Lowingen Marcq Mark Mélin Malen Mons Bergen Mouscron Moeskroen Namur Namen Nivelles Nijvel Oisquercq Oostkerk Oleye Liek Ollignies Woelingen Oreye Oerle Otrange Wauteringen Oeudeghien Heidegem Papignies Papegem Pellaines Pellen Perwez Perwijs Petit Enghien Lettelingen Piétrain Petrem Plombières Bleiberg Racour Raatshoven Rebecq-Rognon Roosbeek Roclenge-sur-Geer Rukkelingen-aan-de-Jeker Rosoux-Crenwick Roost-Krenwik Russeignies Rozenaken Saintes Sint-Genelde Saint Jean-Geest Sint-Jans-Geest Saint Rémy-Geest Sint-Remigus-Geest Silly Opzullik Soignies Zinnik Steenkerque Steenkerke Tournai Doornik Tourinnes-la-Grosse Deurne Trognée Truilingen Tubize Tubeke Visé Wezet Waimes Weismes Waremme Borgworm Warneton Waasten Warsage Weerst Wauthier-Braine Woutersbrakel Wavre Waver Welkenraedt Welkenraat Wihogne Nudorp Zétrud-Lumay Zittert-Lummen Dutch exonyms List of European exonyms

Child marriage in Turkey

Although illegal, child marriage in Turkey remains prevalent among less educated families. It is a controversial political issue, a topic of contention between liberal and conservative segments of society. One third of all marriages in Turkey are child marriages and one third of women get married under the age of 18. Between 2002 and 2014, 504,957 children got married at the ages of 16 and 17. Between 2010 and 2013, this official figure was 134,629. Child marriages affect girls disproportionately, about 20 times as much as boys. Child marriages involving girls involve girls that are much younger than boys in child marriages. In 2012, around 20,000 families filed requests for permission to marry their daughters who were younger than 16. Between 2010 and 2013, there was a 94% increase in the number of families applying for permission to get their underage daughters married. According to a 2013 Hacettepe University report supported by the Turkish government, 7.1% of all girls aged 15-19 were married.

26 % of women between the ages of 15 and 49 reported. The actual numbers of child marriages are estimated to be far higher than the official figures as many child marriages take place as unofficial religious marriages, without state authorization; this figure had decreased from 15.2% in 1998. Child marriages take place in every region of Turkey. However, the provinces where the proportions are the greatest are concentrated in Eastern and Central Anatolia. According to the Gaziantep University research, the proportion of child marriages in the city of Şanlıurfa is around 60%, whereas that in İzmir, known for its cosmopolitanism, is around 16-17%. According to the Turkish Statistical Institute, the following provinces had the highest proportions of child marriage in 2013: Yozgat, Nevşehir, Niğde, Kahramanmaraş, Kilis, Muş, Bitlis, Van, Ağrı, Kars and Ardahan. According to a 2018 Turkish report regarding child marriage in Turkey a total of 482,908 girls were married in the last 10 years. “In Turkey, 26 percent of females were married before the age of 18.

Ten percent of them gave birth before the age of 18. Some 142,298 underage mothers were recorded in the last six years. Most of these children were married with religious ceremonies. A total of 440,000 underage girls have given birth since 2002; the number of women under 15 who gave birth after being exposed to sexual abuse was recorded as 15,937.” According to a 2013 Gaziantep University research, 82% of child brides in Turkey are illiterate. Official reports indicated that 675 girls who were enrolled in primary schools had dropped out during the course of the year in 2009 due to marriage or betrothal, as opposed to 18 boys. 97.4% of students who discontinue their educational pursuits due to child marriage are girls. Between 2012 and 2014, 90,483 cases were filed in Turkey about the rape, sexual harassment or exploitation of underage girls. 17,000 girls were reported as missing between 2011 and 2014. The leading causes for the deaths of girls aged 15-19 in Turkey are childbirth and pregnancy complications.

According to a 2013 Hacettepe research supported by the Turkish government, of women ages 20-49, 9.5% first gave birth before the age of 18 and 0.8% gave birth before the age of 15. In the first six months of 2011, 300 children gave birth in hospitals in Diyarbakır and Şanlurfa provinces alone. Child marriage is outlawed in Turkey and is punishable by imprisonment for the man who marries an underage girl and for third parties who plan the marriage. However, there is a discrepancy in the legal framework regarding child marriage: the minimum age for the marriage of girls is 15 according to the Turkish Penal Code, 17 according to the Turkish Civil Code and 18 according to the Child Protection Act. Turkish Civil Code maintained a minimum marriageable age of 15 for girls until a change in 2002. According to activists, the legal framework is not the limiting factor in the struggle against child marriages. In 2016, the governing Islamist conservative Justice and Development Party sought to introduce legislation which would have made child rape no longer punishable if the perpetrator would offer to marry his victim.