Donald David Coryell was an American football coach, who coached in the National Football League first with the St. Louis Cardinals from 1973 to 1977 and the San Diego Chargers from 1978 to 1986. He was well known for his innovations to footballs passing offense, Coryells offense was commonly known as Air Coryell. Coryell was the first coach ever to win more than 100 games at both the collegiate and professional level and he was inducted into the San Diego Chargers Hall of Fame in 1986. Coryell is a member of the College Football Hall of Fame, the Professional Football Researchers Association named Coryell to the PRFA Hall of Very Good Class of 2010 Don Coryell enlisted in the United States Army in 1943 and spent 3½ years as a paratrooper. He played defensive back for the University of Washington from 1949 to 1951 and he earned his bachelors and masters degrees at the University of Washington. He was a school coach in Hawaii where his teams ran a version of the I formation running game. He would coach at the University of British Columbia, Wenatchee Valley College, as head coach at Whittier College from 1957 to 1959, Whittier won conference championships in each of Coryells three years.
He would rely on the I formation at Whittier, in 1960, he was an assistant coach under John McKay for the USC Trojans, where the I formation would be its signature offense for decades. While the origin of the I formation is unclear, Coryell was one of its pioneers, Coryell coached 12 seasons with the San Diego State University Aztecs, using the philosophy of recruiting only junior college players. There, he compiled a record of 104 wins,19 losses and 2 ties including three undefeated seasons in 1966,1968 and 1969 and his teams enjoyed winning streaks of 31 and 25 games, and won three bowl games during his tenure. Coryell helped lead SDSU from an NCAA Division II to an NCAA Division I program in 1969 and it was at SDSU that Coryell began to emphasize a passing offense. Coryell recounted, We could only recruit a number of runners and linemen against schools like USC. And there were a lot of kids in Southern California passing and catching the ball, there seemed to be a deeper supply of quarterbacks and receivers.
And the passing game was open to some new ideas. Coryell adds, Finally we decided its crazy that we can win games by throwing the ball without the best personnel, so we threw the hell out of the ball and won some games. When we started doing that, we were like 55–5–1, John Madden served as Coryells defensive assistant at SDSU. Madden had first met Coryell attending a clinic on the I formation led by McKay. Wed go to clinics, and afterward, everyone would run up to talk to McKay
Thomas N. Tom Nugent was an American college football coach and innovator, public relations man. He served as the football coach at the Virginia Military Institute, Florida State University. Nugent is credited with the development of the I formation, Nugent, a native of Lawrence, attended Ithaca College in upstate New York, where he played baseball, basketball and track, and earned ten varsity letters. He graduated from Ithaca in 1936, during World War II, Nugent served in the United States Army Air Corps and attained the rank of captain. He worked as an instructor for deploying officers, and later. Nugent began his coaching career at the interscholastic level in Virginia. In January 1949, while coaching at Hopewell High School, he was hired by the Virginia Military Institute to replace head coach Slick Morton who had resigned to take over at Mississippi State, in his first game as a collegiate coach, William & Mary routed VMI, 54–6. The Indians head coach, Rube McCray, said he would never lose to a high school coach.
To counteract William & Marys large defensive line and linebacker corps, Nugent began developing the I formation, VMI beat William & Mary, 28–23 and upset 28-point favorite Georgia Tech, 14–13. The Keydets posted over 400 offensive yards in both contests, the new formations success prompted Notre Dame head coach Frank Leahy to send two assistant coaches to observe VMIs spring practice the following year. In the second quarter of the 1951 season opener against Indiana, Nugent began giving coaching clinics on the I formation, and in 1961, John McKay replaced his pro T with the I at Southern California. McKays success with the formation the following season prompted more teams to adopt it around the country, the I formations invention is occasionally misattributed to McKay or Leahy, to which Nugent responded, Its something thats long been misunderstood. But all you have to do is look it up, before the 1951 season, VMI was said to have the finest assortment of material since Bosh Pritchard and Joe Muha.
The Keydets finished 7–3 for a share of the Southern Conference co-championship, in January 1952, the Washington State University was reportedly interested in hiring Nugent as its head coach. Nugent took over as coach at Florida State University in 1953. He said, People were very skeptical at first and they said it would never work. But it didnt take long to realize we were onto something big, the Florida State football program was less than a decade old, and the previous seasons team had only managed one win. Nugent coached Florida State in its first football game against intrastate rival Florida, the match-up required haggling with his University of Florida counterpart, coach Bob Woodruff, about whom Nugent said, It seems he wants us to promise everything but lose the game
Wenatchee Valley College
Wenatchee Valley College, or WVC, is a two-year community college located in Wenatchee, United States. The college provides students with adult education classes, certifications, WVCs primary service district is one of the largest in the state, serving an area larger than Massachusetts, at more than 10,000 square miles. The school consists of two campuses, a campus in central Wenatchee, and an Omak campus. Because of the proximity to area high schools, WVC maintains a sizable Running Start student population. Wenatchee Valley College originally opened as a college in 1939. In 1941, Wenatchee Valley College was adopted into the public education system. Originally, classes were held on the floor of the original Wenatchee High School situated at King. In 1949, the moved to the home of A. Z. Wells on 5 acres of land along Fifth Street, the home was hand-built, consisting of stones from the Columbia River, and was modeled with castle style turrets. Wells House held all classrooms and offices, until buildings could be constructed allowing the Wells House to become a dormitory. WVC was able to land from neighboring land owners, expanding the campus to its current 56 acres.
Wells House still stands on the WVC Main Campus, although the building is owned by the Wells House Committee, community College District #15 was formed in 1967, expanding WVCs service area to include Chelan and Okanogan counties. A satellite campus was set up in Omak in a hospital building. A large section of the WVC Main Campus in Wenatchee has undergone expansion, the college added parking to accommodate additional students. A new Central Washington University extension building was constructed west of Batjer Hall, anderson Hall was demolished to make way for the new 82, 000-square-foot Wenatchi Hall, which opened in September 2007. Wenatchi Hall provides expanded room for Allied Health and Safety programs, math, the Wenatchee Valley Foundation raised funds to help finance the construction of the Music and Art Center, which opened near the Wells House in the fall of 2012. In the spring of 2015, students voted to assess themselves a fee to build a new rec center which is expected to be completed near the end of 2016, Wenatchee Valley College is accredited by the Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities.
The Nursing Program and other Clinical programs are accredited through either the National League for Nursing or the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Sciences, the Omak campus consists of five buildings all located near downtown Omak
2005 Texas Longhorns football team
The team was coached by Mack Brown, led on offense by quarterback Vince Young, and played its home games at Darrell K. The teams penultimate victory of the season, the Big 12 Championship Game and they finished the season by winning the 2006 Rose Bowl against the USC Trojans for the national championship. The Longhorns finished as the unbeaten team in NCAA Division I-A football that year, with thirteen wins. Texas earned its second Big 12 Conference football championship to make 27 conference championships total and it was their fourth national championship in football and the ninth perfect season in the history of Longhorn football. The team set school and NCAA records, including their 652 points which set an NCAA record for points scored in a season. After the season ended, six Longhorns from this team joined professional football teams through the 2006 NFL Draft. Seven more Longhorns followed suit in the 2007 NFL Draft and they were joined by two free agents, another nine followed through the 2008 Draft and free-agency to make a total of twenty-four players who entered into the National Football League.
From 1936 to 2004, the finished the season in the top ten team of the Associated Press Poll 23 times. At the start of the 2005 season, the Longhorns were one of the most victorious programs in football history, they were third in total victories. In the 2004 season Vince Young led the team to the 2005 Rose Bowl, the schools first Bowl Championship Series game, and a top 5 finish in the major polls. It should be noted that Vince Young predicted that the Longhorns would return to the Rose Bowl next season in a post game interview where he proclaimed, Well be back. Young returned for the 2005–2006 season, as did most of the key players from 2004–2005, with the exception of Cedric Benson, Derrick Johnson. Texas was given a pre-season No.2 ranking by Sports Illustrated magazine, the Associated Press Poll, during the summer of 2005, a period free of official team practices and his receivers spent extra practice time working on their timing and team-work. The fall Orange and White intra-team scrimmage was held on August 21,2005, running back Ramonce Taylor returned the opening kickoff 94 yards for a touchdown.
Young completed five of seven passing attempts for 68 yards and one touchdown, senior Richmond McGee made two 33-yard field goals and emerged as the top candidate to handle field goals and punts. Brown said of McGee, Weve never had one person do all three, so its a concern, but right now, he would be the guy. The BCS system required any team competing in the game to be ranked either number one or number two in the BCS Standings at the end of the season. The final roster of the season, Texas had very few problems affecting the roster, only one defensive starter missed a game due to injury
The end zone refers to the scoring area on the field, according to gridiron-based codes of football. It is the area between the end line and goal line bounded by the sidelines, there are two end zones, each being on an opposite side of the field. It is bordered on all sides by a line indicating its beginning and end points, with orange. Canadian rule books use the terms goal area and dead line instead of end zone and end line respectively, a similar concept exists in both rugby football codes, where it is known as the in-goal area. Ultimate frisbee uses an end zone scoring area, scores in this sport are counted when a pass is received in the end zone. The end zones were invented as a result of the creation of the forward pass, prior to this, the goal line and end line were the same, and players scored a touchdown by leaving the field of play through that line. Goal posts were placed on the line, and any kicks that did not result in field goals. In the earliest days of the pass, the pass had to be caught in-bounds.
This made it difficult to pass the ball very close to ones own goal line. Thus, in 1912, the end zone was introduced in American football. Goal posts were originally kept on the lines, but after they began to interfere with play, they moved back to the end lines in 1927. The National Football League moved the goal posts up to the line again in 1933. As with many aspects of gridiron football, Canadian football adopted the forward pass. The forward pass and end zones were adopted in 1929, in Canada, college football never reached a level of prominence comparable to U. S. college football, and professional football was still in its infancy in the 1920s. As a result, Canadian football was still being played in rudimentary facilities in the late 1920s, a further consideration was that the Canadian Rugby Union wanted to reduce the prominence of single points in the game. Therefore, the CRU simply appended 25-yard end zones to the ends of the existing 110-yard field, a team scores a touchdown by entering its opponents end zone while carrying the ball or catching the ball while being within the end zone.
If the ball is carried by a player, it is considered a score when any part of the ball is directly above or beyond any part of the line between the pylons. In addition, a two-point conversion may be scored after a touchdown by similar means, in Ultimate Frisbee, a goal is scored by completing a pass into the end zone
It was through college football play that American football rules first gained popularity in the United States. No minor league farm organizations exist in American football and it is in college football where a players performance directly impacts his chances of playing professional football. The best collegiate players will declare for the professional draft after 3 to 4 years of collegiate competition. Those not selected can still attempt to land an NFL roster spot as a free agent. Even after the emergence of the professional National Football League, college football remained extremely popular throughout the U. S, in many cases, college stadiums employ bench-style seating, as opposed to individual seats with backs and arm rests. This allows them to more fans in a given amount of space than the typical professional stadium. College athletes, unlike players in the NFL, are not permitted by the NCAA to be paid salaries, colleges are only allowed to provide non-monetary compensation such as athletic scholarships that provide for tuition and books.
Modern North American football has its origins in various games, all known as football, by the 1840s, students at Rugby School were playing a game in which players were able to pick up the ball and run with it, a sport known as Rugby football. The game was taken to Canada by British soldiers stationed there and was soon being played at Canadian colleges, the first documented gridiron football match was a game played at University College, a college of the University of Toronto, November 9,1861. One of the participants in the game involving University of Toronto students was William Mulock, a football club was formed at the university soon afterward, although its rules of play at this stage are unclear. In 1864, at Trinity College, a college of the University of Toronto, F. Barlow Cumberland, modern Canadian football is widely regarded as having originated with a game played in Montreal, in 1865, when British Army officers played local civilians. The game gradually gained a following, and the Montreal Football Club was formed in 1868, early games appear to have had much in common with the traditional mob football played in England.
The games remained largely unorganized until the 19th century, when games of football began to be played on college campuses. Each school played its own variety of football, Princeton University students played a game called ballown as early as 1820. A Harvard tradition known as Bloody Monday began in 1827, which consisted of a mass ballgame between the freshman and sophomore classes, in 1860, both the town police and the college authorities agreed the Bloody Monday had to go. The Harvard students responded by going into mourning for a figure called Football Fightum. The authorities held firm and it was a dozen years before football was again played at Harvard. Dartmouth played its own version called Old division football, the rules of which were first published in 1871, all of these games, and others, shared certain commonalities
The Nebraska Cornhuskers is the name given to the intercollegiate athletic teams of the University of Nebraska–Lincoln. The university is a member of the Big Ten Conference and the Cornhuskers compete in NCAA Division I, early nicknames for the universitys athletic teams included the Hawkeyes, the Antelopes, the Old Gold Knights, the Bugeaters and the Mankilling Mastodons. The name Cornhuskers first appeared in the newspaper as We Have Met The Cornhuskers And They Are Ours referring to a 20–18 upset victory over Iowa in 1893. The term Cornhuskers was referring to Iowa in that instance, the name would be used again, this time to refer to Nebraska by Cy Sherman in The Nebraska State Journal during the 1899 season and would replace all other names by 1900. Sherman tired of referring to the Nebraska teams with such a term as Bugeaters. Iowa had, from time to time, been called the Cornhuskers, the Cornhuskers have two official mascots, Herbie Husker and Lil Red. The Cornhuskers participate in 21 sports sponsored by the Big Ten Conference, in addition the Huskers field varsity teams in two sports not sponsored by the Big Ten, namely rifle and bowling.
The rifle team is a member of the single-sport Great America Rifle Conference, Nebraska joined the Big Ten Conference in 2011. † = Rifle is technically a mens sport, but mens, womens, * = Beach volleyball is a fully sanctioned NCAA sport which had its first national championship in the spring of 2016. Nebraska currently competes as an independent, the Nebraska Cornhuskers field both a male and female cross country team coached by David Harris. They currently run on a course through Pioneers Park in Lincoln, the mens team started in 1938 and the womens team started in 1975 as a result of Title IX. The Nebraska Cornhuskers have never won a Big 12 conference championship, the only mens conference championship was in 1940 Big Six meet. The women have won the conference championship 5 times, the latter three mark one of only three times that a team has won three NCAA Division I-A/FBS national football championships in four seasons. The other two were Notre Dame in 1946,1947 and 1949, and Alabama in 2009,2011 and 2012, the Cornhuskers won three national titles under Osborne, including one in his final season.
Nebraskas home games always open with the Tunnel Walk, which signifies the entry of the team onto the field, when the Cornhuskers play at home in Memorial Stadium, the stadium holds more people than Bellevue. The current attendance record was set on Saturday, September 20,2014 and they currently hold the NCAA record for the most consecutive sold out home games, the sellout streak dates back to November 3,1962. On December 2,2007, athletic director Tom Osborne named Bo Pelini head football coach at Nebraska, Pelini left his previous position as defensive coordinator at LSU after the 2008 National Championship win against Ohio State. Pelini was defensive coordinator at Nebraska in 2003 and was head coach for the 2003 Alamo Bowl game
The platoon system or two-platoon system in baseball or football is the method directing the substitution of players. In baseball, a platoon is a method of sharing playing time, one platoon player is right-handed and the other is left-handed. Typically the right-handed half of the platoon is played on days when the starting pitcher is left-handed. Right-handed batters have an advantage against left-handed pitchers, as left-handed batters benefit from facing right-handed pitchers, since most pitchers are right-handed, left-handed batters generally have less experience with left-handed pitchers. Players prefer to play every day, and managers, including Walter Alston, mookie Wilson of the New York Mets requested a trade in 1988 after serving in a platoon for three seasons with Lenny Dykstra. The advantage to alternating hitters based on handedness was known from the days of baseball. Bob Ferguson, in 1871, became baseballs first switch hitter, allowing him to bat left-handed against right-handed pitchers, the first recorded platoon took place in 1887, when the Indianapolis Hoosiers briefly paired the right-handed Gid Gardner and left-handed Tom Brown in center field.
In 1906, the Detroit Tigers alternated Boss Schmidt, Jack Warner, as manager of the Boston Braves, George Stallings employed platoons during the 1914 season, which helped the Miracle Braves win the 1914 World Series. No Braves outfielder reached 400 at-bats during the 1914 season, cochrane, a left-handed batter, platooned himself behind the plate with Ray Hayworth, a right-handed batter. Also in the 1930s, Bill Terry of the New York Giants platooned center fielders Hank Leiber, the approach was seldom used in the 1930s, but Casey Stengel, managing the Braves, platooned third basemen Debs Garms and Joe Stripp in 1938. Stengel himself had been platooned as a player by managers John McGraw, Garms won the National Leagues batting title in 1940 with the Pittsburgh Pirates as a part-time player under Frankie Frisch. Terms for this strategy included double-batting shift, switch-around players, tris Speaker referred to his strategy as the triple shift, because he employed it at three positions. The term platoon was coined in the late 1940s, now managing the New York Yankees, became a well known proponent of the platoon system, and won five consecutive World Series championships from 1949 through 1953 using the strategy.
Stengel platooned Bobby Brown, Billy Johnson, and Gil McDougald at third base, Joe Collins and Moose Skowron at first base, and Hank Bauer and Gene Woodling in left field. Harold Rosenthal, writing for the New York Herald, referred to Stengels strategy as a platoon, after the American football concept, following Stengels success, other teams began implementing their own platoons. Weaver considered other factors, including the opposing pitchers velocity, the Orioles continued to platoon at catcher and all three outfield positions in 1983 under Joe Altobelli, as the Orioles won the 1983 World Series, leading other teams to pursue the strategy. Platooning decreased in frequency from the late 1980s through the 1990s, the use of platoons has increased in recent years. As teams increase their analysis of data, they attempt to put batters and pitchers in situations where they are likely to succeed
A wide receiver is an offensive position in American and Canadian football, and is the key player in most of the passing plays. They get their name because they are split out wide, furthest away from the rest of the team, wide receivers are among the fastest players on the field. The wide receiver functions as the pass-catching specialist, the wide receivers principal role is to catch passes from the quarterback. On passing plays, the attempts to avoid, outmaneuver. If the receiver becomes open, or has a path to the destination of a catch. Once a pass is thrown in his direction, the goal is to first catch the ball. A receivers height and weight contribute to his expected role, a wide receiver has two potential roles during running plays. Particularly in the case of draw plays and other trick plays, alternatively, he may block normally for the running back. Well-rounded receivers are noted for blocking defensive backs in support of teammates in addition to their pass-catching abilities, sometimes wide receivers are used to run the ball, usually in some form of end-around or reverse.
This can be effective because the defense usually does not expect them to be the carrier on running plays. For example, wide receiver Jerry Rice rushed the ball 87 times for 645 yards and 10 touchdowns in his 20 NFL seasons, in even rarer cases, receivers may pass the ball as part of a trick play. Despite the infrequency of these plays, some receivers have proven to be capable passers, wide receivers may serve on special teams as kick returners or punt returners, as gunners on kick coverage teams, or as part of the hands team during onside kicks. Finally, on errant passes, receivers must frequently play a role by attempting to prevent an interception. If a pass is intercepted, receivers must use their speed to chase down, in the NFL, wide receivers can use the numbers 10–19 and 80–89. The wide receiver out of a position known as the end. Originally, the played on the offensive line, immediately next to the tackles. By the rules governing the forward pass and backs are eligible receivers, most early football teams used the ends as receivers sparingly, their position often left them in heavy traffic with many defenders around.
By the 1930s, some teams were experimenting with moving one end far out near the sideline and these split ends became the prototype for the modern wide receiver
Glossary of tennis terms
This page is a glossary of tennis terminology. Ace, Serve where the ball lands inside the service box and is not touched by the receiver, thus. Aces are usually powerful and generally land on or near one of the corners at the back of the service box, initially the term was used to indicate the scoring of a point. Action, Synonym of spin ad, Used by the umpire to announce the score when a player has the advantage. See scoring in tennis ad court, Left side of the court of each player, When one player wins the first point from a deuce and needs one more point to win the game, not applicable when using deciding points. Advantage set, Set won by a player or team having won at least six games with an advantage over the opponent. Final sets in the draws of the Australian Open, the French Open and the tennis Olympic event. The Davis Cup was until 2015, when it switched to tie breaks, Used by the chair umpire to announce scores when both players have the same number of points or the same number of games.
When both players are at 40, the term is deuce. All-Comers, Tournament in which all took part except the reigning champion. The winner of the All-Comers event would play the title holder in the Challenge Round, all-court, Style of play that is a composite of all the different playing styles, which includes baseline and serve and volley styles. Alley, Area of the court between the singles and the sidelines, which together are known as tramlines. Approach shot, A groundstroke shot used as a setup as the approaches the net. ATP, Acronym for Association of Tennis Professionals, the organizing body of mens professional tennis. ATP Champions Race, ATP point ranking system starts at the beginning of the year. The top eight players at the end of the qualify for the ATP World Tour Finals. ATP World Tour Finals, Formerly known as the Tennis Masters Cup, Australian formation, In doubles, a formation where the server and partner stand on the same side of the court before starting the point. Backhand, Stroke in which the ball is hit with the back of the hand facing the ball at the moment of contact
USC Trojans football
The USC Trojans football program, established in 1888, represents the University of Southern California in college football. USC is a member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I FBS, the Trojans throughout NCAA history have claimed 11 national championships. USC has the most Pro Football Hall of Famers, USC has the highest all-time post-season winning percentage of schools with 25 or more bowl appearances. The team is coached by Clay Helton, USC first fielded a football team in 1888. Playing its first game on November 14 of that year against the Alliance Athletic Club, USC faced its first collegiate opponent the following year in fall 1889, playing St. Vincents College to a 40–0 victory. In 1893, USC joined the Intercollegiate Football Association of Southern California, which was composed of USC, Occidental College, Throop Polytechnic Institute, Pomona College was invited to enter, but declined to do so. An invitation was extended to Los Angeles High School. Before they were named Trojans in 1912, USC athletic teams were called the Methodists, during the early years, limitations in travel and the scarcity of major football-playing colleges on the West Coast limited its rivalries to local Southern Californian colleges and universities.
During this period USC played regular series against Occidental, Whittier, the first USC team to play outside of Southern California went to Stanford University on November 4,1905, where they were trampled 16–0 by the traditional West Coast powerhouse. While the teams would not meet again until 1918, this was USCs first game against a future Pac-12 conference opponent, during this period USC played its first games against other future Pac-12 rivals, including Oregon State, California and Arizona. Between 1911–1913, USC followed the example of California and Stanford, the results were disastrous, as USC was soundly defeated by more experienced programs while the school itself experienced financial reverses, it was during this period that Owen R. After several decades of competition, USC first achieved prominence under head coach Gloomy Gus Henderson in the early 1920s. Another milestone came under Henderson in 1922, when USC joined the Pacific Coast Conference, success continued under coach Howard Jones from 1925 to 1940, when the Trojans were just one of a few nationally dominant teams.
It was during this era that the achieved renown as the Thundering Herd. USC achieved intermittent success in the years following Jones tenure, jeff Cravath, who coached from 1942–1950, won the Rose Bowl in 1943 and 1945. Jess Hill, who coached from 1951 to 1956, won the Rose Bowl in 1953, from 1957 to 1959, the Trojans were coached by Don Clark. The Pacific Coast Conference dissolved in 1959, USC joined the conferences other three California schools and Washington to form a new conference, the Athletic Association of Western Universities, under a new charter. The program entered a new golden age upon the arrival of head coach John McKay, during this period the Trojans produced two Heisman Trophy winners and won four national championships