Ian & Sylvia

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Ian & Sylvia
Ian and Sylvia 1968.JPG
Background information
OriginToronto, Ontario, Canada
GenresFolk, country, country rock
Years active1959–1975
LabelsVanguard, MGM, Columbia
Associated actsGreat Speckled Bird
Past membersIan Tyson
Sylvia Tyson

Ian & Sylvia were a Canadian folk and country music duo which consisted of Ian and Sylvia Tyson, née Fricker. They began performing together in 1959 (full-time in 1961),[1] married in 1964, and divorced and stopped performing together in 1975.[2][3][4]

History[edit]

Early lives[edit]

Ian Tyson, CM, AOE was born in Victoria, British Columbia, in 1933. In his teens, he decided upon a career as a rodeo rider. Recovering from injuries sustained from a fall during the mid-1950s, he started learning guitar. In the late 1950s, he relocated to Toronto, aspiring to a career as a commercial artist, he also started playing clubs and coffeehouses in Toronto.[5] By 1959 he was performing music as a full-time occupation.

Sylvia Tyson, née Fricker, CM, was born in Chatham, Ontario, in 1940. While still in her teens, she started frequenting the folk clubs of Toronto.

Career[edit]

Folk duo[edit]

The two started performing together in Toronto in 1959. By 1962, they were living in New York City where they caught the attention of manager Albert Grossman, who managed Peter, Paul and Mary and would soon become Bob Dylan's manager. Grossman secured them a contract with Vanguard Records and they released their first album late in the year.[6]

Their first album, self-titled Ian & Sylvia, on Vanguard Records consists mainly of traditional songs.[7] There were British and Canadian folk songs, spiritual music, and a few blues songs thrown into the mix; the album was moderately successful and they made the list of performers for the 1963 Newport Folk Festival.

Four Strong Winds, their second album, was similar to the first, with the exception of the inclusion of the early Dylan composition, "Tomorrow is a Long Time", and the title song "Four Strong Winds", which was written by Ian Tyson. "Four Strong Winds" was a major hit in Canada and ensured their stardom.[8][9] Years later, the song was named as the greatest Canadian song of all time by the CBC-Radio program 50 Tracks: The Canadian Version.[10]

The two married in June 1964; they also released their third album, Northern Journey, that year, it included a blues song written by her, "You Were on My Mind", which was subsequently recorded by both the California group We Five (a 1965 #1 on the Cashbox chart, #3 on the Billboard Hot 100) and British folk rock singer Crispian St. Peters (#36 in 1967).[11] A recording of "Four Strong Winds" by Bobby Bare made it to #3 on the country charts around that time.

On the Northern Journey album was the song "Someday Soon", a composition by him that would rival "Four Strong Winds" in its popularity. (Both songs would eventually be recorded by dozens of singers.)

Their fourth album, Early Morning Rain, consisted in large part of new songs, they introduced the work of the couple's fellow Canadian songwriter and performer Gordon Lightfoot through the title song and "(That's What You Get) For Lovin' Me". They also recorded songs "Darcy Farrow" by Steve Gillette and Tom Campbell, being the first artists to record these three songs. Additionally, they recorded a number of their own compositions.

They performed at the 1965 Newport Folk Festival.[12] Play One More, their offering of 1965, showed a move toward the electrified folk-like music that was becoming popular with groups like the Byrds and the Lovin' Spoonful; the title tune used horns to evoke the mariachi style.

In 1967, they released two albums, one recorded for Vanguard, the other for MGM; these two efforts, So Much For Dreaming and Lovin' Sound, were far less dynamic presentations.

From 1970 to 1975, Ian Tyson hosted a national television program, The Ian Tyson Show, on CTV, known as Nashville North in its first season. Sylvia Tyson and the Great Speckled Bird appeared often on the series.[13]

Country rock pioneers[edit]

They relocated to Nashville, Tennessee, where they recorded two albums; one to fulfill the terms of their Vanguard contract, the other to supply MGM with a second (and last) album for that label; the albums can be defined as early country rock music; Nashville for Vanguard was cut in February 1968, one month before The Byrds' Sweetheart of the Rodeo, widely considered the first collaboration of rock and Nashville players.[14] Three of Bob Dylan's "Basement Tapes" songs are included on these albums; most of the rest were written by Ian or Sylvia.[14]

In 1969, Ian & Sylvia formed the country rock group Great Speckled Bird. In addition to participating in the cross-Canada rock-and-roll rail tour Festival Express, they recorded a self-titled album for the short-lived Ampex label. Produced by Todd Rundgren, the record failed when Ampex was unable to establish widespread distribution. Thousands of copies never left the warehouse, and it has become a much sought-after collector's item. Initially, the album artist was given as Great Speckled Bird but later copies had a sticker saying that it featured the duo.

Ian & Sylvia's last two albums were recorded on Columbia Records; the first, 1971's Ian and Sylvia, not to be confused with their 1962 release titled Ian & Sylvia, consists largely of mainstream country-flavored songs. This album was released on CD, with extra tracks, as The Beginning of the End in 1996,[15] their second Columbia record, 1972's You Were On My Mind, featured a later incarnation of Great Speckled Bird. The songs range from hard country rock to middle-of-the-road country material. Neither of the Columbia albums sold well, they were eventually combined and released as 1974's The Best of Ian and Sylvia.

In 1972, Ian & Sylvia performed the song "Let Her Alone" for Walt Disney Productions' live-action drama Run, Cougar, Run. Ian also served as the film's narrator.[16]

By 1975, Ian & Sylvia had stopped performing together and soon afterwards were divorced, their final appearance as a duo was in May 1975 at the Horseshoe Tavern in Toronto. [17]

Post-divorce[edit]

After the marriage to Sylvia ended in 1975, Ian returned to Southern Alberta to farm and train horses, but also continued his musical career, his autobiography, The Long Trail: My Life in the West, was published in 2010.[18][19]

Sylvia wrote, performed, and involved herself in various projects. In recent years, she has been recording new material, working as a member of the group Quartette, and performing a one-woman show entitled River Road and Other Stories.[20]

The duo's son, Clay Tyson (Clayton Dawson Tyson,[21] born 1966),[22] is also a musician and recording artist.

On August 16, 1986, folk singers who had recorded or written Ian and Sylvia songs, reunited for a concert that was filmed for the CBC; the group at the Kingswood Music Theatre in Maple, Ontario included Gordon Lightfoot, Judy Collins, Emmylou Harris, and Murray McLauchlan. [23]

Ian & Sylvia sang their signature song, Four Strong Winds, at the 50th anniversary of the Mariposa Folk Festival on July 11, 2010, in Orillia, Ontario.[24]

Honours[edit]

In 1992 they were inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame.[25]}

In 1994 they were both made Members of the Order of Canada.[26]

In 2005, an extensive Canadian Broadcasting Corporation poll on the CBC-Radio program 50 Tracks: The Canadian Version named "Four Strong Winds" to be the greatest Canadian song of all time. Artists as diverse as Neil Young, Johnny Cash, Sarah McLachlan, Harry Belafonte, and Bob Dylan had also recorded this song.[27][28]

In 2006 they were both inducted into the Mariposa Hall of Fame; the duo performed a song together at that time, long after they had gone their separate ways.[29] Back in 1961, Ian and Sylvia had headlined at the Mariposa Folk Festival.

In a poll of the Western Writers of America, two Ian & Sylvia songs, "Someday Soon" and "Summer Wages" (both written by Tyson), were selected among the "Top 100 Western Songs" of all time.[30]

Ian Tyson was inducted into the Canadian Country Music Hall of Fame in 1989.[31] Sylvia Tyson was inducted in 2003.[32]

An announcement in July 2019 stated that Ian Tyson and Sylvia Tyson would be inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame, individually, not as a duo; the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation stated that "the duo's 1964's hit, Four Strong Winds, has been deemed one of the most influential songs in Canadian history". The report also referenced the song You Were on My Mind, written by Sylvia Tyson, as well as her four albums (1975-1980).[33]

Discography[edit]

Albums[edit]

Year Album[34] Chart Positions Label
CAN US
1962 Ian & Sylvia Vanguard
1964 Four Strong Winds 115
Northern Journey 70
1965 Early Morning Rain 77
1966 Play One More 142
1967 So Much for Dreaming 130
Lovin' Sound 148 MGM
Nashville Vanguard
1968 Full Circle 48 MGM
1970 Great Speckled Bird 54 Ampex
1971 Ian and Sylvia 60 201 Columbia
1972 You Were on My Mind
1996 Live at Newport Vanguard

Singles[edit]

Year Single Chart Positions Album
CAN AC CAN US
[35]
1965 "Early Morning Rain" 1 Early Morning Rain
1967 "Lovin' Sound" [36] 101 Lovin' Sound
1971 "Creators of Rain" 73 Ian & Sylvia
"More Often Than Not" 22
1972 "You Were on My Mind" (re-issue) 4 You Were on My Mind

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://canadianmusichalloffame.ca/inductee/ian-sylvia/, Ian and Sylvia
  2. ^ "Tyson". Quartette. 2003-09-08. Retrieved 2012-04-04.
  3. ^ Leblanc, Larry (12 February 2005). "Tyson Takes a New 'Road'". Billboard. p. 52. Retrieved 2010-04-09.
  4. ^ historica. "Ian and Sylvia". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2012-04-04.
  5. ^ Coffeehouses Archived 2005-12-05 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ http://canadianmusichalloffame.ca/inductee/ian-sylvia/, Ian and Sylvia
  7. ^ Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc.: 24 August 25, 1962. ISSN 0006-2510. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ 30 Years of Canadian Chart Listings Archived 2002-11-02 at Archive.today - #9 on 28 October 1963
  9. ^ Billboard magazine: 18. October 19, 1963. ISSN 0006-2510. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ http://canadianmusichalloffame.ca/inductee/ian-sylvia/, Ian & Sylvia
  11. ^ Joel Whitburn, Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits
  12. ^ Ian & Sylvia interviewed on the Pop Chronicles (1969)
  13. ^ "Ian Tyson Show, The (Series) (1970-1975)". TV Archive. February 2003. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  14. ^ a b Browne, David (July 22, 2015). "Inside Ian & Sylvia's 'Nashville,' Country-Rock's Great Lost Album". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 11, 2016.
  15. ^ "The Beginning of the End". Allmusic. Retrieved 2012-04-04.
  16. ^ http://every70smovie.blogspot.com/2016/08/run-cougar-run-1972.html, Run, Cougar, Run (1972)
  17. ^ https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/ian-and-sylvia-emc, Ian and Sylvia
  18. ^ https://www.ccma.org/cgi/page.cgi/hall_of_fame_inductees.html?log=view&log_id=15, Ian and Sylvia
  19. ^ http://canadianmusichalloffame.ca/inductee/ian-sylvia/, Ian and Sylvia
  20. ^ https://www.quartette.com/subsets/ST_review_index.htm, One Woman Show
  21. ^ "They're partners in life as well as in music, which must have its difficult moments like the prospect of having to sing with someone you were maybe not speaking to. But they certainly have made that work, what with that thing rolling around on the rug, young Clayton Dawson, herein and hereafter referred to as 'Mr. Spoons.'" From the jacket notes (by John Court) to Ian and Sylvia's LP "Lovin' Sound", MGM 4388, 1967. Quoted in Mudcat Forum by Dale Rose, 1999-04-16; accessed 2011-05-08.
  22. ^ "Clay Tyson". Living Legends Music. 2006–2008. Archived from the original on 2011-10-05. Retrieved 2011-04-19.
  23. ^ https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/ian-and-sylvia-emc, Ian and Sylvia
  24. ^ https://www.theglobeandmail.com/arts/books-and-media/four-strong-winds-ian-sylvia-by-john-einarson-with-ian-tyson-and-sylvia-tyson/article4256234/, Four Strong Winds: Ian & Sylvia by John Einarson with Ian Tyson and Sylvia Tyson
  25. ^ http://canadianmusichalloffame.ca/inductee/ian-sylvia/, Ian & Sylvia
  26. ^ http://canadianmusichalloffame.ca/inductee/ian-sylvia/, Ian & Sylvia
  27. ^ http://canadianmusichalloffame.ca/inductee/ian-sylvia/, Ian and Sylvia
  28. ^ "Hall of Fame Inductees". CCMA: Canadian Country Music Association. Toronto. 2017. Archived from the original on 17 March 2017. Retrieved 17 July 2019. Tyson is a recipient of the Order of Canada and in 2005 CBC Radio One listeners chose his song, ‘Four Strong Winds’ as the greatest Canadian song of all time, during a radio series titled “50 Tracks: The Canadian Version”.
  29. ^ http://canadianmusichalloffame.ca/inductee/ian-sylvia/, Ian & Sylvia
  30. ^ Western Writers of America (2010). "The Top 100 Western Songs". American Cowboy. Archived from the original on 10 August 2014.
  31. ^ https://www.ccma.org/cgi/page.cgi/hall_of_fame_inductees.html?log=view&log_id=15, Ian Tyson
  32. ^ https://www.ccma.org/cgi/page.cgi/hall_of_fame_inductees.html?log=view&log_id=34, Sylvia Tyson
  33. ^ https://www.cbc.ca/news/entertainment/ian-tyson-sylvia-tyson-canadian-songwriters-hall-of-fame-1.5215382, Ian Tyson and Sylvia Tyson to be inducted separately into Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame
  34. ^ Ian and Sylvia Re-Releases and Discography - Sylvia is a member of Quartette
  35. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2011). Top Pop Singles 1955–2010. Record Research, Inc. p. 422. ISBN 0-89820-188-8.
  36. ^ "Ian & Sylvia - Lovin' Sound (Vinyl) at Discogs". Discogs.com. Retrieved 2012-04-04.

External links[edit]