Wendy Julia Lawson is a New Zealand glaciology academic. She is a full professor at the University of Canterbury. After an undergraduate at the University of Manchester and a 1990 PhD titled'The structural evolution of Variegated Glacier, Alaska.' at the University of Cambridge, she moved to the University of Canterbury, rising to full professor and Pro-Vice Chancellor of Science. Arnold, N. S. I. C. Willis, M. J. Sharp, K. S. Richards, W. J. Lawson. "A distributed surface energy-balance model for a small valley glacier. I. Development and testing for Haut Glacier d’Arolla, Switzerland." Journal of Glaciology 42, no. 140: 77-89. Lawson, Wendy J. Martin J. Sharp, Michael J. Hambrey. "The structural geology of a surge-type glacier." Journal of Structural Geology 16, no. 10: 1447-1462. Anderson, Brian M. Richard CA Hindmarsh, Wendy J. Lawson. "A modelling study of the response of Hatherton Glacier to Ross Ice Sheet grounding line retreat." Global and Planetary Change 42, no. 1-4: 143-153. Hubbard, Martin Sharp, Wendy J. Lawson.
Straw wine, or raisin wine, is a wine made from grapes that have been dried to concentrate their juice. The result is similar to that of the ice wine process, but is a much older process and suitable for warm climates; the technique dates back to pre-Classical times with wines becoming fashionable in Roman times and in late Medieval/Renaissance Europe when wines such as Malmsey and Candia were sought after. Traditionally, most production of these wines has been in Greece, the islands off Sicily, Northern Italy and the French Alps; however producers in other areas are now using with the method too. Under the classic method, after a careful hand harvest, selected bunches of ripe grapes will be laid out on mats in full sun.. This drying will be done on well exposed terraces somewhere near the wine press and the drying process will take around a week or a little longer. Small scale productions were laid out on flat roofs. Under less labour-intensive versions of the technique portable racks might be used instead of mats or nets, or the grapes are left lying on the ground beneath the vines, or left hanging on the vine with the vine-arm cut or the stem twisted.
Technically speaking the grapes must be cut off from the vine in order for the wine to be a'straw wine'. If the grapes are just left to over-ripen before being harvested if this is to the point of raisining, this is a'late harvest' wine; the exact technique used varies according to local conditions and modern innovations. In some regions the grapes are laid first in the sun and covered or they are covered at night to protect them against dew fall. In cooler, damper regions, the entire drying process takes place indoors in huts, attics or greenhouses with the bunches lying on racks or hanging up with good air circulation. Straw wines are sweet to sweet white wines, similar in density and sweetness to Sauternes but sweeter, they are capable of long ageing. The low yields and labour-intensive production method means. Around Verona red grapes are dried, are fermented in two different ways to make a strong dry red wine and a sweet red wine. Excavations in Cyprus on the Neolithic site at Erimi have revealed that sweet wine was made here some 6000 years ago.
This is the earliest appearance of sweet wine in the Mediterranean region. A wine grape wine known as the Cypriot Manna. Similar principles were used to make the medieval Cypriot wine Commandaria, still produced today; the process of making raisin wines was described by the Greek poet Hesiod in mainland Greece around 800 BC. Various Mediterranean raisin wines were described in the first century AD by Columella and Pliny the Elder. Pliny uses the Greek term for honey wine for the following raisin wine, "The grapes are left on the vine to dry in the sun... It is made by drying grapes in the sun, placing them for seven days in a closed place upon hurdles, some seven feet from the ground, care being taken to protect them at night from the dews: on the eighth day they are trodden out: this method, it is said, produces a liquor of exquisite bouquet and flavour; the liquor known as melitites is one of the sweet wines." Columella discusses the Passum wine made in ancient Carthage. The modern Italian name for this wine, echoes this ancient word, as does the French word used to describe the process of producing straw wines, passerillage.
The closest thing to passum is Moscato Passito di Pantelleria from Zibibbo, a variety of the ancient muscat grape, produced on Pantelleria, an island in the Strait of Sicily opposite to where Carthage used to be. Barossa Valley producer, Turkey Flat Vineyards has been experimenting with this style successfully since 2002 with their 100% Marsanne aptly named'The Last Straw'. Air-dried on racks for 6 weeks it is fermented in new oak & now bottle post-fermentation to retain freshness. Residual sugar sits at a comparatively low 59g/l Strohwein or Schilfwein is an Austrian wine term in the Prädikatswein category which designates a straw wine, a sweet dessert wine made from raisin-like dried grapes. Stroh is German for straw; the minimum must weight requirements for Strohwein or Schilfwein is 25 degrees KMW, the same as for Austrian Beerenauslese, these regulations are part of the Austrian wine law. The grapes are furthermore required to be dried for a minimum of three months, either by laying the grape bunches on mats of straw or reed, or by hanging the bunches up for drying by suspending them from pieces of string.
However, if the grapes have reached a must weight of at least 30 ºKMW after a minimum of two months, the grapes are allowed to be pressed at this earlier time. Strohwein and Schilfwein are treated as synonyms by the wine law, the choice between them therefore depends on local naming tradition rather than the specific material used for the drying mats for a specific batch of wine; the Strohwein Prädikat exists only in Austria, not in Germany. The raisin wine most seen in Croatia is Prošek, traditionally from the southern area of Dalmatia, it is made using dried wine grapes in the passito method. There are only a few commercial producers as it is a homemade affair. Slámové víno is the Czech term for straw wine that, under Czech wine law, is classified as a Predicate wine. Czech regulations require the harvested grapes to come
Pavel Yakubovich is a Belarusian journalist and politician. As the chief editor of Sovetskaya Belorussiya – Belarus' Segodnya, the main official newspaper of Belarus, he has been accused of propaganda in favour of the authoritarian regime of president Alexander Lukashenko. After graduating from school he worked as a prison ward and construction worker, did his military service in the Soviet Internal Troops, he soon joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. In 1973, Yakubovich graduated from the Belarusian State University, he worked as editor in several Belarusian newspapers: Znamya Yunosti, Krynitsa. In 1995 he was appointed deputy chief editor and chief editor of Sovetskaya Belorussiya, the official publication of the Presidential Administration of Belarus, he has been chief editor of the newspaper renamed Sovetskaya Belorussiya – Belarus' Segodnya, since then. In 2011, president Lukashenko appointed Pavel Yakubovich member of the upper chamber of the Parliament of Belarus. Yakubovich has received several state awards, including Order of Francysk Skaryna.
In 2011, after the wave of repressions that followed the 2010 presidential election in Belarus, Pavel Yakubovich and several other top managers and employees of major state media became subject to an EU travel ban and asset freeze as part of a sanctions list of 208 individuals responsible for political repressions, electoral fraud and propaganda. The sanctions were lifted in 2016. According to the EU Council's decision, Pavel Yakubovich was "one of the most vocal and influential members of the state propaganda machine in the printed press, he has supported and justified the repression of the democratic opposition and of civil society, which are systematically highlighted in a negative and derogatory way using falsified information. He was active in this regard after the crackdown on peaceful demonstrations on 19 December 2010 and on subsequent protests.." Pavel Yakubovich is a distant relative of the Russian TV host and showman. List of people and organizations sanctioned in relation to human rights violations in Belarus Sovetskaya Belorussiya – Belarus' Segodnya Presidential Administration of Belarus
Herbert Frood was an English inventor and entrepreneur. He is known for being the inventor of brake pads. Frood was born in a town in the West Riding of Yorkshire, where he grew up, he was the oldest of four children. His father was Charles Trefusis Frood, born on 1 December 1827 in Surrey. Herbert Frood's training was not in engineering. Frood started the Herbert Frood Company in around 1905, having started in the engineering business in 1897, his company developed friction surfaces for vehicle braking systems. Whereas other inventors concentrated on the means of placing pressure on the vehicle wheel in the braking system, Frood was one of the few to look at the type of material being used for contacting the wheel's surface - a more efficient frictional surface, he developed better brakes because of the inadequacies of shoe brakes on the Derbyshire hills. After the success of his invention, Frood started, his invention used solid woven cotton impregnated with natural resins for brake pads. Phenol formaldehyde resins were used.
Frood became Joint Managing Director of Ferodo with William Horrocks. On 21 January 1920, Ferodo Ltd. was floated on the London Stock Exchange. Frood retired in 1927. In September 1918, Herbert Frood bought Fiddle Inn; the pub was in danger of being closed, Frood planned to build a garage next to the pub. Frood was married twice, he had two daughters from his first marriage in 1893. He was married again on 21 April 1926 at Woodford church by the vicar of Poynton. From this marriage he had three children, he lived with his family on Manchester Road in Buxton, although put their house up for sale a few months after the marriage. Frood died in May 1931, at the age of 67, his second wife died on 21 October 1943 at the age of 48. His son Herbert married in Liverpool in 1959, died in Cheshire in 1999. Grace's Guide Ferodo at Grace's Guide Ferodo
Nicholas George Montos was an American criminal, associate of the Chicago Outfit and a fugitive. Montos was the first person to be placed twice on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list. At his death in 2008 aged 92, Montos was the oldest inmate in the state of Massachusetts. Montos first became involved in crime at the age of 14 and dropped out of a Lakeland, Florida high school in the 11th grade in 1933, he released. In November 1934, he was arrested in Raleigh, North Carolina for auto theft and served 18 months, first in Ohio and at a prison camp in Petersburg, Virginia. In July 1936, he was arrested for possessing burglary tools but escaped from the Miami county jail before being recaptured and serving time in Raiford, he was picked up yet again in 1938 for burglaries in Alabama and Georgia, escaped twice in Alabama in 1942 and 1944. By 1945, he had set himself up in Chicago and was convicted on charges of burglary and postal larceny. More burglary charges in Alabama and Mississippi were filed against Montos in 1949, 1950 and 1951.
On September 8, 1952 he was placed on the FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list after a robbery in Georgia. Was arrested in 1954 as he prepared to rob a freight train in Chicago. Two years Montos escaped from the Mississippi State Penitentiary using a hacksaw, he was again caught 26 days later. From 1957 to 1962, he was imprisoned at Alcatraz, was soon recaptured upon release for an armed robbery. After being released from prison in May 1973, he joined the payroll of Chicago Teamsters Local 714 while moonlighting as a burglar in Youngstown, Ohio. In the late 1970s, he was living in the Chicago suburb of Forest Park and working for Chicago Outfit members John Monteleone and James Torello, he was a prime suspect in the attempted murder of Milwaukee Mafia member Vincent Maniaci in 1977. Montos attempted to rob a Brookline, Massachusetts antiques store in 1995, he tied up 73 year-old Sonia Paine, referring to her with an antisemitic epithet. She managed to attack Montos with a baseball bat. At the time, Montos had been a fugitive for nine years, having been convicted in absentia for robbing an Indiana jewelry store.
Montos was sentenced to serving 33 to 40 years for the Brookline robbery and sent to the Massachusetts Correctional Institution — Norfolk. Montos, who suffered from heart problems had a triple bypass in 2000. Into his sentence he became weaker and started to pick up more health problems, he applied for parole after the surgery but it was denied. A few weeks before his death Montos once again applied for parole. Montos died on November 2008, while his parole plea was still to be evaluated. There were several requests to free Montos. Several prisoners started a petition along with Massachusetts residents so he could live his last days with his elderly sister in Florida. A prisoners rights group, End the Odds, had campaigned for his release. List of fugitives from justice who disappeared