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Ice Hockey World Championships

The Ice Hockey World Championships are an annual international men's ice hockey tournament organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation. First held at the 1920 Summer Olympics, it is the sport's highest profile annual international tournament; the IIHF was created in 1908 while the European Championships, the precursor to the World Championships, were first held in 1910. The tournament held at the 1920 Summer Olympics is recognized as the first Ice Hockey World Championship. From 1920 to 1968, the Olympic hockey tournament was considered the World Championship for that year; the first World Championship, held as an individual event was in 1930 in which twelve nations participated. In 1931, ten teams played a series of round-robin format qualifying rounds to determine which nations participated in the medal round. Medals were awarded based on the final standings of the teams in the medal round. In 1951, thirteen nations were split into two groups; the top seven teams played for the World Championship.

The other six played for ranking purposes. This basic format would be used until 1992. During a congress in 1990, the IIHF introduced a playoff system; as the IIHF grew, more teams began to participate at the World Championships, so more pools were introduced. The modern format for the World Championship features 16 teams in the championship group, 12 teams in Division I and 12 teams in Division II. If there are more than 40 teams, the rest compete in Division III; the teams in the championship play a preliminary round the top eight teams play in the playoff medal round and the winning team is crowned World Champion. Over the years, the tournament has gone through several rule changes. In 1969 body-checking in all three zones in a rink was allowed and goaltender masks became mandatory in the early 1970s and in 1992 the IIHF began using the shootout; the current IIHF rules differ from the rules used in the NHL. From the 1920 Olympics until the 1976 World Championships, only athletes designated as "amateur" were allowed to compete in the tournament.

Because of this, players from the National Hockey League and its senior minor-league teams were not allowed to compete, while the Soviet Union was allowed to use permanent full-time players who were positioned as regular workers of an aircraft industry or tractor industry employer that sponsored what would be presented as an after-hours amateur social sports society team for their workers. In 1970, after an agreement to allow just a small number of its professionals to participate was rescinded by the IIHF, Canada withdrew from the tournament. Starting in 1977, professional athletes were allowed to compete in the tournament and Canada re-entered; the IIHF requires that players are citizens of the country they represent and allow players to switch national teams provided that they play in their new nation for a certain period of time. Canada was the tournament's first dominant team, winning the tournament 12 times from 1930 to 1952; the United States, Sweden, Great Britain and Switzerland were competitive during this period.

The Soviet Union first soon became rivals with Canada. From 1963 until the nation's breakup in 1991, the Soviet Union was the dominant team, winning 20 championships. During that period, only three other nations won medals: Canada and Sweden. Russia first participated in 1992 and the Czech Republic and Slovakia began competing in 1993. In the 2000s, the competition became more open as the "Big Six" teams – Canada, the Czech Republic, Russia and the United States – as well as Slovakia and Switzerland have become more evenly matched; as this tournament takes place during the same period as the stages of the NHL's Stanley Cup playoffs, many of that league's top players are not available to participate for their national teams or have only become available after their NHL teams have been eliminated, after playing 90+ games. North American teams, the United States, have been criticized for not taking this tournament seriously. For example, USA Hockey sent teams made up of younger NHL players alongside college players, not using top level stars when they are available.

The 2015 World Championship, held in Prague and Ostrava, Czech Republic, was the most successful to date in terms of overall attendance. The International Ice Hockey Federation, the sport's governing body, was created on 15 May 1908 under the name Ligue Internationale de Hockey sur Glace. In 1908, organized ice hockey was still new. In 1887, four clubs from Montreal formed the Amateur Hockey Association of Canada and developed a structured schedule. Lord Stanley donated the Stanley Cup and the trustees decided to award it to either the best team in the AHAC, or to any pre-approved team that won it in a challenge; the Eastern Canada Amateur Hockey Association was formed in 1905, which mixed paid and amateur players in its rosters. The ECAHA folded and as a result of the dissolution, the National Hockey Association formed; the Ice Hockey European Championships, first held in Les Avants, Switzerland in January 1910, were the precursor to the World Championships. It was the first official tournament meant for national teams, the participating nations were Great Britain, Germany and Switzerland.

In North America, professional hockey was continuing to grow, the National Hockey League, the largest professional hockey league in the world, was formed in 1917. The Europe

Metamorphosis (illusion)

Metamorphosis is the name of a stage illusion invented by John Nevil Maskelyne, but most associated with famous escape artist Harry Houdini and performed to some renown by The Pendragons, among others. It is known amongst magicians as the Substitution Trunk. In the illusion, an assistant is locked inside a large box or trunk after being restrained with handcuffs, bags, etc; the magician holds a curtain up to momentarily conceal his entire body. When the curtain is lowered, it is now revealed to be the assistant standing atop the box, the magician and assistant having changed places instantaneously; when the box is opened, it is shown to contain the magician, restrained. In some acts, the magician is locked in the box first appears standing atop the box. Variations include the Aquarian Illusion created in the 1970s by Alan Wakeling for Mark Wilson, who performed it in The Magic Circus series and a HBO special Mumbo Jumbo! It's Magic, in closing his Las Vegas shows. In this version an acrylic tank filled with water is used and a beautiful swimsuit-clad woman assistant is locked inside underwater.

Penn and Teller performed the illusion in an underwater theatre with a female assistant handcuffed and locked in a steel cage on the sea bottom. These variations add an element of peril; the assistant is trapped underwater with no source of air, if something were to go wrong she could drown. Pictured to the right is "Suspended Animation". Called the modern day metamorphosis, the trunk is suspended on a platform above the stage creating an aerial exchange; this evolution of the illusion was invented by John Taylor. Illusionist Criss Angel assisted by Klayton and his other assistants has performed the Metamorphosis trick as part of his "Amystika" show. In Angel's version, he was handcuffed, put into the box with assistant standing on top of it. After the flashes and torches lit the stage, they swapped places. A method for Metamorphosis was exposed by the Masked Magician, Val Valentino, as part of Fox TV series Breaking the Magicians' Code: Magic's Biggest Secrets Finally Revealed, he was assisted by Michelle Berube.

Video, Metamorphosis illusion performed by the Pendragons

Jamestown Regional Airport

Jamestown Regional Airport is a public use airport located two nautical miles northeast of the central business district of Jamestown, a city in Stutsman County, North Dakota, United States. It is owned by the Jamestown Regional Airport Authority and was known as Jamestown Municipal Airport, it is used for general aviation but is served by one commercial airline, with flights twice each weekday and once on Saturdays and Sundays. Scheduled passenger service is subsidized by the Essential Air Service program; as per Federal Aviation Administration records, the airport had 2,769 passenger boardings in calendar year 2008, 3,471 enplanements in 2009 and 4,434 in 2010. It is included in the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011-2015, which categorized it as a non-primary commercial service airport. Jamestown Regional Airport covers an area of 1,500 acres at an elevation of 1,500 feet above mean sea level, it has two runways with asphalt surfaces: 13/31 is 6,502 by 100 feet and 4/22 is 5,750 by 75 feet.

For the 12-month period ending December 31, 2010, the airport had 37,252 aircraft operations, an average of 102 per day: 85% general aviation, 11% air taxi, 4% scheduled commercial, <1% military. At that time there were 51 aircraft based at this airport: 96% single-engine, 2% multi-engine, 2% helicopter. Jamestown Regional Airport - Admiral Don Weiss Field, official website Jamestown Regional Airport at City of Jamestown website Jamestown Regional page at North Dakota Aeronautics Commission website Aerial image as September 1997 from USGS The National Map FAA Terminal Procedures for JMS, effective February 27, 2020 Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for JMS AirNav airport information for KJMS ASN accident history for JMS FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker NOAA/NWS weather observations: current, past three days SkyVector aeronautical chart, Terminal Procedures


Bergweiler is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Bernkastel-Wittlich district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. The municipality lies some 5 km west of the district seat, Wittlich, in the southern Eifel at an elevation of some 300 m above sea level, affords a raised view into the Wittlicher Senke. Bergweiler belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Wittlich-Land, whose seat is in Wittlich, although that town is itself not in the Verbandsgemeinde; the municipality was called “Bergweiler über Wittlich”, which expressed both the proximity to the district seat and the municipality's geographical location. The municipal area measures 13.25 km² of which 5.71 km² is used for agriculture and 6.33 km² is wooded. Bergweiler's neighbours are Wittlich, Bruch and Hupperath. Near Bergweiler, traces of Stone Age settlement – stone tools – have been found that have been dated to around 3000 BC. There are clues that point to Roman settlement near the village.

In 981, Bergweiler had its first documentary mention as Wilre, an archaic form of the German word Weiler, meaning “hamlet”. Thereafter the name changed several times to fit the ever-changing language, thus the village was in 1056 called Villaris, in 1171 Reinboldvillari, in 1184 Villare, in 1190 Vilare, in 1219 Wilare, in 1243 Remboldswilre, in the 14th century Wilre supra montem, in 1417 Wiler, in 1428 Wilre, in 1487 Wyler, in 1569 Bergwiler and eventually Bergweiler in 1656. In an episcopal visitation protocol from 1669, this name is used for Bergweiler. From this same protocol comes the first mention of a small church, known today as the Fintenkapelle; as early as the 13th century, Bergweiler was being described as a parish seat. In 1669 and 1833, the church was newly built on the same spot in what was the centre of Bergweiler. In 1957, Saint John's Catholic Church was renovated and converted, for the most part through the inhabitants’ own work. Neighbouring the church with its forecourt is a graveyard.

Housed in the accompanying parish hall is the village's Eifel-Heimat-Museum, a local history museum. The Fintenkapelle, outside the village, from the 17th century, frequented as a local pilgrimage church, was in 1959 renovated; the small field chapel is known as a pilgrimage chapel for sick children. The sick child's weight in a crib in grain was used to determine the donation that had to be made to the chapel for its use; the many votive tablets inside the chapel still bear witness today to the chapel's function as a place of prayer. Architecturally interesting is the little pulpit outside the chapel, it was necessary for the priest to preach to believers gathered outside in the open field before the chapel from this outdoor pulpit because the chapel was too small. The chapel was first mentioned in 1656. In 2004, the chapel was once again lavishly renovated by local volunteer helpers, since it has shone with new radiance; the Fintenkapelle is the municipality's landmark. Before the French Revolution, the Lords of Warsberg held the landlordship in the Imperial Knightly Lordship of Bergweiler.

Years-long legal proceedings over Imperial immediacy before the Imperial Chamber Court were rendered obsolete in 1794 by the French occupation of the area. In 1815, Bergweiler became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. Since 1946, it has been part of the newly founded state of Rhineland-Palatinate; the village is today, both by the inhabitants and on maps, divided into two Ortsteile. The old centre with the church is called Bergweiler or Unterdorf, whereas the newer part, a few metres higher than the older part, is called Oberbergweiler or Oberdorf. Meanwhile, the further building that comes with population growth means that the village is growing together more and more; the council is made up of 12 council members, who were elected by proportional representation at the municipal election held on 7 June 2009, the honorary mayor as chairman. The twelve seats on council are shared between the Thielen voters’ group and the Bergweiler free voters’ group; the German blazon reads: Schild geteilt, oben in Schwarz ein goldbekrönter und goldbewehrter silberner wachsender Löwe, unten Silber-Rot geschacht.

The municipality's arms might in English heraldic language be described thus: Per fess sable a demi-lion rampant argent armed and crowned Or and chequy argent and gules. To establish the historical basis for Bergweiler's coat of arms, one must go back to the territorial situation before 1789. Bergweiler's landlord was the Baron of Warsberg, he exercised his powers within the Imperially immediate Lordship of Bergweiler, transferred to the Counts of Sponheim. Bergweiler's coat of arms must therefore express both the overlordship of the Counts of Sponheim and the landlordship of the Barons of Warsberg; this was done by composing a coat of arms party per fess whose lower half shows the Sponheims’ silver and red checkerboard pattern, whose upper half shows a black field charged with the Warsbergs’ silver lion. By approval in 1967, Bergweiler was granted the right to bear its own arms. At the Eifel-Heimat-Museum, agricultural equipment and tools from the 19th century are shown. In the middle of the museum stands an oil painting that shows one of the many legends surrounding the history of the Wittlich Säubrennerkirmes.

The painting, believed to be the biggest oil painting in Rhineland-Palatinate, was painted by Otto Frankfurter. The Werthelstein (also called Wedelstein or Würstelstein, o

John Matthews (American football)

John Matthews is a former American football wide receiver. He was signed by the Indianapolis Colts as an undrafted free agent in 2009, he played college football at University of San Diego. He was a member of the Jacksonville Jaguars, Miami Dolphins, San Francisco 49ers. Matthews was claimed of waivers by the Jacksonville Jaguars on July 21, 2010, he was cut on September 4, 2010, but signed on to the Jaguars' practice squad on September 5, 2010. He was elevated to the active roster in time for the week 1 game against the Denver Broncos, he was released on September 16, 2010. Matthews was re-signed to the Jaguars' practice squad. Prior to Jacksonville's week 10 game against the Houston Texans, he was elevated to the active roster, he was waived on August 13, 2011. Matthews signed with the Miami Dolphins on August 16, 2011, was released on September 2, 2011, becoming a free agent. Matthews was signed to the practice squad on October 4, 2011. On November 15, 2011, Matthews was released from the 49ers' practice squad, when safety Mark Legree was signed to practice squad, but was re-signed on November 29, 2011.

He was released from the 49ers on May 14, 2012. He resides in Colorado, he attended Regis Jesuit High School in Colorado. Jacksonville Jaguars bio


Pedlinge is a hamlet on the edge of the village of Saltwood in Kent. It has its own church, though this is classified as a District Chapel-of-Ease since Pedlinge is part of the parish of Saltwood, not a parish in its own right; the heart of the community is a collection of buildings comprising the church, a house, two cottages. Nearby is the rear-entrance gatehouse to Sandling Park, though as of 2007, the gatehouse dwelling was derelict; the main house, Sandling Park, was derelict for some time, but was rebuilt by the owner of the Sandling Estate, Alan Hardy. In 2007, the house was occupied by Mrs Carolyn Hardy OBE VMH; the community is dominated by Sandling Park, a large house and estate named after Saltwood's other hamlet, Sandling. The chapel at Pedlinge is traditionally the place of worship of the estate workers, it was commissioned by Laurence Hardy. The estate stretches from Sandling to Pedlinge