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Ice hockey at the 2002 Winter Olympics

Ice hockey at the 2002 Winter Olympics was held at the E Center in West Valley City and Peaks Ice Arena in Provo, Utah. The men's and women's tournaments were won by Canada, who defeated the host United States in both finals; the final standings at the end of the 1999 IIHF World Championship were used to determine the path to the Olympic tournament. The top six places were given direct entry to the first round, places seven and eight were given direct entry to the preliminary round, all other participants were seeded in qualifying tournaments to fill the remaining six spots; this chart shows the seeding path for all nations, in detail. These standings are presented as the IIHF has them, however both the NHL an IOC maintain that all quarterfinal losers are ranked equal at 5th; the qualification process, seedings for the Olympic tournament, came from the final standings of the 2000 IIHF Women's World Championship. The top six nations were given direct entry to the Olympics, the final two spots were contested in a qualification tournament.

The nations ranked seven through ten played a round robin in Engelberg Switzerland February 8–11, 2001. The eight teams were split into two equal divisions. All teams played three preliminary games within their division. Following the completion of the preliminary round, the top two teams from each division advanced to the medal round and competed in a playoff to determine the gold medalist; the other four played classification games. Team rosters were allowed to have between 18 skaters. A total of eight national teams competed in the women's ice hockey tournament. Ice sledge hockey at the 2002 Winter Paralympics Official results for men's tournament Official results for women's tournament Official results for women's qualification Official structure and seeding for men's qualification and Olympic tournament

1588 in art

The year 1588 in art involved some significant events and new works. Opificio delle pietre dure established in Florence. Cornelis van Haarlem starts working on The Fall of the Titans Annibale Carracci – approximate date Landscape with a Fishing Scene Venus with a Satyr and Cupids Hendrik Goltzius – The Four Disgracers George GowerArmada Portrait of Elizabeth I of England Nicholas Hilliard – Young Man Among Roses Kaspar Memberger the Elder – Building of the Ark Hans von AachenThe Judgement of Paris January 10 – Nicolaes Eliaszoon Pickenoy, Dutch painter of Flemish origin January 20 – Francesco Gessi, Italian painter of frescoes September 10 – Nicholas Lanier, English composer, lutenist and art collector date unknown Claude Deruet, French Baroque painter Giuseppe Badaracco, Italian painter of the Baroque period Marco Antonio Bassetti, Italian painter Ilario Casolano, Italian painter of the Baroque period Hendrick ter Brugghen, Dutch painter, a leading member of the Dutch followers of Caravaggio Jan Sadeler II, Flemish engraver of the Sadeler family Cristóbal Vela, Spanish Baroque painter and gilder March 9 – Pomponio Amalteo, Italian painter of the Venetian school April 19 – Paolo Veronese, Italian painter of the Renaissance in Venice August 8 – Alonso Sánchez Coello, portrait painter of the Spanish Renaissance date unknown Marco Marchetti, Italian painter Jacques le Moyne de Morgues, French artist and member of Jean Ribault's expedition to the New World Plautilla Nelli, Florentine religious painter and nun Jacopo Strada, Italian painter, goldsmith, inventor of machines, linguist and merchant of works of art

Eva Luckes

Eva Charlotte Ellis Luckes was Matron of The London Hospital from 1880 to 1919. Eva Abigail Charlotte Ellis Luckes was born in Exeter, Devon on 8 July 1854 into an upper-middle-class family, her father, Henry Richard Luckes, was a banker who had established a comfortable home for his family in Newnham, Gloucestershire. Miss Luckes, the eldest of three daughters, was educated at Cheltenham College and Dresden, she suffered from some physical disablement and had a horse to help her travel about the countryside. After finishing her education she returned to Newnham and helped her mother run the house and visited the sick of the parish, it was this. Luckes began her training in September 1876 when she entered the Middlesex Hospital as a paying probationer, she left after three months, finding the work too strenuous. This did not prevent her from trying again and after a rest, she started at the Westminster Hospital, completing her training in August 1878, she was appointed night sister at the London Hospital, where she stayed for three months before becoming lady superintendent at the Manchester General Hospital for Sick Children in Pendlebury.

She resigned from this post after clashing with the medical committee for attempting to instigate reforms in the standard of nurse training. After serving for a short period at the Hospital for Sick Children Great Ormond Street. At 26, Luckes was the youngest of the five candidates interviewed and several of the Committee thought her'too young and too pretty' and were wary of appointing someone with little experience. However, the confidence of the committee members was well founded as she set about introducing a programme of reforms to improve the standard of nursing at The London, although it should be remembered that a Sub-Committee, to review the system, had been appointed in the previous year. While Luckes was not a "Nightingale nurse," in the sense of having trained at the Nightingale School at St Thomas', she sought advice on nursing and hospital problems from Nightingale; the two met periodically and Nightingale in effect became her mentor, her active supporter when a House of Lords' committee was established to investigate charges against her.

Nightingale worked strenuously behind the scenes to clear her name, notably by eliciting the help of her cousin, General Sir Lothian Nicholson, a governor at the hospital. Luckes was cleared of all the charges, she was a valued collaborator of Nightingale's in the campaign against the state registration of nurses led by Ethel Gordon Fenwick, on which see "State Registration of Nurses". Luckes is given credit for the appointment of Sydney Holland to the London Hospital committee, where he became treasurer and chair, he raised the money for a substantial hospital expansion, including a new nurses' home. Luckes appreciated Nightingale's "patient, bright listening—there are as many differences in the ways of listening as in the ways of talking, are there not?" she remarked in a last letter: "I left your room yesterday feeling so much better for having been with you," her anxieties "melting away," so that she could be "strong" again, "see the way to go". Luckes' reforms initiated in 1880 were built around a well established plan of what she wanted to achieve.

They were expected to undertake a further 2 years service. She ensured that nurses were better provided for by seeing that meals were provided and that better accommodation was available. After the reforms, it was established that a Probationer's training should last 2 years, the first year being concerned with theoretical knowledge and the second with practical skills. If successful in the examination at the end of this time, the qualified nurse was expected to serve for a further year; the training was extended to 3 years and 1 year after qualification. In 1884 a class of "Paying Probationers" – those who could afford to pay for their training – was introduced; the selection procedure for new nurses became more rigorous. After an application form had been filled in, there was a personal interview with Matron, a medical examination and a month's trial before being accepted as a probationer. Proper training was given, supplemented by lectures given by Luckes herself and a member of the medical staff.

Proper examinations were introduced at the end of the training period. In 1895 the system of training was amended, by the introduction of a 7-week Preliminary Training Course at Tredegar House, devoted entirely to classroom learning, followed by an examination. In the summer of 1897 an epidemic of typhoid fever broke out in Maidstone and six of Luckes' Nurses were seconded to help, including Edith Cavell. Of the 1,700 who contracted the disease, only 132 died. In 1905 a department for the training of Pupil Midwives was established and was recognised by the Central Midwives Board in February 1906, she improved the pay of her nurses and encouraged them to join the National Pension Scheme for Nurses, established. In June 1885, Luckes introduced a Private Nursing Institution, established in January 1886, to provide trained nurses for private patients; the purpose of the system was twofold: to boost the reputation and finances of the Hospital and to keep the services of nurses who might otherwise leave.

Luckes introduced the Preliminary Training School in 1895 at Tredegar House. The original school was established in

Duncan Campbell Scott

Duncan Campbell Scott was a Canadian bureaucrat and prose writer. With Charles G. D. Roberts, Bliss Carman, Archibald Lampman, he is classed as one of Canada's Confederation Poets. Scott was a Canadian lifetime civil servant who served as deputy superintendent of the Department of Indian Affairs from 1913 to 1932, he advocated for the assimilation of Canada's First Nations peoples in that capacity. While Scott was known only for his work in poetry and literature in Canada during his life and many decades after his death, Scott's legacy was stained when his work in Indian Affairs received more scrutiny in the 21st century, classed as cultural genocide. Scott was born in Ottawa, the son of Rev. William Scott and Janet MacCallum, he was educated at Stanstead Wesleyan College. Early in life, he became an accomplished pianist. Scott wanted to be a doctor, but family finances were precarious, so in 1879 he joined the federal civil service; as the story goes, William Scott might not have money. Among his acquaintances was the prime minister, Sir John A. Macdonald, who agreed to meet with Duncan.

As chance would have it, when Duncan arrived for his interview, the prime minister had a memo on his desk from the Indian Branch of the Department of the Interior asking for a temporary copying clerk. Making a quick decision while the serious young applicant waited in front of him, Macdonald wrote across the request:'Approved. Employ Mr. Scott at $1.50.' Scott "spent his entire career in the same branch of government, working his way up to the position of deputy superintendent of Indian Affairs in 1913, the highest non-elected position possible in his department. He remained in this post until his retirement in 1932."Scott's father subsequently found work in Indian Affairs, the entire family moved into a newly built house on 108 Lisgar St. where Duncan Campbell Scott would live for the rest of his life. In 1883 Scott met Archibald Lampman, it was the beginning of an instant friendship that would continue unbroken until Lampman's death sixteen years later.... It was Scott who initiated wilderness camping trips, a recreation that became Lampman's favourite escape from daily drudgery and family problems.

In turn, Lampman's dedication to the art of poetry would inspire Scott's first experiments in verse. By the late 1880s Scott was Scribner's. In 1889 his poems "At the Cedars" and "Ottawa" were included in the pioneering anthology, Songs of the Great Dominion. Scott and Lampman "shared a love of the Canadian wilderness. During the 1890s the two made a number of canoe trips together in the area north of Ottawa."In 1892 and 1893, Scott and William Wilfred Campbell wrote a literary column, "At the Mermaid Inn," for the Toronto Globe. "Scott... came up with the title for it. His intention was to conjure up a vision of The Mermaid Inn Tavern in old London where Sir Walter Raleigh founded the famous club whose members included Ben Jonson and Fletcher, other literary lights. In 1893 Scott published his first book of The Magic House and Other Poems, it would be followed by seven more volumes of verse: Labor and the Angel, New World Lyrics and Ballads, Via Borealis, Lundy's Lane and Other Poems and Life, The Poems of Duncan Campbell Scott and The Green Cloister.

In 1894, Scott married a concert violinist, whom he had met at a recital in Ottawa. They had one child, who died at 12. Before she was born, Scott asked his mother and sisters to leave his home, causing a long-time rift in the family. In 1896 Scott published his first collection of stories, In the Village of Viger, "a collection of delicate sketches of French Canadian life. Two collections, The Witching of Elspie and The Circle of Affection, contained many fine short stories." Scott wrote a novel, although it was not published until after his death. After Lampman died in 1899, Scott helped publish a number of editions of Lampman's poetry. Scott "was a prime mover in the establishment of the Ottawa Little Theatre and the Dominion Drama Festival." In 1923 the Little Theatre performed Pierre. His wife died in 1929. In 1931 he married more than 30 years his junior. After he retired the next year, "he and Elise spent much of the 1930s and 1940s travelling in Europe and the United States."Scott died in December 1947 in Ottawa at the age of 85 and is buried in Ottawa's Beechwood Cemetery.

Scott was honoured for his writing after his lifetime. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1899 and served as its president from 1921 to 1922; the Society awarded him the second-ever Lorne Pierce Medal in 1927 for his contributions to Canadian literature. In 1934 he was made a Companion of the Order of St. George, he received honorary degrees from the University of Toronto and Queen's University. In 1948, the year after his death, he was designated a Person of National Historic Significance. Scott's "literary reputation has never been in doubt, he has been well represented in all major anthologies of Canadian poetry published since 1900." In Poets of the Younger Generation, Scottish literary critic William Archer wrote of Scott:He is above everything a poet of climate and atmosphere, employing with a nimble, graphic touch the clear, transparent colours of a richly-furnished palette.... Though it must not be understood that

The Wind Journeys

The Wind Journeys is a 2009 Colombian-German-Argentine-Dutch drama film written and directed by Ciro Guerra. It was filmed in 80 locations in Northern Colombia and is spoken in Spanish, Palenquero and Ikun, it was selected as the Colombian entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 82nd Academy Awards, but was not nominated. The film follows the travel of vallenato musician Ignacio Carrillo, followed by Fermín, a young boy who wants to be his apprentice, in a journey to return his instrument to his original owner, the man who once was his mentor. Ignacio Carrillo is a vallenato musician from Majagual, who decides, after his wife's sudden death, to stop playing and return his accordion to his former master, it is said that the instrument is cursed after the former master, won a duel with the devil. He is joined by Fermín Morales, a teenage boy who admires Ignacio and wishes to become a juglar like him. Carrillo reluctantly accepts, given his loneliness. In 1968, on an Ash Wednesday, Carrillo and their donkey start a journey throughout several towns in the Caribbean region in Northern Colombia, to Taroa (a small caserío in La Guajira Desert, where Carrillo's master lives.

During their journey, Carrillo participates in the first version of the Vallenato Legend Festival in Valledupar. Marciano Martínez as Ignacio Carrillo Yull Núñez as Fermín Morales Agustín Nieves as Ninz José Luis Torres as Meyo Guerra had the idea to make the film after an introduction meeting for students when he began to study films in the National University of Colombia. "A boy standed up and said: My name is John Doe, I'm x years old and I hate the vallenato. And people applauded him.". He decided to demonstrate that the vallenato is more than "commercial music, heard in the buses of the cities and that generates prevention in people". Guerra sees vallenato as an important cultural component pointing out "If there is the American imaginary of the western and the Chinese imaginary of the fantastic genre of martial arts, here is one rich in vallenato"; the protagonists of the film had no experience as actors before the production, so they received a year of preparation for the making of the film.

According to Guerra, it was easy to find people willing to participate in the production, with the exception of the Arawak of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, who were a more reserved community so it took a year's effort to persuade them. The production was released on April 2009 as part of the Vallenato Legend Festival; the film received positive reviews from critics. Justin Chang of Variety gave a positive review of the film, he summarized his review saying: "The rugged majesty of the Colombian landscape forms a spectacular widescreen backdrop for a simple, bittersweet tale of regret and companionship in "The Wind Journeys." David Sterritt of TCM wrote: "Extremely high praise is due to the widescreen color cinematography by Paulo Andrés Pérez, which captures a sweeping array of locations... in images brimming with atmosphere." He praised the music by Iván Ocampo, saying that his "... original score is crucial to the movie's effectiveness". As noted by Ana Cecilia Calle in her review for Austin Film Society, the film makes references to the legendary figure of Francisco the Man, of whom it is said beat the devil in a contest and is mentioned in Gabriel García Márquez's One Hundred Years of Solitude.

She wrote: "The film points out ways music connected people and territories in rural northern Colombia in the late 1960's... The film's quest of returning the accordion is an homage to such communities..." Like others, she praised the cinematography saying: "Guerra's careful cinematography offers both a tempting dish and a challenge for the audience: panoramic shots, long silences, short dialogues, wide ambient sound. These elements allow us to lose ourselves in a sensorial experience that can question our traditional cinematic ideas about time." The Wind Journeys was chosen to participate in the Un Certain Regard section at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival. There it won the Award of the City of Rome; the film won the awards of Best Colombian Film and Best Director at 2009 Bogotá Film Festival and Best Colombian Film and Best Director at 2010 Cartagena Film Festival. The film won the Best Spanish Language Film award at 2010 Santa Barbara International Film Festival. List of submissions to the 82nd Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film List of Colombian submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film Los viajes del viento on IMDb The Wind Journeys at Rotten Tomatoes Los viajes del viento at AllMovie Los viajes del viento at Proimágenes Colombia


Aberdyfi Welsh pronunciation: known as Aberdovey, is a village and community on the north side of the estuary of the River Dyfi in Gwynedd, on the west coast of Wales. The Community had a population of 878 as of the 2011 census; the electoral ward had a larger population of 1,282. The village was founded around the harbour and shipbuilding industry, but is now best known as a seaside resort with a high quality beach; the centre is on the river and seafront, around the original harbour and beach but it stretches back from the coast and up the steep hillside in the midst of typical Welsh coastal scenery of steep green hills and sheep farms. Penhelig, with its own railway station, is the eastern part of the village. Aberdyfi is a popular tourist attraction, with many returning holidaymakers from the metropolitan areas of England, such as the West Midlands, less than 100 miles to the east. A large proportion of houses in the village are now holiday homes, resulting in high house prices; the town is located within the Snowdonia National Park.

In the 2011 census, 38.5% of the population of Aberdyfi ward identified themselves as Welsh. The anglicised spelling for the village and community is Aberdovey; the Welsh Aberdyfi is now used locally and by the Gwynedd Council and the Welsh Government. Some entities continue to use the anglicisation e.g. in their name and/or address and some use the two spellings interchangeably. Local tradition suggests that the Romans established a track into Aberdyfi as part of the military occupation of Wales around AD78; the strategic location in mid-Wales was the site of several conferences between north and south Wales princes in 540, 1140, for the Council of Aberdyfi in 1216. The hill in the centre of Aberdyfi, Pen-y-Bryn, has been claimed to be the site of fortifications in the 1150s, which were soon destroyed; the site of Aberdyfi Castle however is said to be at the motte earthworks further up the river near Glandyfi. During the Spanish Armada of 1597, a Spanish ship, the Bear of Amsterdam missed her objective at Milford Haven and ended up having entered the Dyfi estuary.

She was unable to leave for 10 days because of the wind and could not be boarded as no suitable boats were available. An attempt to burn her was frustrated by winds and when she did leave she ended up being captured by a waiting English fleet off the Cornish coast. In the 1700s, the village grew with the appearance of several of the inns still in current use. Copper was mined in the present Copperhill Street, lead in Penhelig. An electoral ward of the same name stretches inland along the A494 road and includes Pennal community; the total population of the ward taken at the 2011 census was 1,282. In the 1800s, Aberdyfi was at its peak as a port. Major exports were oak bark. Ship building was based in seven shipyards in Penhelig where 45 sailing ships were built between 1840 and 1880; the railway came to Aberdyfi in 1863 built by the Welsh Coast Railway. The first train was ferried across the river, as the line to Dovey Junction and Machynlleth was not completed until 1867. Due to public demand, this section had to use a long tunnel behind Aberdyfi, further major earthworks and tunnels were needed along the bank of the river.

This line, which became part of the Cambrian Railways, the Great Western Railway, is scenic. A jetty was built with railway lines connecting it with the wharf and the main line; the Aberdyfi & Waterford Steamship Company imported livestock from Ireland which were taken further by the railway. Coal and timber were imported. Local coastal shipping links with Liverpool were strong, with many Aberdyfi men sailing on international voyages from Liverpool; the S. S. Dora was one of the last ships trading between Aberdyfi and Liverpool and was scuttled, with no loss of life, by a German submarine in 1917; the jetty and wharf continued in commercial use for coal until 1959. After prolonged negotiations, redevelopments from 1968–1971, including rebuilding the jetty, led to their present use for recreational purposes; some local fishing still occurs. The first Outward Bound centre was opened in Aberdyfi in 1941. Many of their activities involve the river and jetty; the first Aberdyfi lifeboat was bought in 1837.

Run by the RNLI since 1853, it has taken part in many rescues, sometimes with loss of life of crew members. The current lifeboat, an Atlantic 75, is housed in the boathouse by the jetty and is launched using a lifeboat tractor, it is averaging about 25 emergency launches each year. Chapels in Aberdyfi include the Welsh Calvinistic Methodist chapel, the English Presbyterian chapel, the Wesleyan Methodist chapel, the Welsh Independent congregational chapel; the Church in Wales is St Peter's. Road access to Aberdyfi is by the A493, with Tywyn four miles to the north and Machynlleth 11 miles to the east. Aberdyfi is on the Cambrian Coast railway line; the village of Aberdyfi has two railway stations and Penhelig. Trains on the Cambrian Line are operated by Transport for Wales; the local bus service is operated by Lloyds Coaches with services to Tywyn, where a connection can be made for Dolgellau, to Machynlleth, where connections are available to Aberystwyth. A ferry used to operate across the River Dyfi to Ynyslas.

The last ferryman was Ellis Williams. Popular recreational activities focus on the beach and watersports, such as windsurfing, fishing, crabbing and canoeing on the estuary. Activities in Aberdyfi The Dovey Yacht Club has a prominent position on the river front of the village, it was founded in 1949 and helped develop the popularity of the GP14 ding