Governor of New Hampshire
The Governor of New Hampshire is the head of the executive branch of New Hampshire's state government. The governor is elected at the biennial state general election in November of even-numbered years. New Hampshire is one of only two states, along with bordering Vermont, to hold gubernatorial elections every two years as opposed to every four; the state's 82nd governor is Republican Chris Sununu, who has served since January 5, 2017. In New Hampshire, the governor has no term limit of any kind. No governor has served more than three terms since the 18th century with the exception of John Lynch, who won an unprecedented fourth two-year term on November 2, 2010. John Taylor Gilman had been the last governor before Lynch to serve longer than six years, serving 14 one-year terms as governor between 1794 and 1816. Unlike in many other states in which Executive Councils are advisory, the Executive Council of New Hampshire has a strong check on the governor's power; the five-member council has a veto over many actions of the governor.
Together, the Governor and Executive Council approve contracts with a value of $5,000 or more, approve pardons, appoint the directors and commissioners, the Attorney General and officers in the National Guard. The governor has the sole power to veto bills and to command the National Guard while it is not in federal service. To be qualified to be governor, one must be 30 years of age, a registered voter, domiciled in New Hampshire for at least seven years. Traditionally, the governors of the Province of New Hampshire had been titled as "President of New Hampshire", beginning with the appointment of the province's first president, John Cutt, in 1679. From 1786 to 1791, "President of the State of New Hampshire" was the official style of the position; the New Hampshire Constitution was amended in 1791 to replace "President" with "Governor". OfficialOfficial websiteGeneral informationGovernor of New Hampshire at Ballotpedia Governors of New Hampshire at The Political Graveyard Works by or about Office of the Governor of New Hampshire in libraries
Nathaniel B. Baker
Nathaniel Bradley Baker was an American politician and military leader who served as Governor of New Hampshire and Adjutant General of the Iowa Militia. Nathaniel B. Baker was born in Henniker, New Hampshire on September 29, 1818, raised in West Concord. Nathaniel Baker graduated from Phillips Exeter Academy in Harvard University, he studied law under Franklin Pierce, Asa Fowler and Charles H. Peaslee and passed the bar in 1842. Baker was a co-owner of the New Hampshire Patriot. A Democrat, he served as Clerk of the Merrimack County Court of Common Pleas in 1845; the following year he became Merrimack County Clerk. Baker was active in the New Hampshire Militia, serving as Quartermaster and Adjutant of the 11th Regiment, he subsequently served as Aide-de-Camp to Governor John H. Steele with the rank of Colonel. In 1851, Baker assumed the position of Chief Fire Engineer for Concord's Fire Department, he served in the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1850 and 1851, was elected Speaker of the House.
In 1852 he was a Presidential Elector, cast his ballot for Franklin Pierce and William R. King. From 1854 to 1859 Baker was a trustee of Norwich University, he received an honorary master of arts degree from Norwich in 1855. In 1854 he was elected governor and served a single one-year term, June 6, 1854 to June 7, 1855. During his term the legislature failed to pass resolutions condemning the Missouri Compromise and the Kansas–Nebraska Act, evidence that New Hampshire was trending away from the Democratic Pierce and Baker and becoming antislavery, he was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1855. After Baker's term as governor, he moved to Clinton, where he continued to practice law, he was elected to the Iowa House of Representatives in 1859 as a Democrat. His antislavery views caused him to join the Republican Party. Baker's work as chairman of the Iowa House's Military Affairs Committee at the start of the American Civil War led to his appointment as adjutant general of the Iowa Militia, he served until his death.
By now a resident of Des Moines, during the war he was praised for his efforts to recruit and train soldiers for front line regiments, to keep track of their service records, including enlistments, wounds and discharges. In addition, at the end of the war, Baker was credited with acquiring from returning Iowa units captured Confederate regimental flags and other memorabilia, arranging to have it preserved. In 1874 Baker took part in an effort to combat a massive grasshopper infestation in Northwestern Iowa, exposing himself out of doors in harsh weather including sleet and high winds, his health began to decline as a result, Baker died in Des Moines on September 11, 1876. He was buried at Woodland Cemetery in Des Moines. Colbert, Matthew M.. General Nathaniel B. Baker and the grasshopper plagues in northwest Iowa, 1873–1875. Iowa State University. Retrieved February 14, 2013. Baker at New Hampshire's Division of Historic Resources Nathaniel B. Baker at National Governors Association Nathaniel B. Baker at Find a Grave
Noah Martin was a New Hampshire businessman and politician who served as Governor from 1852 to 1854. Noah Martin was born in Epsom, New Hampshire on July 26, 1801, the son of shoemaker Samuel Martin and Sally Martin, he apprenticed under Deerfield doctors before attending Dartmouth Medical College. He graduated in 1824, began his medical practice in Somersworth, he practiced in Pembroke, settled in Dover. In 1825, Martin married the daughter of Dr. Robert Woodbury of Barrington, they were the parents of two daughters, Elizabeth A. and Caroline M. Martin served as a State Representative in 1830 and 1832, as a State Senator in 1835 and 1836, in the House again in 1837. In addition to being involved in several medical, agricultural and genealogical societies, Martin was president of the Strafford County Savings Bank, board of directors member of the Dover Bank, board of directors member of the Strafford Bank. In 1852 Martin was elected Governor of New Hampshire, the first of two from Dover, he served two one-year terms, June 3, 1852 to June 8, 1854.
Martin died in Dover on May 28, 1863, is buried at Dover's Pine Hill Cemetery. Noah Martin at National Governors Association Noah Martin at Epsom Historical Association A Guide to Likenesses of New Hampshire Officials and Governors – Noah Martin Dover Public Library – Governor Noah Martin House Noah Martin at Find a Grave
Anthony Colby was an American businessman and politician from New London, New Hampshire. He owned and operated a grist mill and a stage line, served one term as Governor of New Hampshire. Colby was born in New London, New Hampshire on November 13, 1792, his was educated locally and became a successful business owner and operator, with his ventures including a stagecoach line and factory for producing scythes. He was active in the militia, serving as an ensign during the War of 1812, attaining the rank of major general in 1837. Colby entered politics as a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives, serving from 1828 to 1832 and 1837 to 1839, he was an unsuccessful candidate for Congress in 1833 and 1835, ran unsuccessfully for governor in 1843, 1844 and 1845. In 1846, Colby was the successful Whig candidate for governor, he served from June 4, 1846 to June 3, 1847, he ran unsuccessfully for reelection in 1847. After leaving the governorship, Colby remained active in the military and politics.
He served again in the New Hampshire House from 1860 to 1861, during the American Civil War served as Adjutant General of the New Hamspshire Militia from 1861 to 1863. He became provost marshal of the militia, with his son Daniel succeeding him as adjutant general. Colby was interested in higher education, he was a trustee of Dartmouth College from 1850 to 1870, received an honorary master of arts from Dartmouth in 1850. He was the founder of Colby Academy, which through expansions and mergers is now known as Colby-Sawyer College. Colby died in New London on July 20, 1873, was buried in New London's Old Main Street Cemetery. Colby's papers are held at Colby-Sawyer College. Colby at New Hampshire's Department of Historic Resources Anthony Colby at National Governors Association, retrieved October 5, 2014 Anthony Colby at Find a Grave, retrieved October 5, 2014
John Taylor Gilman
John Taylor Gilman was a farmer and statesman from Exeter, New Hampshire. He represented New Hampshire in the Continental Congress in 1782–1783 and was Governor of New Hampshire for 14 years, from 1794 to 1805, from 1813 to 1816. Gilman was born in the Province of New Hampshire, his family had settled in Exeter since its earliest days. He lived in the Ladd-Gilman House, now a part of the American Independence Museum, he received a limited education before he entered into the family shipbuilding and mercantile businesses. Aged 22, he read aloud a Dunlap Broadside brought to New Hampshire on July 16, 1776 to the city of Exeter; the American Independence Museum commemorates his brave act every year at their American Independence Festival, where a role-player reads the Declaration in its entirety to festival-goers. Gilman was one of the Minutemen of 1775 and a selectman in 1777 and 1778. Gilman served as a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1779 and 1781 and was a delegate to the Convention of the States in Hartford, Connecticut, in October 1780.
He served as a member of the Continental Congress in 1782 and 1783. He was the New Hampshire Treasurer in 1791 and moderator in 1791–1794, 1806, 1807, 1809–1811, 1817, 1818, 1820–1825. Gilman served as Governor of New Hampshire between 1794 and 1805 and was an unsuccessful candidate for re-election in 1805, he was again a member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1810 and 1811 and again an unsuccessful candidate for governor in 1812. He was elected governor and served from 1813 to 1816 and declined to be a candidate for renomination for governor in 1816, he was an ex officio trustee of Dartmouth College, New Hampshire, trustee by election. He was president of the board of trustees of Phillips Exeter Academy, New Hampshire, 1795–1827, donor of the oldest property, the'Yard,' upon which the older buildings stand. Gilman was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1814. Gilman was married to the daughter of Major General Nathaniel Folsom of Exeter, he died in Exeter on September 1, 1828.
He is the first governor of New Hampshire not to have a place in the state named after him. The town of Gilmanton, settled by 24 members of the extended Gilman clan, was named for the family as a whole and not for the Governor. Gilman's Congressional Biography Gilman, John Taylor, 1753–1828, Guide to Research Collections
New Hampshire is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. New Hampshire is the 10th least populous of the 50 states. Concord is the state capital, it is personal income taxed at either the state or local level. The New Hampshire primary is the first primary in the U. S. presidential election cycle. Its license plates carry the state motto, "Live Free or Die"; the state's nickname, "The Granite State", refers to its extensive granite quarries. In January 1776, it became the first of the British North American colonies to establish a government independent of the Kingdom of Great Britain's authority, it was the first to establish its own state constitution. Six months it became one of the original 13 colonies that signed the United States Declaration of Independence, in June 1788 it was the ninth state to ratify the United States Constitution, bringing that document into effect.
New Hampshire was a major center for textile manufacturing and papermaking, with Amoskeag Manufacturing Company in Manchester at one time being the largest cotton textile plant in the world. Numerous mills were located along various rivers in the state the Merrimack and Connecticut rivers. Many French Canadians migrated to New Hampshire to work the mills in the late 19th and early 20th century. Manufacturing centers such as Manchester and Berlin were hit hard in the 1930s–1940s, as major manufacturing industries left New England and moved to the southern United States or overseas, reflecting nationwide trends. In the 1950s and 1960s, defense contractors moved into many of the former mills, such as Sanders Associates in Nashua, the population of southern New Hampshire surged beginning in the 1980s as major highways connected the region to Greater Boston and established several bedroom communities in the state. With some of the largest ski mountains on the East Coast, New Hampshire's major recreational attractions include skiing and other winter sports and mountaineering, observing the fall foliage, summer cottages along many lakes and the seacoast, motor sports at the New Hampshire Motor Speedway, Motorcycle Week, a popular motorcycle rally held in Weirs Beach in Laconia in June.
The White Mountain National Forest links the Vermont and Maine portions of the Appalachian Trail, has the Mount Washington Auto Road, where visitors may drive to the top of 6,288-foot Mount Washington. Among prominent individuals from New Hampshire are founding father Nicholas Gilman, Senator Daniel Webster, Revolutionary War hero John Stark, editor Horace Greeley, founder of the Christian Science religion Mary Baker Eddy, poet Robert Frost, astronaut Alan Shepard, rock musician Ronnie James Dio, author Dan Brown, actor Adam Sandler, inventor Dean Kamen, comedians Sarah Silverman and Seth Meyers, restaurateurs Richard and Maurice McDonald, President of the United States Franklin Pierce; the state was named after the southern English county of Hampshire by Captain John Mason. New Hampshire is part of the six-state New England region, it is bounded by Quebec, Canada, to the northwest. New Hampshire's major regions are the Great North Woods, the White Mountains, the Lakes Region, the Seacoast, the Merrimack Valley, the Monadnock Region, the Dartmouth-Lake Sunapee area.
New Hampshire has the shortest ocean coastline of any U. S. coastal state, with a length of 18 miles, sometimes measured as only 13 miles. New Hampshire was home to the rock formation called the Old Man of the Mountain, a face-like profile in Franconia Notch, until the formation disintegrated in May 2003; the White Mountains range in New Hampshire spans the north-central portion of the state, with Mount Washington the tallest in the northeastern U. S. – site of the second-highest wind speed recorded – and other mountains like Mount Madison and Mount Adams surrounding it. With hurricane-force winds every third day on average, over 100 recorded deaths among visitors, conspicuous krumholtz, the climate on the upper reaches of Mount Washington has inspired the weather observatory on the peak to claim that the area has the "World's Worst Weather". In the flatter southwest corner of New Hampshire, the landmark Mount Monadnock has given its name to a class of earth-forms – a monadnock – signifying, in geomorphology, any isolated resistant peak rising from a less resistant eroded plain.
Major rivers include the 110-mile Merrimack River, which bisects the lower half of the state north–south and ends up in Newburyport, Massachusetts. Its tributaries include the Contoocook River, Pemigewasset River, Winnipesaukee River; the 410-mile Connecticut River, which starts at New Hampshire's Connecticut Lakes and flows south to Connecticut, defines the western border with Vermont. The state border is not in the center of that river, as is the case, but at the low-water mark on the Vermont side. Only one town – Pittsburg – shares a land border with the st
Samuel Dinsmoor was an American teacher, lawyer and politician from New Hampshire. He served as the fourteenth Governor of New Hampshire and as a member of the United States House of Representatives. Born in 1766 in Windham in the Province of New Hampshire, Dinsmoor was the son of William and Elizabeth Dinsmoor, he graduated from Dartmouth College in 1789, worked as a teacher, studied law and was admitted to the bar. He established a law practice in Keene, New Hampshire, where he was appointed as Postmaster in 1808, he was the infantry commander. Elected as a Democratic-Republican, Dinsmoor represented New Hampshire in the United States House of Representatives during the Twelfth Congress, serving from March 4, 1811 to March 3, 1813. Dinsmoor was an 1820 presidential elector, served on New Hampshire Governor's Council in 1821, he was a commission member that negotiated and established the boundary line between Massachusetts and New Hampshire in 1825. He served as state court judge in New Hampshire from 1823 to 1831.
Securing the Democratic gubernatorial nomination, Dinsmoor was elected Governor by a popular vote in 1831. He was reelected to a second term in 1832, to a third term in 1833, serving from 1831–1834. During his tenure, new manufacturing businesses were incorporated and banks flourished, the first free public library in the United States was established in Peterborough. During his governorship, he made the first official recommendation to establish a state asylum for the insane to remove the insane from prisons and cages. In 1838, a bill for the establishment of an asylum was passed by the state, he retired from political life and entered the private sector, serving as the first president of the Ashuelot Bank in Keene. He served in that position until his death. Dinsmoor died in Keene, Cheshire County, New Hampshire, on March 15, 1835, he is interred at Washington Street Cemetery in New Hampshire. Dinsmoor was the grandson of Robert and Margaret Dinsmoor who settled in Nutfield in 1723. In 1798, he married daughter of General George Reid and Molly Reid.
His son was Jr. the 22nd Governor of New Hampshire. United States Congress. "Samuel Dinsmoor". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Samuel Dinsmoor at Find a Grave National Governors Association profile