Id Software LLC is an American video game developer based in Dallas, Texas. The company was founded on February 1, 1991, by four members of the computer company Softdisk, programmers John Carmack and John Romero, game designer Tom Hall, artist Adrian Carmack. Business manager Jay Wilbur was involved. Id Software made important technological developments in video game technologies for the PC, including work done for the Wolfenstein and Quake franchises. Id's work was important in 3D computer graphics technology and in game engines that are used throughout the video game industry; the company was involved in the creation of the first-person shooter genre. Wolfenstein 3D is considered to be the first true FPS, Doom is a game that popularized the genre and PC gaming in general, Quake was id's first true 3D FPS. On June 24, 2009, ZeniMax Media acquired the company. In 2015, they opened a second studio in Germany; the founders of id Software met in the offices of Softdisk developing multiple games for Softdisk's monthly publishing, including Dangerous Dave.
In September 1990, John Carmack developed an efficient way to side-scroll graphics on the PC. Upon making this breakthrough and Tom Hall stayed up late into the night making a replica of the first level of the popular 1988 NES game Super Mario Bros. 3, inserting stock graphics of John Romero's Dangerous Dave character in lieu of Mario. When Romero saw the demo, entitled "Dangerous Dave in Copyright Infringement", he realized that Carmack's breakthrough could have potential; the team that would form id Software began moonlighting, going so far as to "borrow" company computers that were not being used over the weekends and at nights while they designed their own remake of Super Mario Bros. 3. Despite their work, Nintendo turned them down, saying they had no interest in expanding to the PC market, that Mario games were to remain exclusive to Nintendo consoles. Around this time, Scott Miller of Apogee Software learned of the group and their exceptional talent, having played one of Romero's Softdisk games, Dangerous Dave, contacted Romero under the guise of multiple fan letters that Romero came to realize all originated from the same address.
When he confronted Miller, Miller explained that the deception was necessary since Softdisk screened letters it received. Although disappointed by not having received mail from multiple fans and other Softdisk developers began proposing ideas to Miller, including Commander Keen in December 1990, which became a successful shareware game. After their first royalty check, Romero and Adrian Carmack decided to start their own company. After hiring Hall, the group finished the Commander Keen series hired Jay Wilbur and Kevin Cloud and began working on Wolfenstein 3D. Id Software was founded by Romero and Adrian Carmack and Hall on February 1, 1991; the shareware distribution method was employed by id Software through Apogee Software to sell their products, such as the Commander Keen and Doom games. They would release the first part of their trilogy as shareware sell the other two installments by mail order. Only did id Software release their games via more traditional shrink-wrapped boxes in stores.
After Wolfenstein 3D's great success, id began working on Doom. After Hall left the company, Sandy Petersen and Dave Taylor were hired before the release of Doom in December 1993. On June 24, 2009, it was announced; the deal would affect publishing deals id Software had before the acquisition, namely Rage, being published through Electronic Arts. ZeniMax received in July a $105 million investment from StrongMail Systems for the id acquisition, it's unknown if, the exact price of the deal. Id Software moved from the "cube-shaped" Mesquite office to a location in Richardson, Texas during the spring of 2011. On June 26, 2013, id Software president Todd Hollenshead quit after 17 years of service. On November 22, 2013, it was announced id Software co-founder and Technical Director John Carmack had resigned from the company to work full-time at Oculus VR which he joined as CTO in August 2013, he was the last of the original founders to leave the company. Tim Willits left the company in 2019 The company writes its name with a lowercase id, pronounced as in "did" or "kid", according to the book Masters of Doom, the group identified itself as "Ideas from the Deep" in the early days of Softdisk but that, in the end, the name'id' came from the phrase "in demand".
Disliking "in demand" as "lame", someone suggested a connection with Sigmund Freud's psychological concept of id, which the others accepted. Evidence of the reference can be found as early as Wolfenstein 3D with the statement "that's id, as in the id, superego in the psyche" appearing in the game's documentation. Prior to an update to the website, id's History page made a direct reference to Freud. Kevin Cloud — Executive producer Donna Jackson — Office manager/ "id mom" Marty Stratton — Executive producer Robert Duffy — Chief Technology Officer Arranged in chronological order: Tom Hall — Co-founder, game designer, level designer, creative director. After a dispute with John Carmack over the designs of Doom, Hall was forced to resign from id Software in August 1993, he joined 3D Realms soon afterwards. Bobby Prince — Music composer. A freelance musician who went on to pursue other projects after Doom II. Dave T
Matty Simmons is an American film and television producer, former newspaper reporter for the New York World-Telegram and Sun, former Executive Vice President of Diner's Club, the first credit card company. Simmons gained his greatest fame while serving as the chief executive officer of Twenty First Century Communications. Founded in 1967 by Simmons and fellow Diner's Club refugee Len Mogel, Twenty First Century was created to publish a "counterculture" magazine called Cheetah. While Cheetah failed, the partners had more success in the 1970s with Weight Watchers and National Lampoon magazines. Under Simmons' direction, National Lampoon's entire editorial staff was fired and replaced with his children, as well as Peter Kleinman and Larry Sloman; the magazine expanded into radio, theater and film. Simmons's film credits include acting as the producer of National Lampoon's Animal House and the National Lampoon's Vacation film series, he has written seven books. His most recent, Fat and Stupid: The Making of Animal House, was published by St. Martins Press in 2012.
Matty Simmons on IMDb
This is a list of airlines which have an Air Operator Certificate issued by the Civil Aviation Authority of Indonesia. There are two types of AOC in Indonesia, AOC 121 and AOC 135. AOC 121 is for commercial scheduled airlines with more than 30 passengers. AOC 135 is for commercial scheduled airlines with chartered airlines. There are 32 AOC 135 holders. By 12 January 2012 all Indonesian scheduled airlines have to operate with at least ten aircraft, a minimum of five aircraft should be owned; the Ministry of Transport has the right to withdraw their operating certificate in case they do not comply with this regulation. The application of the regulation was postponed for one year, while in the postponed time the airlines should give a business plan and a contract letter for the leasing aircraft for at least one year ahead; the largest low-cost carrier airlines include Lion Air, Indonesia AirAsia and Citilink, a subsidiary of Garuda Indonesia. The safety-related ban on Indonesian airlines flying to European Union has been lifted since 2009 with Garuda Indonesia, Airfast Indonesia, Mandala Airlines, Express Transportasi Antarbenua, Indonesia AirAsia and Batavia Air being taken off the list.
On 21 April 2011 the EU lifted the ban of Cardig Air, Republic Express, Asia Link and Air Maleo - all being cargo carriers. The ban had been imposed after a string of accidents. On 14 June 2018, all Indonesian Airlines were removed from the list of air carriers banned in the EU. There are three categories of On Time Performance for commercial scheduled airlines in Indonesia: Green, more than 80 percent Yellow, 70 to 80 percent and Lion Air: 71.32 percent Red, below 70 percent Since 1 January 2012 the airlines have to give a Rp300,000 voucher to each passenger as compensation for a delayed flight of more than four hours and the voucher should be able to be disbursed on that day or on the following day. Bad weather or operational and technical problems, such as refueling delays or a damaged runway are exempted from this requirement. For flights diverted to other destinations the airlines have to make all necessary arrangements to get the passengers to their original destinations plus Rp.150,000 compensation.
Any flight cancellations must be made seven days prior to a flight and passengers will receive a full refund and cancellation within seven days of departure. The airlines have to pay compensation equal to the value of the ticket on top of the full refund. Batavia Air was the first airline with a delay more than four hours of Palangkaraya-Surabaya route due to operational problem on 2 January 2011; the airlines should pay a total of Rp42 million compensation to all passengers. List of unscheduled commercial and cargo airlines in Indonesia: Airmark Airlines Air Born Indonesia Asco Nusa Air Dabi Air Nusantara Deraya Air Taxi Derazone Air Service Dirgantara Air Service Eastindo Ekspres Transportasi Antarbenua Gatari Air Service Intan Angkasa Air Service Kura-kura Aviation Mimika Air Megantara Air National Utility Helicopter Nyaman Air Penerbangan Angkasa Semesta Pura Wisata Baruna Sayap Garuda Indah Star Cargo Transwisata Prima Aviation Spirit Avia Sentosa List of non-commercial airlines in Indonesia: Balai Kalibrasi Sampoerna Air Nusantara After the major accident of Adam Air Flight 574 on 1 January 2007 which killed all 102 people on board, there were no major accidents up to 8 November 2011.
From 8 November 2011 until now, there were 16 serious incidents and nine incidents. An accident is an aircraft crash that results in death, a serious incident is defined as an inflicting injury and when no injury was called an incident. 52 percent of all the aircraft accidents between 2007 and 2010 were caused by human error when passing over mountainous area. The most recent accident was Lion Air Flight 610, operated by a Boeing 737 MAX 8 to Pangkalpinang which crashed in Karawang near Jakarta, killing 189 people. List of airlines List of air carriers banned in the European Union List of defunct airlines of Asia List of defunct airlines of Indonesia Directorate General of Civil Aviation - the CAA of Indonesia ICAO 8585 from Eurocontrol
Tea is a beverage made from steeping the processed leaves, buds, or twigs of the tea bush in water. Tea or TEA may refer to: Tea, any of several meals, involving different times and food Herbal tea, or tisane, a catch-all term for any non-caffeinated beverage made from the infusion or decoction of herbs, spices, or other plant material Traditional English Ale, the flagship ale produced by Hogs Back Brewery in England Tea, South Dakota, a suburb of Sioux Falls in the US Tea River, a river in Brazil Tea, a 2000 novel by Stacey D'Erasmo Tea: A Mirror of Soul, a 2002 opera by composer Tan Dun Tamil Eelam Army, a defunct Tamil separatist group in Sri Lanka Texas Economics Association, a student organization at the University of Texas at Austin Texas Education Agency, a branch of the Texas, USA state government which oversees public primary and secondary education Themed Entertainment Association, a group representing people involved in theme parks and similar attractions Thorium Energy Alliance Tirupur Exporters' Association, an association of cotton knitwear exporters from Tirupur, India Trans European Airways, Belgium-based airline, now defunct Trenes Especiales Argentinos, a private railway company in Argentina Trustees Executors and Agency Company, collapsed Australian trustee company Tea, a high level scripting language for the Java environment combining features from Scheme and Java TEA laser, Tiny Encryption Algorithm, a block cipher notable for its simplicity of description and implementation TETRA Encryption Algorithm, an encryption algorithm used in Terrestrial Trunked Radio Tea, a genus of spider hunting wasps TEA 453 Tea, an asteroid Tetraethylammonium, a potassium channel blocker used in neurophysiology Triethanolamine, an organic chemical used in cosmetics and to bind aluminium ions Triethylaluminium, a volatile organic chemical used in jet engines and as co-catalyst in olefin polymerization Triethylamine, a colorless, "fishy"-smelling organic chemical used in chemical synthesis 5-epiaristolochene synthase, an enzyme Thermal Energy Analyzer, an analytical detector for tobacco-specific nitrosamines Test of Essential Academic Skills, a standardized test for nursing school admission Transient epileptic amnesia, a temporal lobe epilepsy Tea, a feminine given name Tea Banh, Cambodian politician Téa, a feminine given name Targeted Employment Area, a designation investment region of the United States Test of English for Aviation, a language proficiency test Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century, a US federal planning law 1998–2003 Tea, a slang term for marijuana made popular in the 1950s by Jack Kerouac in novels such as On the Road Tea, a slang term for gossip, made popular on social media.
Leigh Sports Village is a £50 million multi-use sports and housing development in Leigh, Greater Manchester, England. The centrepiece of the development is a 12,000-capacity stadium, home to professional rugby league team Leigh Centurions and Manchester United U19s, U23s and W. F. C; the complex plays host to amateur rugby league club Leigh East and amateur athletics club Leigh Harriers, who both occupy dedicated facilities on the site. Other facilities on site include the Leigh campus of Wigan and Leigh College, Leigh Sports Centre, which includes a gym, multi-use sports hall and swimming pool, Holiday Inn Express, Morrisons supermarket and Whistling Wren public house. Leigh Sports Village is a development southwest of Leigh town centre, on the north side of the Leigh arm of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, close to Pennington Flash Country Park and accessed from the A579, Atherleigh Way and by pedestrian routes from the town and surrounding area; the scheme was developed to contribute to the regeneration of Leigh and provide modern facilities for local sports clubs and the local community.
The main focus of the sports village is the stadium built for local professional sports clubs and its associated facilities. It is all seating in the West and South Stands with standing in the North Stand. There is a 25-metre swimming pool and activity rooms and a sports hall used by the sports clubs and local community. A synthetic 400-metre running track, covered training facility and field sports area has been built for Leigh Harriers and Athletic Club and amateur rugby league club, Leigh East ARLFC has a clubhouse at the Leigh Sports Village Arena. Leigh College occupy a site on share sports and youth facilities. To make the project commercially viable and commercial premises, housing and a hotel are built on the site close to Atherleigh Way. Roads on the Sports Village site are named after three local sporting personalities: Tommy Sale, Jimmy Ledgard and Geoff Turner; the roads are Sale Way, home to the stadium, sixth form college and sports centre, Turner Way address of Leigh Harriers Athletics Club, whilst Ledgard Avenue accommodates the new Leigh East clubhouse.
Two ramp-up events were held during December 2008 to fulfil safety certificate requirements. A children's rugby league festival was held on 14 December 2008 as the first event, rescheduled from the previous week because of a frozen pitch. After a successful first event, the crowd capacity was set at 4,775. A sell-out crowd of 4,714 saw Leigh versus Salford on 28 December 2008. Leigh Sports Village was opened on Thursday 21 May 2009, by the Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh. Leigh Sports Village was included in the London 2012 Pre-Games Training Camp Guide; the facility was available for use by competing nations as a training camp before the London 2012 Olympic Games. Though officials negotiated with the Ukrainian Olympic team, no nation chose to base athletes at Leigh Sport Village. On 27 July 2013 the stadium staged its first Rugby League Challenge Cup semi-final, between Wigan and London Broncos. On Tuesday 5 November, the stadium hosted the Rugby League World Cup 2013 Tonga versus Cook Islands tie, won by Tonga 22-16 in front of a stadium record crowd of 10,544.
This attendance was surpassed on Sunday 11 August when the semi-final of the Challenge Cup saw an attendance of 12,005 witness Castleford defeat Widnes 28-6. On Saturday 21 June 2014, Sir Elton John and his band played in front of 17,000 fans in one of only three announced UK venues for his 2013/14 tour. In October 2015, England took on France in a warm-up match before their end-of-year test-series against the Kiwis; the Leigh Sports Village has hosted four England internationals. The results are as follows; the stadium hosted a 2013 Rugby League World Cup inter-group match between Tonga and Cook Islands on 5 November 2013 with 10,554 in attendance. Tonga won 22 - 16; the stadium held a qualifying play off game for the 2017 Rugby League World Cup. The match was between Italy and Russia on Friday 4 November 2016, with the winner securing the 14th and final berth in the tournament in Australasia in 2017. 450 were in attendance. On 29 January 2019, it was announced that the Leigh Sports Village would host 3 group games in the 2021 Rugby League World Cup.
Facilities available at Leigh Sports Village include: A multi-use 12,000-capacity outdoor stadium with Desso GrassMaster pitch and under-pitch heating 4 hospitality suites and 22 corporate boxes Leigh Indoor Sports Centre – A gymnasium, 9 court sports hall and 25m 6 lane swimming pool A 400-metre running track with a 60-metre covered sprinting facility and club house Multi-use floodlit 3rd-generation artificial and grass pitches Sports pavilion The site is operated by Leigh Sports Village Company on behalf of Wigan Council – owners of the stadium, athletic stadium and clubhouse, swimming pool and sports centre, rugby league clubhouse and 3G pitches. Wigan Leisure and Culture Trust operate Leigh Indoor Sports Centre. Along with general public, use of artificial and grass pitches, sports hall and swimming pool, the Leigh Sports Village site has several long term tenants. Leigh Centurions rugby league club are tenants at the stadium. Leigh Harriers Athletic Club are tenants of the athletics facilities.
Kro Hotels are the owners and operators of the Holiday Inn Express hotel, sold in 2014 by previous owners Park Inn. Leigh Athletic Football Club. Plays all their home games at the Leigh Harriers Manchester United Reserves play most home games there as of the 2014–15 season. Manchester United W. F. C. Play most of their home games there as of the 2018-19 season wh
The H. P. Bope was an American steel hulled propeller driven Great Lakes freighter built in 1907 by the Superior Shipbuilding Company of Superior, Wisconsin for service on the Great Lakes of North America, she was used to transport bulk cargoes such as iron ore and grain. The Bope was launched on October 19, 1907 as hull #519, she had a beam of 56 feet and a depth of 30 feet. She was powered by a 2,200 horsepower quadruple expansion steam engine and fueled by two coal-fired Scotch marine boilers. In 1913 the Bope was transferred to the Lackawanna Steamship Company of Ohio; that year the fleet was renamed Interlake Steamship Company. In 1916 the Bope was renamed E. A. S. Clarke; the Clarke anchored off the Great Lakes Engineering Works in the Detroit River on October 26, 1924 because of heavy fog. As she was swinging at anchor the steamer B. F. Jones struck the Clarke near her aft deckhouse causing her to sink immediately. No lives were lost in this accident. In 1952 the Clarke had two new side tanks installed.
She had her cargo hatches rebuilt from 32 cargo hatches on 12-foot centers to 16 hatches on 24-foot centers. In 1953 she had new Foster-Wheeler water tube boilers installed, she went into layup in the winter of 1960. She remained in layup. In April 1970 the Clarke was sold to the Kinsman Marine Transit Company of Cleveland and renamed Kinsman Voyager. On September 30, 1972 the Voyager was departing the Globe elevator in Superior, Wisconsin when she backed into a mud bank and damaged her rudder, she was laid up on May 1973 in Toledo, Ohio. In the Spring of 1974 the Voyager was sold to the Marine Salvage Ltd. of Ontario. She arrived in Port Colborne on April 1974 towed by the tug Salvage Monarch, she was sold to Lutgens & Reimers of Hamburg, Germany. On May 2, 1975 the Voyager passed Cape Vincent towed by the tugs Salvage Monarch and the Helen M. McAllister bound for Quebec City; the Voyager and another steamer the James E. Ferris departed Quebec on June 7, 1975 towed by the Polish tug Jantar, they arrived in Hamburg on July 4, 1975.
The hulls of the Voyager and the Ferris were used as storage hulks. The Voyager arrived in Bilbao, Spain on June 26, 1978, she was towed to Pasaia, Spain on July 16, 1978. On August 29, 1978 she was towed to Santander, Spain where she was scrapped by Recuperaciones Submarinas S. A