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Idaho County, Idaho

Idaho County is a county in the U. S. state of Idaho, the largest by area in the state. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,267; the county seat is Grangeville. Previous county seats of the area were Florence and Mount Idaho. Idaho County's oldest non-native settlements are ghost towns. Discovery of gold occurred in succession at Elk City and Florence during the spring and summer of 1861. At the time, all of the settlements were within Washington Territory. Thousands flocked to Florence; as a result, Idaho County was founded 159 years ago as a region of Washington Territory in 1861, named for a steamer called Idaho, launched on the Columbia River in 1860. It was reorganized by the Idaho Territorial Legislature on February 4, 1864. In this context, the Idaho Territory and the State of Idaho are both preceded by the county name. Settlements at Cottonwood, Mount Idaho, Warrens were established in 1862; the Warrens settlement was a fractured settlement as a result of settlement there by both Union and Confederate affiliated miners.

The Union affiliated miners on the northern edge of the settlement named their portion of the settlement Washington while the Confederate affiliated miners named their portion Richmond. Richmond dwindled by 1866 and Washington went on to become the county seat in 1868 and was the name of the settlement used in most government documents during the period of settlement. Out of all these settlements, only Cottonwood went on to become one of Idaho County's seven incorporated cities. Idaho Territory conducted a census in 1863 and another in 1864. Population data was returned for both years for Warrens, Elk City, Slate Creek, Clearwater Station, Newsome. For 1864, data was returned for the settlements of Mount Idaho, Miller's Camp, Cottonwood. Between 1863 and 1864, Idaho County saw a decrease from 1,601 residents to 955. Settlement at White Bird occurred some time prior to 1870 as a precinct under the same name is listed with 71 inhabitants at the 1870 census. Efforts to force White Bird's band of Nez Perce tribesmen to the Nez Perce Reservation led to the Battle of White Bird Canyon in 1877.

The town was established in 1891. Grangeville emerged as a town at the 1880 census with 129 residents, it was incorporated as a city in 1904. Ferdinand and Kooskia were settled starting in 1895 and along with Cottonwood and Stites, were all incorporated prior to 1920. Development of Riggins started prior to 1930 with Riggins Village being incorporated in 1948. Idaho County's boundaries have changed more times than any other Idaho County with changes occurring on 20 separate dates over the county's first 57 years; the majority of those changes were from boundary realignment with only three counties taking territory from Idaho County at their creation. Originating at 75,789 square miles, its original boundary under Washington Territory contained the southern portion of Idaho County, Idaho's 34 southern counties, part of Ravalli County and parts of Fremont, Park and Teton counties in Wyoming. Boise was partitioned off in January 1863 with the Payette River being the primary dividing line. In 1864, two separate acts transferred the portion in Montana to Missoula County, established the southern boundary at 44° 30' latitude, made slight adjustments in the northern boundary to define the county as one of Idaho Territory's seven original counties.

Three boundary adjustments were made with Nez Perce and Ada between 1866 and 1867 and Lemhi was created in 1869 from territory east of the junction of the Middle Fork and main Salmon Rivers. In 1873, the southern border was moved north to the divide between the main Salmon River with the Payette River and Middle Fork of Salmon River, bringing the county to its smallest historical land area of 2,901 square miles; the boundary adjustment of 1875 created a county similar to present Idaho County containing an area of 8,165 square miles. Between 1879 and 1885, one change added territory on the Camas Prairie from Nez Perce while another brought back territory in present-day Adams, Valley and Lemhi counties in the south. In 1887, territory was exchanged with Boise County dividing present Valley County between the two counties. One change in 1889 transferred territory to Custer County while another change finalized the county's northern border at its present location; the southern border began to take shape after two changes in 1891 and 1895 exchanged territory between Washington and Idaho counties.

Adjustments with Lemhi in 1903 and 1911 and the creation of Valley County in 1918 brought the county to its present boundary. Idaho County is one of seven counties in the United States that has the same name as the state in which it lies; the other six are Arkansas, Iowa, New York and Utah. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 8,503 square miles, of which 8,477 square miles is land and 26 square miles is water, it is the largest county by area in Idaho. The southeast portion of the Nez Perce Indian Reservation is in the county's northwest corner. There are 4,431,720 acres of National Forest land within the county, more than in any county outside of Alaska. National Forests and their acreage within the county are: Nez Perce National Forest 2,224,091; the Nez Perce National Forest is located within the county's borders, is the largest National Forest lying within a single count

She's Got That Vibe

"She's Got That Vibe" is the debut single by American R&B singer R. Kelly and band Public Announcement, it was released as the first single from Kelly's debut studio album Born into the 90's. The song was released in November 1991; the song was written and produced by Kelly, though the chorus interpolates the Middle 8 acapella from My Prerogative. The song was a success on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs, peaking at number seven, it peaked at number three on the UK Singles Chart on re-release in 1994 and number 59 in the US Billboard Hot 100. "She Got That Vibe" was picked on R. Kelly's first compilation album, The R. in R&B Collection, Vol. 1. The music video was directed by R. Kelly himself, making it not only his first single but his first directed video as well. Australian band CDB covered the song on their album, Tailored for Now

Pratt & Whitney Measurement Systems

Pratt & Whitney Measurement Systems is an American multinational corporation that specializes in producing high-precision measuring instruments and systems. The Pratt & Whitney Company was founded in 1860 by Francis A. Pratt and Amos Whitney, with headquarters in Hartford, Connecticut; the company manufactured machine tools, tools for the makers of sewing machines, gun-making machinery for use by the Union Army during the American Civil War. In 1925, Frederick Rentschler approached Pratt & Whitney for funding and a location to build his new aircraft engine. Pratt & Whitney loaned him $250,000, the use of the Pratt & Whitney name, space in their building; this was the beginning of the Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Company, which evolved into today's known aircraft engine manufacturer. In 1929, Rentschler ended his association with Pratt & Whitney Machine Tool and formed United Aircraft and Transport Corporation, the predecessor to United Technologies Corporation, his agreement allowed him to carry the name with him to his new corporation.

For many years, the company maintained a plant on New Park Avenue near the Hartford/West Hartford border, where they manufactured machine tools such as their jig-bore machines and other numerically controlled machines. They manufactured milling machines and twist drills. What remains of the original Pratt & Whitney is now Pratt & Whitney Measurement Systems, located in Bloomfield, Connecticut. Pratt & Whitney Measurement Systems is an American manufacturer of precision length measuring metrology instruments. Main product lines include universal comparators, bench micrometers, inspection gaging systems; these instruments use laser interferometers, encoders and LVDT's and are used in quality departments, calibration laboratories, in manufacturing environments. Gunston, Bill; the Development of Piston Aero Engines, 2nd Edition. Sparkford, England, UK: Patrick Stephens, Haynes Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7509-4478-6. Gunston, Bill. World Encyclopedia of Aero Engines, 5th Edition. Phoenix Mill, England, UK: Sutton Publishing Limited.

ISBN 978-0-7509-4479-3. Pratt & Whitney Company. Accuracy for Seventy Years: 1860-1930. Hartford, Connecticut, USA: Pratt & Whitney Company. ISBN 978-1-55918-087-0. LCCN 30029477. Roe, Joseph Wickham and American Tool Builders, New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, LCCN 16011753. Reprinted by McGraw-Hill, New York and London, 1926. Bradley, Illinois. Chapter XIV, pp 173-185. Thurston, Robert Henry, editor. "Reports of the Commissioners of the United States to the International Exhibition Held at Vienna, 1873. Published under direction of the Secretary of State by authority of Congress. Volume III: Engineering". Washington, DC, USA: U. S. Government Printing Office: 220–232. Pratt & Whitney Measurement Systems website

29th Punjabis

The 29th Punjabis was an infantry regiment of the British Indian Army. It was raised as the 21st Regiment of Punjab Infantry, it was designated as the 29th Punjabis in 1903 and became 10th Battalion of 15th Punjab Regiment in 1922. In 1943, it was converted into the 15th Punjab Regimental Centre. In 1947, the 15th Punjab Regiment was allocated to the Pakistan Army. In 1956, the 1st, 14th, 15th and 16th Punjab Regimental Centres where amalgamated to form the Punjab Regimental Centre; the regiment was raised in 1857, during the upheaval of the Indian Mutiny, as the Jullundur Punjab Battalion. It was designated as the 29th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry in 1864; the regiment took part in the Bhutan War of 1864-66 and the Second Afghan War of 1878-80. Subsequent to the reforms brought about in the Indian Army by Lord Kitchener in 1903, the regiment's designation was changed to 29th Punjabis. During the First World War, the regiment served with distinction in the German East Africa and in Palestine, where it fought in the Battle of Megiddo, which led to the annihilation of Turkish Army in Palestine.

After the First World War, the 29th Punjabis were grouped with the 25th, 26th, 27th and 28th Punjabis to form the 15th Punjab Regiment in 1922. The battalion was redesignated based at Sialkot. During the Second World War, 10/15th Punjab was converted into the 15th Punjab Regimental Centre. In 1947, the 15th Punjab Regiment was allocated to Pakistan Army, in 1956, it was merged with the 1st, 14th and 16th Punjab Regiments to form the Punjab Regiment; the 15th Punjab Regimental Centre was merged with the 1st, 14th and 16th Punjab Regimental Centres to form the Punjab Regimental Centre. It is based at Mardan. 1857 The Jullundur Punjab Battalion 1857 21st Regiment of Punjab Infantry 1861 26th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry 1861 33rd Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry 1864 29th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry 1885 29th Regiment of Bengal Infantry 1901 29th Punjab Infantry 1903 29th Punjabis 1922 10th Battalion 15th Punjab Regiment 1943 15th Punjab Regimental Centre 1956 Punjab Regimental Centre Rizvi, Brig SHA..

Veteran Campaigners – A History of the Punjab Regiment 1759-1981. Lahore: Wajidalis. Cardew, Lt FG.. A Sketch of the Services of the Bengal Native Army to the Year 1895. Calcutta: Military Department. Gaylor, John. Sons of John Company: The Indian and Pakistan Armies 1903–91. Stroud: Spellmount. ISBN 978-0-946771-98-1. Barthorp, Michael. Indian Infantry Regiments 1860-1914. London: Osprey. ISBN 0-85045-307-0. Sumner, Ian; the Indian Army 1914-1947. London: Osprey. ISBN 1-84176-196-6. 15th Punjab Regiment Punjab Regiment

Frontier Gunlaw

Frontier Gunlaw is a 1946 American Western film directed by Derwin Abrahams and written by Bennett Cohen. The film stars Charles Starrett, Tex Harding, Dub Taylor, Jean Stevens, Weldon Heyburn and Jack Rockwell; the film was released on January 1946, by Columbia Pictures. Charles Starrett as Jim Stewart / The Durango Kid Tex Harding as Tex Harding Dub Taylor as Cannonball Jean Stevens as Kitty Harding Weldon Heyburn as Matt Edwards Jack Rockwell as Hank Watson Frank LaRue as Sheriff Kincaid John Elliott as Pop Evans Bob Kortman as Mace Stanley Price as Sam Al Trace as Al Trace Jack Guthrie as Jack Guthrie Frontier Gunlaw on IMDb

James Hannay

James Hannay FRSE, was a Scottish novelist and diplomat. Hannay was born at Dumfries, Scotland, on 17 February 1827, his father, David Hannay, a member of the Speculative Society at Edinburgh University, 1813–14, author of Ned Allen, or the Past Age, 1849, was engaged in business in Dumfries. The family had some reason for believing. In James Hannay, the belief was sufficiently strong to influence his studies, inclining him to study heraldry and family history. Hannay entered the Royal Navy on 2 March 1840, on board HMS Cambridge, served in her during the blockade of Alexandria in the Syrian war, had therefore no share in the operations of Sir Charles Napier's squadron at Acre. From Cambridge he passed in succession to the sloop HMS Snake in 1842, the corvette HMS Orestes in 1843, HMS Formidable in 1844, his tastes and his impatience both of routine work and control unfitted him for the life of a naval officer. Soon after entering the service, he began to devote himself to general reading, studied Latin with a priest at Malta.

With the instinct of a born journalist, he started a manuscript comic paper to ridicule the admiral and captains on the Mediterranean Station. At a period, he was wont to confess that he had been a somewhat insubordinate midshipman. In 1845, Hannay and two brother-officers dismissed the service; the finding of the court was thought to have been vindictive, it was subsequently quashed on the ground of informality. Hannay was not, employed again, nor did he seek for employment. From 1846 onwards till his appointment as consul in 1868, Hannay worked on the press and at literature, his first engagement was as a reporter on the Morning Chronicle, in which capacity he relied more on his remarkable memory than on his knowledge of shorthand. In the meantime, he was reading zealously in the British Museum. At the end of 1847, he worked with Henry Sutherland Edwards on Pasquin, a short-lived comic paper, the forerunner of the somewhat happier Puppet Show, which lasted from 1848 to 1849. In 1848, he began using his naval experiences, wrote the first of the stories which were afterwards collected in his Sketches in Ultramarine, published in 1853.

In 1848, he first made the acquaintance of Thackeray and Carlyle, to whom he was proud to acknowledge his obligations. He soon improved his literary connection, worked for papers of good position, for the quarterlies and magazines, till he became editor of the Edinburgh Evening Courant in 1860. During these years he published his best work, his two naval novels, Singleton Fontenoy and Eustace Conyers, the volume of lectures on Satire and Satirist, delivered at the Literary Institution, Edward Street, Portman Square, in 1853, collected in book form in 1854, it was during these years that he began to write the essays to the Quarterly, afterwards collected into a volume, that he taught himself to read Greek. In 1857, he contested without success the representation of the Dumfries boroughs in parliament, he stood as a tory, was defeated by William Ewart. From 1860 to 1864, he edited the Edinburgh Evening Courant; the zeal with which he attacked conduct and persons he disliked caused his management of the paper to be somewhat conspicuous.

In 1863 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, his proposer being William Edmonstoune Aytoun. In 1864, he returned to London, remained there till he was appointed consul at Brest by Lord Stanley, in 1868. During these years, he published his Studies on Thackeray, his Three Hundred Years of a Norman House, a portion of a history of the Gurney family, his Course of English Literature, a reprint of articles contributed years before to the Welcome Guest. Hannay exchanged this post for that of Barcelona in Spain. Although he continued to write for papers and magazines, chiefly for the Pall Mall Gazette and the Cornhill, he published no more books. Hannay's death occurred suddenly on 9 January 1873 at Putchet, a suburb of Barcelona. Hannay was twice married, first, in 1853, to Margaret Thompson, who died in 1865, he had by the first marriage six, by the second one child, who survived him. Biscuits and Grog, 1848 A Claret-Cup, 1848 Hearts are Trumps, 1848 King Dobbs, 1849 Blackwood v Carlyle, 1850 Singleton Fontenoy, 1850 The Poetical Works of Edgar Allan Poe: With a Notice of His Life and Genius, 1853 Sketches in ultra-Marine, 1853 Sand and Shells, 1854 Satire and satirists.

Six lectures, 1854 Eustace Conyers, 1855 Essays from The Quarterly Review, 1861 A Brief Memoir of the Late Mr. Thackeray, 1864 Characters and Criticisms, 1865 A course of English literature, 1866 Three hundred years of a Norman house. "Hannay, James". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography. 24. London: Smith, Elder & Co. "Hannay, James." British Authors of the Nineteenth Century H. C Wilson Company, New York, 1936. Worldcat.org