Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung

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Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De minister-president van Oost-Indonesië Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung na afloop van de installatie van de Minahasa-raad op Celebes TMnr 60048844.jpg
Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung (center) in North Sulawesi
3rd Prime Minister of the State of East Indonesia
In office
15 December 1947 – 27 December 1949
President Tjokorda Gde Raka Soekawati
Preceded by Warouw
Succeeded by J.E. Tatengkeng
Interior Minister of the United States of Indonesia
In office
20 December 1949 – 6 September 1950
President Sukarno
Preceded by Wongsonegoro
Succeeded by Assaat
Foreign Minister of Indonesia
In office
12 August 1955 – 24 March 1956
President Sukarno
Preceded by Soenario
Succeeded by Roeslan Abdulgani
6th Indonesian Ambassador to Austria
In office
Preceded by Laili Roesad
Succeeded by Abdullah Kamil
Personal details
Born (1921-07-21)21 July 1921
Gianyar, Bali, Dutch East Indies
Died 22 April 1999(1999-04-22) (aged 77)

Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung[1][2] (old spelling: Ide Anak Agoeng Gde Agoeng; 21 July 1921 – 22 April 1999)[3] was the Raja of Gianyar.


He studied law at the Rechtshogeschool (School of Law, predecessor of the law faculty of Universitas Indonesia) in Batavia and obtained a Doctorate of History in the Netherlands.[4] He served as the premier for Tjokorda Gde Raka Soekawati, a key figure in the East Indonesian government based in Sulawesi.[5] In this role, he played a decisive part in the Round Table Conference that finally led to Dutch recognition of Indonesia's independence.[6] Following the transfer of sovereignty on December 27, 1949, Agung served as a member of the short-lived RUSI Cabinet where he served as Minister of the Interior.[6] Due to his Federalist sympathies, he politically feuded with Sukarno who advocated a unitary Republic of Indonesia. Following the abolition of the federal system in 1950, he served as the Indonesian Ambassador to Belgium,[5] followed by successive appointments as Ambassador to Luxembourg, Portugal, France and Austria. During the Sukarno presidency, Agung served as Indonesia's Foreign Minister between 1955 and 1956, and was a participant in the West New Guinea dispute. Later, he was imprisoned by the Sukarno regime between 1962 and 1966 but was never brought to trial.[6]

Following the 1965 attempted coup and rise of Suharto's New Order regime, Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung was released by the new Indonesian Foreign Minister Adam Malik, who also restored him to his senior position in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. During the New Order era, Agung served as Indonesia's Ambassador to Austria. During his time overseas, Agung also authored Twenty years Indonesian foreign policy 1945-1965, a 660-page history of Indonesian foreign policy during the Sukarno era. In his book, Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung argued that Indonesian foreign policy was based on the principles of independence and action, which meant remaining independent of foreign powers. Agung also argued that Sukarno abandoned Indonesia's independent foreign policy by aligning Indonesia with China and embarking on a policy of Confrontation against Malaysia.[6] Agung died in 1999 and he was named a National Hero of the Republic of Indonesia in 2007.[7]


  • Agung, Ide Anak Agung Gde (1973). Twenty years Indonesian foreign policy 1945-1965. The Hague: Mouton.


  1. ^ "Dr. Ide Anak Agung Gde Agung : keunggulan diplomasinya membela republik". Retrieved 8 October 2014.
  2. ^ "From the formation of the state of East Indonesia towards the establishment of the United States of Indonesia". Retrieved 8 October 2014.
  3. ^[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Clancy, Gregory Bruce (1992). A Dictionary of Indonesian History Since 1900. Sydney, Australia: Sunda Publications. p. 18.
  5. ^ a b Westerling (1952), p. 167
  6. ^ a b c d Anak Agung Gde Agung (1973) Twenty years Indonesian foreign policy 1945-1965. The Hague, The Netherlands, Mouton & Co., p. 11
  7. ^ Adrian Vickers. "The Ide Anak Agung Agung Gde Agung controversy". Indonesia blog. University of Sydney. Retrieved 8 October 2014.


  • Pringle, Robert (2004). Bali: Indonesia's Hindu Realm. Crows Nest, NSW: Allan & Unwin.
  • Westerling, Raymond Paul Pierre (1952). Mes aventures en Indonesie (in French). – translated from the French to English by Waverley Root as – Challenge to terror. London: W. Kimber.
  • State, Society and Political Conflict in Bali, 1945-1946 - Indonesia, Vol. 45, April, 1988 (April, 1988), pp. 1–48