Ignatius of Loyola was a Spanish Basque Catholic priest and theologian, who co-founded the religious order called the Society of Jesus and became its first Superior General at Paris in 1541. The Jesuit order served the Pope as missionaries, they were bound by a vow of special obedience to the sovereign pontiff in regard to the missions, they therefore emerged as an important force during the time of the Counter-Reformation. Ignatius is remembered as a talented spiritual director, he recorded his method in a celebrated treatise called the Spiritual Exercises, a simple set of meditations and other mental exercises, first published in 1548. Ignatius was beatified in 1609, canonized, receiving the title of Saint on 12 March 1622, his feast day is celebrated on 31 July. He is the patron saint of the Basque provinces of Gipuzkoa and Biscay as well as the Society of Jesus, was declared patron saint of all spiritual retreats by Pope Pius XI in 1922. Ignatius is a foremost patron saint of soldiers. Íñigo López de Loyola was born in the municipality of Azpeitia at the castle of Loyola in today's Gipuzkoa, Basque Country, Spain.
He was baptized Íñigo, after St. Enecus Abbot of Oña, a Basque medieval, affectionate name meaning "My little one", it is not clear when he began using the Latin name "Ignatius" instead of his baptismal name "Íñigo". Historian Gabriel María Verd says that Íñigo did not intend to change his name, but rather adopted a name which he believed was a simple variant of his own, for use in France and Italy where it was better understood.Íñigo was the youngest of thirteen children. His mother died soon after his birth, he was brought up by María de Garín, the local blacksmith's wife. Íñigo adopted the surname "de Loyola" in reference to the Basque village of Loyola where he was born. As a boy Íñigo became a page in the service of a relative, Juan Velázquez de Cuéllar, treasurer of the kingdom of Castile; as a young man Íñigo had a great love for military exercises as well as a tremendous desire for fame. He framed his life around the stories of El Cid, the knights of Camelot, the Song of Roland, he joined the army at seventeen, according to one biographer, he strutted about "with his cape slinging open to reveal his tight-fitting hose and boots.
According to another he was "a fancy dresser, an expert dancer, a womanizer, sensitive to insult, a rough punkish swordsman who used his privileged status to escape prosecution for violent crimes committed with his priest brother at carnival time." Upon encountering a Moor who denied the divinity of Jesus, he challenged him to a duel to the death, ran him through with his sword. He dueled many other men as well. In 1509, at the age of 18, Íñigo took up arms for 2nd Duke of Nájera, his diplomacy and leadership qualities earned him the title "servant of the court", which made him useful to the Duke. Under the Duke's leadership, Íñigo participated in many battles without injury, but at the Battle of Pamplona in 1521 he was gravely injured when a French-Navarrese expedition force stormed the fortress of Pamplona on 20 May 1521, a cannonball ricocheting off a nearby wall shattered his right leg. Íñigo was returned to his father's castle in Loyola, where, in an era that knew nothing of anesthetics, he underwent several surgical operations to repair the leg, having the bones set and rebroken.
In the end, these operations left his right leg shorter than before. Íñigo would limp for the rest of his life, his military career was over. While recovering from surgery, Íñigo underwent a spiritual conversion which led to his experiencing a call to religious life. Hospitals in those days were run by religious orders, the reading material available to bedridden patients tended to be selected from scripture or devotional literature; this is how Íñigo came to read a series of religious texts on the life of Jesus and on the lives of the saints, since the "romances of chivalry" he loved to read were not available to him in the castle. The religious work which most struck him was the De Vita Christi of Ludolph of Saxony; this book would influence his whole life, inspiring him to devote himself to God and follow the example of Francis of Assisi and other great monks. It inspired his method of meditation, since Ludolph proposes that the reader place himself mentally at the scene of the Gospel story, visualising the crib at the Nativity, etc.
This type of meditation, known as Simple Contemplation, was the basis for the method that St. Ignatius would promote in his Spiritual Exercises. Aside from dreaming about imitating the saints in his readings, Íñigo was still wandering off in his mind about what "he would do in service to his king and in honor of the royal lady he was in love with". Cautiously he came to realize the after-effect of both kinds of his dreams, he experienced a desolation and dissatisfaction when the romantic heroism dream was over, the saintly dream ended with much joy and peace. It was the first time. After he had recovered sufficiently to walk again, Íñigo resolved to begin a pilgrimage to the Holy Land to "kiss the earth where our Lord had walked", to do stricter penances, he thought that his plan was confirmed by a vision of the Virgin Mary and the infant Jesus he experienced one night, which resulted in much consolation to him. In March 1522, he visited the Benedictine monastery of Santa Maria de Montserrat.
There, he examined his past sins, gave his fine clothes to the poor he met
Bryn Jones was a Welsh professional footballer who played as a full back. He played in The Football League for Chester. Jones played for non-league side Holywell Town until joining Division Three side Watford in January 1963. However, he made just two league appearances before he returned north by joining Chester in August 1964, he made his Chester debut during the same month in a 3–1 win at Bradford City but added just one more appearance during the season. The following campaign saw him emerging as a regular at left back, with namesake Ray Jones playing in the right back slot. Chester went into their home game against Aldershot on 1 January 1966 in second place in Division Four, but both Bryn and Ray suffered broken legs in the 3–2 victory; the pair missed the remainder of the season. Jones recovered to play 11 games the following season before dropping out of The Football League and joining New Brighton
The Marxe School of Public and International Affairs is Baruch College's school of Public and International Affairs. It was established in 1994, it is the only school under City University of New York, dedicated to Public Affairs. David S. Birdsell is the Marxe Dean of the Marxe School of International Affairs. In 1919 the City College School of Business and Civic Administration was established which would become Baruch College. In 1951 the Department of Political Science in the school offers its first course in Masters in Public Administration. In 1968 Baruch College is created from the City College School of Business. In 1980 the Masters of Public Administration program was accredited by Network of Schools of Public Policy and Administration, the first accredited program in New York City. In 1984 the college started offering Executive MPA courses, the first in New York City and the second in the United States; the Austin W. Marxe School of Public and International Affairs was established in 1994 with Ronald M. Berkman being the founding dean.
He worked there from 1994 to 1997. The School of Public and International Affairs was named after Austin W. Marxe who donated 30 million USD to the college in 2016. Austin W. Marxe was an alumnus of an investment banker, it was the largest donation to Baruch College and the second largest in the history of City University of New York. Marxe School of Public and International Affairs offers Masters of Public Administration, Executive Masters of Public Administration, Masters of International Affairs, MS in Higher Education Management, BS in Public Affairs, minor in Survey Research, executive certificate programs. U. S. News & World Report placed the Marxe School of Public and International Affairs at 34th nationally in its ranking of MPA degrees in 2019
Rasmus Christian Elling is a Danish scholar of Middle Eastern Studies, specialising in the Urban and Social History of the region, in particular that of Iran. An associate professor at the University of Copenhagen, he is the author of several articles and books about Iran's contemporary society and modern history, including Minorities in Iran and the published volume in Danish, Irans moderne historie. A fluent speaker of Persian and English, he is a frequent commentator on Danish and international Persian media on matters relating to Iran, Iranian politics, Danish-Iranian Relations. Rasmus has been criticized a lot on twitter and other social platforms for being a apologist of the Islamic Republic of Iran government. Many people has seen his name connected with people who are connected with lobbyists close to the Regime in Iran. Elling earned both his MA and PhD in 2004 and 2010 respectively, he spent time as a researcher at the Hagop Kevorkian Center for Near Eastern Studies at Columbia University, as well as a Post Doctoral Researcher at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.
Spending time as a researcher in Iran brought him an intimate knowledge of Persian, allowing him a close access to the country and its culture. From 2012 to 2016, Elling was an Assistant Professor of Iranian Studies at the University of Copenhagen, since 2016 he has been promoted to the position of the Associate Professor at the Department for Cross-Cultural and Regional Studies in the same university. Elling's research focuses on the social and cultural life of cities, as is most evident from his work on the oil city of Abadan in Southern Iran, where he has conducted most of his ethnographic research, his research is concerned with spatial politics and radical theories of the city. Apart from teaching general courses in Middle Eastern history, Elling is the convener of Global Urban Studies – a new Master's Elective at TORS, which among other things encompasses international summer schools on ‘Urban Culture in Theory and Action’ and ‘New Urban Life Across the Globe: Activism and Change in a World of Cities’.
Elling is the creator of the Wiki project, Abadan: Retold, the an attempt to document the history of Abadan, Iran, a Twentieth century oil city. The project includes articles, visual representations, personal memoirs in order to recreate and preserve the social history of Abadan, an important part of Iranian modernity. Based on his dissertation, Elling's book, Minorities in Iran, was concerned with the sensitive question of minorities and nationalism in Iran after the Iranian Revolution of 1979, it is the first comprehensive discussion of this topic in English, addressing the subjects of minority rights, identity claims, their interaction within the modern nation-state of Iran. His most recent book, Irans Moderne Historie, is the first history of modern Iran written in Danish and deals with the history of 20th century Iran and its struggles with nationalism and international affairs, it is to be released in April 2019 by Gyldendal. As a participant in international projects involving Middle Eastern urban history, Elling is the author of many articles published in academic and popular journals addressing issues of modern social history of Iranian cities.
Minorities in Iran: Nationalism and Ethnicity after Khomeini Irans Moderne Historie State of Mind, State of Order: Reactions to Ethnic Unrest in the Islamic Republic of Iran On Lines and Fences: Labour and Violence in and Oil City Tribal hands and minority votes: ethnicity and elections in Iran Abdan: Retold RasmusElling.com Academic Page at the University of Copenhagen
The FA Cup 1978–79 was the 98th staging of the world's oldest football knockout competition, The Football Association Challenge Cup, or FA Cup. The final saw Arsenal beat Manchester United 3–2, three of the five goals being scored in the last five minutes; the first round of games were played on 25 November 1978. Replays were played on 28–29 November, with two on 5–6 December; the second round of games were played on 16 December 1978. Replays took place on 18–19 with one on 28 December and another on 9 January 1979; the third round of games in the FA Cup were intended to be played on 6 January 1979, but only four games were played on this date. Twenty more ties were played midweek over 8–10 January with a few more taking place on 15–16 and one on 18 January. Replays were intended for the 9–10 January but again took place at various times; the fourth round of games were intended to be played over the weekend 26–27 January 1979, but by this time only eight matches had been played, of which three went to replays.
The other games were completed either on 5 or 12 February. Replays were played at various times after the initial games; the fifth set of games were played on either the 20th, 26th or 28 February, or the 10 March 1979. Two replays were played on 12 March; the sixth round of FA Cup games were played on 10 March 1979, except for the Southampton–Arsenal match which began on 19 March. There were three replays; the right to show FA Cup games were, as with Football League matches, shared between the BBC and ITV network. All games were shown in a highlights format, except the Final, shown live both on BBC1 & ITV; the BBC football highlights programme Match Of The Day would show up to three games and the various ITV regional network stations would cover up to one game and show highlights from other games covered elsewhere on the ITV network. No games from Rounds 1 or 2 were shown. Occasional highlights of replays would be shown on either the BBC or ITV; these matches were. 1Footage available on YouTube2featured on Sportsnight3featured on Midweek Sports Special FA Cup Results Archive
United Junior Senior High School is a small, rural public secondary school located in East Wheatfield Township, United States. The school serves the borough of Armagh and the townships of Brush Valley, East Wheatfield, West Wheatfield, it is the sole junior senior high school operated by the United School District. The building is located on the same campus as the sole elementary school in the district; the United Cyber Academy is for district students K-12. High school students may choose to attend Indiana County Technology Center for training in the construction and mechanical trades as well as other careers; the ARIntermediate Unit IU28 provides the district with a wide variety of services like specialized education for disabled students and hearing, background checks for employees, state mandated recognizing and reporting child abuse training and visual disability services and professional development for staff and faculty. In 2014, United Junior Senior High School enrollment was reported as 524 pupils in 7th through 12th grades, with 32% of pupils eligible for a free lunch due to family poverty.
Additionally, 15% of pupils received special education services, while 4% of pupils were identified as gifted. The school employed 47 teachers. Per the PA Department of Education, 100% of the teachers were rated "Highly Qualified" under the federal No Child Left Behind Act. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, in 2012, United Junior Senior High School reported an enrollment of 522 pupils in grades 7th through 12th, with 197 pupils eligible for a federal free or reduced-price lunch due to the family meeting the federal poverty level. In 2012, the school employed 46.9 teachers, yielding a student-teacher ratio of 11:1. According to a report by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 1 teachers were rated "Non‐Highly Qualified" under No Child Left Behind. In 2014, the United School District graduation rate was 90%. 2013 - 94.5% 2012 - 93%. 2011 - 96%. 2010 - 93.4%, the Pennsylvania Department of Education issued a new, 4-year cohort graduation rate. Area High School's rate was 97.8% for 2010.
According to traditional graduation rate calculations 2009 - 96% 2008 - 93% 2007 - 93% 2014 School Performance Profile United Junior Senior High School achieved 77.6 out of 100. Reflects on grade level reading and science achievement. In reading/literature - 85.7% were on grade level. In mathematics/Algebra 1, 77% showed on grade level skills. In science/Biology, 67% demonstrated on grade level science understanding at the end of the course. In writing, 84% of eighth graders demonstrated on grade level writing skills. Statewide, the percentage of high school students who scored proficient and advanced in Algebra I increased to 39.7% to 40.1%. The percentage of high school students who scored proficient and advanced in reading/literature declined to 52.5%. The percentage of high school students who scored proficient and advanced in biology improved from 39.7% to 41.4%. According to the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 2,134 of 2,947 Pennsylvania public schools, achieved an academic score of 70 or higher.
Fifty-three percent of schools statewide received lower SPP scores compared with last year's, while 46 percent improved. A handful were unchanged. 2013 School Performance Profile United Junior Senior High School achieved 75.6 out of 100. Reflects on grade level reading and science achievement. In reading/literature - 76% were on grade level. In mathematics/Algebra 1, 71% showed on grade level skills. In Science/Biology, only 57% showed on grade level science understanding. In writing, 74% of eighth graders demonstrated on grade level writing skills. According to the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 2,181 public schools, achieved an academic score of 70 or higher. Pennsylvania 11th grade students no longer take the PSSAs. Instead, beginning in 2012, they take the Keystone Exams at the end of the associated course. AYP History In 2012, United Junior Senior High School achieved Adequate Yearly Progress status despite low academic achievement in mathematics. In 2010 and 2011, United Junior Senior High School achieved AYP status.
Effective with Spring 2013, the Pennsylvania Department of Education discontinued administering the PSSA's to 11th graders. From 2003 to 2009, United Junior Senior High School achieved Adequate Yearly Progress each school year. PSSA results Pennsylvania System of School Assessments called PSSAs are No Child Left Behind Act related examinations which were administered from 2003 through 2012, in all Pennsylvania public high schools; the exams were administered in the Spring of each school year. The goal was for 100% of students to be on grade level or better in reading and mathematics, by the Spring of 2014; the tests focused on the state's Academic Standards for reading, writing and science. The Science exam included content in science, technology and the environmental studies; the mathematics exam included: algebra I, algebra II, geometry and trigonometry. The standards were first published in 1998 and are mandated by the Pennsylvania State Board of Education. In 2013, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania changed its high school assessments to the Keystone Exams in Algebra 1, Reading/literature and Biology1.
The exams are given at the end of the course, rather than all in the spring of the student's 11th grade year. Seventh grades have been tested in reading and mathematics since 2006. Eighth graders are tested in: reading, writing and Science. Beginning in the Spring of 2013, eighth graders, who are enrolled in Algebra I take the Keystone Exam for Algebra I at the end of the course; the testing of 8th grade in reading and mathematics began in 1