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Ilford

Ilford is a large town in east London, located 9.1 miles east of Charing Cross. Ilford Town is the administrative centre of the London Borough of Redbridge. Identified as a metropolitan centre in the London Plan, Ilford is classed as a significant commercial and retail centre for the wider south east of England; the entire town, including its localities such as Goodmayes, Gants Hill and Fairlop, had a population of 303,858 in 2018. Ilford's significant commercial and retail centre is surrounded by extensive residential development. A small rural settlement in southwest Essex, its strategic position on the River Roding and the London to Colchester road caused it to develop as a coaching town; the arrival of the railway in 1839 accelerated that growth and as part of the suburban growth of London in the 20th century, Ilford expanded and increased in population, becoming a municipal borough in 1926. Since 1965 it has formed part of Greater London. Ilford's town centre is the head district of the IG postcode area.

Adjacent to Ilford. To the west of the town is Stratford and, further up, Woodford; the only complete skull of a mammoth discovered in the United Kingdom was unearthed in 1864 close to where Uphall Road is today. The skull can now be seen in the Natural History Museum and a cast of the skull and other prehistoric animal remains can be seen at Redbridge Museum, Central Library, Ilford. Redevelopment has destroyed much of the evidence for early Ilford, but the oldest evidence for human occupation is the 1st- and 2nd-century BC Iron Age earthwork known as Uphall Camp; this is recorded in 18th-century plans. Roman finds have been made in the vicinity. Ilford was known as Great Ilford to differentiate it from nearby Little Ilford, in the London Borough of Newham; the name is first recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Ilefort and means "ford over the Hyle". "Hyle" is an old name for the River Roding that means "trickling stream". Great and Little Ilford share the place name origin, but the Domesday reference is to the Little Ilford area.

A nearby mound called Lavender Mount existed into the 1960s, when it was removed during building work at Howards chemical works. Excavation has shown that Lavender Mount may have been a 16th-century'beacon-mound'. Archaeological discoveries are displayed at Redbridge Museum. Ilford straddled the important road from London to Colchester; the Middlesex and Essex Turnpike Trust controlled and maintained the road from 1721. The River Roding was made navigable for barges as far as Ilford Bridge from 1737. Ilford remained rural until its expansion in the 19th century; this brought about brickworks, cement works and coal yards to service the new buildings centred on the River Roding. In 1839, a railway station was opened on the line from Romford to Mile End; the early businesses gave way to new industries, such as paper making and services such as steam laundries and collar making, to provide for the new commuting class created by the railway. A number of major businesses have been founded in the town, including the eponymous photographic film and chemicals manufacturer Ilford Photo.

This was founded in 1879 by Alfred H. Harman, a photographer from Peckham, who established the business in a house in Cranbrook Road making gelatino-bromide'dry' plates; the business soon outgrew these premises, its headquarters moved to a site at Roden Street until 1976 when the factory was closed. Many Ilford Limited products are displayed at Redbridge Museum; the radio and telecommunications company Plessey, founded in 1917 in Marylebone, moved to Cottenham Road in Ilford early in 1919 and to Vicarage Lane where became one of the largest manufacturers in its field. During World War II, the factory was damaged by bombing and the company carried out much of its manufacture, with 2,000 workers servicing a production line, located in the underground railway tunnel between Wanstead and Gants Hill. In 1955 the company employed 15,000 workers, in sites throughout Ilford and neighbouring areas, with an extensive research department. BAL-AMi Jukeboxes were manufactured at 290-296 High Road, during the 1950s, which served as the headquarters of the Balfour Engineering company.

Ilford formed a ward in the Becontree hundred of Essex. The parish authorities lost responsibility for a variety of functions during the 19th century. In 1875, the Romford rural sanitary district was created. In 1888, Ilford and the neighbouring ward of Chadwell to east were split from Barking and together formed a separate Ilford civil parish. In 1890, a local board of health was set up for the parish, replacing the rural sanitary authority, in 1894 a reform of local government reconstituted it as an urban district, it formed part of the London Traffic Area from 1924 and the London Passenger Transport Area from 1933. It was incorporated as the Municipal Borough of Ilford in 1926; the suburban expansion of London caused a significant increase in population and the borough became one of the largest in England not to gain county borough status. In 1965, the municipal borough was abolished and its former area was combined with that of Wanstead and Woodford, the northern extremity of Dagenham and a small part Chigwell Urban District around Hainault.

By 1653, Ilford was a compact village of 50 houses, mo

Haydon, Somerset

Haydon is a village lying between Radstock and Kilmersdon in Somerset, England. It is 1 mile south-west of Radstock and 1.5 miles north-east of Kilmersdon. Haydon was built in the nineteenth century to house miners from the local pit in the Somerset Coalfield, which closed in 1973; the winding wheel from the pit is now displayed outside Radstock Museum. Haydon forms part of the North East Somerset constituency, which elects a Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, it is part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament. All significant local government functions are carried out by Bath and North East Somerset, a unitary authority

2016 Copa Venezuela

The 2016 Copa Venezuela is the 47th edition of the competition. It began with the First Round on 28 June 2016, concluded with the final on 19 October 2016; the winner will qualify for the 2017 Copa Sudamericana. Venezuelan Primera División side Deportivo La Guaira were the defending champions after they beat Deportivo Lara 1–0 on aggregate in the previous final in October 2015, but they were eliminated by Universidad Central in the second round. Zulia won the competition after defeating Estudiantes de Caracas 2–0 on aggregate score in the final. Teams entering this round: 8 teams from Venezuelan Primera División and 6 teams from Venezuelan Segunda División; the first legs took place on 28 June 2016, while the second legs were played on 6 July 2016. Source: Soccerway Teams entering this round: 12 teams from Venezuelan Primera División and 13 teams from Venezuelan Segunda División; the first legs took place on 13 July 2016, while the second legs took place on 27 July 2016. Source: Soccerway The first legs took place from 10 August 2016 to 28 August 2016, while the second legs took place from 24 August 2016 to 31 August 2016.

Source: Soccerway The first legs were played on 4 September 2016, while the second legs took place on 7 September 2016. Source: Soccerway The first legs were played on 21 September 2016, with the second legs taking place on 5 October 2016. Source: Soccerway The first leg was played on 12 October 2016, with the second leg taking place on 19 October 2016. Source: Soccerway Official website of the Venezuelan Football Federation Copa Venezuela 2016, Soccerway.com